List of novae in the Milky Way galaxy

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This is a partial list of novae in the Milky Way galaxy that have been discovered and recorded since 1891. Novae are stars that undergo dramatic explosions, but unlike supernovae, these do not result in the destruction of the original star. The likely rate of novae in the Milky Way is about 40 per year,[1] but of these only about 10 per year are discovered by observers as of the 2000s (decade).[2] This list attempts to include only the brighter or more notable novae.

The Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams (CBAT) maintains a more complete list of novae in the Milky Way since 1612.[2]

Nomenclature[edit]

Novae are initially designated via a "Nova [possessive form of constellation name] [year of discovery]" format, e.g. "Nova Cygni 1974" and "Nova Scorpii 2010". An official permanent name is usually soon assigned by the General Catalog of Variable Stars using the GCVS format for the naming of variable stars. When more than one nova is discovered in a constellation in one year, a numeric suffix is appended; hence "Nova Sagittarii 2011 #2", "Nova Sagitarii 2011 #3", etc.

Nova Eridani 2009 (apparent magnitude ~8.4) during a full moon
Year Nova Maximum brightness[note 1]
1891 T Aurigae +3.8
1898 V1059 Sagittarii +4.5
1899 V606 Aquilae +5.5
1901 GK Persei +0.2
1903 DM Geminorum +4.8
1905 V604 Aquilae +7.3
1910 DI Lacertae +4.6
1912 DN Geminorum +3.5
1918 V603 Aquilae -0.5
1919 HR Lyrae +6.5
1919 V849 Ophiuchi +7.4
1920 V476 Cygni +2.0
1920 T Pyxidis +6.4
1925 RR Pictoris +1.2[3]
1927 EL Aquilae +5.5
1927 XX Tauri +5.9
1933 RS Ophiuchi +4.3
1934 DQ Herculis +1.4
1936 CP Lacertae +2.1
1936 V368 Aquilae +5.0
1939 BT Monocerotis +4.5
1942 V450 Cygni +7.0
1942 CP Puppis +0.3
1943 V500 Aquilae +6.1
1944 T Pyxidis +7.1
1945 V528 Aquilae +7.0
1946 T Coronae Borealis +3.0
1948 CT Serpentis +6.0
1948 V465 Cygni +7.3
1950 DK Lacertae +5.0
1956 RW Ursae Minoris +6.0[4]
1958 RS Ophiuchi +5.0
1960 V446 Herculis +2.8
1963 V533 Herculis +3.0
1964 QZ Aurigae +6.0
1967 T Pyxidis +6.7
1967 HR Delphini +3.7
1967 RS Ophiuchi +5.0
1968 LV Vulpeculae +5.2
1970 FH Serpentis +4.4
1970 V1229 Aquilae +6.7
1970 V1330 Cygni +7.5
1971 IV Cephei +7.0
1975 V1500 Cygni +1.7
1975 V373 Scuti +6.0
1976 NQ Vulpeculae +6.0
1977 HS Sagittae +7.2
1978 V1668 Cygni +6.0
1982 V1370 Aquilae +6.0
1984 PW Vulpeculae +6.4
1984 QU Vulpeculae +5.2
1985 RS Ophiuchi +5.4
1986 V842 Centauri +4.6
1986 OS Andromedae +6.3
1987 V827 Herculis +7.5
1987 QV Vulpeculae +7.0
1991 V838 Herculis +5.0
1992 V1974 Cygni +4.2
1993 V705 Cassiopeiae +5.8
1999 V382 Velorum +2.6
1999 V1494 Aquilae +4.0
2000 V445 Puppis +8.6
2006 RS Ophiuchi +4.5
2007 V1280 Scorpii +3.9[5][6]
2009 KT Eridani +5.5
2013 V339 Delphini +4.3[7]
2013 Nova Centauri 2013 +3.3*[8]

* Outburst in progress

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A higher magnitude means a lower brightness. i.e. T Aurigae (+3.8) was a brighter nova than HR Lyrae (+6.5)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prialnik, Dina. "Novae", pp. 1846-56, in Paul Murdin, ed. Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. London: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd and Nature Publishing Group, 2001. ISBN 1-56159-268-4
  2. ^ a b CBAT List of Novae in the Milky Way discovered since 1612
  3. ^ Burnham, Robert (2013) [1977]. Burnham's Celestial Handbook, Volume Three: An Observer's Guide to the Universe Beyond the Solar System. New York, New York: Courier Dover Publications. pp. 1460–62. ISBN 9780486318035. 
  4. ^ Bianchini, A.; Tappert, C.; Canterna, R.; Tamburini, F.; Osborne, H.; Cantrell, K. "RW Ursae Minoris (1956): An Evolving Postnova System". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 115 (809): 811–18. Bibcode:2003PASP..115..811B. doi:10.1086/376434. 
  5. ^ http://www.aavso.org/publications/alerts/alert346.shtml
  6. ^ http://www.aavso.org/cgi-bin/newql.pl?name=V1280%20Sco&output=html
  7. ^ "Light Curve Generator: AAVSO Data for Nova DEL 2013". American Association of Variable Star Observers. August 16, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ IAU Circ., 9266, 2 (2013). Edited by Green, D. W. E.