List of non-marine molluscs of Slovakia

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Location of Slovakia

Slovakia is a land-locked country, and therefore the molluscs of Slovakia are all land and freshwater species. There are 247[1] species of molluscs living in the wild in Slovakia. In addition there are 9 gastropod species living only in greenhouses.[2]

There are a total of 219[1] species of gastropods, which breaks down to 51[1] species of freshwater gastropods, and 168[1] species of land gastropods, plus 28[1] species of bivalves living in the wild.

There are 8 non-indigenous species of gastropods (3 freshwater and 5 land species) and 3 species of bivalves in the wild in Slovakia. This is a total of 6 freshwater non-indigenous species of wild molluscs.

Summary table of number of species
Slovakia
freshwater gastropods 51[1]
land gastropods 168[1]
gastropods altogether 219[1]
bivalves 28[1]
molluscs altogether 247[1]
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild 3 freshwater and 5 land
non-indigenous synantrop gastropods 9
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild 3
non-indigenous synantrop bivalves 0
non-indigenous molluscs altogether 20

There are 2 extinct species in Slovakia (locally extinct): Theodoxus transversalis and Esperiana esperi.[citation needed]

There are endemic species of molluscs in Slovakia:

History[edit]

Grid distribution maps of all species were made by Lisický (1991).[3]

A faunal list by Čejka et al. (2007)[2] included 245 species. A list by Horsák et al. (2010) included 247 species.[1]

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

The list is in zoological order rather than alphabetical order.[2] Freshwater gastropods in the Slovakia include:

Neritidae
Viviparidae
Thiaridae
Hydrobiidae
  • Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) - non-indigenous[5]
  • Alzoniella slovenica (Ložek & Brtek, 1964) - endemic in Slovakia (and in Moravia in the Czech Republic too), synonyms: Belgrandiella alticola Ložek & Brtek, 1964, Belgrandiella bojnicensis Ložek & Brtek, 1964.
Amnicolidae
Lithoglyphidae
Bithyniidae
Valvatidae
Acroloxidae
Lymnaeidae
Physidae
Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

Land gastropods in Slovakia include:

Aciculidae
Ellobiidae
Cochlicopidae
Orculidae
Chondrinidae
Pupillidae
Argnidae
Pyramidulidae
Spelaeodiscidae
Valloniidae
Vertiginidae
Enidae
Clausiliidae
Succineidae
Ferussaciidae
Punctidae
Helicodiscidae
Discidae
Gastrodontidae
Euconulidae
Oxychilidae
Pristilomatidae
Vitrinidae
Milacidae
Limacidae
Agriolimacidae
Boettgerillidae
Arionidae
Bradybaenidae
Helicodontidae
Hygromiidae
Helicidae

Freshwater bivalves[edit]

Freshwater bivalves in Slovakia include:

Unionidae
Corbiculidae
Sphaeriidae
Dreissenidae

Synanthropic molluscs[edit]

These 9 species do not live in the wild or are not recorded in the wild yet, but they live in greenhouses and similar biotopes as "hothouse alien" species. All 9 of them are gastropods.

List (alphabetically according scientific name):

See also[edit]

Undescribed species of Slovakia include Hauffenia sp. nov. (not counted in this list).

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  2. ^ a b c Čejka T., Dvořák L., Horsák M. & Šteffek J. (2007). "Checklist of molluscs (Mollusca) in the Slovak Republic". Folia Malacologica 15(2): 49-58.
  3. ^ (Slovak) Lisický M. J. (1991). Mollusca Slovenska [The Slovak molluscs]. VEDA vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava, 344 pp.
  4. ^ a b Čejka, Tomáš; Michal Horsák (2002). "First records of Theodoxus fluviatilis and Sphaerium solidum (Mollusca) from Slovakia". Biologia, Bratislava 57 (5): 561–562. 
  5. ^ Čejka, Tomáš (1994). "First record of the New Zealand mollusc Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843), (Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae) from the Slovak section of the Dunaj river". Biologia, Bratislava 49: 657–658. 
  6. ^ Šteffek J. 1991. Mäkkýše (Mollusca) Pienin. 1. Rozbor publikovaných údajov a súčasné poznatky o druhovom zložení. Zborník prác o TANAP, vyd. Osveta Martin, 31: 68–74. (in Slovak)
  7. ^ (Czech) Škodová J. & Horsák M. (2010). "Zrnovka slatinná (Pupilla pratensis (Clessin, 1871), Gastropoda) - staronový druh našich mokřadů. In: Bryja J. & Zasadil P. (eds.) Zoologické dny Praha 2010. Sborník abstraktů z konference 11.-12. února 2010. Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, Brno, ISBN 978-80-87189-07-8. Pages 214-215.
  8. ^ Čejka, Tomáš; Libor Dvořák; Michal Horsák (August 11, 2006). "New records of mollusc species for Slovakia during the last 25 years". Malakologický bulletin (online) (in Slovak, abstract in English). 
  9. ^ Horsák M. & Čejka T. 2008. Cecilioides petitiana in Slovakia – a second record after more than 60 years. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, 7: 15-16.
  10. ^ a b Horsák M., Šteffek J., Čejka T., Ložek V. & Juřičková L. 2009. Occurrence of Lucilla scintilla (R.T. Lowe, 1852) and Lucilla singleyana (Pilsbry, 1890) in the Czech and Slovak Republics – with remarks how to distinguish these two non-native minute snails. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, 8: 24-27. Online serial at <http://mollusca.sav.sk> 18-June-2009.
  11. ^ Čejka, Tomáš (2000). "First record of the land snail Helicodiscus (Hebetodiscus) singleyanus inermis H. B. Baker, 1929 (Gastropoda, Punctidae) in Slovakia". Biologia, Bratislava 55: 475–476. 
  12. ^ Dvořák L., Horsák M. & Varga A. (2004). "Oxychilus (Mediterranea) hydatinus (Gastropoda: Zonitidae) new for Slovakia, with notes to its distribution in Hungary". Folia Malacologica 12: 149–152. 
  13. ^ Čejka, Tomáš; Libor Dvořák; Michal Horsák (July 2, 2004). "Prvý nález slizniaka Deroceras turcicum (Simroth, 1894) na Podunajskej nížine [First record of the slug Deroceras turcicum in the Podunajská Nížina lowland]". Malakologický bulletin (online) (in Slovak). 
  14. ^ Vrabec V., Čejka T. Šporka F., Hamerlík L. & Král D. (2003). "First records of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from Slovakia with a note about its dispersion in Central Europe". Biologia, Bratislava 58: 942, 952. 
  15. ^ Šteffek J. (2005). "First record of Pisidium hibernicum (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from Slovakia". Biologia, Bratislava, 60: 136.
  16. ^ Dvořák, Libor; Tomáš Čejka; Michal Horsák (2003). "First record of Deroceras panormitanum (Gastropoda, Agriolimacidae) from Slovakia". Biologia 58 (5): 917–918. 

External links[edit]