List of open-source hardware projects
- 1 Amateur radio
- 2 Audio electronics
- 3 Automotive
- 4 Cameras
- 5 Computer Systems
- 6 Machines and tools
- 7 Medical instruments
- 8 Music electronics
- 9 Networking
- 10 Renewable energy
- 11 Robotics
- 12 Storage
- 13 Telephony
- 14 Video electronics
- 15 Wireless hardware
- 16 Other
- 17 Other projects
- 18 Repositories
- 19 References
- 20 External links
- 21 References
|This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (August 2013)|
Many people confuse hardware specifically created to run open-source software with open-source hardware. The guidelines for open-source hardware require that the full design, including PCB Layout, is open sourced. The lack of PCB Layout is a common reason why boards such as the Raspberry Pi are not actually open-source hardware.
The following is the list of open-source hardware projects that includes computer systems and components, cameras, radio, telephony, science education, machines & tools, robotics, renewable energy, home automation, medical & biotech, automotive, prototyping, test equipment, and musical instruments.
- Monome 40h – A reconfigurable grid of 64 backlit buttons, used via USB. A limited batch of 500 monome 40h has been produced. All the design process, design specifications, firmware and PCB schematics are available online.
- Neuros Digital Audio Computer – An open-source portable digital audio player.
- eCorolla – Finnish electric car project
- Local Motors (Rally Fighter)
- Riversimple Urban Car
- OSVehicle TABBY
- Elphel, Inc. – cameras based on free software and hardware designs.
- apertus open source cinema cameras
- Arduino, an open-source physical computing platform based on a simple I/O board and a development environment that implements the open source Processing / Wiring language. Also clones of this platform including Freeduino.
- Beagle Board – a single-board computer based on low-power Texas Instruments processors, using the ARM Cortex-A8 core, running Angstrom Linux.
- Bug Labs – a handheld prototyping system based on the Texas Instruments OMAP3530 processor with ARM Cortex-A8 (600 MHz) Angstrom Linux.
- Ethernut – open-source electronics prototyping platform for building tiny Embedded Ethernet Devices.
- Milkymist One – Single-board computer implementing all the core logic with open source Verilog HDL design files, which is confidential and proprietary in most other open-source hardware computers. It is an interactive VJ station featuring the open-source Milkymist SoC as CPU.
- Minimig – a re-implementation of an Amiga 500 using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA).
- OLinuXino is an open-hardware single-board computer running Android (operating system) and Linux designed by OLIMEX Ltd in Bulgaria.
- OLPC - One Laptop Per Child XO-XS
- PLAICE – The PLAICE is an open-source hardware and software project developing a powerful in-circuit development tool that combines in one device the features of a FLASH Programmer, Memory Emulator, and High Speed Multi-Channel Logic Analyzer. It runs uClinux.
- PC532 – a personal computer design based on the NS32532 microprocessor, released in 1990.
- Simputer – handheld computer aimed at developing countries
- Tinkerforge - Bricks and Bricklets (Modular hardware kit).
- Panda Board – a single-board computer forked from Beagle Board
There are several "open-source hardware" CPUs, typically implemented as a soft microprocessor.
- Amber is an ARM-compatible 32-bit RISC processor. Amber implements the ARMv2 instruction set.
- LEON is an open source 32-bit SPARC-like CPU created by the ESA. It's the standard CPU for the European Space Industry.
- Milkymist SoC, featuring the LatticeMico32 microprocessor core, has a complete set of independently developed open source system-on-chip cores such as a SDRAM controller, bus components, graphics accelerators and a variety of I/O devices.
- OpenCores is a loose community of designers that supports open-source cores (logic designs) for CPUs, peripherals and other devices. OpenCores maintains an open-source on-chip interconnection bus specification called Wishbone.
- OpenSPARC is an open-source processor project to which Sun Micro systems have contributed the Ultra SPARC T1 and Ultra SPARC T2 multicore processor designs.
- OpenRISC is a group of developers working to produce a very-high-performance open-source RISC CPU.
- Open Graphics Project aims to design an open architecture and standard for graphics cards.
- Milkymist SoC contains an open-source Verilog HDL design of an embedded high-performance 2D texture mapping unit.
Machines and tools
- The RepRap Project, an open-source 3D printer/fabber
- Lyman filament extruder, which provides the filament for the RepRaps
- The Lasersaur, an open-source laser cutter
- Shapeoko, an open-source CNC Mill
- The Multimachine, an open-source machine tool project
- Open Source Ecology "50 different Industrial Machines that it takes to build a small civilization with modern comforts."
- Gamma Cardio CG - Open source certified ECG connected to the PC with the whole hardware (CAD-PCB-BOL) disclosed/licensed under Creative Common open license. Software source is not released, currently only fimrware is released as binary (HEX) format.
- MIDIbox The MIDIbox project is an open source modular DIY hardware and software platform for MIDI devices like controllers, synthesizers, sequencers
- Stoicheia a dual gate Euclidean sequencer
- NetFPGA is a project consisting hardware platform, software, community and education material to enable research and education effort in a line-rate network environment.
- Wind turbines: To assist people in the developing countries, and hobbyists alike, several projects have been open-sourced, e.g. the Jua Kali wind turbine, Hugh Piggot's wind turbine, ForceField Wind Turbine, et cetera
- e-puck mobile robot, an open-hardware, education oriented, mobile robot.
- Orb swarm
- Protei, open-hardware shape-shifting Sailing Robot
- InMoov opensource 3d printed life-size robot (under Arduino control)
- The Humanoid Project
- OpenROV, an open-source telerobotic submarine
- Backblaze storage pod, 180TB of Good Vibrations – Storage Pod 3.0, is an implementation of their open-source design for a rack mount large disk storage pod. Backblaze made their design open source at Openstoragepod.org.
- Openmoko – open phone framework (first use case: FIC Neo FreeRunner, released as of mid-2008)
- TuxPhone A project to develop open-source (hardware and software) GSM/GPRS cellphone.
- OpenBTS and OsmoBTS - Open source software based GSM base stations.
- PATIKUS - Open source hardware based on speech synthesizer for telecommunication device.
- GTA04 - successor of Openmoko
- Milkymist One – a video synthesizer for interactive and dance-directed VJing.
- Neuros OSD an open-source digital video recorder
- Openpicus – Open-source platform for smart sensors and Internet of things
- Sun SPOT is an open source hardware and software platform for sensor networks and battery powered, wireless, embedded development.
- USRP universal software radio peripheral is a mainboard with snap in modules providing software defined radio at different frequencies, it has a USB 2.0 link to its host computer.
- PowWow Power Optimized Hardware and Software FrameWork for Wireless Motes is an open source hardware and software platform for wireless sensor networks.
- Twibright RONJA – Open-source free-space optic system, DIY in a garage, 10 Mbit/s full duplex/1.4 km
- Aurocard – Open-source free-libre RFID Handheld Device for payments using eWallets stored in RFID cards.
- Chumby – "ambient" information device
- Ben NanoNote – handheld notebook computer based on a MIPS processor running Linux.
- LED Throwies – Non-destructive graffiti and light displays.
- CUBIT (multi-touch) System – Open source multitouch system.
- The Bus pirate – Universal bus interface and programmer.
- WikiHouse – Open-source project for designing and building houses.
- Open Compute Project – Openly share designs of data center products (server, storage, rack, ... )
- Thingiverse - a collection of primarily 3-D printable open-source designs of objects