List of painted churches in Cyprus

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There are over sixty churches in Cyprus with Byzantine and post-Byzantine wall paintings.[1][2] Of these, ten that are situated in the Troodos Mountains have been inscribed jointly on the UNESCO World Heritage List as the Painted Churches in the Troodos Region.[3][4]

History[edit]

The origins of Christianity on the island may be traced to the visit of St. Paul, St. Barnabas and St. Mark around AD 46.[2] After the fall of the western Roman Empire, Cyprus came under the sway of Byzantium, although the timely discovery of Barnabas' relics helped the Church of Cyprus uphold its autocephaly.[1] The crusader Kingdom of Cyprus outlived the Fall of Constantinople by a generation; the subsequent sale of the island to Venice led to a brief period of Italo-Byzantine painting.[1] In 1571 Cyprus fell to the Ottomans and the practice of ecclesiastic wall painting largely came to an end.[1]

Organization of space[edit]

Subject to the layout of each church, the iconographic schema typically accords with the classic Byzantine tripartition, evident also in Byzantine mosaic decoration, the three zones comprising: (1) the dome and conch of the apse; (2) the pendentives, squinches and upper vaults; and (3) the lower, secondary vaults and walls. The first is reserved for depictions of the holiest persons, the Christ Pantokrator and the Virgin; the second for scenes from the Life of Christ and the festival cycle; and the third for the choir of intercessory saints.[2][5]

Preservation[edit]

Since the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, a number of churches in the north have been looted and their wall paintings detached to supply the international antiquities trade.[6][7] Among them is the Church of St. Evphemianos in Lysi: the thirteenth-century Pantrokrator and surrounding angels were detached, leaving their feet behind; the paintings were then acquired for the Menil Collection and displayed at the Byzantine Fresco Chapel in Houston, Texas before their repatriation to the south in 2012.[7][8][9] Meanwhile, many churches in the south been the subject of conservation interventions, conducted by the Department of Antiquities, Dumbarton Oaks and the Courtauld Institute of Art, aimed at reconciling the competing demands of stability, legibility and authenticity within the framework of ongoing devotional practice.[10]

Churches[edit]

Church Municipality Exterior Comments Interior Coordinates Ref.
Panagia Kanakaria
Παναγία Κανακαριά
Our Lady Kanakaria
Lythrangomi Panagia Kanakaria 3.jpg sixth-century wall mosaics were looted in the 1970s; some have been recovered from art dealers[7] Panagia Kanakaria Decke.JPG 35°28′42″N 34°09′58″E / 35.47846°N 34.166021°E / 35.47846; 34.166021 (Panagia Kanakaria, Lythrangomi) [1]
Panagia Aggeloktisti
Παναγία η Αγγελόκτιστη
Virgin Mary Built by the Angels
Kiti Panagia Aggeloktisti, Kiti.jpg Zypern 11 2013 Panagia Angeloktistos 03.JPG 34°50′51″N 33°34′14″E / 34.847630°N 33.570517°E / 34.847630; 33.570517 (Panagia Aggeloktisti, Kiti) [1]
Panagia Kyra
Παναγιά Κυρά
Most Holy Lady
Livadia Panagia Kyra 1.JPG Panagia Kyra 3.JPG 35°23′53″N 34°01′30″E / 35.398°N 34.025°E / 35.398; 34.025 (Livadia (Panagia Kyra)) [1]
Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis
Άγιος Νικόλαος της Στέγης
St. Nicholas of the Roof
Kakopetria Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis.JPG included in UNESCO inscription[11] Kakopetria Geburt Jesu.jpg 34°58′38″N 32°53′22″E / 34.977289°N 32.889537°E / 34.977289; 32.889537 (Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis, Kakopetria) [2]
Panagia Theotokos
Παναγία Θεοτόκος
Most Holy Mother of God
Kakopetria Panagia Theotokos in Kakopetria.jpg 34°59′13″N 32°54′04″E / 34.987°N 32.901°E / 34.987; 32.901 (Kakopetria (Panagia Theotokos)) [1]
Agios Georgios Perachoritis
Άγιος Γεώργιος ο Περαχωρίτης
St. George Perachoritis
Kakopetria 34°59′13″N 32°54′04″E / 34.987°N 32.901°E / 34.987; 32.901 (Kakopetria (Agios Georgios Perachoritis)) [1]
Agios Sozomenos
Άγιος Σωζόμενος
St. Sozomenos
Galata 34°59′49″N 32°53′53″E / 34.997°N 32.898°E / 34.997; 32.898 (Galata (Agios Sozomenos)) [3]
Panagia Theotokos
Παναγία Θεοτόκος / Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Most Holy Mother of God or Archangel Michael
Galata Kirche des Erzengels Michael.JPG Galata Theotokos Geburt.jpg 34°59′49″N 32°53′53″E / 34.997°N 32.898°E / 34.997; 32.898 (Galata (Panagia Theotokos)) [4]
Panagia Podithou
Παναγία Ποδίθου
Our Lady of Podithou
Galata Panagia Podithou Galata.JPG included in UNESCO inscription[11] Galata Kreuzigung.jpg 34°59′49″N 32°53′53″E / 34.997°N 32.898°E / 34.997; 32.898 (Galata (Panagia Podithou)) [5]
Agia Paraskevi
Αγία Παρασκευή
St. Paraskevi
Galata 34°59′49″N 32°53′53″E / 34.997°N 32.898°E / 34.997; 32.898 (Galata (Agia Paraskevi)) [6]
Agioi Ioachim kai Anna
Αγίοι Ιωακείμ και Άννα
Saints Joachim and Anna
Kaliana 35°00′45″N 32°53′03″E / 35.012520°N 32.884086°E / 35.012520; 32.884086 (Agioi Ioachim kai Anna, Kaliana) [7]
Archangelos Michael
Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Archangel Michael
Vyzakia 35°04′37″N 33°00′50″E / 35.077°N 33.014°E / 35.077; 33.014 (Vyzakia (Archangelos Michael)) [8]
Panagia Phorbiotissa
Παναγία Φορβιώτισσα / Παναγία της Ασίνου
Virgin Mary Phorbiotissa or Our Lady of Asinou
Nikitari Panagia Forviothissa Asinou Nikitari.JPG included in UNESCO inscription[11] Asinou - Kirche Narthex 2 St.Georg.jpg 35°02′47″N 32°58′24″E / 35.046270°N 32.973254°E / 35.046270; 32.973254 (Panagia Phorbiotissa, Nikitari) [9]
Panagia Chrysokourdaliotissa
Παναγία Χρυσοκουρδαλιωτισσα
Virgin Mary Chrysokourdaliotissa
Spilia also known as the Church of the Dormition, Kourdali; submitted in 2002 as an extension to the UNESCO inscription and currently on the Tentative List; the timber roof is a reconstruction of the 1960s[12] 34°58′27″N 32°57′02″E / 34.974243°N 32.950530°E / 34.974243; 32.950530 (Panagia Chrysokourdaliotissa, Kourdali) [10]
Timios Stavros
Τίμιος Σταυρός
Holy Cross
Agia Eirini 34°58′52″N 32°58′08″E / 34.981°N 32.969°E / 34.981; 32.969 (Agia Eirini (Timios Stavros)) [1]
Panagia tou Arakos
Παναγία του Άρακος
Our Lady of Arakos
Lagoudera Panagia tou Arakou Lagoudera.JPG included in UNESCO inscription[11] close examination during conservation and restoration work has indicated the use of the fresco technique for the 1192 paintings, with plaster joins revealing the giornate[13][14] Arakiotissa Lagoudera.jpg 34°57′55″N 33°00′25″E / 34.965416°N 33.007023°E / 34.965416; 33.007023 (Timios Stavros, Lagoudera) [11]
Stavros tou Agiasmati
Σταυρός του Αγιασμάτι
Holy Cross of Agiasmati
Platanistasa Stavros Agiasmati.JPG included in UNESCO inscription[11] Platanistasa Verspottung.jpg 34°56′46″N 33°02′38″E / 34.946°N 33.044°E / 34.946; 33.044 (Platanistasa (Stavros tou Agiasmati)) [12]
Timios Stavros
Τίμιος Σταυρός
Holy Cross
Kyperounta 34°56′21″N 32°58′34″E / 34.939238°N 32.976124°E / 34.939238; 32.976124 (Timios Stavros, Kyperounta) [1]
Timios Stavros
Τίμιος Σταυρός
Holy Cross
Pelendri Holy Cross church in Pelendri.jpg included in UNESCO inscription[11] 34°53′46″N 32°58′01″E / 34.896°N 32.967°E / 34.896; 32.967 (Pelendri (Timios Stavros)) [13]
Panagia Katholiki
Παναγία Καθολική
Virgin Mary the Catholic
Pelendri 34°53′46″N 32°58′01″E / 34.896°N 32.967°E / 34.896; 32.967 (Pelendri (Panagia Katholiki)) [14]
Timios Stavros
Τίμιος Σταυρός
Holy Cross
Kouka 34°51′00″N 32°53′10″E / 34.850°N 32.886°E / 34.850; 32.886 (Kouka (Timios Stavros)) [15]
Agia Mavra
Αγία Μαύρα
St. Mavra
Koilani 34°50′38″N 32°51′36″E / 34.844°N 32.860°E / 34.844; 32.860 (Koilani (Agia Mavra)) [16]
Agios Georgios
Άγιος Γεώργιος
St. George
Monagri 34°48′31″N 32°54′35″E / 34.808571°N 32.909734°E / 34.808571; 32.909734 (Agios Georgios, Monagri) [1]
Archangelos Michael
Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Archangelos Michael
Monagri 34°50′38″N 32°51′36″E / 34.844°N 32.860°E / 34.844; 32.860 (Monagri (Archangelos Michael)) [17]
Panagia Amasgou
Παναγία της Αμασγούς
Our Lady Amasgou
Monagri 34°48′34″N 32°54′36″E / 34.809575°N 32.910082°E / 34.809575; 32.910082 (Panagia Amasgou, Monagri) [18]
Agios Mamas
Άγιος Μάμας
St. Mamas
Louvaras 34°50′10″N 33°02′17″E / 34.836°N 33.038°E / 34.836; 33.038 (Louvaras (Agios Mamas)) [19]
Tou Soteros
Μεταμόρφωση του Σωτήρος
Transfiguration of the Saviour
Palaichori included in UNESCO inscription[11] Palaichorio Georg.jpg 34°55′23″N 33°05′38″E / 34.923°N 33.094°E / 34.923; 33.094 (Palaichori (Tou Soteros)) [20]
Panagia Chrysopantanassa
Παναγία η Χρυσοπαντάνασσα
Virgin Mary Chrysopantanassa
Palaichori 34°55′20″N 33°05′34″E / 34.922094°N 33.092794°E / 34.922094; 33.092794 (Palaichori (Panagia Chrysopantanassa)) [21]
Timios Prodomos
Τιμιος Προδρομος
St. John the Precursor
Askas 34°55′44″N 33°04′41″E / 34.929°N 33.078°E / 34.929; 33.078 (Askas (Timios Prodromos)) [22]
Agia Christina
Αγία Χριστίνα
St. Christina
Askas 34°56′28″N 33°04′29″E / 34.941058°N 33.074598°E / 34.941058; 33.074598 (Agia Christina, Askas) [23]
Agios Ioannis Lampadistis
Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Λαμπαδιστής
St. John Lampadistis
Kalopanagiotis included in UNESCO inscription[11] Kalopanagiotis Kreuzigung.jpg 34°59′32″N 32°49′49″E / 34.992237°N 32.830195°E / 34.992237; 32.830195 (Agios Ioannis Lampadistis, Kalopanagiotis) [24]
Agioi Andronikos kai Athanasia
Αγίoi Ανδρόνικοs και Αθανασία
Saints Andronicus and Athanasia
Kalopanagiotis 34°59′31″N 32°49′41″E / 34.992°N 32.828°E / 34.992; 32.828 (Kalopanagiotis (Agioi Andronikos kai Athanasia)) [25]
Panagia tou Moutoulla
Παναγία του Μουτουλά
Our Lady of Moutoullas
Moutoullas Panagia church Moutoullas cyprus 2010.jpg included in UNESCO inscription[11] 34°59′02″N 32°49′30″E / 34.984°N 32.825°E / 34.984; 32.825 (Moutoullas (Panagia tou Moutoulla)) [26]
Archangelos Michael
Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Archangel Michael
Pedoulas St Michael church Pedoulas Cyprus.jpg included in UNESCO inscription[11] Pedoulas Konstantin.jpg 34°58′01″N 32°49′44″E / 34.967°N 32.829°E / 34.967; 32.829 (Pedoulas (Archangelos Michael)) [27]
Timios Stavros
Τιμιος Σταυρος
Holy Cross
Palaiomylos 34°56′06″N 32°49′23″E / 34.935°N 32.823°E / 34.935; 32.823 (Palaiomylos (Timios Stavros)) [1]
Panagia Kardiovastouza
Παναγία η Kαρδιοβαστάζουσα
Virgin Mary who Holds the Heart
Kaminaria 34°55′41″N 32°47′02″E / 34.928°N 32.784°E / 34.928; 32.784 (Kaminaria (Timios Stavros)) [28]
Agios Vasilios
Άγιος Βασίλειος
St. Basil
Kaminaria 34°55′41″N 32°47′02″E / 34.928°N 32.784°E / 34.928; 32.784 (Kaminaria (Agios Vasilios)) [29]
Katakomba Agia Solomoni
Κατακόμβη Αγίας Σολομωνής
Catacomb of St. Solomoni
Paphos 34°45′42″N 32°24′45″E / 34.761623°N 32.412500°E / 34.761623; 32.412500 (Catacomb of St. Solomoni, Paphos) [1]
Enkleistra kai Monasteri tou Agiou Neophytou
Εγκλείστρα και Μοναστήρι του Αγίου Νεοφύτου
Enkleistra and Monastery of Agios Neophytos
Tala Cell and Chapel of the Hermit Neophytus. (1888) - TIMEA.jpg see Neophytos of Cyprus[15] 34°50′47″N 32°26′47″E / 34.846424°N 32.446404°E / 34.846424; 32.446404 (Enkleistra and Monastery of Agios Neophytos, Tala) [30]
Agia Paraskevi
Αγία Παρασκευή
St. Paraskevi
Yeroskipou Yeroskipos3.jpg Geroskipou - Fresken 1.jpg 34°45′34″N 32°27′11″E / 34.759516°N 32.452980°E / 34.759516; 32.452980 (Agia Paraskevi, Yeroskipou) [31]
Panagia Katholiki
Παναγία Καθολική
Virgin Mary the Catholic
Kouklia Church Panagia Katholiki Kouklia Cyprus 04.jpg 34°42′26″N 32°34′30″E / 34.707204°N 32.575096°E / 34.707204; 32.575096 (Panagia Katholiki, Kouklia) [32]
Palaia Enkleistra
Παλαιά Εγκλείστρα
Palaea Enkleistra
Kouklia 34°41′53″N 32°35′35″E / 34.698°N 32.593°E / 34.698; 32.593 (Kouklia (Palaia Enkleistra)) [1]
Agios Nikolaos
Άγιος Νικόλαος
St. Nicholas
Galataria 34°52′37″N 32°37′55″E / 34.877°N 32.632°E / 34.877; 32.632 (Galataria (Agios Nikolaos)) [1]
Agios Theodosios
Άγιος Θεοδόσιος
St. Theodosius
Akhelia 34°44′17″N 32°29′10″E / 34.738°N 32.486°E / 34.738; 32.486 (Akhelia (Agios Theodosios)) [1]
Panagia Chryseleousa
Παναγία Χρυσελεούσα
Virgin Mary Chryseleousa
Emba 34°48′00″N 32°25′01″E / 34.800°N 32.417°E / 34.800; 32.417 (Emba (Panagia Chryseleousa)) [1]
Agios Kirykos
Άγιος Κήρυκος
St. Kirykos
Letymvou 34°51′18″N 32°30′47″E / 34.855°N 32.513°E / 34.855; 32.513 (Letymvou (Agios Kirykos)) [1]
Archangelos Michael
Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Archangel Michael
Kholi 34°58′44″N 32°26′42″E / 34.979°N 32.445°E / 34.979; 32.445 (Kholi (Archangelos Michael)) [1]
Agioi Apostoloi
Άγιοι Απόστολοι
Holy Apostles
Pera Chorio 35°00′47″N 33°23′35″E / 35.013°N 33.393°E / 35.013; 33.393 (Pera Chorio (Agioi Apostoloi)) [1]
Agios Demetrianos
Άγιος Δημητριανός
St. Demetrianus
Dali 35°00′47″N 33°23′35″E / 35.013°N 33.393°E / 35.013; 33.393 (Dali (Agios Demetrianos)) [33]
Agia Aikaterini
Αγία Αικατερίνη
St. Catherine
Pyrga ROYAL CHAPEL OF ST. CATHERINE AT PYRGA, CYPRUS.jpg INTERIOR OF THE ROYAL CHAPEL.jpg 34°55′35″N 33°25′49″E / 34.926405°N 33.430152°E / 34.926405; 33.430152 (Agia Aikaterini, Pyrga) [34]
Agia Marina
Αγία Μαρίνα
St. Marina
Pyrga 34°55′29″N 33°25′55″E / 34.924821°N 33.431826°E / 34.924821; 33.431826 (Agia Marina, Pyrga) [35]
Agios Antonios
Άγιος Αντώνιος
St. Anthony
Kellia 34°58′30″N 33°37′19″E / 34.975°N 33.622°E / 34.975; 33.622 (Kellia (Agios Antonios)) [36]
Agios Georgios
Άγιος Γεώργιος
St. George
Xylofagou 34°58′37″N 33°51′00″E / 34.977°N 33.850°E / 34.977; 33.850 (Xylofagou (Agios Georgios)) [1]
Agios Georgios tis Arperas
Άγιος Γεώργιος της Άρπερας
St. George of Arpera
Tersefanou 34°51′14″N 33°32′46″E / 34.854°N 33.546°E / 34.854; 33.546 (Tersefanou (Agios Georgios tis Arperas)) [1]
Archangelos Michael
Αρχάγγελος Μιχαήλ
Archangel Michael
Kato Lefkara 34°51′43″N 33°18′54″E / 34.862°N 33.315°E / 34.862; 33.315 (Lefkara (Archangelos Michael)) [37]
Agia Mavra
Αγία Μαύρα
St. Mavra
Kyrenia 35°20′20″N 33°19′16″E / 35.339°N 33.321°E / 35.339; 33.321 (Kyrenia (Agia Mavra)) [1]
Khrysokava
Χρυσοκάβα
Khrysokava
Kyrenia 35°20′20″N 33°19′16″E / 35.339°N 33.321°E / 35.339; 33.321 (Kyrenia (Khrysokava)) [38]
Agios Ioannis Chrysostomos
Άγιος Ιωάννης Χρυσόστομος
St. John Chrysostom
Koutsovendis the wall paintings in the chapel of the Holy Trinity, dating to c. 1100, were documented and conserved by a team from Dumbarton Oaks under Cyril Mango in the 1960s; they have been whitewashed and covered in large sheets of paper since 1974[16] 35°16′27″N 33°25′06″E / 35.274108°N 33.418436°E / 35.274108; 33.418436 (Agios Ioannis Chrysostomos, Koutsovendis) [39]
Panagia Aphendrika
Παναγία Αφέντρικα
Our Lady of Aphendrika
Koutsovendis Afendrika pan.jpg 35°16′26″N 33°25′05″E / 35.274°N 33.418°E / 35.274; 33.418 (Koutsovendis (Panagia Aphendrika)) [1]
Antiphonitis
Χριστός Αντιφωνητής
Christ Antiphonitis
Kalograia Antiph ch 01.jpg some of the paintings, including most of the Tree of Jesse, were detached in the 1970s and have been found in the hands of private collectors[7] Antiph frescoes 01.jpg 35°19′38″N 33°37′08″E / 35.327101°N 33.618851°E / 35.327101; 33.618851 (Antiphonitis, Kalograia) [1]
Panagia Theotokos
Παναγία Θεοτόκος
Most Holy Mother of God
Trikomo 35°17′02″N 33°53′24″E / 35.284°N 33.890°E / 35.284; 33.890 (Trikomo (Panagia Theotokos)) [1]
Agios Evphemianos
Άγιος Ευφημιανός
St. Euphemianos
Lysi Lysi Chapel Side.JPG the detached thirteenth-century Pantrokrator was acquired for the Menil Collection and displayed at the Byzantine Fresco Chapel in Houston, Texas before its repatriation in 2012[7][8][9] Lysi-dome.jpg 35°05′09″N 33°39′53″E / 35.08575°N 33.664722°E / 35.08575; 33.664722 (Agios Evphemianos, Lysi) [1]
Agios Ioannis Evangelistis
Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Ευαγγελιστής
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist
Nicosia Saint Giannis Yiannis church Nicosia Republic of Cyprus.jpg Nicosia - Johannes-Kathedrale 4 Deckenmalerei.jpg 35°10′24″N 33°22′04″E / 35.173243°N 33.367833°E / 35.173243; 33.367833 (Agios Ioannis Evangelistis, Nicosia) [1]
Agios Sozomenos
Άγιος Σωζόμενος
St. Sozomenos
Potamia 35°02′31″N 33°26′42″E / 35.042°N 33.445°E / 35.042; 33.445 (Potamia (Agios Sozomenos)) [1]
Agios Andronikos
Αγίos Ανδρόνικοs
St. Andronicus
Polis Chrysochous 35°02′20″N 32°25′26″E / 35.039°N 32.424°E / 35.039; 32.424 (Polis Chrysochous (Agios Andronikos)) [40]
Agioi Barnabas kai Ilarion
Αγίοι Βαρνάβας και Ιλαρίων
Saints Barnabas and Hilarion
Peristerona 35°07′48″N 33°04′55″E / 35.130°N 33.082°E / 35.130; 33.082 (Peristerona (Barnabas kai Ilarion)) [41]
Panagia Pergaminiotissa
Παναγία Περγαμηνιώτισσα
Our Lady Pergaminiotissa
Akanthou 35°23′02″N 33°45′50″E / 35.384°N 33.764°E / 35.384; 33.764 (Akanthou (Panagia Pergaminiotissa)) [42]
Agios Photios
Άγιος Φώτιος
St. Photius
Yialousa 35°32′06″N 34°11′17″E / 35.535°N 34.188°E / 35.535; 34.188 (Yialousa (Agios Photios)) [43]
Agia Solomoni
Αγία Σολομωνή
St. Solomoni
Koma tou Yialou 35°25′23″N 34°07′30″E / 35.423°N 34.125°E / 35.423; 34.125 (Koma tou Yialou (Agia Solomoni)) [44]
Agios Nikolaos
Άγιος Νικόλαος
St. Nicholas
Koma tou Yialou 35°25′23″N 34°07′30″E / 35.423°N 34.125°E / 35.423; 34.125 (Koma tou Yialou (Agios Nikolaos)) [45]
Agia Mavri
Αγία Μαύρή
St. Mavra
Rizokarpaso 35°37′05″N 34°24′29″E / 35.618°N 34.408°E / 35.618; 34.408 (Rizokarpaso (Agia Mavri)) [46]
Agios Philon
Άγιος Φίλων
St. Philon
Rizokarpaso Ayios Filon 2.jpg 35°37′44″N 34°26′28″E / 35.629°N 34.441°E / 35.629; 34.441 (Rizokarpaso (Agios Philon)) [47]
Agios Prokopios
Άγιος Προκόπιος
St. Procopius
Sygkrasi 35°17′06″N 33°51′25″E / 35.285°N 33.857°E / 35.285; 33.857 (Sygkrasi (Agios Prokopios)) [48]
Panagia Avgasida
Παναγία Αυγασίδα
St. Augasida
Aloa 35°12′43″N 33°49′44″E / 35.212°N 33.829°E / 35.212; 33.829 (Aloa (Panagia Avgasida)) [49]
Panagia Apsinthiotissa
Παναγία Αψινθιώτισσα
Our Lady Apsinthiotissa
Sichari Apsin fm east.JPG some of the Byzantine wall paintings have been detached since 1974 and have since appeared on the antiquities market[7] 35°17′00″N 33°23′22″E / 35.283392°N 33.389425°E / 35.283392; 33.389425 (Panagia Apsinthiotissa, Sichari) [50]
Agios Georgios ton Hellenon
Άγιος Γεώργιος των Ελλήνων
St. George of the Greeks
Famagusta St. Georg der Griechen C 2.jpg 35°07′26″N 33°56′37″E / 35.123932°N 33.943575°E / 35.123932; 33.943575 (Agios Georgios ton Hellenon, Famagusta) [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Stylianou, Andreas; Stylianou, Judith A. (1997). The Painted Churches of Cyprus: Treasures of Byzantine Art (2 ed.). A. G. Leventis Foundation. ISBN 9963-560-30-X. 
  2. ^ a b c d der Parthog, Gwynneth (2006). Medieval Cyprus: A Guide to the Byzantine and Latin Monuments (2 ed.). Moufflon Publications. ISBN 9963-642-23-3. 
  3. ^ "Painted Churches in the Troodos Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Painted Churches in the Troodos Region: Evaluation". ICOMOS. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Demus, Otto (1947). Byzantine Mosaic Decoration: Aspects of Monumental Art in Byzantium. Kegan Paul. pp. 14–30. 
  6. ^ Jansen, Michael E. (2005). War and cultural heritage: Cyprus after the 1974 Turkish invasion. University of Minnesota Press. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Looting of Cultural Heritage". Department of Antiquities. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Weyl Carr, Annemarie (1991). A Byzantine Masterpiece Recovered: The Thirteenth-Century Murals of Lysi, Cyprus. Menil Collection. ISBN 978-0-292-78118-4. 
  9. ^ a b "The Repatriation of the Wall Paintings of the Church of Agios Euphemianos, Lysi". Department of Antiquities. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Solomidou-Ieronymidou, Marina; Rickerby, Stephen (2010). "The Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Wall Paintings of Cyprus: Conservation Practice in a Context of Continuing Religious Use, in: Conservation and the Eastern Mediterranean: Contributions to the 2010 IIC Congress". International Institute for Conservation. pp. 231–6. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "State of Conservation of World Heritage Properties in Europe: Painted Churches in the Troodos Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Brebbia, C. A. (et al.), ed. (2011). Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XII. WIT Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-84564-526-7. 
  13. ^ Winfield, David; Winfield, June (2000). The Church of the Panaghia tou Arakos at Lagoudhera, Cyprus: The Paintings and their Painterly Significance. Dumbarton Oaks. pp. 322–5. ISBN 978-0-884-02257-2. 
  14. ^ Nicolaïdès, Andréas (2006). "The Church of the Panaghia tou Arakos at Lagoudhera, Cyprus: The Paintings and their Painterly Significance (Review)". American Journal of Archaeology (Archaeological Institute of America) 110 (3): 1–2. doi:10.3764/ajaonline1103.nicolaides. 
  15. ^ Kakoulli, Ioanna; Fischer, Christian. "An innovative noninvasive and nondestructive multidisciplinary approach for the technical study of the Byzantine wall paintings in the Enkleistra of St. Neophytos in Paphos, Cyprus". Dumbarton Oaks. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  16. ^ Parani, Maria G. "The Monastery of St. Chrysostomos at Koutsovendis, Cyprus: The Wall-Paintings". Dumbarton Oaks. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 

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