List of notable epics in the Kannada language

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This is a list of epics in the Kannada language (also called purana), a South Indian Dravidian language. Starting with the earliest available epic Adipurana by Pampa (941 C.E), Kannada writers have created a rich and active epic tradition. S.S. Bhusanurematha's Bhavyamanava (1983) is the latest in that tradition.[1] According to the Kannada scholar L.S. Sheshagiri Rao, though the Kannada epic tradition gained its initial inspiration from the Sanskrit epics, "the Kannada epic was neither derivative or imitative. It has developed the Valmiki and Vyasa traditions in its own distinctive ways". According to him, the Pampa Bharata (also called Vikramarjuna Vijaya, 941 CE ) and Kumaravyasa Bharata (also called Gadugina Bharata, 1425 CE) can rank among the "epics of the world".[2]

The list[edit]

Famous epics in the Kannada language
Faith Epic Author Year Patron
Jainism Adipurana[3][4][5] Adikavi Pampa 941 Rashtrakuta Empire
Secular Vikramarjuna Vijaya[3][4][5] Adikavi Pampa 941 Rashtrakuta Empire
Jainism Shantipurana[6][7][3] Sri Ponna 950 Rashtrakuta Empire
Secular Ramakatha[6][7][8] Sri Ponna 950 Rashtrakuta Empire
Jainism Chamundarayapurana[4] [3] Chamundaraya 978 Western Ganga Dynasty
Jainsim Ajitapurana[5][9][3] Ranna 993 Western Chalukya Empire
Secular Gadayuddha[5][9][3] Ranna 1000 Western Chalukya Empire
Jainsim Mallinathapurana[5][10][11] Nagachandra 1105 Hoysala Empire
Jainsim Ramachandracharitapurana[5][10][11] Nagachandra 1105 Hoysala Empire
Shaivism Girijakalyana[12][13][14] Harihara 1160 Hoysala Empire
Jainsim Neminathapurana[5][14][15] Nemichandra 1170 Hoysala Empire
Vaishnavism Jagannathavijaya[16][17][14] Rudrabhatta 1180 Hoysala Empire
Jainsim Yashodharacharite[5][18][14] Janna 1209 Hoysala Empire
Shaivism Harishchandrakavya[12][19][14] Raghavanka 1220 Hoysala Empire
Shaivism Siddharamacharitra[12][19][20] Raghavanka 1220 Hoysala Empire
Jainism Ananthanathapurana[5][21][14] Janna 1230 Hoysala Empire
Jainsim Kumudendu Ramayana[22][23][21] Kumudendu 1275 Hoysala Empire
Shaivism Basavapurana[24][23][25] Bhima Kavi 1369 Vijayanagara Empire
Vaishnavism Gadugina Bharata[12][26][27] Kumaravyasa, Timmanna Kavi 1425, 1510 Vijayanagara Empire
Shaivism Prabhulingaleele[12][26][28] Chamarasa 1425 Vijayanagara Empire
Vaishnavism Torave Ramayana[26][29][30] Kumara Valmiki (Narahari) 1500 Vijayanagara Empire
Vaishnavism Bhagavatha purana[30][31][32] Chatu Vitthalanatha 1520 Vijayanagara Empire
Secular Ramanatha Charite (Kumararama Charite)[24][26] Nanjunda Kavi 1525 Vijayanagara Empire
Jainism Salva Bharata[33][34][35] Salva 1550 Vijayanagara Empire
Vaishnavism Ramavijayacharitra[22] Devappa Kavi 1550 Vijayanagara Empire
Jainsim Bharatesha Vaibhava[24][36][34] Ratnakaravarni 1557 Vijayanagara Empire
Shaivism Channabasavapurana[24][36][28] Virupaksha Pandita 1584 Vijayanagara Empire
Vaishnavism Advita Ramayana[37] Nijagunarya 1650 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Markandeya Ramayana[38] Timmarasa 1650 Mysore Kingdom
Secular Rajashekara Vilasa[39][40] Sadaksharadeva 1655 Mysore Kingdom
Shaivism Basavarajavijaya (Vrishabhendra Vijaya)[24][39][40] Sadaksharadeva 1671 Mysore Kingdom
Jainism Ramachandra Charitre[41][42] Chandrashekara, Padmanabha 1700 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Jaiminibharata[24][30][39] Lakshmisha 1700 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Ramabhyudaya-Kathakusumamanjari[42][43][38] Timmamatya (Timmarya) 1700 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Bharata[42][38] Lakshmakavi 1728 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Ramayana[44][45] Venkamatya 1770 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Kaushika Ramayana[44][46] Bathaleshvara 1770 Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Shankara Ramayana[47] Timmanna 18th century Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Adhyatma Ramayana[47] Shankaranarayana 18th century Mysore Kingdom
Vaishnavism Mulabala Ramayana[47] Haridasa 18th century Mysore Kingdom
Jainsim Jinaramayana[22][48][49] Chandrasagaravarni 1810 Princely Mysore
Jainism Ramakathavatara[22][50][48] Devachandra ~1838 Princely Mysore
Secular Sangoli Rayana Dange (folk)[51][52] John Faithfull Fleet 1874 Bombay Presidency
Vaishnavism Adbhuta Ramayana[46][53][54] Muddanna 1885 Princely Mysore
Vaishnavism Shri Ramashwamedha[55][56] Muddanna 1896 Princely Mysore
Vaishnavism Sri Ramayana Darshanam[24][57][55] Kuvempu 1949 Mysore state, India
Vaishnavism Sriramapattabhisheka[24][58][55] Masti 1972 Mysore state, India
Secular Bharatasindhu rashmi[59][60] V.K. Gokak 1982 Karnataka state, India
Secular Bhavyamanava[59] S.S.Bhusanurematha 1983 Karnataka state, India

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rao in Datta (1988), pp1180-1183, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  2. ^ Rao in Datta (1988), p1183
  3. ^ a b c d e f Narasimhacharya (1988), p18
  4. ^ a b c Sastri (1955), p356
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rao in Datta (1988), p1180, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  6. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p356
  7. ^ a b Mukherjee (1999), p291
  8. ^ Garg (1992), p67
  9. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p356
  10. ^ a b Sastri (1955), pp357–358
  11. ^ a b Narasimhacharya (1988), p19
  12. ^ a b c d e Rao in Datta (1988), p1181, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  13. ^ Sastri (1955), pp361–362
  14. ^ a b c d e f Narasimhacharya, (1988), p20
  15. ^ Sastri (1955), p358
  16. ^ Sastri (1955), p364
  17. ^ Rao in Datta (1988), p1181, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  18. ^ Sastri (1955), pp358–359
  19. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p362
  20. ^ Rice E.P. (1921), pp60-61
  21. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p359
  22. ^ a b c d Moily (2010), p4, introduction
  23. ^ a b Narasimhacharya (1988), p21
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Rao in Datta (1988), p1182, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  25. ^ Sastri (1955), p362
  26. ^ a b c d Narasimhacharya (1988), p22
  27. ^ Sastri (1955), p364
  28. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p363
  29. ^ Richman (2008), p17
  30. ^ a b c Sastri (1955), p365
  31. ^ Rice (1921), p79
  32. ^ Parmeshwaranand (2001), p1064
  33. ^ Shiva Prakash in Ayyappapanicker (1997), p212
  34. ^ a b Sastri (1955), p360
  35. ^ Rice E.P. (1921), p47
  36. ^ a b Narasimhacharya (1988), p23
  37. ^ Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay (1991), p96
  38. ^ a b c Rice E.P. (1921), p92
  39. ^ a b c Narasimhacharya (1988), p24
  40. ^ a b Rice E.P. (1921), p84
  41. ^ Rice E.P. (1921), p93
  42. ^ a b c Narasimhacharya (1988), p25
  43. ^ Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay (1991), p97
  44. ^ a b Brockington (1998), p501
  45. ^ Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay (1991), p98
  46. ^ a b Ashton and Christie (1977), p27
  47. ^ a b c Śrīhari, Caurirācan̲, Gōpālakrṣṇa (2003), p245, chapter-Ramayanas in Kannada literature
  48. ^ a b Narasimhacharya (1988), p26
  49. ^ Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay (1991), p92
  50. ^ Sinha (2013), p186
  51. ^ Murthy in K.M. George (1992), pp168
  52. ^ Prashad (2001), page xiii, chapter-Kannada folk epics, a profile
  53. ^ Murthy in K.M. George (1992), pp170
  54. ^ Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay (1991), p94
  55. ^ a b c Moily (2010), p5, introduction
  56. ^ Murthy in K.M. George (1992), p170
  57. ^ Murthy in K.M. George (1992), p174
  58. ^ Murthy in K.M. George (1992), p178
  59. ^ a b Rao in Datta (1988), p1183, chapter-Epic(Kannada)
  60. ^ K.M. George (1992), p672

References[edit]

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  • Sastri, K.A. Nilakanta (2002) [1955]. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. New Delhi: Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-560686-8. 
  • Rao, Sheshagiri L.S. (1988) [1988]. Amaresh Datta, ed. Encyclopaedia of Indian literature – vol 2. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-1194-7. 
  • Mukherjee, Sujit (1999) [1999]. Dictionary of Indian Literature, One: Beginnings - 1850. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. ISBN 81-250 1453 5. 
  • Rice, E.P. (1982) [1921]. A History of Kanarese Literature. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-0063-0. 
  • Garg, Ganga Ram (1992) [1992]. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World, Volume 1. New Delhi: Concept Publications. ISBN 81-7022-374-1. 
  • Brockington, J.L. (1998) [1998]. The Sanskrit Epics. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 90-0410-260-4. 
  • Paula Richman, ed. (2008) [2008]. Ramayana Stories in Modern South India: An Anthology. Indiana University Press, Bloomington. ISBN 978-0-253-21953-4. 
  • Prashad, K Kehsavan (2001) [2001]. Male Madeshwara: A Kannada Oral Epic. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-0925-X. 
  • Murthy, K. Narasimha (1992). "Modern Kannada Literature". In George K.M. Modern Indian Literature:An Anthology:Survey of Poems – Vol 1. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-324-8. 
  • Ashton & Christie, Martha Bush & Bruce (1977) [1977]. "History of Yakshagana". Yakshagana. Abhinav Publications. ISBN 81-7017-047-8. 
  • Moily, Veerappa (2010) [2010]. Shree Ramayana Mahanveshanam A Set Of Two Volumes. Roopa Publications, New Delhi. 
  • Krishnamoorthy & Mukhopadhyay, K, Satkari (1991) [1991]. A Critical Inventory of Rāmāyaṇa Studies in the World: Indian languages and English. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-100-8. 
  • Shiva Prakash, H.S. (1997). "Kannada". In Ayyappapanicker. Medieval Indian Literature:An Anthology. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-0365-0. 
  • Sinha, Ashok K (2013) [2013]. GLIMPSE OF SCRIPTURES OF RELIGIONS OF INDIAN ORIGIN: HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, JAINISM, SIKHISM. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4836-6308-1. 
  • Śrīhari, Caurirācan̲, Gōpālakrṣṇa, R, Pon, V (2003) [2003]. Major Genres and Trends in Dravidian Literature: Classical. Dravidian University. 
  • Parmeshwaranand, Swami (2001) [2001]. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Puranas, Volume 1. Sarup and Sons, New Delhi. ISBN 81-7625-226-3.