List of offshore wind farms

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This article is about offshore wind farms. For onshore wind farms, see List of onshore wind farms. For more complete lists, see Lists of offshore wind farms by country.
The locations of 22 of the 25 largest operational offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
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The locations of the European 22 of the world's 25 largest operational offshore wind farms
Offshore wind farms in the German Bight

This page lists the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the 10 largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the 10 largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of August 2013 the London Array in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 630 MW. This is followed by the Greater Gabbard Wind Farm (504 MW), also in the UK. The Gwynt y Môr wind farm (576 MW) is the largest project currently under construction.

The biggest producer of wind energy is the Greater Gabbard wind farm. In 2012 it produced 1,195 GigaWatt-hours (GWh). The second largest producer is Horns Rev 2 with 956 GWh produced in 2012. In terms of total production since introduction Horns Rev 1 remains the largest with 5,877 GWh produced since the park opened. Nysted 1, also in Denmark, is the second largest wind farm in the world in terms of total energy produced. Nysted 1 has produced 5,097 GWh since its start. Third is Horns Rev 2 with 2,959 GWh produced.[1]

Top 25 operational offshore wind farms[edit]

This is a list of the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational, rated by nameplate capacity. In the case of a tied bottom place in the table, the wind farm with the earliest commissioning date is used.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning
Date
Refs
London Array 630  United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 175 × Siemens 3.6-120 2012 [2][3][4]
Greater Gabbard 504[5]  United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 140 × Siemens 3.6-107 2012 [6][7][8]
Anholt 400  Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 111 × Siemens 3.6-120 2013 [9][10][11][12]
BARD Offshore 1 400  Germany 54°22′N 5°59′E / 54.367°N 5.983°E / 54.367; 5.983 (BARD Offshore 1) 80 × BARD 5.0 2013 [13][14][15]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367.2  United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[16][17]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1-3)
325  Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 6 × REpower 5MW,
48 × REpower 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[18][19][20][21]
Sheringham Shoal 315  United Kingdom 53°7′N 1°8′E / 53.117°N 1.133°E / 53.117; 1.133 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 88 × Siemens 3.6-107 2012 [22][23][24][25]
Thanet 300  United Kingdom 51°26′N 01°38′E / 51.433°N 1.633°E / 51.433; 1.633 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 100 × Vestas V90-3MW 2010 [26][27]
Lincs 270  United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 75 × 3.6MW 2013 [28]
Horns Rev 2 209.3  Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 91 × Siemens 2.3-93 2009 [29]
Rødsand II 207  Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 90 × Siemens 2.3-93 2010 [30][31]
Chenjiagang
(Jiangsu) Xiangshui
201  China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 134 × 1.5MW 2010 [32][33][citation needed]
Lynn
and Inner Dowsing
194  United Kingdom 53°07′39″N 00°26′10″E / 53.12750°N 0.43611°E / 53.12750; 0.43611 (Lynn and Inner Dowsing) 54 × Siemens 3.6-107 2008 [34][35][36][37]
Robin Rigg
(Solway Firth)
180  United Kingdom 54°45′N 3°43′W / 54.750°N 3.717°W / 54.750; -3.717 (Robin Rigg Wind Farm) 60 × Vestas V90-3MW 2010 [38]
Gunfleet Sands 172  United Kingdom 51°43′16″N 1°17′31″E / 51.72111°N 1.29194°E / 51.72111; 1.29194 (Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm) 48 × Siemens 3.6-107 2010 [39][40]
Nysted (Rødsand I) 166  Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 72 × Siemens 2.3 2003 [34][41][42]
Bligh Bank (Belwind) 165  Belgium 51°39′36″N 2°48′0″E / 51.66000°N 2.80000°E / 51.66000; 2.80000 (Bligh Bank Offshore Wind Farm) 55 × Vestas V90-3MW 2010 [43]
Horns Rev 1 160  Denmark 55°31′47″N 7°54′22″E / 55.52972°N 7.90611°E / 55.52972; 7.90611 (Horns Rev) 80 × Vestas V80-2MW 2002 [34][41][44]
Ormonde 150  United Kingdom 54°6′N 3°24′W / 54.100°N 3.400°W / 54.100; -3.400 (Ormonde Wind Farm) 30 × REpower 5M 2012 [7][45][46]
Longyuan Rudong
Intertidal
Demonstration
150  China 32°30′N 121°15′E / 32.500°N 121.250°E / 32.500; 121.250 (Longyuan Rudong) 21 × Siemens 2.3-93;
20 × Goldwind 2.5MW
17 × Sinovel 3W
2 × CSIC HZ 5.0-154 Prototype
2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[47][48][49][50]
Princess Amalia 120  Netherlands 52°35′24″N 4°13′12″E / 52.59000°N 4.22000°E / 52.59000; 4.22000 (Princess Amalia Wind Farm) 60 × Vestas V80-2MW 2008 [34][51]
Donghai Bridge 110.6[52]  China 30°46′12″N 121°59′38″E / 30.77000°N 121.99389°E / 30.77000; 121.99389 (Donghai Bridge Wind Farm) 34 × Sinovel SL3000/90
1 × Sinovel SL 5000
1 × Shanghai Electric W3600/116
2010
2011
[53][54]
Lillgrund 110  Sweden 55°31′N 12°47′E / 55.517°N 12.783°E / 55.517; 12.783 (Lillgrund Wind Farm) 48 × Siemens 2.3-93 2007 [34]
Egmond aan Zee 108  Netherlands 36 × Vestas V90-3MW 2006 [34]
Borkum Riffgat 108  Germany 53°41′N 6°28′E / 53.683°N 6.467°E / 53.683; 6.467 (Borkum Riffgat) 30 × Siemens-3.6MW 2014 [55]

Top 10 under construction[edit]

This is a list of the 10 largest offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Turbines
& model
Completion Refs
Gwynt y Môr 576  United Kingdom 53°28′00″N 3°36′00″W / 53.46667°N 3.60000°W / 53.46667; -3.60000 (Gwynt y Môr wind farm) 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2014 [56][57]
Trianel Borkum
West II
400  Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5MW 2014 (Phase 1)
2015 (Phase 2)
[58]
Global Tech I 400  Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5MW 2014 [59][60]
West of Duddon Sands 389  United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [61][62]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 312  Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [63][64]
Nordsee Ost 295  Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 48 × REpower 6M 2014 [65][66]
Meerwind Süd & Ost 288  Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd & Ost) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [67]
DanTysk 288  Germany 54°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 54.15000°N 7.17500°E / 54.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [68]
EnBW Baltic 2 288  Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (EnBW Baltic 2) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [69][70]
Amrumbank West 288  Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [71][72]

Top 3 biggest producers of energy[edit]

This is a list of the 3 largest offshore wind farms by actual energy production since commissioning.

Wind farm Production 2012
(GWh)
Total production
(GWh)
Country Turbines
& model
Official start Refs
Horns Rev 1 676 5877  Denmark 80 × Vestas V80 2.0 MW 2002 [1]
Nysted 1 575 5097  Denmark 72 × Bonus 2.3 MW 2003 [1]
Horns Rev 2 956 2959  Denmark 91 x Siemens 2.3 MW 2009 [1]

Top proposed wind farm areas[edit]

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Blekinge Offshore 2,500  Sweden 55°56′15″N 14°59′37.3″E / 55.93750°N 14.993694°E / 55.93750; 14.993694 (Blekinge Offshore) Awaiting decision of environmental court [73]
Korea Offshore 2,500  South Korea Korean Government Approved [74]
Moray Firth 1,300  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [75]
Creyke Beck A 1,200  United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) Crown Estate Round 3 [76][77]
Creyke Beck B 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [76][77]
East Anglia (formerly Norkfolk Bank) 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [75][78]
Irish Sea 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [75]
Teesside A 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [76][77]
Teesside B 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [76][77]
Triton Knoll 1,200  United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [79]

Other notable offshore wind farms[edit]

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby  Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [34][41][80][81][82][83]
Beatrice  United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × REpower 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [84][85][86]
Hywind  Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [87][88]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Annual production by commissioned sites". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ London Array's own website announcement of commencement of offshore works
  3. ^ Wittrup, Sanne. First foundation Ing.dk, 8 March 2011. Accessed: 8 March 2011.
  4. ^ London Array Project home page
  5. ^ 504 MW extension is planned
  6. ^ "UK: Greater Gabbard Offshore Wind Farm Generates Power". Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Offshore Wind Farms 2008". EWEA. 2009-02-02. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  8. ^ SSE Greater Gabbard project page
  9. ^ "VIPs cut ribbon at 400MW Anholt" Recharge News, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  10. ^ Jan Bjerre Lauridsen & Søren Andersen. "Queen says Good Wind to giant turbines" Berlingske, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  11. ^ "All turbines at Anholt Offshore wind farm now operational" (Press release). DONG Energy. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Anholf Offshore wind farm in 4C Offshore Retrieved 2013-08-27
  13. ^ BARD 1 (4c)
  14. ^ Rösler eröffnet Offshore-Windpark Bard 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  15. ^ German Federal Minister Inaugurates BARD Offshore 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  16. ^ Datasheet for site: Walney 1 Offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  17. ^ "UK: Walney Offshore Wind Farm Fully Operational". 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  18. ^ C-Power: General Informations
  19. ^ RWE Innogy: First foundation of offshore wind farm Thornton Bank 2 installed off Belgium
  20. ^ Phase 2 completed
  21. ^ Belgium: Thornton Bank Offshore Wind Farm Officially Inaugurated
  22. ^ "SWT-3.6-107 Wind Turbine". Siemens. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  23. ^ "Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm" (PDF). StatoilHydro. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  24. ^ Sheringham Shoal home page
  25. ^ Norway’s Crown Prince Opens Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm (UK)
  26. ^ "Thanet". The Engineer Online. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  27. ^ "Thanet offshore wind farm starts electricity production". BBC News. 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2010-09-34. 
  28. ^ "Lincs Wind Farm Now Fully Operational". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  29. ^ Horns Rev 2 turbines
  30. ^ E.ON finishes Rødsand II Business Week, 14 July 2010. Retrieved: 11 September 2010.
  31. ^ Datasheet for site: Roedsand 2 offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  32. ^ Jiangsu Xiangshui 201MW wind farm all turbines connected to the grid (Modern Han Chinese language publication)
  33. ^ 4C Offshore Chenjiagang Xiangshui Project
  34. ^ a b c d e f g Operational offshore wind farms in Europe, end 2009 EWEA. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  35. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  36. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  37. ^ Wind farm's first turbines active
  38. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  39. ^ [1] UK Wind Energy Database
  40. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  41. ^ a b c Christensen, Allan S. & Madsen, Morten. Supply Chain study on the Danish offshore wind industry page 33-42 Offshore Center Denmark, 29. August 2005. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  42. ^ "Introduction to the (Nysted offshore) park". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  43. ^ "Belwind". Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  44. ^ Horns Revolution, Modern Power Systems, 2002-10-05, accessed 2010-04-14.
  45. ^ Vattenfall Ormonde
  46. ^ [2]
  47. ^ China's largest offshore project now online
  48. ^ Xinhuanet: Pilot project paves way for China's offshore wind power boom
  49. ^ Windpower Offshore: 150MW Rudong project fully operational
  50. ^ CSIC HZ5.0-127 offshore wind turbine generator prototype in Rudong Intertidal I
  51. ^ "Prinses Amaliawindpark Project Details". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  52. ^ 97.2 MW Phase II under construction
  53. ^ Donghai Bridge at 4cOffshore
  54. ^ Xinhuanet news
  55. ^ "Der Problem-Windpark geht endlich ans Netz". Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  56. ^ "Gwynt y Môr Offshore Wind Farm". 4C Offshore. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  57. ^ Gwynt y Môr project page
  58. ^ "Daten und Fakten - Fakten Windpark Borkum West II". Retrieved 2011-10-ß5. 
  59. ^ "Global Tech I – Construction Progress Now finished and Broken Down". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  60. ^ "Successful installation of Global Tech I offshore transformer station". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  61. ^ "West of Duddon Sands reaches foundation installation halfway point". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  62. ^ "West of Duddon Sands". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  63. ^ Borkum Riffgrund I Offshore Wind Farm
  64. ^ DONG Energy reaches Milestone at Borkum Riffgrund 1
  65. ^ "Cable-laying begins at Nordsee Ost". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  66. ^ "Offshore wind farm Nordsee Ost". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  67. ^ "Construction starts on Germany’s €1.3bn Meerwind offshore wind farm project". Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  68. ^ "DanTysk Facts & Chronology". Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  69. ^ "Construction Starts on EnBW Baltic 2 OWF". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  70. ^ "4C Offshore - Baltic 2 Wind Farm". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  71. ^ Amrumbank West Offshore Wind Farm
  72. ^ E.ON lays groundwork for Amrumbank West
  73. ^ [3]
  74. ^ [4]
  75. ^ a b c New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced, BBC News, 2010-01-08
  76. ^ a b c d Recharge: Forewind finalises first four Dogger Bank boundaries
  77. ^ a b c d "Region's MPs lobbied over Dogger Bank wind farm" BBC, 12 October 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012. Quote: "proposed offshore wind farm"
  78. ^ [5]
  79. ^ Design of Triton Knoll Offshore Wind Farm Project off UK Coast Kicks Off
  80. ^ "Data on operating and decommissioned wind turbines (as at end of June 2010)". ENS. 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  81. ^ 4cOffshore listing for Vindeby
  82. ^ Stenstrop, Georg. Vindeby Kulturarv. Retrieved: 1 September 2010.
  83. ^ Prinds, Karsten. "Where offshore wind was invented". OceanWise, 2011
  84. ^ Sharp, Stephen. Scotland shares excellence in renewable energy at World Investment Congress Scottish Enterprise, 15 June 2007. Retrieved: 18 October 2010. "subsea jacket structure which enables the turbines to sit in 45m of water" .. "deepest water depth"
  85. ^ Kempton et al. Supporting Information page 3 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 14 August 2009. Retrieved: 17 October 2010.
  86. ^ Beatrice wind farm demonstrator project
  87. ^ Patel, Prachi (2009-06-22). "Floating Wind Turbines to Be Tested". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2009-06-25. "will test how the 2.3-megawatt turbine holds up in 220-meter-deep water." 
  88. ^ Madslien, Jorn (8 September 2009). "Floating challenge for offshore wind turbine". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2009-09-16. "world's first full-scale floating wind turbine" 

External links[edit]