List of palatines of Hungary

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This is a list of palatines of Hungary. A palatine (Hungarian: nádorispán or nádor; also: Croatian: ugarski palatin; German: Palatin; Slovak: nádvorný župan or nádvorný špán, later: palatín or nádvorník) was the highest-ranking dignitary in the Kingdom of Hungary after the King of Hungary from the kingdom's rise in the 11th century up to 1848/1918.

Age of Árpádian kings[edit]

Name Date King Note
Samuel Aba 1009–1038 Saint Stephen I king (1041–1044)
Zache around 1055 Andrew I mentioned in the founding charter of the abbey of Tihany
Radó around 1057 Andrew I
Ottó around 1066 Solomon from the kindred of Győr
Radván around 1067–1071 Solomon Bogátradvány kindred co-founder; son of Bogát; descendant of Hont-Pázmány kindred
Gyula 1075–1091 (?) Géza I, Saint Ladislaus (?)
Péter 1091 Saint Ladislaus
Gyula 1094 Saint Ladislaus
János 1108–1113 Coloman son of Uros
Fancsal 1131(?)–1138 Béla II son of Bozeta
Beloš 1146–1157 Géza II brother of Helena of Rascia; uncle of Géza II
Henrik 1162–1163 Stephen III from the kindred of Héder
Tamás 1163 Stephen IV from the kindred of Héder
Ampud 1165–1174 Stephen III, Béla III
Farkas 1177(?)–1183 Béla III from the kindred of Bikács
Dénes 1184 Béla III
Tamás 1185–1186 Béla III
Mog 1192–1193, 1198–1199, 1206 Béla III, Emeric, Andrew II
Ézsau 1197–1198 Emeric
Mika 1199–1201 Emeric from the kindred of Ják
Benedek 1202–1204 Emeric
Miklós 1205 Ladislaus III
Csépán 1206–1209 Andrew II from the kindred of Bogath-Radvany, Ban of Slavonia (1206–1207)
Both or Poth (Hédervári) 1209–1212 Andrew II from the kindred of Győr
Bánk 1212–1213 Andrew II from the kindred of Bór-Kalán
Miklós 1213–1214, 1219–1222, 1226 Andrew II from the kindred of Szák
Gyula 1215–1217, 1222–1226 Andrew II from the kindred of Kán
Tódor 1222 Andrew II from the kindred of Csanád
Dénes 1227–1229, 1231–1234 Andrew II son of Ampod
Mojs 1229–1230 Andrew II son of Ampod
Dénes 1235–1241 Béla IV from the kindred of Tomaj; died at the Battle of Mohi
Arnold 1242 Béla IV from the kindred of Buzád-Hahót
László 1242–1245 Béla IV from the kindred of Kán
Dénes 1245–1246, 1248 Béla IV from the kindred of Türje
István 1246–1248 Béla IV from the kindred of Gut-Keled; Duke of Slavonia (1248–1259)
Lóránd 1248–1261, 1272–1273, 1274–1275 Béla IV, Stephen IV, Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Rátót
Kőszegi Henrik 1261–1267 Béla IV from the kindred of Héder
Dénes 1263, 1273–1274, 1277–1278 Béla IV, Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Pécz; palatine of Stephen V, the "younger king" (1263)
Domonkos 1266 Béla IV from the kindred of Csák, palatine of Stephen V, the "younger king"
Benedek 1268 Béla IV son of Tombold, palatine of Stephen V, the "younger king"
Lőrinc 1267–1270, 1272, 1273 Béla IV, Stephen V, Ladislaus IV son of Kemény
Mojs 1270–1272 Stephen V brothers-in-law
Miklós Kőszegi 1275, 1276–1277, 1284–1286, 1289–1290, 1291, 1293–1295 Ladislaus IV, Andrew III from the kindred of Héder, "Transdanubian palatine" (1289–1290)
Péter 1275–1276, 1277, 1278 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Csák
Máté 1278–1280, 1282–1283 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Csák
Finta 1280–1281 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Aba
Iván Kőszegi 1281–1282, 1287–1288 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Héder
Makján 1286–1287 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Aba
Amadé 1288–1289, 1290–1291, 1293, 1295–1296, 1297–1298, 1299–1301 Ladislaus IV, Andrew III from the kindred of Aba
Rénold 1289–1290 Ladislaus IV from the kindred of Basztély, "Cisdanubian palatine"
Mizse 1290 Ladislaus IV "Cisdanubian palatine"
Mihály 1291–1293 Andrew III from the kindred of Szente-Mágócs
Máté 1296–1297 Andrew III from the kindred of Csák
Apor 1298–1299 Andrew III from the kindred of Pécz; "Transdanubian palatine"
Lóránd 1298–1299 Andrew III from the kindred of Rátót; "Cisdanubian palatine"

1301–1310[edit]

Name Date King Note
Máté 1301–1310 Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Otto of Bavaria, Charles Robert I from the kindred of Csák
Kőszegi Iván 1301–1308 Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Otto of Bavaria, Charles Robert I from the kindred of Aba
Amadé 1303–1310 Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Otto of Bavaria, Charles Robert I from the kindred of Aba
István 1303–1307 Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Otto of Bavaria from the kindred of Ákos
Lóránd 1303–1307 Wenceslaus of Bohemia, Otto of Bavaria from the kindred of Rátót
Apor 1304 Wenceslaus of Bohemia from the kindred of Pécz
James Borsa 1305–1310 Otto of Bavaria, Charles Robert I from the kindred of Borsa

Anjou Age[edit]

Name Date King Note
Kopasz Jakab 1310–1314 Charles Robert I from the kindred of Borsa
Domonkos 1314–1320 Charles Robert I from the kindred of Rátót; ancestor of the Pásztói family
Dózsa Debreceni 1322 Charles Robert I
Fülöp Drugeth 1322–1327 Charles Robert I Drugeth family
János Drugeth 1328–1333 Charles Robert I brother of Fülöp Drugeth
Vilmos Drugeth 1333–1342 Charles Robert I son of János Drugeth
Miklós Zsámboki 1342–1356 Louis I the Great Gilétfi
Miklós Kont 1356–1367 Louis I the Great ancestor of the House of Ilok
László Oppelni 1367–1372 Louis I the Great Duke of Opole
Imre I Lackfi 1372–1375 Louis I the Great Lackfi de Simontornya
Miklós V Garai 1375–1385 Louis I the Great
from 1382: Mary I
Regent of Hungary 1382-85 & March to July 25 1386.
Miklós VI Szécsi 1385–1386 Mary I founder of the Felsőlindva branch

Age of kings of different houses[edit]

Name Date King Note
István V Lackfi 1387–1392 Mary I Lackfi de Csáktornya
Leusták Jolsvai 1392–1397 Mary I; Sigismund from the kindred of Rátót
Detre Bebek 1397–1402 Sigismund son of György Bebek, king's chamberlain
Miklós VII Garai 1402–1433 Sigismund son of Miklós V Garai
Máté III Pálóczy 1435–1437 Sigismund
Lőrinc II Hédervári 1437–1447 Albert; Vladislaus I
László III Garai 1447–1458 Ladislaus V son of Miklós VII Garai
Michael Ország 1458–1484 Matthias Corvinus
Emeric Zápolya 1486–1487 Matthias Corvinus
Stephen Zápolya 1492–1499 Vladislaus II brother of Imre II, father of King John I
Péter III Geréb 1500–1503 Vladislaus II Vingárti
Imre III Perényi 1504–1519 Vladislaus II; Louis II prince (1517)
István VII Báthory 1519–1523 Louis II
István VII Báthory 1524–1525 Louis II
István VIII Werbőczy 1525–1526 Louis II
István VII Báthory 1526–1530 János Szapolyai; Ferdinand I third time; de facto ruler of Hungary (29 August  – 10 November 1526)

Age of Ottoman wars[edit]

Name Date King Note
János IV Bánffy 1530–1534 John I Alsólindvai; Palatine for John I
Governor
Lodovico Gritti (1530–1534)
none 1530–1554 Ferdinand I (1530–1554)
John I, from 1540: John II Sigismund Zápolya (1534–1554)
Ferdinand I:
Royal Governors
Elek Thurzó (1532–1542)
Pál Várdai (1542–1549)
Ferenc Újlaky (1550–1554)
Palatinal Governor (judicial function)
Ferenc Révay (1542–1553)
Tamás III Nádasdy 1554–1562 John II Sigismund Zápolya, until 1556–59: Queen Isabella
Ferdinand I
Palatine and Royal Governor for Ferdinand I
none 1562–1608 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor,
from 1564: Maximilian, from 1576: Rudolf I
Royal Governors
Miklós Oláh (1562–1568)
Pál Bornemissza (1568–1572)
Antal Verancsics (1572–1573)
István Radéczy (1573–1586)
György Draskovich (1586–1587)
István Fejérkövy (1587–1596)
János Kutassy (1597–1601)
Márton Pethe (1602–1605)
Ferenc Forgách (1607–1608)
Palatinal Governors (judicial function)
Mihály Mérey (1562–1572)
Imre Czobor (1572–1581)
Miklós Istvánffy (1582–1608)
István IX Illésházy 1608–1609 Matthias II
György Thurzó 1609–1616 Matthias II
Zsigmond Forgách 1618–1621 Matthias II,
from 1619: Ferdinand II
Szaniszló Thurzó 1622–1625 Ferdinand II
Miklós VIII Esterházy 1625–1645 Ferdinand II,
from 1637: Ferdinand III
János V Draskovich 1646–1648 Ferdinand III Croatian: Ivan III Drašković
Pál III Pálffy 1649–1654 Ferdinand III
Ferenc Wesselényi 1655–1667 Ferdinand III,
from 1657: Leopold I
none 1667–1681 Leopold I Royal Governors
Ferenc Nádasdy (1667–1670)
György Szelepcsényi (1670–1681)

In the Habsburg monarchy[edit]

Name Date King Note
Pál IV Esterházy 1681–1713 Leopold I, from 1705: Joseph I,
from 1711: Charles III
Miklós IX Pálffy 1714–1732 Charles III
none 1732–1741 Charles III,
from 1740: Maria Theresa
Royal Governor
Francis III, Duke of Lorraine
János VI Pálffy 1741–1751 Maria Theresa
Lajos Batthyány 1751–1765 Maria Theresa
none 1765–1790 Maria Theresa,
from 1780: Joseph II
Royal Governor
Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (1765–1781)
Sándor Lipót 1790–1795 Leopold II,
from 1792: Francis I
Habsburg-Lorraine
József 1796–1847 Francis I,
from 1835: Ferdinand V
Habsburg-Lorraine
István 1847–1848 Ferdinand V,
from 1848: Franz Joseph I
Habsburg-Lorraine

See also[edit]