List of oldest living people by nation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This page supplements the list of oldest people by nation, which itemizes the oldest people ever, by country. This page lists the oldest people confirmed to be alive in the last year, by country.

Comprehensive birth registration is largely a 20th-century phenomenon, so records establishing human longevity are necessarily fragmentary. The earliest comprehensive recordkeeping systems arose in Europe which makes the continent the only place that the lifespans of people born in the 19th century can be documented and verified to the standards of modern scientific research. For example, the United Kingdom organized a central recordkeeping system for England and Wales in 1837, making it compulsory by 1874.[1]

Mathematically, very few people born in the 20th century have yet had an opportunity to reach or surpass the age of 110. This is the age recognized by longevity researchers as the marker of supercentenarian status. Some of the people listed below may be recognized by their own nation as having attained an age of 110 years or greater, but their lifespan may not yet have been documented and verified sufficiently for them to be denominated a supercentenarian by the standards of modern longevity research.

This list contains the oldest woman and/or man in a country under the following criteria:

  • The oldest supercentenarian verified by an independent organisation specializing in the study of gerontology (e.g. The Gerontology Research Group). Pending and unverified claims greater than the verified oldest are not included.
  • Where there is no verified supercentenarian then the oldest pending case, if any, being investigated by a group such as the GRG.
  • Other cases that have a reliable source that identifies the person as the oldest woman or man in their country.

Those born in one country but who later moved to another are specifically noted.

National records[edit]

      Under 110        Verified[2][3] supercentenarian        Pending[4] supercentenarian        Unverified supercentenarian

Country Name Sex Reported birth date Reported age as of 28 December 2014 Age verified
Australia Ethel Farrell (born in India) F 27 November 1902 112 years, 31 days[2] Yes
Belgium Anna De Guchtenaere F 10 April 1904 110 years, 262 days[5][6][7][8] No
Aime Wille [9] M 1 March 1909 105 years, 302 days
Brazil Álida Victória Grubba Rudge F 10 July 1903 111 years, 171 days[4] Pending
Canada Colombe Benoît-Leclerc F 5 February 1903 111 years, 326 days[2] Yes
Cape Verde Maria Veiga Amado F 9 October 1905 109 years, 80 days[10][11][12]
Czech Republic Edith Kaufmann (lives in the United Kingdom) F 12 December 1903 111 years, 16 days[4] Pending
Vlastimila Češková F 2 March 1905 109 years, 301 days[13]
Denmark Marie Jensen F 5 June 1904 110 years, 206 days[4] Pending
Georg Ingwersen Jensen M 14 June 1906 108 years, 197 days[14]
Estonia Elle Mälberg F 10 April 1907 107 years, 262 days[15]
Finland Selma Tuominen F 19 July 1903 111 years, 162 days[16][17] No
Anonymous M 1906 107 years, 362 days[18]
France Olympe Amaury F 19 June 1901 113 years, 192 days[2] Yes
Philippe Vocanson M 20 October 1904 110 years, 69 days[19][20] No
Germany Johanna Klink F 17 January 1903 111 years, 345 days[2] Yes
Gustav Gerneth M 15 October 1905 109 years, 74 days[21]
Guyana Alice Alberta Crawford F 27 May 1906 108 years, 215 days[22]
Mortimer Lamazon M 22 July 1906 108 years, 159 days[23]
Iceland Guðríður Guðbrandsdóttir F 23 May 1906 108 years, 219 days[24][25]
Georg Ólafsson M 26 March 1909 105 years, 277 days[26][27][28]
Ireland Kathleen Snavely (lives in the USA) F 16 February 1902 112 years, 315 days[2] Yes
Italy Emma Morano-Martinuzzi F 29 November 1899 115 years, 29 days[2] Yes
Salvatore Caruso M 2 November 1905 109 years, 56 days[29]
Jamaica Violet Brown F 10 March 1900 114 years, 293 days[2] Yes
Japan Misao Okawa F 5 March 1898 116 years, 298 days[2] Yes
Sakari Momoi M 5 February 1903 111 years, 326 days[2] Yes
Mexico Dominga Velasco (lives in the USA) F 12 May 1901 113 years, 230 days[2] Yes
Moldova Goldie Steinberg (lives in the USA) F 30 October 1900 114 years, 59 days[2] Yes
Netherlands Nellij H.M. de Vries-Lammerts F 5 May 1905 109 years, 237 days[30]
Norway Elisabet Ekenæs F 26 December 1904 110 years, 2 days[31] No
Carl Falck M 27 May 1907 107 years, 215 days[31]
Poland Jadwiga Młynek F 5 October 1905 109 years, 84 days[32]
Romania Maria Tudor F 8 September 1903 111 years, 111 days[33] No
Serbia Jelisaveta Veljković Cenka F 18 July 1904 110 years, 163 days[34] No
Seychelles Nancy Marie F 26 January 1909 105 years, 336 days[35]
Spain Ana María Vela Rubio F 29 October 1901 113 years, 60 days[2] Yes
Suriname Emma Pobosie F 29 October 1901 113 years, 60 days[36][37] No
Sweden Gulli Bergendahl F 10 December 1904 110 years, 18 days[38] No
United Kingdom Ethel Lang F 27 May 1900 114 years, 215 days[2] Yes
United States Gertrude Weaver F 4 July 1898 116 years, 177 days[3] Yes
Wash Wesley M 21 January 1904 110 years, 341 days[4] Pending

Territorial recordholders[edit]

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Age as of 28 December 2014 Age verified
Denmark Faroe Islands Theodor Thomassen M 28 October 1908 106 years, 61 days[39]
Netherlands Curaçao Maria Samson-Leer F 1 February 1906 108 years, 330 days[40][41][42][43]
United Kingdom British Virgin Islands Robelteen Smith F 12 August 1908 106 years, 138 days[44]
Cayman Islands Julia Hydes F 25 January 1909 105 years, 337 days[45]
United States Puerto Rico Antonia Gerena Rivera (lives in the USA) F 19 May 1900 114 years, 223 days[2] Yes
US Virgin Islands Ursula Krigger F 22 April 1902 112 years, 250 days[4] Pending

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guinness Book of Records. 1978 Edition.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. 
  3. ^ a b "Supercentenarian Data -- Table E". Gerontology Research Group. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Young, Robert Douglas (15 July 2014). "PENDING GRG CASES". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Anna (110) is oudste Gentenaar". hln.be. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Oudste Gentenaar is 110.". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "De Oudste Belg.". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Belga. "Oudste Belg (112) overleden - Anna De Guchtenaere (110) nieuwe oudste Belg". HLN. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.nieuwsblad.be/cnt/blghe_01440767.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ nobidadetv. "108 anos, a mais velha do Fogo". nobidadetv.com - Nobidade TV Network-USA. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Nhanha de Nhontone: Mulher mais idosa de Cabo Verde completou 108 anos de idade". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Mulher mais idosa de Cabo Verde completa 109 anos". 
  13. ^ "Vlastimila Češková z Jarcové oslavila 109. narozeniny". Deník.cz. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Mono, Perhag (15 April 2009). "Ældste i Danmark" (in Danish). Ældste i Danmark. 
  15. ^ "Peaaegu vanim eestlane sai 107-aastaseks". Postimees. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Suomen vanhin on 109-vuotias turkulainen". Helsingin Sanomat. 20 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "Suomen vanhin täyttää 110 vuotta". Helsingin Sanomat. 19 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "Population according to age (1-year), gender and language by area 1990 - 2012". Statistics Finland. 1 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "Marcel, bientôt 109 ans, est le doyen de l'Aquitaine". SudOuest.fr. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Philippe Vocanson a soufflé ses 109 bougies à Saint-Jeures - mon43.fr". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Herr Gerneth steht mit 109 noch am Herd". Volksstimme. 16 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "Mahaicony grandmother celebrates 107th birthday - Stabroek News - Georgetown, Guyana". Stabroek News. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  23. ^ GNNL. "Site layout and property design". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Guðríður Guðbrandsdóttir 107 ára í dag (Icelandic)
  26. ^ Elstu íslensku karlarnir á lífi
  27. ^ Georg Ólafsson 104 ára (Icelandic)
  28. ^ Andlát: Gissur Ólafur Erlingsson (Icelandic)
  29. ^ "Uomini italiani più longevi". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  30. ^ (Dutch)[2]
  31. ^ a b Gravdal, Vilhelm; Ruisdael, Celvin. "Landets eldste" (in Norwegian). Slektssider av Jan Erik Aas. 
  32. ^ (Polish)http://www.kalisz.pl/pl/q/dla-mieszkancow/aktualnosci/z-zyczeniami-u-seniorow
  33. ^ "Povestea vieții celui mai vârstnic român: Maria Tudor are 110 și a trăit toată viața din agricultură". agrointel.ro. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  34. ^ "Jelisaveta Veljković, vršnjakinja "Politike"". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  35. ^ "Nation Home". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  36. ^ "Suriname’s oldest inhabitant celebrates 111th birthday". 
  37. ^ [3]
  38. ^ "Gulli fyllde 110 (!) år – stort födelsedagskalas". 
  39. ^ http://www.in.fo/news-detail/news/theodor-thomassen-er-elsti-foeroyingur-nakrantid/ (Faroese)
  40. ^ "Maria Samson-Leer oudste inwoner" (in Dutch). Amigoe. 7 September 2010. p. 2. 
  41. ^ "104 jaar oud" (in Dutch). Amigoe. 24 March 2011. p. 2. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  42. ^ Versgeperst.com Curacao (in Dutch) http://www.versgeperst.com/lifestyle/194897/107-kaarsjes-voor-marie-samson-leer.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  43. ^ Nieuws360 (in Dutch) http://www.nieuws360.com/lifestyle/maria-samson-leer-108-oudste-vrouw-van-curacao/ |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  44. ^ "INSPIRE BVI: The oldest citizen, Miss Teen". BVI News. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  45. ^ "At 105, cultural icon Aunt Julia continues to shine". The Cayman Reporter. Retrieved 4 October 2014.