List of oldest people by nation

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This is a list of oldest people by nation. It includes the individual(s), for each given country, who are reported to have had the longest lifespan. Such records can only be determined to the extent that the given country's records are reliable. Comprehensive birth registration largely came into being in the 20th century; reliable records are therefore fragmentary. The earliest comprehensive recordkeeping systems arose in Europe, in countries such as Sweden and the Netherlands. England and Wales in the United Kingdom organised a central recordkeeping system in 1837 which was made compulsory by 1874.[1]

This list comprises the longest-lived individuals, by country, but only to the extent that their lifespans have been reliably established. Records for both males and females are noted, where known. Similarly, those born in one country who emigrated to another are identified insofar as that information is available. If more than one individual is listed for a given country and gender, it is the result of disputed reports, alternative reports, or a lack of sufficient documentary evidence to make a clear determination. Nations are listed in alphabetical order. Some listed nations were once European colonies (i.e. French Algeria, Spanish Morocco) with the result that their record-keeping systems are more analogous to those of 20th-century Europe than to those of their geographic neighbours.[citation needed]

For a global overview, see the table of national longevity recordholders and the separate lists of living national longevity recordholders and oldest people by U.S. state.


Verified national longevity recordholders[edit]

      Deceased       Living

Country Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Algeria Anne Primout[a] (died in France) F 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days
Emile Fourcade[b] (died in France) M 29 July 1884 29 December 1995 111 years, 153 days
Australia Christina Cock F 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days
John Lockett M 22 January 1891 25 May 2002 111 years, 123 days
Austria Maria Mika[c] F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days
Hermine Nistler F 24 December 1900 13 February 2012 111 years, 51 days
Leopold Vietoris M 4 June 1891 9 April 2002 110 years, 309 days
Barbados James Sisnett[d] M 22 February 1900 23 May 2013 113 years, 90 days
Belarus Mollye Marcus[e] (died in the USA) F 18 October 1899 18 February 2011 111 years, 123 days
Belgium Joanna Turcksin-Deroover F 3 June 1890 6 December 2002 112 years, 186 days
Jan Machiel Reyskens (died in the Netherlands) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days
Jan Goossenaerts M 30 October 1900 21 March 2012 111 years, 143 days
Brazil Maria Gomes Valentim F 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days
Canada Marie-Louise Meilleur F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days
James McCoubrey (died in the USA) M 13 September 1901 5 July 2013 111 years, 295 days
Joseph Saint-Amour M 26 February 1852 16 March 1962 110 years, 18 days
Cape Verde Adelina Domingues[f] (died in the USA) F 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 114 years, 183 days
Colombia Daniel Guzmán-García M 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days
Croatia Hermina Dunz[g] F 24 February 1898 14 June 2008 110 years, 111 days
Czech Republic Maria Mika[c] (died in Austria) F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days
Marie Bernátková[h] F 22 October 1857 4 May 1969 111 years, 194 days
Denmark Christian Mortensen (died in the USA) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days
Johannes Wilhelm Hansen M 10 April 1867 25 June 1976 109 years, 76 days
Johanne Svensson (died in Sweden) F 24 January 1892 29 May 2003 111 years, 125 days
Anne Kathrine Matthiesen (b. Jensen) F 26 November 1884 19 March 1996 111 years, 114 days
Ecuador María Capovilla F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days
Finland Maria Rothovius[2] F 2 October 1887 17 June 2000 112 years, 259 days
Aarne Arvonen M 4 August 1897 1 January 2009 111 years, 150 days
France Jeanne Calment F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days
Maurice Floquet M 25 December 1894 10 November 2006 111 years, 320 days
Germany Charlotte Benkner (died in the USA) F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days
Maria Laqua F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days
Hermann Dörnemann M 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days
Greece Gregory Pandazes[i] (died in the USA) M 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days
Ioanna Lambropoulos[i] F 8 May 1884 2 June 1994 110 years, 25 days
Iceland Guðrún Björnsdóttir (died in Canada)[3] F 20 October 1888 26 August 1998 109 years, 310 days
Sólveig Pálsdóttir[3] F 20 August 1897 28 October 2006 109 years, 69 days
Helgi Símonarson[3] M 13 September 1895 24 August 2001 105 years, 345 days
India Lucy d'Abreu[j] (died in the UK) F 24 May 1892 7 December 2005 113 years, 197 days
Ireland Kathleen Snavely (lives in the USA)[4] F 16 February 1902 Living 112 years, 60 days
Katherine Plunket F 20 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days
Israel Maria Pogonowska (born in Poland) F 30 October 1897 15 July 2009 111 years, 258 days
Italy Dina Manfredini (died in the USA) F 4 April 1897 17 December 2012 115 years, 257 days
Venere Pizzinato-Papo[k] F 23 November 1896 2 August 2011 114 years, 252 days
Antonio Todde M 22 January 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 346 days
Japan Tane Ikai F 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days
Jiroemon Kimura M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days
Lithuania Ella Ille Rentel[l] (died in Germany) F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days
Mexico Soledad Mexia (died in the USA) F 13 August 1899 30 August 2013 114 years, 17 days
Moldova Goldie Steinberg[m] (lives in the USA)[5] F 30 October 1900 Living 113 years, 169 days
Morocco Consuelo Moreno[n] (died in the USA) F 5 February 1893 13 November 2004 111 years, 282 days
Netherlands Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper F 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days
Jan Machiel Reyskens (born in Belgium) M 11 May 1878 7 January 1990 111 years, 241 days
Jan Pieter Bos M 12 July 1891 15 December 2002 111 years, 158 days
New Zealand Florence Finch (born in the UK) F 22 December 1893 10 April 2007 113 years, 109 days
Ethel Booth F 25 December 1890 18 February 2001 110 years, 55 days
Norway Maren Bolette Torp F 21 December 1876 20 February 1989 112 years, 61 days
Herman Smith-Johannsen M 15 June 1875 5 January 1987 111 years, 204 days
Peru Julia Dougherty (died in the USA) F 20 August 1893 4 December 2003 110 years, 106 days
Poland Alexander Imich[o] (lives in the USA)[5] M 4 February 1903 Living 111 years, 72 days
Aleksandra Dranka[t][5] F 3 October 1903 Living 110 years, 196 days
Portugal Maria de Jesus F 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days
Augusto Moreira de Oliveira M 6 October 1896 13 February 2009 112 years, 130 days
Romania Elizabeth Stefan (died in the USA) F 13 May 1895 9 April 2008 112 years, 332 days
Russia Lillian Joelson[p] (died in the USA) F 20 August 1896 30 December 2007 111 years, 132 days
Andrei Kuznetsoff[q] (died in Finland) M 17 October 1873 31 January 1984 110 years, 106 days
Saint Kitts and Nevis Rosalind Hill (died in the USA) F 30 March 1899 18 January 2010 110 years, 294 days
Slovenia Katarina Marinič[r] F 30 October 1899 2 September 2010 110 years, 307 days
South Africa Johanna Booyson F 17 January 1857 16 June 1968 111 years, 151 days
Spain María Antonia Castro[6] F 10 June 1881 16 January 1996 114 years, 220 days
Joan Riudavets M 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days
Sweden Astrid Zachrison F 15 May 1895 15 May 2008 113 years, 0 days
Anders Engberg M 1 July 1892 6 November 2003 111 years, 128 days
Switzerland Rosa Rein[s] F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days
Emma Duvoisin F 5 July 1886 30 September 1997 111 years, 87 days
Pierre Gremion M 5 March 1902 13 February 2012 109 years, 345 days
United Kingdom Charlotte Hughes F 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days
Henry Allingham M 6 June 1896 18 July 2009 113 years, 42 days
United States Sarah Knauss F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days
Christian Mortensen (born in Denmark) M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days
Mathew Beard M 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days
Uruguay Manolita Piña (born in Spain) F 24 February 1883 11 June 1994 111 years, 107 days

a^ Primout was a native of French Algeria, now Algeria.
b^ Fourcade was a native of French Algeria, now Algeria.
c^ Mika was a native of Bohemia, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
d^ Sisnett was born in Barbados, which was at the time of his birth a British colony; now it is an independent country.
e^ Marcus was a native of Lechovitz, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Belarus.
f^ Domingues was born in Cape Verde, which was at the time of her birth a Portuguese colony; now it is an independent country.
g^ Dunz was a native of Zagreb, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Croatia.
h^ Bernátková was a native of Prague, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in the Czech Republic.
i^ Pandazes and Lambropoulos were natives of the Kingdom of Greece; it is now Greece.
j^ d'Abreu was a native of Dharwar, which was then a part of the British Raj; it is now located in India.
k^ Pizzinato-Papo was a native of Ala, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Italy.
l^ Rentel was a native of Geldauschinken, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Lithuania.
m^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Moldova.
n^ Moreno was a native of Spanish Morocco, which was then a part of the Spanish Empire; it is now Morocco.
o^ Imich was born in Częstochowa, which was then part of the Russian Empire; it is presently located in Poland.
p^ Joelson was a native of the Russian Empire; it is now Russia.
q^ Kuznetsoff was a native of the Russian Empire; it is now Russia.
r^ Marinič was a native of Deskle, which was then a part of Austria-Hungary; it is now located in Slovenia.
s^ Rein was born in Dziećkowice, near Mysłowice, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in Poland.
t^ Dranka was born in Harklowa, which was then part of Austra-Hungary. Before 1772 and after 1918 it is part of Poland.

Territorial and overseas regions recordholders[edit]

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Denmark Faroe Islands Jóhannes Tauser[7] M 23 February 1902 12 January 2008 105 years, 323 days
Frederikke Maria Sigvardsen[8] F 2 July 1875[9] 23 November 1980[10] 105 years, 144 days
Greenland [11] Agnethe Fencker[12] F 24 October 1910 April 2013 102 years, 159 days+
France French Guiana Eudoxie Baboul F 1 October 1901 Living 112 years, 198 days
Guadeloupe Luce Maced F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days
Martinique Irénise Moulonguet F 6 November 1900 28 May 2013 112 years, 203 days
New Caledonia Marie-Louise Lhuillier F 26 June 1895 28 December 2007 112 years, 185 days
Réunion Julia Sinédia-Cazour F 12 July 1892 6 October 2005 113 years, 86 days
Théophane Rifosta M 6 September 1889 16 June 1999 109 years, 283 days
Saint Barthélemy Eugénie Blanchard F 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days
United States Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan F 31 August 1889 29 May 2004 114 years, 272 days

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guinness Book of Records, 1978 edition
  2. ^ Young, Robert. "VERIFIED SUPERCENTENARIAN CASES – LISTED CHRONOLOGICALLY BY DEATH DATE". Gerontology Research Group. 
  3. ^ a b c Ragnarsson, Jónas/Síminn (24 May 2011). "Langelstu Íslendingarnir". Kvikmyndir.com. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Murphy, Cormac (2014-01-10). "Irish woman Kathleen set for record 112th birthday". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 2014-01-11. 
  5. ^ a b c "Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. 
  6. ^ Gómez-Redondo, Rosa; García González, Juan M. (2007). Emergence and verification of supercentenarians in Spain. Madrid: National University of Distance Education. p. 166. 
  7. ^ "Elsti føroyingur andaðist leygardagin" (in Faroese). Kristnastova.dk. 16 January 2008. 
  8. ^ "Karl Jákup Sigvardsen 100 ár" (in Faroese). FFblaðið. 17 February 2005. p. 20. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Gjógv 1916" (in Faroese). gjogv.fo. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Gjógv Kirkjugarðurin" (in Faroese). gjogv.fo. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Table: Population July 1st by time, residence, age, gender and place of birth". Statistics Greenland. 
  12. ^ Sommer, Karsten (24 October 2010). "100-års fødselar i Ilulissat i dag" (in Danish). Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa. Retrieved 26 August 2011.