List of octagonal buildings and structures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Plan of the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
The Tower of the winds in Athens

Octagon buildings and structures are characterized by an octagonal plan form, whether a perfect geometric octagon or a regular eight-sided polygon with approximately equal sides.

The oldest known octagon-shaped building[citation needed] is the Tower of the Winds in Athens, Greece, which was constructed circa 300 B.C. Octagon houses were popularized in the United States in the mid-19th century and there are too many to list here, see instead List of octagon houses. There are also octagonal houses built in other times and cultures.

This article is a list of octagonal buildings and structures worldwide, excluding houses and windmills.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Houses[edit]

At least 19 historic octagon houses are known to exist in Canada distributed across 4 eastern provinces.[1] In Canada, the octagon house craze also engendered an octagonal deadhouse phenomenon. This included octagonal deadhouses, pre-burial edifices, built in the mid to late 1800s along Yonge Street in south-central Ontario, from just north of Toronto to Aurora. At least 3 octagon houses are classified as heritage sites, one in Richmond Hill and the other in King. Extant octagon houses in Canada include the following:

Other buildings and structures[edit]

China[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Ethiopia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Ceiling of the Palatine Chapel in Aachen

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Iran[edit]

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • The Octagon, the former Trinity Congregational Church in Christchurch, New Zealand

Norway[edit]

Dverberg Church with memorial for fishermen who lost their lives at sea

Spain[edit]

View of the Octagonal Tower at the Alcazar in jerez.

Sweden[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Wells Cathedral plan, showing the octagonal chapter house (top)

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kline, Robert V. "Inventory of Older Octagon, Hexagon, and Round Houses". rvkline. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Kline, Robert V. "Inventory of Older Octagon, Hexagon, and Round Houses: Canada". rvkline. Retrieved June 23, 2008. 
  3. ^ See photo of Sackville one here
  4. ^ Ousby, Ian, Blue Guide: England, 11th ed. 1995, various pages, London: A & C Black ISBN 0-7136-3874-5; New York: WW Norton ISBN 0-393-31340-9