List of oldest church buildings
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This article lists some but by no means all of the oldest known church buildings in the world. In most instances, buildings listed here were reconstructed numerous times and only fragments of the original buildings have survived.
"Church" may also be used in the sense of "Christian denomination", or in the singular as the Christian Church as a whole. The "church" (ecclesia) is traced to Pentecost and the beginning of the Christian mission in the 1st century.
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia the Cenacle (the site of the Last Supper) in Jerusalem is the "first Christian church." The Archaeology magazine suggests that the Dura-Europos church in Syria is the oldest in the world. Several authors have cited the Etchmiadzin Cathedral (Armenia's mother church) as the oldest cathedral.
Church buildings of the 2nd to 4th centuries, either excavated archaeologically or substantially preserved. Churches in adapted ancient structures are included because the first places of Christian worship were also such places (like houses).
|Pantheon or Santa Maria ad Martyres||Rome, Italy||126||Roman Catholic||Although not consecrated as a church until the 7th century, it is possibly the oldest building holding a functioning church and the best-preserved ancient Roman interior in existence. It also features the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.|
|San Lorenzo in Miranda||Rome, Italy||141||Roman Catholic||The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is an ancient Roman temple in Rome, adapted to the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda in the 7th century. It stands in the Forum Romanum, on the Via Sacra. It still functions as a church.|
|Dura-Europos house church||Dura-Europos, Syria||c. 229||Several walls still standing, oldest images of Jesus discovered within the surviving frescoes of the large baptistry room.|
|Megiddo Church||Tel Megiddo, Israel||late 3rd century||Ruins discovered on prison grounds in 2005, possibly oldest building constructed as a church ever discovered. It retains mosaic floor decoration with Christian motifs- possibly the oldest building with this feature.|
|Rotunda of St. George||Thessaloniki, Greece||306||Eastern Orthodox||Currently serves as a museum, although the Greek Orthodox Church has access to the church for various festivities. Structure built in 305 and consecrated later in the century.|
|Santi Cosma e Damiano||Rome, Italy||c. 309||Roman Catholic||Occupies the former space of the Temple of Romulus in the Roman Forum.|
|Cathedral of Saint Domnius||Split, Croatia||305||Roman Catholic||Built in AD 305 as the Mausoleum of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, the cathedral was consecrated in the early 7th century following the Sack of Salona.|
|Panagia Ekatontapiliani||Parikia, Greece||326||Greek Orthodox||Panagia Ekatontapyliani (also known as the Church of 100 Doors) is a historic Byzantine church complex.|
|Stavrovouni Monastery||Larnaca, Cyprus||327-329||Orthodox||It was founded by Saint Helena the mother of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine the Great at the place where after a miracle she found the lost Holy Cross on her way back from her pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Saint Helena went on the pilgrimage after the First Ecumenical Synod in Nicaea (325). The monastery has a piece of the Holy Cross left there by Saint Helena.|
|St. Peter's Basilica||Vatican City||333||Roman Catholic||Largest church in the world and the seat of Roman Catholicism, the current church (1635) is built on the site of the original basilica and the grave of St. Peter (who was martyred in Rome). The actual grave is visible in excavations under the church. The original floor and columns are visible in a space under the 17th century floor.|
|Santa Maria in Trastevere||Rome, Italy||340||Roman Catholic||The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Julius I, but the oldest parts of the present church, the wall structure and floors, date from 340 AD |
|Cathedral of Trier||Trier, Germany||340||Roman Catholic||Oldest cathedral in Germany, and still in use today. Its construction was overseen by Bishop Maximin of Trier, the construction of the grandest ensemble of ecclesiastical structures in the West outside Rome. A few 4th century elements remain in a mainly Romanesque building.|
|Monastery of Saint Anthony||Eastern Desert, Egypt||356||Coptic Orthodox||Partially destroyed in the 11th century and rebuilt; very little of the original structure remains.|
|Basilica di San Lorenzo||Milan, Italy||364||Roman Catholic||When built, it was the biggest circular church building standing. It was an inspiration for the Hagia Sofia in Constantinople. Some ancient features remain.|
|Basilica di San Simpliciano||Milan, Italy||c. 374||Roman Catholic||Exterior walls are original from the late 4th century. Roman basilica windows as in Cathedral of Trier are still visible on the flanks of the basilica.|
|Basilica of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains||Metz, France||380||Roman Catholic||Originally built to be part of a Roman spa complex, the structure was converted into use as a church in the 7th century when it became the chapel of a Benedictine monastery. It is the oldest church building in France.|
|San Nazaro in Brolo||Milan, Italy||c. 382||Roman Catholic||One of the earliest Latin cross buildings in western Europe; retains few ancient features. |
|San Paolo fuori le mura||Rome, Italy||386||Roman Catholic||One of the four major Constantinian basilicas in Rome, and the only one to retain its antique character, the basilica was heavily damaged by an 1823 fire. It was rebuilt true to form, however, so it remains one of the best "preserved" Constantinian basilicas in the Roman world. All that remain of the ancient basilica are the interior portions of the apse and the triumphal arch.|
|Santi Giovanni e Paolo||Rome, Italy||398||Roman Catholic||4th century basilica was erected on the site of one of the most well-preserved "house churches" of early Christianity (dating from the 1st-3rd centuries), with intact fresco decoration. The houses are part of a museum currently, but the basilica still functions as a church.|
|Basilica di Sant'Eustorgio ruins||Milan, Italy||c. 4th century||Roman Catholic||Some ruins remain of the apse of the ancient basilica.|
|Church of St. George||Sofia, Bulgaria||4th century||Eastern Orthodox||Built by the Romans with many later additions, St. George is the oldest building in Sofia and the only one dating from the Roman era. Still a functioning church.|
|Naos Sotiros en ti Chora||Istanbul, Turkey||4th century||Eastern Orthodox||Very little remains of the 4th century structure, but it contains impressive 13th century mosaic decoration. It was converted to a mosque in 1501 and has been a museum since the time of Ataturk.|
|Hagia Irene||Istanbul, Turkey||4th century||Eastern Orthodox||Now a museum and concert hall (due to its excellent acoustics). Its excellent state of preservation is due to the fact that it lies inside the Ottoman palace complex (Topkapı Palace).|
|Aula Palatina (Konstantinbasilika)||Trier, Germany||4th century||Evangelical Church in the Rhineland; originally Roman Catholic||A Roman palace basilica that was built by the Emperor Constantine at the beginning of the 4th century. The basilica contains the largest extant hall from antiquity.|
|Jubail Church||Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia||4th century||Assyrian||The government hides it from locals and bans foreigners from openly visiting it- even archaeologists.|
|Santi Nereo e Achilleo||Rome, Italy||4th century||Roman Catholic||Adjoins the Baths of Caracalla at the site where St. Peter is said to have dropped the cloth covering his wounds upon his removal from the Mamertine Prison. First referenced in 336, a 15th-century basilica sits on its original site; only the columns are original. |
|Santa Pudenziana||Rome, Italy||4th century||Roman Catholic||Retains original and unique late Roman mosaic decoration. |
|San Clemente al Laterano||Rome, Italy||4th century||Roman Catholic||The present basilica was built just before the year 1100, but beneath it is an intact 4th century basilica that had been converted out of the home of a Roman nobleman, part of which had in the 1st century briefly served as an early church. This ancient basilica retains fresco decoration (see image). The basement the house had in the 2nd century briefly served as a mithraeum. The home of the Roman nobleman had been built on the foundations of a republican era building that had been destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD.|
|Santa Costanza||Rome, Italy||4th century||Roman Catholic||Built under Constantine as a mausoleum for his daughter, Costanza. Retains many original mosaic decorations, and her porphyry sarcophagus is a gem of the Vatican Museum.|
|Santi Quattro Coronati||Rome, Italy||4th century||Roman Catholic||Sanctuary is located in an isolated green area of Rome, so it retains the ambience of the area in antiquity.|
|Aqaba Church||Aqaba, Jordan||4th century||Ruins uncovered in 1988; Remains of an early basilica.|
|Church of St Peter||Antioch (Antakya), Turkey||4th or 5th century||Syriac Orthodox||Cave church used by very first Christians of Antioch, where St. Peter presided as bishop. Known by its original Aramaic name of Knisset Mar Semaan Kefa. Extensively reconstructed, with oldest surviving elements from 4th or 5th century.|
|Aparan Basilica||Aparan, Armenia||c. 390s||Armenian Apostolic Church||Original building retains many ancient features.|
- Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion, Originally built in the 4th century, rebuilt several times, most recently in the 17th century, Possibly oldest church building in Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopian Orthodox Church)
- Mor Gabriel Monastery, founded in 397 by Saints Samuel and Simon belonging of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages
Church buildings dating to between the 5th and 10th centuries.
|San Vitale||Rome||Italy||400||Roman Catholic||Although it was restored several times, the church retains its original structure and walls; it actually sits below street level due to its age and relative lack of major structural renovations. The portico is one of the most ancient parts of the church.|
|Santa Sabina||Rome||Italy||422||Roman Catholic||Mostly unaltered, with some original mosaic decoration and agate window treatments. Notably, wooden doors date from around the same era and contain an early depiction of the crucifixion.|
|San Giovanni Evangelista||Ravenna||Italy||424||Roman Catholic||Partially original walls, with original floors and columns under layers of new floors.|
|Santa Maria Maggiore||Rome||Italy||432||Roman Catholic||Features intact original mosaic decoration, including some of the oldest depictions of the Virgin Mary. 18th century façade covers 12th century façade which replaced the original.|
|Church of the Acheiropoietos||Thessaloniki||Greece||450-470||Eastern Orthodox||The Acheiropoietos has been dated from its bricks and mosaics to ca. 450–470, making it perhaps the earliest of the city's surviving churches. It was modified in the 7th and again in the 14th–15th centuries, but retains much of its original character. Known as the Panagia Theotokos in Byzantine times, it is dedicated to Mary.|
|Santo Stefano Rotondo||Rome||Italy||455||Roman Catholic||Believed to be the first church in Rome with a circular plan, inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.|
|Sant'Agata dei Goti||Rome||Italy||460||Roman Catholic||Built for the Arian Goths by Ricimer, this ancient church retains its original site plan and columns, despite many restorations.|
|Monastery of Stoudios||Istanbul||Turkey||462||Eastern Orthodox||No longer a functioning church, and was a mosque until it fell into ruin. As with many other archaeological sites in Turkey, plans to revert the ruins back into a mosque are underway.|
|Church of Saint Simeon Stylites (Deir Semaan)||Aleppo||Syria||475||Eastern Orthodox||No longer a functioning church, but walls still standing.|
|Bolnisi Sioni||Bolnisi||Georgia||479-493||Eastern Orthodox||The oldest extant church building in Georgia.|
|Etchmiadzin Cathedral||Vagharshapat||Armenia||483||Armenian Apostolic||The current building was erected in 483 and heavily rebuilt in the following centuries. It still functions as a church and is the main cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Etchmiadzin Cathedral is listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.|
|Qalb Loze||Qalb Loze||Syria||5th century||Assyrian||The church at Qalb Lozeh dates back to the 460s AD and is one of the best-preserved churches of this period in the region. The church is the first known in Syria with the wide basilica, where the columns that in traditional Byzantine church architecture separate the aisles from the nave have been replaced with low piers and soaring arches that create the feeling of expanded space.|
|Santa Prisca||Rome||Italy||4th-5th century||Roman Catholic||In the interior, the columns are the only visible remains of the ancient church after a 17th-century restoration, but the floor plan remains. A baptismal font allegedly used by Saint Peter is also conserved.|
|Little Hagia Sophia||Istanbul||Turkey||527||Eastern Orthodox, now a mosque||A former Eastern Orthodox church dedicated to Saints Sergius and Bacchus in Constantinople, converted into a mosque during the Ottoman Empire. This Byzantine building with a central dome plan was erected in the sixth century by Justinian, likely was a model for Hagia Sophia, and is one of the most important early Byzantine buildings in Istanbul. Poorly executed restorations leave the church with a modern character.|
|Hagia Sophia||Istanbul||Turkey||532-537||Eastern Orthodox||For almost 1,000 years it was the main center of worship for the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the jewel of Constantinople. In 1453, it was captured and converted into a mosque, becoming a museum in 1932 under Atatürk.|
|Basilica di San Vitale||Ravenna||Italy||547||Roman Catholic||The best-preserved basilica from the time of Justinian I, filled with outstanding Byzantine mosaics in an excellent state of preservation.|
|Basilica of Saint Servatius||Maastricht||Netherlands||c. 550||Roman Catholic||The oldest church in the Netherlands. There was a small memorial chapel on the site dedicated to the Saint Servatius (310-384), who became the first bishop of Maastricht, and this was later replaced by a larger stone church, incorporating the ancient stone.|
|Saint Catherine's Monastery||Saint Catherine||Egypt||c. 550||Eastern Orthodox||Oldest functioning monastery in the world, received the Patent of Mohammed to continue operation.|
|Church of the Nativity||Bethlehem||West Bank||c. 565||Oriental Orthodox, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic||One of the oldest church buildings in the world which has continuously functioned as a church.|
|Dranda Cathedral||Dranda||Abkhazia/Georgia||c. 550-600||Eastern Orthodox||The oldest church building in Abkhazia, still functioning as a church.|
|Jvari (monastery)||Mtskheta||Georgia||590-604||Eastern Orthodox||A World Heritage Site.|
|St. Martin's Church||Canterbury||United Kingdom||597||Anglican, originally Catholic||The oldest church building in England, still functioning as a church.|
|Paromeos Monastery||Wadi El Natrun||Egypt||Sixth Century||Coptic Orthodox||Founded in 335, but oldest remaining part dates from the 6th century.|
|Church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul||Stari Ras, Novi Pazar, Serbia||6th century||Eastern Orthodox||Also known as Peter's Church (Serbian: Петрова црква / Petrova crkva), it is a Serbian Orthodox church, the oldest intact church in Serbia. It is situated on a hill of Ras, the medieval capital of the Serbian Grand Principality (Rascia), near Novi Pazar, Serbia. It is part of the Stari Ras complex, listed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites in Serbia. The foundations of the structure date from the 6th, with the rest from the 7th, 9th, and 12th centuries. |
|Debre Damo||Tigray Region||Ethiopia||6th century||Eastern Orthodox||The best preserved example of Aksumite Architecture.|
|Church of St. John the Baptist||Kerch||Ukraine||717||Eastern Orthodox||Founded in 717, later rebuilt on several occasions.|
|Church of St. Margaret of Antioch||Kopčany||Slovakia||9th or 10th century||Roman Catholic||The only remaining Great Moravian building. The oldest church in Slovakia. Well-preserved and openly accessible to the public.|
|San Pietro in Trento||Ravenna||Italy||c. 977||Roman Catholic||Facade restored, but very much intact. Constructed by Galla Placidia.|
- The Dead Cities of Syria feature ruins of many churches, all abandoned prior to the 8th century and many dating from the 4th-5th centuries
- Turmanin Basilica, built in 480, now in ruins
- St. George's Church, Rihab, Jordan, 1st-8th century, dates are contested by experts but area under the church may have been used for Christian worship as early as 33AD 
- Church of Sts. Constantine and Helen, Yabroud, Syria, 5th century, Built from Roman temple; Desecrated in 2014 by extremists in Syrian Civil War
- Mar Mattai monastery, near Mosul, Iraq, built in the 4th century but underwent much restoration, recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence
- Ma'loula Monasteries, Ma'loula, Syria, the oldest dates from the 4th century, suffered extensive damage and desecration in Syrian Civil War
- Al-Aqiser church, built in 500s, oldest church building in Iraq (foundations, some walls remain).
- Saint Elijah's Monastery, near Mosul, Iraq is a 6th-century ruin and among the oldest monasteries in Iraq
- St. George's Church, Esraa, Syria, Built in the 6th century 
- Saint Hripsime Church, built 618 AD in Armenia (Armenian Apostolic)
- Church of San Juan Bautista, Baños de Cerrato, built in 661, oldest church building in Spain (Roman Catholic)
- The Hanging Church, Built c. 690 on site of earlier church, possibly the oldest church building in Egypt (Coptic Orthodox)
- Ateni Sioni Church, early 7th century, Georgia
- Anchiskhati Basilica, built in the 600s, the oldest church building in Tbilisi.
- São Pedro de Balsemão, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest church building in Portugal (Roman Catholic).
- Saint Frutuoso Chapel, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest church building in Portugal (Roman Catholic).
- Densuş Church, built in 600s, oldest church building in Romania
- Church of St Peter-on-the-Wall, Bradwell-on-Sea, UK, built c. 660, re-using Roman brick.
- Escomb Church, UK, built 670-675.
- All Saints' Church, Brixworth, UK, many parts remaining from (?) before 675
- St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth, UK, porch and west wall date from 674 A.D.
- St Paul's Church, Jarrow, UK, parts - including the original dedication stone - date from 685 A.D.
- St Peter’s Church, Titchfield, Hampshire, UK, some parts remain from c. 680
- Great Church, Elst, the Netherlands, Church built in the 15th century, built upon and using the remains of two Gallo-Roman temples.
- Gallarus Oratory, built between the 6th and 9th centuries, Possibly the oldest church building in Ireland
- Church of Holy Cross, Nin, built in the 9th century, oldest church building in Croatia (Roman Catholic)
- Kadamattom Church, India, built in the 9th century.
- Church of Ayios Lazaros, Larnaca, built in the 9th century, one of the oldest churches in Cyprus
- Church of SS. Peter and Paul, built at Budeč fortified settlement between 895 and 905 during rule of Spytihněv I is the oldest extant church building in the Czech Republic. The site (cf. cs:Budeč (hradiště)) is located near village of Zákolany, about 17 kilometres (11 mi) NW of Prague.
- Tkhaba-Yerdy Church, Russia, built prior to the 9th century
- Greensted Church, UK, built in the mid-9th or mid-11th century, oldest wooden church building in Europe
- Worth Church, UK, dated c. 950 to 1050 AD.
- Shoana Church, Russia, built c. the 10th century
- Senty Church, Russia, built c. the 10th century
- Church of Tarnaszentmária, built at the end of the 10th century
High to Late Middle Ages
A selection of notable, extant 11th- to 14th-century churches.
|Church of Our Lady||Aarhus||Denmark||1060||Lutheran||An older wooden church was on the site in the 10th century. The crypt of the church is the oldest extant stone church in Scandinavia. It is still functioning as a church.|
|St. Michael's Church||Vienna||Austria||1220–1240||Roman Catholic||One of the oldest churches in Vienna, Austria, and also one of its few remaining Romanesque buildings. Dedicated to the Archangel Michael, St. Michael's Church is located at Michaelerplatz across from St. Michael's Gate at the Hofburg Palace.|
- St. Margaret's Chapel, built in the 11th century, possibly the oldest church building in Scotland
- Saviour Cathedral (Chernihiv), Ukraine, built in the 1030s
- Saint Sophia Cathedral (Kyiv), Ukraine, built in the 1030s
- Saint Cyril's Monastery (Kyiv), Ukraine, founded in 1140
- Arkhyz churches, Russia, 10th to 13th centuries
- Novgorod Cathedral, Russia, built between 1045 and 1050
- Old Aker Church (Norwegian: Gamle Aker kirke) is a medieval church located in Oslo. An active parish, the church is the oldest existing building in Oslo from 1080.
- Church of the Holy Sepulchre, rebuilt in 1089, in Jerusalem is venerated as Golgotha (the Hill of Calvary), where Jesus was crucified, and is said also to contain the place where Jesus was buried (the Sepulchre) (some walls from earlier structure may exist), (Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, and Ethiopian Orthodox)
- Church of St. Adalbert, Kraków, Kraków, Poland, built in the 11th century, Possibly the oldest church building in Poland
- Saint Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk, Belarus, 18th-century building with an 11th-century apse
- Abbey of Romainmôtier: a 5th-century church was rebuilt in the 7th century, and again between 990 and 1030. The church building remained mostly unchanged since the 11th century, and qualifies as one of the oldest romanesque buildings in Switzerland.
- Lund Cathedral, built in 1123, Possibly the oldest church in Sweden (although part of Denmark in 1123) (Lutheran)
- St. Peter's Church, Hamburg & St. Nicholas' Church, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, Building Started 1189 but were rebuilt several times due to fire & war but still stand in their original positions today.
- Church of Saint George, Lalibela, Ethiopia, Built in the 12th century, one of the oldest church buildings in Ethiopia (Ethiopian Orthodox Church)
- Church of St. Panteleimon (Nerezi), built in the 12th century, One of the oldest church buildings in Macedonia
- Kalozha Church, the oldest extant church building in Belarus, 12th century.
- Church of Kish, the oldest extant Armenian church building in Azerbaijan, 12th or 13th century.
- Basilica of Saint Servatius, church congregation dating to 384 AD, current building built from 11th to 13th centuries, oldest congregation and possibly the oldest church building in the Netherlands (Roman Catholic)
- Thiruvithamcode Arappally (Arappally means Royal Church) Kanyakumari District is the oldest Church building that still exists in India.[year needed]
- St. Nicholas Church, Vilnius, Lithuania, is the oldest surviving church in Lithuania. Originally built in the 14th century.
Notable early churches built in the New World between the 15th and 19th centuries. Listed are especially the oldest extant church buildings by country.
- St. Francis Church, Kochi, India, built 1504-1516, oldest European church building in India (Church of South India)
- Catedral de Santa María la Menor, built 1514-1540, oldest church building in the Dominican Republic (Roman Catholic)
- St. Paul's Church, Malacca, Malaysia, built in 1521 as a Roman Catholic chapel and finally abandoned in 1753. It is the oldest known church building in Malaysia
- Cathedral of San Juan Bautista, Puerto Rico, built in 1521, oldest church building in the United States (Roman Catholic)
- The church of La Balbanera, Ecuador, was constructed in 1524, making it the oldest church constructed by the Spaniards in Ecuador
- Chapel of San Jacinto, Guatemala, founded in 1524, one of the oldest churches in Guatemala (Roman Catholic)
- Franciscan Chapel of the Red Cross, Jamaica, built in 1525, one of the oldest Spanish cathedrals in the New World (Roman Catholic)
- St. Dominic's Church, Macau, China, built in 1527 by three Dominican Priests (Roman Catholic)
- Church of Saints Cosme and Damião, built in 1535, in the city of Igarassu, Pernambuco. Brazil's oldest church (Roman Catholic).
- Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, Cebu, Philippines established in 1565, previously named as the Church of St. Vitales and is the first church erected in the Philippines.(Roman Catholic)
- Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, built 1574-1813, one of the oldest churches in Mexico (Roman Catholic)
- Old West Kirk, Greenock, 1591, the first Protestant church built in Scotland post Reformation (Church of Scotland)
- Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing, founded in 1604, possibly the oldest continuous church congregation in China (Roman Catholic)
- San Agustin Church, Manila, built in 1607, one of the oldest church buildings in the Philippines. (Roman Catholic)
- First Jamestown Church (foundations), 1607, first Protestant church in the Western Hemisphere (Episcopal)
- San Miguel Mission, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, built in 1610, oldest church building in the continental U.S. (Roman Catholic)
- Ruins of St. Paul's, China, built in 1627 (Roman Catholic)
- St. James Church, Barbados, founded 1627, oldest congregation in Barbados (Anglican)
- St. Luke's Church, USA, built in 1632, oldest building in one of the original Thirteen Colonies (Episcopal)
- Third Jamestown Church (tower), 1636 (Episcopal)
- Old Ship Church, USA, built in 1681, the oldest church building in continuous use in continental U.S., oldest wooden church (Congregationalist, later Unitarian)
- Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Quebec City, built 1687-1723, later extensively rebuilt, Possibly the oldest church building in Canada (Roman Catholic)
- Cathedral of San Fernando, San Antonio, Texas, USA, built between 1738 and 1750, the oldest cathedral sanctuary in the United States
- St. Paul's Church (Halifax), built 1750, Possibly the oldest Protestant church building in Canada (Anglican)
- Christ Church Melaka, built in 1753 as a Dutch Reformed church, it now houses an Anglican congregation. It is the oldest Protestant church building in Malaysia
- Mission San Diego de Alcalá, built in 1769 by Junipero Serra, is a functioning Roman Catholic church and the oldest in California (United States). It sits at the base of El Camino Real, the road going northward in California that is punctuated by missions about a day's walk apart.
- Her Majesty's Royal Chapel of the Mohawks, constructed in 1785 for the Mohawk people led by Joseph Brant, first Protestant church in Upper Canada (Anglican)
- Church of the Holy Ascension, USA, built in 1826, oldest church building in Alaska (Russian Orthodox)
- Armenian Church, Singapore, built 1835, oldest church in Singapore
- Mokuaikaua Church, USA, built in 1837, oldest church congregation and building in Hawaii (Congregational)
- Christ Church Royal Chapel, established in 1784, built in 1843 by the Mohawk people to symbolise their alliance with the British Crown (Anglican)
- Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica, Possibly oldest church building in Vietnam, built 1863-1880 (Roman Catholic)
- Ōura Church, built in 1864, Possibly the oldest church building in Japan (Roman Catholic)
- Myeongdong Cathedral, built between 1892–1898, Oldest church building in South Korea (Roman Catholic)
- Church architecture
- Church (building)
- Oldest churches in the United States
- List of the oldest buildings in the world
- "To the time of Constantine (71-312)". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 November 2013. "Certainly no spot in Christendom can be more venerable than the place of the Last Supper, which became the first Christian church."
- Silver, Carly (11 August 2010). "Dura-Europos: Crossroad of Cultures". Archaeology. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- Stokes, Jamie, ed. (2008). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9781438126760. "Etchmiatzin is located in the west of modern Armenia, close to the border with Turkey, and its fourth-century cathedral is generally regarded as the oldest in the world."
- Dhilawala, Sakina (1997). Armenia. New York: Marshall Cavendish. p. 72. ISBN 9780761406839. "Echmiadzin Cathedral is the spiritual center of the Armenian Church and the seat of the Catholicos of all Armenians. It is also the oldest cathedral and Christian monastery in the world."
- Bauer-Manndorff, Elisabeth (1981). Armenia: Past and Present. Lucerne: Reich Verlag. "Etchmiadzin, with the world's oldest cathedral and the seat of the Catholicos, draws tourists from all over the world."
- Utudjian, Édouard (1968). Armenian Architecture: 4th to 17th Century. Editions A. Morancé. p. 7. "...he also wanted to contribute to the restoration of the oldest cathedral in Christendom, that of Etchmiadzin, founded in the 4th century."
- Horne, Charles Francis (1925). The World and Its People: Or, A Comprehensive Tour of All Lands. New York: I.R. Hiller. p. 1312. "A far more interesting relic in this Russian section of Armenia is the old monastery of Etchmiadzin. It has been in constant use since the founding of Christianity in Armenia in the third century of our era, and is thus the oldest Christian monastery in the world today."
- Bryce, James, Viscount (1896). Transcaucasia and Ararat, being notes of a vacation tour in the autumn of 1876, by James Bryce. London: Macmillan and Co. LTD. p. 311. "...the famous monastery of Etchmiadzin, which claims to be the oldest monastic foundation in the world..."
- The Ancient Church at Megiddo: The Discovery and an Assessment of its Significance E Adams - The Expository Times, 2008 "... chronologically distinct. The structure at Megiddo is obviously not a basilica. According to Tepper, the Megiddo church is a unique ecclesiastical form. It could not have resembled the church buildings of the late third century."
- Ιερά Μονή Σταυροβουνίου, Έκδοση Ιεράς Μονής Σταυροβουνίου, 1998, Λευκωσία, Κύπρος. ISBN 9963-615-02-3 (In Greek).
- "Rome attractions : Rome Churches and Basilicas Guide". Hoteldesartistes.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- "Santa Maria in Trastevere". Rome-explorer.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Rose, Mark. "Early Church at Aqaba". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Clyde E. Fant, Mitchell Glenn Reddish, A guide to biblical sites in Greece and Turkey (Oxford University Press US, 2003), pg. 149
- Monuments of Syria: A Guide, Ross Burns (http://books.google.com/books?id=z_IBAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA302&lpg=PA302&dq=yabroud+Constantine+and+Helen+syria&source=bl&ots=zN4LWMQocS&sig=q-kxVuasTB9L-TXkmOO0V_UECa0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WpdBVIm-FYKyogTG9oHwCA&ved=0CE4Q6AEwCDgU#v=onepage&q=yabroud%20Constantine%20and%20Helen%20syria&f=false)
- "Worth Church"