List of old-growth forests

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This is a list of existing old-growth ("virgin") forests, or remnants of forest, of at least 10 acres. Ecoregion information from "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World".[1]

(NB: The terms "old growth" and "virgin" may have various definitions and meanings throughout the world. See old-growth forest for more information.)

Africa[edit]

Country Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion
Kenya Kakamega Forest[citation needed]


Australasia[edit]

Country Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion Old-growth forest type
Australia Walpole Wilderness Area Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Karri, Jarrah, Eucalyptus jacksonii, Eucalyptus guilfoylei
Australia Barrington Tops National Park Eastern Australian temperate forests subtropical and temperate rainforest and eucalypt
Australia Greater Blue Mountains Area Eastern Australian temperate forests eucalypt forest
Australia Tarkine 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi) Tasmanian temperate rain forests Temperate rainforest
Australia Tasmanian Wilderness Tasmanian temperate rain forests temperate rainforest and eucalypt forest

The term "old-growth forests" is rarely used in New Zealand, instead, "The Bush" is used to refer to native forests. There are large contiguous areas of forest cover that are protected areas.

Eurasia[edit]

Country Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion Old-growth forest type
Belarus Białowieża Forest Central European mixed forests[citation needed]
Bosnia and Herzegovina Perućica Dinaric Mountains mixed forests
Finland Pyhä-Häkki National Park Scandinavian and Russian taiga Scots pine and Norway spruce
Japan Shiretoko National Park Hokkaido deciduous forests, Hokkaido montane conifer forests[citation needed] temperate and subalpine mixed forest
Japan Yakushima Wilderness Area Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests, Taiheiyo evergreen forests subtropical and temperate rainforest
Montenegro Biogradska Gora Dinaric Mountains mixed forests temperate broadleaf and mixed forest
Norway Trillemarka Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Norway Stabbursdalen National Park Scandinavian and Russian taiga
Norway Øvre Dividal National Park Scandinavian and Russian taiga, Scandinavian montane birch forest and grasslands
Poland Białowieża Forest Central European mixed forests
Romania Retezat National Park Carpathian montane conifer forests
Russia Central Sikhote-Alin Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests
Russia Virgin Komi Forests Urals montane tundra and taiga Coniferous
Russia Western Caucasus Caucasus mixed forests
Slovakia Stužica Pannonian mixed forests European Beech
United Kingdom Forest of Dean Mixed Woodland
United Kingdom Puzzlewood

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Province Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion Old-growth forest type
British Columbia Carmanah Walbran Provincial Park 164 square kilometres (41,000 acres) Central Pacific coastal forests coniferous temperate rainforest
British Columbia Clayoquot Sound 265,000 hectares (650,000 acres) Central Pacific coastal forests coniferous temperate rainforest
British Columbia Great Bear Rainforest British Columbia mainland coastal forests coniferous temperate rainforest
Nova Scotia North River Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock
Nova Scotia Panuke Lake Nature Reserve[2] 47 hectares (120 acres) New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova Scotia Shelburne Heritage River[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, pine
Nova Scotia Pollett's Cove[2] Eastern Canadian forests, New England-Acadian forests boreal
Nova Scotia French River Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock
Nova Scotia Trout Brook Wilderness Area[2] deciduous
Nova Scotia Tobeatic Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, pine
Nova Scotia Portapique River Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova Scotia Waverley - Salmon River Long Lake Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, pine
Nova Scotia Boggy Lake Wilderness Area[2] New England-Acadian forests Sugar Maple, Yellow Birch, American Beech
Nova Scotia Great Barren & Quinan Lakes Nature Reserve[2] New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova Scotia MacFarlane Woods Nature Reserve[2] New England-Acadian forests Sugar Maple, Yellow Birch, American Beech
Nova Scotia Bornish Hill Nature Reserve[2] New England-Acadian forests hardwood
Nova Scotia Sporting Lake Nature Reserve[2] 25 hectares (62 acres) New England-Acadian forests Eastern Hemlock, White Pine, Red Spruce
Ontario Obabika Old-Growth Forest
Ontario Quetico Provincial Park 1,500 – 2,000 km2 (370,000 – 500,000 acres) of old growth Western Great Lakes forests
Ontario White Bear Forest Eastern forest-boreal transition
Quebec Bois Beckett Forest,[3] Sherbrooke 6 ha (15 acres) hemlock, beech
Quebec Papineau Woods, Laval

United States[edit]

State Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion Old-growth forest type
Alabama Sipsey Wilderness[4] Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests Eastern Hemlock, American Beech, Sweet Birch, White Oak, Tulip Poplar[4]
Alaska Tongass National Forest[5] 5,400,000 acres (2,200,000 ha) Northern Pacific coastal forests, Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Western Red Cedar, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock
Arkansas White River National Wildlife Refuge[4] 973 acres (394 ha)[4] Mississippi lowland forests American Sweetgum, Nuttall's Oak, Willow Oak, Sugarberry, American Elm, Green Ash, American Sycamore, Pecan, American Elm, Baldcypress[4]
Arkansas Ouachita National Forest[4] 800,000 acres (320,000 ha)[4] Post Oak, Shortleaf Pine, Hickory, Northern Red Oak, White Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Redcedar, Gum Bumelia, Winged Elm, Yaupon[4]
Arkansas Ozark-St. Francis National Forest[6] 11,000 acres (4,500 ha)[6] Shortleaf Pine, Post Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Black Oak, White Oak, Northern Red Oak[6]
Arkansas Hot Springs National Park[4] 320 acres (130 ha)[4] Shortleaf Pine, Blackjack Oak, White Oak[4]
Arkansas Overflow National Wildlife Refuge[4] 230 acres (93 ha)[4] American Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
California Yosemite National Park[7] 225,510 acres (91,260 ha)[7] Sierra Nevada forests Giant Sequoia, Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, California Incense Cedar, Coast Douglas-fir, Red Fir, Western White Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Foxtail Pine
California Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Park[7] 202,430 acres (81,920 ha)[7] Sierra Nevada forests Giant Sequoia, Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, Red Fir, California Incense Cedar
California Lassen Volcanic National Park[7] 27,130 acres (10,980 ha) Sierra Nevada forests Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, Red Fir, Western White Pine, Mountain Hemlock, Lodgepole Pine, Whitebark Pine
California Redwood National and State Parks[8] 38,982 acres (15,775 ha) or more[8] Northern California coastal forests Coast Redwood
California Humboldt Redwoods State Park[7] 23,600 acres (9,600 ha)[7] Northern California coastal forests Coast Redwood
California Muir Woods National Monument[7] 240 acres (97 ha)[7] California interior chaparral and woodlands Coast Redwood
California Samuel P. Taylor State Park[7] 600 acres (240 ha) California interior chaparral and woodlands Coast Redwood
California Big Basin Redwoods State Park[7] 10,800 acres (4,400 ha)[7] Northern California coastal forests Coast Redwood
California Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park[7] 200 acres (81 ha)[7] Northern California coastal forests Coast Redwood, Coast Douglas-fir, Pacific Madrone, Ponderosa Pine
California Headwaters Forest Reserve[9] 3,088 acres (1,250 ha)[9] Northern California coastal forests Coast Redwood
California Blue oak woodlands[10] 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) to 2,300,000 acres (930,000 ha)[10] California interior chaparral and woodlands Blue Oak
California Angeles National Forest[11] 29,000 acres (12,000 ha)[11] California montane chaparral and woodlands Jeffrey Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
California Eldorado National Forest[11] 122,000 acres (49,000 ha)[11] Sierra Nevada forests Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
California Inyo National Forest[11] 238,000 acres (96,000 ha)[11] Sierra Nevada forests – Great Basin montane forests Lodgepole Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Great Basin Bristlecone Pine[11]
California Klamath National Forest[11] 168,000 acres (68,000 ha)[11] Klamath-Siskiyou forests Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Red Fir, White Fir, California Incense Cedar[11]
California Lassen National Forest[11] 92,000 acres (37,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
California Los Padres National Forest[11] 18,900 acres (7,600 ha)[11] Jeffrey Pine, Coast Redwood, Coast Douglas-fir, White Fir[11]
California Mendocino National Forest[11] 60,000 acres (24,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone[11]
California Modoc National Forest[11] 43,400 acres (17,600 ha)[11] Lodgepole Pine, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, California Incense Cedar, Red Fir[11]
California Plumas National Forest[11] 127,000 acres (51,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir[11]
California San Bernardino National Forest[11] 87,400 acres (35,400 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Lodgepole Pine[11]
California Sequoia National Forest[11] 196,000 acres (79,000 ha)[11] Giant Sequoia, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir, Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
California Shasta-Trinity National Forest[11] 230,000 acres (93,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone, Red Fir, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine[11]
California Sierra National Forest[11] 383,000 acres (155,000 ha)[11] Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
California Six Rivers National Forest[11] 137,000 acres (55,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone, White Fir[11]
California Stanislaus National Forest[11] 139,000 acres (56,000 ha)[11] Lodgepole Pine, Jeffrey Pine, White Fir[11]
California Tahoe National Forest[11] 84,000 acres (34,000 ha)[11] Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Sugar Pine, California Incense Cedar, California Black Oak, Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
Colorado Arapaho National Forest[12] 2,590 ha (6,400 acres)[12] Subalpine Fir, Engelmann Spruce[12]
Connecticut Cathedral Pines[4] 42 acres (17 ha)[4] White Pine, Hemlock[4]
Connecticut Sage's Ravine[4] 100 acres (40 ha)[4] Hemlock, Oak[4]
Connecticut Great Mountain Forest -- North Forty[4] 40 acres (16 ha)[4] Hemlock, Hardwoods, White Pine[4]
Connecticut Great Mountain Forest -- Bigelow Pond[4] 5 acres (2.0 ha)[4] Hemlock[4]
Connecticut Mount Riga Incorporated[4] 8 acres (3.2 ha)[4] White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Yellow Birch, American Beech[4]
Connecticut Bear Mountain[4] 5 acres (2.0 ha)[4] Sweet Birch, Pitch Pine[4]
Florida Eglin Air Force Base[4] 6,795 acres (2,750 ha)[4] longleaf pine[4]
Florida Apalachicola National Forest[4] Southeastern conifer forests Pondcypress, Slash Pine[4]
Florida Big Cypress National Preserve[4] 23,000 acres (9,300 ha)[4] South Florida rocklands, Everglades slash pine[4]
Florida Big Cypress National Preserve[4] 158,000 acres (64,000 ha)[4] South Florida rocklands, Everglades pondcypress[4]
Georgia Chattahoochee National Forest[13] 346 acres (140 ha)[13] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests River floodplain hardwood,Dry-mesic oak forest, Seasonally wet oak-hardwood woodland[13]
Georgia Fernbank Forest 65 acres (26 ha) Piedmont Hardwood Forest Tulip Poplar – Oak – Hickory
Illinois Shawnee National Forest[4] 2,800 acres (1,100 ha)[4] post oak – blackjack oak[4]
Illinois Cache River State Natural Area[4] 1,600 acres (650 ha)[4] Central U.S. hardwood forests
Illinois Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge[4] 500 acres (200 ha)[4] Central U.S. hardwood forests
Illinois Beall Woods State Park[4] 329 acres (133 ha)[4] Central U.S. hardwood forests
Indiana Hoosier National Forest[4] 390 acres (160 ha)[4] Post Oak[4]
Indiana Douglas Woods[14] 400 acres (160 ha)[14] Silver Maple, Oak, Hickory[14]
Indiana Pioneer Mothers Memorial Forest[15] 88 acres (36 ha)[15] Oak
Kansas Fort Leavenworth[4] 1,000 acres (400 ha)[4] Central forest-grasslands transition Eastern floodplain[4]
Kentucky Blanton Forest[4] 2,239 acres (906 ha)[4]
Kentucky Lilley Cornett Woods[4] 252 acres (102 ha)[4]
Maine Baxter State Park[4] 23,094 acres (9,346 ha)[4] Balsam Fir[4]
Maine Mahoosuc Mountains Ecological Reserve[4] 2,444 acres (989 ha)[4] Balsam Fir[4]
Maine Bigelow Mountain Ecological Reserve[4] 3,100 acres (1,300 ha)[4] Balsam Fir[4]
Maine Big Reed Forest Preserve[4] 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) or less northern hardwoods, spruce-fir, rich woods, and cedar swamps
Maryland Belt Woods[4] 43 acres (17 ha)[4] white oak – tulip poplar[4]
Maryland Swallow Falls State Park ("Hemlock Grove")[16] 39 acres (16 ha)[16] Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests eastern hemlock – white pine[16]
Maryland Potomac-Garrett State Forest ("Crabtree Woods")[17] 500 acres (200 ha)[17] Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests sugar maple – red oak – basswood – cucumber tree[17]
Massachusetts Mohawk Trail State Forest[4] 612 acres (248 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Massachusetts Ice Glen New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[18]
Massachusetts Monroe State Forest[4] 273 acres (110 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Massachusetts Mount Everett State Reservation[4] 530 acres (210 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Massachusetts Mount Greylock[4] 555 acres (225 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Massachusetts Mount Wachusett[4] 220 acres (89 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Massachusetts Mount Washington State Forest[4] 300 acres (120 ha)[4] New England-Acadian forests northern hardwood[4]
Michigan Hartwick Pines State Park[4] 9,642 acres (3,902 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests Eastern White Pine, Red Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
Michigan Porcupine Mountains[4] 31,000 acres (13,000 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests northern hardwood[4]
Michigan Sylvania Wilderness[4] 15,000 acres (6,100 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests northern hardwood[4]
Minnesota Boundary Waters[4] 401,000 acres (162,000 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests white pine, red pine, fir/birch, jack pine – black spruce, maple, aspen [4]
Minnesota Keeley Creek Natural Area[4] 900 acres (360 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests bog and upland[4]
Minnesota Itasca State Park[4] 4,094 acres (1,657 ha)[4] Western Great Lakes forests Eastern White Pine, Red Pine[4]
Missouri Mark Twain National Forest[4] 30,000 acres (12,000 ha) or less[4] Central U.S. hardwood forests Post Oak and Chinkapin Oak savanna and flatwoods[4]
Missouri Caney Mountain[4] 4,000 acres (1,600 ha) or more[4] Central U.S. hardwood forests post oak savanna[4]
New Hampshire Great Gulf[4] New England-Acadian forests
New Hampshire Crawford Notch[4] New England-Acadian forests
New Hampshire Sheldrick Forest Preserve[19] 227 acres (92 ha)[19] New England-Acadian forests Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Beech, Birch, Oak, Butternut[19]
New Jersey Saddler's Woods[4] 25 acres (10 ha)[4] Northeastern coastal forests Eastern Black Oak, White Oak, Northern Red Oak, American Beech, Tulip Poplar, Red Maple[4]
New Jersey Bear Swamp[4] 215 acres (87 ha)[4] Atlantic coastal pine barrens Black Gum, American Sweetgum, Red Maple, Sweetbay Magnolia, American Beech, Swamp White Oak, American Holly[4]
New Jersey William L. Hutcheson Memorial Forest[4] 65 acres (26 ha)[4] Northeastern coastal forests White Oak, Eastern Black Oak, Northern Red Oak[4]
New Jersey Tillman Ravine[4] 25 acres (10 ha)[4] Allegheny Highlands forests Eastern Hemlock[4]
New York Catskill Mountains[4] 60,000 acres (24,000 ha) or more[4] Allegheny Highlands forests
New York Adirondack Mountains[4] 150,000 acres (61,000 ha) or more[4] Eastern forest-boreal transition
North Carolina Great Smoky Mountains[4] 187,000 acres (76,000 ha)[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North Carolina Nantahala National Forest[4] 30,800 acres (12,500 ha)[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North Carolina Pisgah National Forest[4] 46,600 acres (18,900 ha)[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North Carolina Croatan National Forest[4] 10,000 acres (4,000 ha)[4] Middle Atlantic coastal forests pocosin
Ohio Goll Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 140 acres (57 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Fowler Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 50 acres (20 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Crall Woods National Natural Landmark[4] 40 acres (16 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Dysart Woods[4] 57 acres (23 ha)[4] Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Ohio Hawk Woods in Riddle State Nature Preserve 106 acres (43 ha) Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Ohio Morgan Sisters Woods in Wayne National Forest[4] 200 acres (81 ha)[4] Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Ohio California Woods Nature Preserve[4] 40 acres (16 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests, Central U.S. hardwood forests
Ohio Caldwell Park (Cincinnati)[4] 122 acres (49 ha) or less[4] Southern Great Lakes forests, Central U.S. hardwood forests
Ohio Hueston Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 165 acres (67 ha) to 200 acres (81 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Davey Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 15 acres (6.1 ha) to 40 acres (16 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Gross (Samuel) Memorial Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 49 acres (20 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Ohio Johnson Woods State Nature Preserve[4] 206 acres (83 ha)[4] Southern Great Lakes forests
Oklahoma Keystone Ancient Forest Preserve[4] 1,300 acres (530 ha)[4] Central forest-grasslands transition zone Post Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Redcedar[4]
Oregon Crater Lake National Park[7] 50,000 acres (20,000 ha)[7]
Oregon Deschutes National Forest[7] 348,100 acres (140,900 ha)[7]
Oregon Malheur National Forest[7] 312,000 acres (126,000 ha)[7]
Oregon Mount Hood National Forest[7] 345,300 acres (139,700 ha)[7] Coast Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock, Western Red Cedar
Oregon Ochoco National Forest[7] 95,000 acres (38,000 ha)[7]
Oregon Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest[7] 345,300 acres (139,700 ha)[7] Klamath-Siskiyou forests Coast Douglas-fir, Port Orford Cedar, Ponderosa Pine, Sugar Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, California Incense Cedar, White Fir, Red Fir, Mountain Hemlock
Oregon Siuslaw National Forest[7] 33,800 acres (13,700 ha) (1993 estimate)[7] Central Pacific coastal forests
Oregon Umatilla National Forest[7] 190,741 acres (77,190 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]
Oregon Umpqua National Forest[7] 535,300 acres (216,600 ha) (1993 estimate)[7] Mountain Hemlock, Ponderosa Pine
Oregon Wallowa-Whitman National Forest[7] 173,000 acres (70,000 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]
Oregon Willamette National Forest[7] 594,800 acres (240,700 ha)[7] Coast Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock, Western Red Cedar, Bigleaf Maple
Oregon Winema National Forest[7] 711,674 acres (288,004 ha)[7]
Oregon Fremont National Forest[7] 549,800 acres (222,500 ha)[7]
Oregon Emigrant Springs State Heritage Area Blue Mountains forests
Pennsylvania Cook Forest State Park[4] 1,500 acres (610 ha) to 2,000 acres (810 ha)[4] Allegheny Highlands forests Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Northern Red Oak, White Oak, Black Cherry, Red Maple, Sugar Maple, American Beech, White Ash, Yellow Birch, Black Birch[disambiguation needed], Cucumber Magnolia[4]
Pennsylvania Bear Meadows Natural Area[4] 320 acres (130 ha)[4] Black Spruce, Balsam Fir bog[4]
Pennsylvania Detweiler Run Natural Area[4] 185 acres (75 ha)[4] Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock[4]
Pennsylvania Thickhead Mountain Wild Area[4] 50 acres (20 ha)[4] Chestnut Oak[4]
Pennsylvania Woodbourne Forest and Wildlife Preserve[4] 120 acres (49 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, Sweet Birch, Sugar Maple, Northern Red Oak, White Ash, American Beech[4]
Pennsylvania Holtwood Environmental Preserve[4] 200 acres (81 ha)[4] Chestnut Oak, Eastern Hemlock, Umbrella Magnolia[4]
Pennsylvania Anders Run Natural Area[4] 50 acres (20 ha)[4] Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Cucumber Magnolia, American Beech, American Hornbeam, Black Cherry, oak[4]
Pennsylvania Sweet Root Natural Area[4] 64 acres (26 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, Sweet Birch, Eastern White Pine, American Basswood, White Oak, Red Oak[4]
Pennsylvania Hearts Content Recreation Area[4] 122 acres (49 ha)[4] Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, American Beech[4]
Pennsylvania Tionesta Scenic and Research Natural Areas[4] 4,000 acres (1,600 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, American Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
Pennsylvania Allegheny Islands Wilderness[4] 156 acres (63 ha)[4] Silver Maple, Sugar Maple, American Sycamore, Slippery Elm[4]
Pennsylvania Bark Cabin Natural Area[4] 73 acres (30 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, Northern Red Oak, White Ash, Bigtooth Aspen, Hickories[4]
Pennsylvania Johnson Run Natural Area[4] 26 acres (11 ha) to 50 acres (20 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, Eastern White Pine[4]
Pennsylvania Forrest H. Duttlinger Natural Area[4] 158 acres (64 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, American Beech, Black Cherry, Sugar Maple[4]
Pennsylvania Snyder Middleswarth Natural Area[4] 250 acres (100 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock, Eastern White Pine, Pitch Pine[4]
Pennsylvania Hemlocks Natural Area[4] 120 acres (49 ha)[4] Eastern Hemlock[4]
Pennsylvania Ricketts Glen State Park[4] 2,000 acres (810 ha)[4] Northern Hardwood Forest[4]
Rhode Island Great Swamp Wildlife Management Area[4] 3,000 acres (1,200 ha)[4] Northeastern coastal forests Red Maple, Atlantic White Cedar, Black Gum[4]
Rhode Island Lawton's Valley Forest[20] Northeastern coastal forests Sugar Maple, White Ash, American Beech, Yellow Birch, Northern Red Oak[20]
Rhode Island Oakland Forest[4] 20 acres (8.1 ha)[4] Northeastern coastal forests American Beech, White Oak, Red Maple, Scarlet Oak[4]
Rhode Island Pawcatuck River floodplain forest[4] 250 acres (100 ha)[4] Northeastern coastal forests Red Maple floodplain[4]
South Carolina Congaree National Park[4] 11,000 acres (4,500 ha)[4] Middle Atlantic coastal forests bottomland hardwood forest[4]
South Carolina Francis Beidler Forest[4] 1,700 acres (690 ha)[4] Middle Atlantic coastal forests mixed hardwoods and cypress-tupelo swamp[4]
South Carolina Ellicott Rock Wilderness[4] 1,000 acres (400 ha) or more[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Tennessee Great Smoky Mountains[4] 187,000 acres (76,000 ha)[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Tennessee Forest within Nashville[21] 225 acres (91 ha)[21] Central U.S. hardwood forests Black Walnut, White Oak, American Sycamore, Persimmon, Pawpaw
Tennessee Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Park 172 acres (70 ha)
Virginia George Washington and Jefferson National Forests[4] 230,000 acres (93,000 ha)[4] Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Virginia Caledon Natural Area[4] Upland White Oak – Tulip Poplar[4]
Washington Olympic National Park[7] 366,000 acres (148,000 ha)[7]
Washington North Cascades National Park[7] 236,000 acres (96,000 ha)[7]
Washington Mount Rainier National Park[7] 91,000 acres (37,000 ha)[7]
Washington Colville National Forest[7] 212,488 acres (85,991 ha)[7]
Washington Gifford Pinchot National Forest[7] 198,000 acres (80,000 ha)[7]
Washington Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest[7] 643,500 acres (260,400 ha)
Washington Okanogan National Forest[7] 316,000 acres (128,000 ha)[7]
Washington Olympic National Forest[7] 266,800 acres (108,000 ha)[7]
Washington Wenatchee National Forest[7] 318,800 acres (129,000 ha)[7]
Washington Schmitz Preserve Park
West Virginia Cathedral State Park[4] 132 acres (53 ha) Eastern Hemlock
West Virginia Monongahela National Forest[13] 318 acres (129 ha) in

6 separate stands[13]

Wisconsin Apostle Islands National Lakeshore[4] 1,500 acres (610 ha)[4]
Wisconsin Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest[4]
Wisconsin Namekagon Barrens[4] 4,000 acres (1,600 ha)[4] Jack pine and scrub oak[4]
Wyoming Yellowstone National Park Lodgepole Pine

Central America[edit]

Country Area Old-growth extent WWF ecoregion
Costa Rica Braulio Carrillo National Park 428 km2 (165 sq mi) Talamancan montane and Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests

South America[edit]

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein, et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Protected Areas". Nova Scotia Environment. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  3. ^ "Organisme" (in French). Regroupement du Bois Beckett. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io Davis, Mary Byrd (10 October 2010). "Old Growth in the East: A Survey". Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Tongass Forest Management FAQs (accessed 2008-09-18).
  6. ^ a b c Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Revised Land and Resource Management Plan. Ozark-St. Francis National Forests. United States Forest Service Southern Region. 2005.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, p. 365
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be Bolsinger, Charles L.; Waddell, Karen L. (1993), Area of old-growth forests in California, Oregon, and Washington, United States Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-197 
  8. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". National Park Service. August 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b [1] Headwaters Forest Reserve 2007 BLM Manager Report
  10. ^ a b Stahle, David. "Ancient Blue Oak Woodlands of California". University of Arkansas Tree-Ring Laboratory. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av Warbington, Ralph; Beardsley, Debby (2002), 2002 Estimates of Old Growth Forests on the 18 National Forests of the Pacific Southwest Region, United States Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region 
  12. ^ a b c Rebertus, Alan J.; Thomas T. Veblen; Lynn M. Roovers; Joy Nystrom Mast (1992). "Structure and Dynamics of Old-Growth Englemann Spruce-Subalpine Fir in Colorado". In Merrill R. Kaufmann; William H. Moir; Richard L. Bassett. Old-growth forests in the Southwest and Rocky Mountain regions. General Technical Report RM-213. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. pp. 139–153. OCLC 26835406. 
  13. ^ a b c d e United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service (February 2008). "Old Growth Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests, Georgia". Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  14. ^ a b c The Nature Conservancy. "The Nature Conservancy in Indiana  – Douglas Woods". Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  15. ^ a b "Pioneer Mothers Memorial Forest Trail". 
  16. ^ a b c DeGroot, Bob (January 12, 2006), “Legislative Issue: Protecting Maryland's Forests and Wildlife”, Chesapeake: The Sierra Club Maryland Chapter Newsletter Online
  17. ^ a b c Maryland Native Plant Society: Crabtree Old-Growth Forest, Garrett County, Maryland
  18. ^ Abrams, Marc, The dendroecology and climatic impacts for old-growth white pine and hemlock on the extreme slopes of the Berkshire Hills, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
  19. ^ a b c "Sheldrick Forest Preserve". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  20. ^ a b Johnson, James A. (1 May 2004). "Enchanted Forest". Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  21. ^ a b "Old growth forest in Nashville saved". 

References[edit]