List of tropical cyclone records

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For the Hurricane Records record label, see Beverley Knight.

This is a condensed list of tropical cyclone records.[1]

Major records[edit]

Characteristic Record Date Location Note
Most intense
(lowest central pressure)
870 mb (hPa) (25.69 inHg) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][3]
Most intense
(Official maximum sustained surface wind)
87 m/s (190 mph, 170 kt, 315 km/h) Several dates Typhoon Haiyan [3]
Most intense
(unofficial maximum sustained winds)
96 m/s (215 mph, 186 kt, 345 km/h) September 12, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in northwest Pacific Basin [3]
Fastest intensification 100 mb (hPa), from 985 mb (hPa) to 885 mb (hPa) in just 24 h September 1983 Typhoon Forrest in northwest Pacific Ocean [4]
Highest storm surge 14.5 m (48 ft) March 5, 1899 Cyclone Mahina in Bathurst Bay, Queensland, Australia [5]
Largest tropical cyclone
(winds from center)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 2,220 km (1,380 mi) from center October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][6]
Smallest tropical cyclone
(winds from center)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, km/h) extending 16 km (10 mi) from center October 7, 2008 Tropical Storm Marco in Bay of Campeche [7]
Longest lasting tropical cyclone 31 days August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [8]
Longest distance traveled by tropical cyclone 13,280 km (8000 mi) August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [9]
Longest lasting category 5 winds 5.50 days September 9–14, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in west Pacific Basin [10]
Warmest Eye 30°C (86°F) at 700 hPa October 1973 Typhoon Nora in west Pacific Basin [11]
Costliest tropical cyclone $108 billion (2005 USD) in damages August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina in western Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico [12]
Deadliest tropical cyclone c. 500,000+ fatalities November 12, 1970 1970 Bhola cyclone in Bay of Bengal [13]
Closest formation to the equator 1.4° N December 26, 2001 Tropical Storm Vamei in the South China Sea [14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cerveny, Randall S.; Jay Lawrimore; Roger Edwards; Christopher Landsea (June 2007). "Extreme Weather Records. Compilation, Adjudication, and Publication". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88 (6): 853–860. Bibcode:2007BAMS...88..853C. doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-6-853. 
  2. ^ a b George M. Dunnavan & John W. Dierks (1980). "An Analysis of Super Typhoon Tip (October 1979)". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 2007-01-24. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  4. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  5. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  6. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  7. ^ NHC Hurricane Research Division (2008-01-01). "Atlantic hurricane best track ("HURDAT")". NOAA. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  8. ^ Dorst, Neal (2004). "Which tropical cyclone lasted the longest?". NOAA Tropical cyclone FAQ. NOAA. Retrieved 2006-05-22. 
  9. ^ Neal Dorst (2006). "What is the farthest a tropical cyclone has traveled ?". Hurricane Research Division. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  10. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  11. ^ http://cawcr.gov.au/bmrc/pubs/tcguide/ch9/ch9_8.htm
  12. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/history.shtml
  13. ^ Frank, Neil; Husain, S. A. (June 1971). "The deadliest tropical cyclone in history?" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 2007-04-15. [dead link]
  14. ^ Gary Padgett (2002). "December 2001 Worldwide Tropical Weather Summary". Retrieved 2010-04-14. 

External links[edit]