List of odd-toed ungulates by population

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of odd-toed ungulate species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all ungulates have had their numbers quantified.

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus 40 – 60[1] CR[1] Unknown[1] Rhinoceros sondaicus in London Zoo.jpg
Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis 275[2] CR[2] Decrease[2] Maximum estimate.[2] Sumatran Rhino 2.jpg
Przewalski's horse Equus ferus przewalskii 306[3] EN[3] Increase[3] Wild numbers only. Previously extinct in the wild.[3] Przewalski's Horse, Dubbo Zoo, c 2005.jpg
African wild ass Equus africanus 600[4] CR[4] Decrease[4] Maximum estimate. A small population may still exist in Somalia.[4] A ANE DE SOMALIE.JPG
Malayan Tapir Tapirus Indicus 1500 - 2000 [5] EN[6] Steady[6] Malayan Tapir.jpg
Grévy's zebra Equus grevyi 1966 – 2447 [6] EN[6] Steady[6] Grevy's Zebra Stallion.jpg
Mountain tapir Tapirus pinchaque 2500[7] EN[7] Decrease[7] Maximum estimate.[7] Mountain Tapir.jpg
Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis 2575[8] VU[8] Increase[8] Indian Rhino Image.jpg
Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis 4880[9] CR[9] Increase[9] Four subspecies: Southern-central (2220), South-western (1920), Eastern (740), and Western (0; considered recently extinct).[9] Ngorongoro Spitzmaulnashorn edit1.jpg
Baird's tapir Tapirus bairdii 5500[10] EN[10] Decrease[10] Maximum estimate.[10] Milton Tapir sniffing2.jpg
Onager Equus hemionus 8358 [11] EN[11] Decrease[11] Kulaani Korkeasaari.jpg
White rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum 20 170[12] NT[12] Increase[12] Rhinocéros blanc JHE.jpg
Mountain zebra Equus zebra 26 500[13] VU[13] Unknown[13] Two subspecies: Hartmann’s (25 000) & Cape (1500).[13] Hartmann zebra hobatere S.jpg
Kiang Equus kiang 60 000 – 70 000 [14] LC[14] Steady[14] Equus kiang holdereri03.jpg
Plains zebra Equus quagga 660 000 [15] LC[15] Steady[15] Burchell's Zebra (Etosha).jpg
Mule Equus asinus x Equus caballus 10 000 000 [16] Domesticated Juancito.jpg
Donkey Equus africanus asinus 40 000 000 [17] Domesticated Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
Horse Equus ferus caballus 58 000 000 [18] Domesticated Nokota Horses cropped.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c van Strien, N.J., Steinmetz, R., Manullang, B., Sectionov, Han, K.H., Isnan, W., Rookmaaker, K., Sumardja, E., Khan, M.K.M. & Ellis, S. (2008). "Rhinoceros sondaicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d van Strien, N.J., Manullang, B., Sectionov, Isnan, W., Khan, M.K.M, Sumardja, E., Ellis, S., Han, K.H., Boeadi, Payne, J. & Bradley Martin, E. (2008). "Dicerorhinus sumatrensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d Boyd, L. & King, S.R.B. (2011). "Equus ferus przewalskii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  4. ^ a b c d Moehlman, P.D., Yohannes, H., Teclai, R. & Kebede, F. (2012). "Equus africanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  5. ^ Unknown (2011). "Tapir Specialist Group". Tapir Specialist Group. nil. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Moehlman, P.D., Rubenstein, D.I. & Kebede, F. (2008). "Equus grevyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  7. ^ a b c d Diaz, A.G., Castellanos, A., Piñeda, C., Downer, C., Lizcano, D.J., Constantino, E., Suárez Mejía, J.A., Camancho, J., Darria, J., Amanzo, J., Sánchez, J., Sinisterra Santana, J., Ordoñez Delgado, L., Espino Castellanos , L.A. & Montenegro, O.L. (2008). "Rhinoceros unicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  8. ^ a b c Talukdar, B.K., Emslie, R., Bist, S.S., Choudhury, A., Ellis, S., Bonal, B.S., Malakar, M.C., Talukdar, B.N. & Barua, M. (2008). "Rhinoceros unicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  9. ^ a b c d Emslie, R. (2012). "Diceros bicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  10. ^ a b c d Castellanos, A., Foerester, C., Lizcano, D.J., Naranjo, E., Cruz-Aldan, E., Lira-Torres, I., Samudio, R., Matola, S., Schipper, J. & Gonzalez-Maya. J. (2008). "Rhinoceros unicornis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  11. ^ a b c Moehlman, P.D., Shah, N. & Feh, C. (2008). "Equus hemionus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  12. ^ a b c Emslie, R. (2012). "Ceratotherium simum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  13. ^ a b c d Novellie, P. (2008). "Equus zebra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  14. ^ a b c Shah, N., St. Louis, A., Huibin, Z., Bleisch, W., van Gruissen, J. & Qureshi, Q. (2008). "Equus kiang". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  15. ^ a b c Hack, M.A & Lorenzen, E. (2008). "Equus quagga". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  16. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=mules, element=stocks).
  17. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=asses, element=stocks).
  18. ^ FAOSTAT. (country= world, year=2011, item=horses, element=stocks).