Listed here are end-user computer applications intended for use with numerical or data analysis:
Numerical software packages
- MATLAB is a widely used proprietary software for performing numerical calculations. It comes with its own programming language, in which numerical algorithms can be implemented.
- GNU Octave is a high-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations. It provides a convenient command line interface for solving linear and nonlinear problems numerically, and for performing other numerical experiments using a language that is mostly compatible with MATLAB. A number of GUI front-ends (Cantor, KAlgebra) to Octave is implemented on Linux. Active user community provide technical support to its users.
- FlexPro is a program for data analysis and presentation of measurement data. It provides a rich Excel-like user interface and its built-in vector programming language FPScript has a syntax similar to MATLAB.
- SCaViS is a free numerical framework written in Java which includes data visualisation.
- Scilab is advanced numerical analysis package similar to MATLAB or Octave. Comes with a complete GUI and Xcos which is alternative to Simulink. (free software, GPL-compatible CeCILL license
- mpmath is a Python library for floating-point arithmetic, special function evaluation, and other numerical algorithms.
- NAG Library is an extensive software library of highly optimized numerical analysis routines for various programming environments.
- pylab and matplotlib
- FreeMat, an open-source MATLAB-like environment with a GPL license.
- jMathLab, an open-source MATLAB-like multiplatform environment with a GPL license. Written in Java.
- Rlab is another free software computer program which bears a strong resemblance to MATLAB. Rlab development ceased for several years but it was revived as RlabPlus.
- SimplexNumerica is a program for data analysis and presentation of measurement data. It provides a state-of-the art user interface and a 2D/3D rendering engine for charts and mathematical routines for Approximation, Interpolation, FFT, Regression Analysis, etc.
- Sysquake is a computing environment with interactive graphics for mathematics, physics and engineering. Like other applications from Calerga, it is based on a MATLAB-compatible language.
- LabVIEW offers both textual and graphical programming approaches to numerical analysis. Its text-based programming language MathScript uses .m file script syntax providing some compatibility with MATLAB and its clones.
- COMSOL Script
- jLab, a research platform for building an open source MATLAB-like environment in pure Java and Groovy. Currently supports interpreted j-Scripts (MATLAB-like) and compiled GroovySci (extension to Groovy) scripts that provides direct interfacing to Java code and scripting access to many popular Java scientific libraries (e.g. Weka and JSci) and application Wizards. (Project Page: )
- QED Solver is software for performing numerical calculations for math, science and engineering applications. It has a simple declarative programming language that allows linear and nonlinear equations to be entered as one would write them. The solver engine uses sparse matrix methods to be efficient for large problems.
- Jacket, A proprietary GPU Toolbox for MATLAB, enabling some MATLAB computations to be offloaded to the GPU for acceleration and data visualization purposes.
- sciGPGPU , a GPU-enabling toolbox for Scilab that provides a gpu computing capabilities at Scilab. It uses an implementation of BLAS (cuBLAS) and FFT (cuFFT) through gpuAdd, gpuMult, gpuFFT and other functions. This toolbox uses essentially Cuda but some functions, as gpuBuild, have been created for build and use kernels developed with OpenCL or Cuda.
- MCXLAB , a Monte Carlo simulation add-on to MATLAB or Octave, also available as an OpenCL-based implementation to offload parallel computation to GPU.
General-purpose computer algebra systems
- Macsyma, a general-purpose computer algebra system, which has a free GPL-licensed version called Maxima.
- MadArtSoft, a data analysis software with OLAP Cube, a report generator (see Project page of MadArtSoft).
- Madeline, a free GPL-licensed clone of Mathematica (now defunct: last update was 2005, see Projectpage of Madeline on Sourceforge).
- Maple, a general-purpose commercial mathematics software package.
- Mathcad offers a WYSIWYG interface and the ability to generate publication-quality mathematical equations.
- Mathematica offers numerical evaluation, optimization and visualization of a very wide range of numerical functions. It also includes a programming language and computer algebra capabilities.
- PARI/GP is a widely used computer algebra system designed for fast computations in number theory (factorizations, algebraic number theory, elliptic curves...), but also contains a large number of other useful functions to compute with mathematical entities such as matrices, polynomials, power series, algebraic numbers etc., and a lot of transcendental functions. PARI is also available as a C library to allow for faster computations.
- Sage is an open-source math software, with a unified Python interface which is available as a text interface or a graphical web-based one. Includes interfaces for open-source and proprietary general purpose CAS, and other numerical analysis programs, like PARI/GP, GAP, gnuplot, Magma, and Maple.
- Speakeasy is an interactive numerical environment also featuring an interpreted programming language. Born in the mid '60s for matrix manipulation and still in continuous evolution, it pioneered the most common paradigms of this kind of tools, featuring dynamic typing of the structured data objects, dynamic allocation and garbage collection, operators overloading, dynamic linking of compiled or interpreted additional modules contributed by the community of the users and so on.
- Trilinos is a collection of open source, object-oriented libraries for use in scientific and engineering applications. Trilinos is based on scalable, parallel linear algebra algorithms.
- Automlab is a simulation tool created by IRAI www.irai.com.
- Baudline is a time-frequency browser for numerical signals analysis and scientific visualization.
- Dataplot is provided by NIST.
- DADiSP is a commercial program focused on DSP that combines the numerical capability of MATLAB with a spreadsheet like interface.
- EJS is an open source software tool, written in Java, for generating simulations.
- Euler Mathematical Toolbox is a powerful numerical laboratory with a programming language that can handle real, complex and interval numbers, vectors and matrices. It can produce 2D/3D plots.
- SCaViS is a free data-analysis framework written in Java which uses Jython for scripting (although other Java scripting can also be used)
- FEniCS Project is a collection of project for automated solutions to PDEs.
- Hermes is a C++ library of advanced adaptive finite element algorithms to solve PDEs and multiphysics coupled problems.
- Fityk is a curve fitting and data analysis program. Primarily used for peak fitting and analyzing peak data.
- FlexPro is a commercial program for interactive and automated analysis and presentation of mainly measurement data. It supports many binary instrument data formats and has its own vectorized programming language.
- IGOR Pro, a software package with emphasis on time series, image analysis, and curve fitting. It comes with its own programming language and can be used interactively.
- LabPlot is a data analysis and visualization application built on the KDE Platform.
- MCSim a Monte Carlo simulation tool.
- numberGo Publisher is a data analysis tool that lets you pivot and chart data, and save it as a portable document.
- Origin, a software package that is widely used for making scientific graphs. It comes with its own C/C++ compiler that conforms quite closely to ANSI standard.
- PAW is a free data analysis package developed at CERN.
- SPSS, an application for statistical analysis.
- QtiPlot is a data analysis and scientific visualisation program, similar to Origin.
- ROOT is a free object oriented multipurpose data analysis package, developed at CERN.
- SALOME is a free software that provides a generic platform for pre- and post-processing for numerical simulation.
- Shogun, an open source Large Scale Machine Learning toolbox that provides several SVM implementations (like libSVM, SVMlight) under a common framework and interfaces to Octave, MATLAB, Python, R
- Waffles is a free-software collection of command-line tools designed for scripting machine learning operations in automated experiments and processes.
- Weka is a suite of machine learning software written at the University of Waikato.
- acslX is a software application for modeling and evaluating the performance of continuous systems described by time-dependent, nonlinear differential equations.
- ADMB is a software suite for non-linear statistical modeling based on C++ which uses automatic differentiation.
- AMPL is a mathematical modeling language for describing and solving high complexity problems for large scale optimization.
- Ch, a commercial C/C++ based interpreted language with computational array for scientific numerical computation and visualization.
- APMonitor: APMonitor is a mathematical modeling language for describing and solving representations of physical systems in the form of differential and algebraic equations.
- SCaViS is scientific package which uses Jython to call numerical and graphical libraries written in Java
- Julia is designed for cloud parallel scientific computing in mind on LLVM-based JIT as a backend. Lightweight “green” threading (coroutines). Direct calls of C functions from code (no wrappers or special APIs needed), support for Unicode. Powerful shell-like capabilities for managing other processes. Lisp-like macros and other metaprogramming facilities.
- COMSOL Script for numerical computations and interactive partial differential equation solving with the finite element method; uses MATLAB-compatible syntax. Optionally connects to COMSOL Multiphysics.
- ELKI a software framework for development of data mining algorithms in Java.
- GAUSS, a matrix programming language for mathematics and statistics.
- GNU Data Language, a free compiler designed as a drop-in replacement for IDL.
- IDL, a commercial interpreted language based on FORTRAN with some vectorization. Widely used in the solar physics, atmospheric sciences and medical communities. The GNU Data Language is a free alternative.
- KPP generates Fortran 90, FORTRAN 77, C, or Matlab code for the integration of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) resulting from chemical reaction mechanisms.
- Madagascar, an open-source software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. 
- Mathemagix, is an open source (GNU GPL license) general-purpose mathematics software package.
- NCAR Command Language is an interpreted language designed specifically for scientific data analysis and visualization.
- O-Matrix - a matrix programming language for mathematics, engineering, science, and financial analysis.
- OptimJ is a mathematical Java-based modeling language for describing and solving high complexity problems for large scale optimization.
- Perl Data Language, also known as PDL, an array extension to Perl ver.5, used for data manipulation, statistics, numerical simulation and visualization.
- R is a widely used system with a focus on data manipulation and statistics which implements the S language. Many add-on packages are available (free software, GNU GPL license).
- SAS, a system of software products for numerical analysis
- VisSim is a visual block diagram language for simulation of nonlinear dynamic systems and model based embedded development. Its fast ODE engine supports real-time simulation of complex large scale models. The highly efficient fixed point code generator allows targeting of low cost fixed-point embedded processors.
- World Programming System (WPS), supports the SAS language for numerical analysis
- Yorick is an interpreted programming language designed for numerics, graph plotting and simulation.
- Expensive Desk Calculator written for the TX-0 and PDP-1 in the late 1950s or early 1960s.
- S is an (array-based) programming language with strong numerical support. R language is a continuation of S project.