List of orogenies
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following is a list of orogenies organised by continent/country, starting with the oldest at the top.
North American orogenies
- Algoman orogeny (or Kenoran)
- Superior province, South Dakota to Lake Huron
- Late Archean 2700-2500 Ma.
- Wopmay orogeny
- Along western edge of Canadian shield, 2100–1900 Ma.
- Hudsonian orogeny or Trans-Hudson orogeny
- Penokean orogeny
- Big Sky orogeny
- Ivanpah orogeny
- Mojave province, south western USA
- Yavapai orogeny
- mid to south western USA, 1760-1700 Ma.
- Mazatzal orogeny
- mid to south western USA, circa 1600 Ma.
- Grenville orogeny
- Caledonian orogeny
- Appalachian orogeny, usually seen as the same as the Variscan orogeny in Europe.
- Ouachita orogeny
- Antler orogeny
- Innuitian orogeny or Ellesmerian orogeny
- Sonoma orogeny
- Rocky Mountains, western North America, 270–240 Ma.
- Nevadan orogeny
- Developed along western North America during the Jurassic Period.
- Sevier orogeny
- Rocky Mountains, western North America, 140–50 Ma.
- Laramide orogeny
- Rocky Mountains, western North America, 40–70 Ma.
- The Saamian orogeny
- Formation of an extensive area of tonalitic-trondhjemitic crust in Fennoscandia, from 3.1 Ga to 2.9 Ga
- The Lopian orogeny
- Formation of two different types of terrain compatible with plate tectonic concepts. One is a belt of high-grade gneisses formed in a regime of strong mobility, while the other is a region of granitoid intrusions and greenstone belts surrounded by the remnants of a Saamian substratum, from 2.9 Ga to 2.6 Ga.
- The Svecofennian orogeny
- The Gothian orogeny
- Formation of tonalitic-granodioritic plutonic rocks and calc-alkaline volcanites (like the Svecofennian orogeny) from 1.75 Ga to 1.5 Ga.
- The Sveconorwegian orogeny
- Essentially reworking of previously formed crust, from 1.25 Ga to 900 Ma.
- The Timanide orogeny affecting the northern Baltic Shield during the Neoproterozoic Era, from 620 Ma to 550 Ma.
- The Cadomian orogeny on the north coast of Armorica in the Ediacaran/Cambrian from 660 Ma to 540 Ma.
- The Caledonian orogeny
- Uralian orogeny
- The Variscan orogeny (also called the Hercynian orogeny)
- The Alpine orogeny, encompassing:
- Ongoing (happening now):
- the Mediterranean Ridge.
- The Aravalli-Delhi Orogen (precambrian)
- The Altaid Orogeny (Paleozoic)
- The Cimmerian and Cathayasian orogenies
- Alpine orogeny, encompassing:
South American orogenies
- Transamazonian orogeny
- Brasiliano-Pan African orogeny
- Chonide orogeny
- Pampean orogeny
- Famatinian orogeny
- Gondwanide orogeny
- Toco orogeny
- Andean orogeny
- Andes Mountains, 0–200 Ma.
- Sleaford Orogeny (2440–2420 Ma), Gawler Craton, South Australia
- Glenburgh Orogeny (c. 2005–1920 Ma), Glenburgh Terrane, Western Australia.
- Kimban Orogeny (c. 1845–1700 Ma), Gawler Craton, South Australia
- Yapungku Orogeny (c. 1765 Ma), North Yilgarn craton margin, Western Australia
- Mangaroon Orogeny (c.1680–1620 Ma), Gascoyne Complex, Western Australia.
- Kararan Orogeny (1650– Ma), Gawler Craton, South Australia
- Barramundi Orogeny (c. 1870 - 1800 Ma), MacArthur Basin, northern Australia
- Isan Orogeny, c. 1600 Ma, Mount Isa Block, Queensland
- Olarian Orogeny, Olary Block, South Australia
- Capricorn Orogeny, Gascoyne Complex, Western Australia
- Musgrave Orogeny (c. 1080 Ma), Musgrave Block, Central Australia.
- Edmundian Orogeny (c. 920–850 Ma), Gascoyne Complex, Western Australia.
- Petermann Orogeny (c. 550–535 Ma late Neoproterozoic to Cambrian), Central Australia
- Delamerian Orogeny, South Australia and Victoria, Australia, Ordovician
- Lachlan Orogeny, c. 540 and 440 Ma., Victoria and New South Wales
- Kanimblan Orogeny, c. 318 Ma., Carboniferous, Victoria and New South Wales
- Alice Springs Orogeny in central Australia, Early Carboniferous
- Hunter-Bowen Orogeny, (c. 260–225 Ma) Permian to Triassic, Queensland and New South Wales
- Napier orogeny (4000 ± 200 Ma)
- Rayner orogeny (~ 3500 Ma)
- Humboldt orogeny (~ 3000 Ma)
- Insel orogeny (2650 ± 150 Ma)
- Early Ruker orogeny (2000–1700 Ma)
- Late Ruker / Nimrod orogeny (1000 ± 150 Ma)
- Beardmore orogeny (633–620 Ma)
- Ross Orogeny (~ 500 Ma)
New Zealand orogenies
- Strachan, R.A.; Smith, M., Harris, A.L.& Fettes, D.J. (2002). "4: The Northern Highland and Grampian terranes". In Trewin N.H. The Geology of Scotland. Geological Society, London. ISBN 978-1-86239-126-0.
- The Geology of Chile Teresa Moreno, Wes Gibbons, Geological Society of London
- http://home.freeuk.com/gtlloyd/tam/geochron.htm Tectonics of the Transantarctic Mountains: Geochronology