List of octagonal buildings and structures
Octagon buildings and structures are characterized by an octagonal plan form, whether a perfect geometric octagon or a regular eight-sided polygon with approximately equal sides.
The oldest known octagon-shaped building is the Tower of the Winds in Athens, Greece, which was constructed circa 300 B.C. Octagon houses were popularized in the United States in the mid-19th century and there are too many to list here, see instead List of octagon houses. There are also octagonal houses built in other times and cultures.
This article is a list of octagonal buildings and structures worldwide, excluding houses and windmills.
- Chinaman's Hat (Port Phillip), Victoria, an octagonal gazebo-like structure in the South Channel of Port Phillip Bay.
- The Octagon Theatre at the University of Western Australia.
At least 19 historic octagon houses are known to exist in Canada distributed across 4 eastern provinces. In Canada, the octagon house craze also engendered an octagonal deadhouse phenomenon. This included octagonal deadhouses, pre-burial edifices, built in the mid to late 1800s along Yonge Street in south-central Ontario, from just north of Toronto to Aurora. At least 3 octagon houses are classified as heritage sites, one in Richmond Hill and the other in King. Extant octagon houses in Canada include the following:
- Sackville, New Brunswick, Captain George Anderson House, built in 1855, is a locally designated heritage site
- In Nova Scotia
- Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia: Fraser Octagon House, built in 1857, provincially designated heritage site
Other buildings and structures
- Bastion Nanaimo, British Columbia
- Chapel at Dundurn, Hamilton, Ontario
- Miscou Island Lighthouse – strategic Baie des Chaleurs octagonal colonial lighthouse
- Huron County Gaol – distinctive octagonal jail design, 1839–41
- Pachena Point Light on Vancouver Island, British Columbia
- Speedside United Church, in Centre Wellington, Ontario
- Tower of the Winds, Athens, Greece
- Rumbach Street synagogue, Budapest
- Ferdows Religious School, Toon
- Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence
- The Battistero or Baptistery of Parma
- Basilica of San Vitale, Rome
- Castel del Monte (Apulia), Andria (BT)
- Church of St. Giacomo, Vicovaro
- The Octagon, the former Trinity Congregational Church in Christchurch, New Zealand
- Ankenes Church
- Bardu Church
- Buvik Church
- Dolstad Church, mixed octagonal-cruciform
- Klæbu Church
- Røssvoll Church
- Støren Church
- Trinity Church (Oslo), octagonal-cruciform combined
- Vinje Church (Hemne)
- Alcazar of Jerez de la Frontera has an Octagonal Tower, in Almohad style
- Hedvig Eleonora Church, Stockholm
- United Reformed Church in Cheadle Hulme
- Dutch Cottage, Rayleigh, Essex
- 18th century replicas of the Athenian Tower of the Winds in the ornamental gardens of the following stately homes:
- Naze tower, Walton on the Naze
- Octagonal chapter houses at the following cathedrals:
- Octagon Centre, Sheffield
- Octagonal lantern tower, Ely Cathedral, Ely
- Octagon Chapel, Norwich
- Dreghorn & Springside Parish Church
- St James Church, Teignmouth
- Pagoda at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London
- Storm Tower at Compass Point, Bude, Cornwall
- St. John’s Methodist Church, Arbroath
- The main tower of Hadlow Castle, Kent
- The Butter Market, Barnard Castle, County Durham
- Kline, Robert V. "Inventory of Older Octagon, Hexagon, and Round Houses". rvkline. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- Kline, Robert V. "Inventory of Older Octagon, Hexagon, and Round Houses: Canada". rvkline. Retrieved June 23, 2008.
- See photo of Sackville one here
- Ousby, Ian, Blue Guide: England, 11th ed. 1995, various pages, London: A & C Black ISBN 0-7136-3874-5; New York: WW Norton ISBN 0-393-31340-9