List of parasitic organisms

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This is an incomplete list of organisms that are true parasites upon other organisms. For information on parasitoids, see main article: Parasitoid.

Endoparasites[edit]

(endo = within; parasites that live inside their hosts)

Plants[edit]

Parasitic worms[edit]

These can be categorized into three groups; cestodes, nematodes and trematodes. Examples include:

Protozoans[edit]

Fungi[edit]

Ectoparasites[edit]

(ecto = outside; parasites that live on but not within their hosts, for example, attached to their skin)

Arthropoda[edit]

Annelids[edit]

Mollusks[edit]

Chordates[edit]

  • Cookiecutter shark
  • Candiru (vampire fish of Brazil, a facultative parasite)
  • Lampreys
  • Hood Mockingbird
  • Oxpeckers - Although oxpeckers mainly eat other parasites that feed on large mammals, oxpeckers have been observed to open new wounds and enhance existing ones in order to drink the blood of their perches. Oxpeckers also feed on the earwax and dandruffs of mammals, although less is known about the benefits of this to the mammal, it is suspected that this is also a parasitic behaviour. Some oxpecker hosts are intolerant of their presence. Elephants and some antelope will actively dislodge the oxpeckers when they land.
  • Snubnosed eel
  • Vampire bat
  • Vampire Finch

References[edit]