List of parson-naturalists
Parson-naturalists were priests who also practised as naturalists. The archetypical parson-naturalist was an English parson, a priest in charge of a country parish, who saw the study of science (especially natural history) as an extension of his religious work. The philosophy entailed the belief that God, as the Creator of all things, wanted man to understand his Creations and thus to study them through scientific techniques. They often collected and preserved natural artifacts such as leaves, flowers, birds' eggs, birds, insects, and small mammals to classify and study. Some wrote books or kept nature diaries.
|Turner, William ||1508?–1568||Dean of Wells Cathedral||Herbalism
Libellus de Re Herbaria
|White, Gilbert||1720–1793||Curate of Selborne, Hampshire
|Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne||
|Ray, John||1627–1705||Father of English natural history;
|Derham, William||1657–1735||Physico-Theology, (Natural theology)||Estimated speed of sound
Astronomy, listed nebulae
|Flora Scotica (1789)|
|Henslow, John Stevens||1796–1861||Botanist, Geologist||Mentor and friend of his pupil Charles Darwin|
|Jenyns, Leonard||1800–1893||Priest, founder of Bath Natural History
and Antiquarian Field Club
|Phenology and meteorology observations|
|Tristram, Henry Baker||1822–1906||Biblical scholar, Ornithologist||Early acceptance of Darwinism,
tried to reconcile it with creation
|Wood, John George||1827–1889||Natural history populariser and lecturer||Common Objects of the Country|
|Dallinger, William||1839–1909||Methodist minister, microbiology||Research on monads
Opposition to spontaneous generation
|Cowper, Spencer||1713–1774||Dean of Durham 1746–1774||Meteorology|
|Morris, Francis Orpen||1810–1893||Irascible Irish clergyman
Hated Darwinism, fox-hunting
bird conservation law
|History of British Birds
A Bible Natural History
Records of Animal Sagacity and Character
Dogs and Their Doings
- Armstrong, 2000.
- Raven, Charles E. 1947. English naturalists from Neckam to Ray: a study of the making of the modern world. Cambridge. p38
- Newton, Alfred (1900). "White, Gilbert". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 61. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- "Biography: John Ray". UCMP Berkeley. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Mabey, Richard (1986). Gilbert White. A biography of the author of The Natural History of Selborne. Century Hutchinson. p. 11.
- Boulger, George Simonds. DNB, 1885-1900, Volume 33: Lightfoot, John
- Jenyns, Leonard (1862). Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow. John Van Voorst.
- "The Life of Jenyns".
- Armstrong, 2000. p. 6
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wood, John George". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Haas, J. W., Jr (January 2000). "The Reverend Dr William Henry Dallinger, F.R.S. (1839-1909)". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 54 (1): 53–65.
- Kenworthy, Joan M; McCollum, Margaret S (March 2009). "A Contribution to Meteorology by Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham 1746-74". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 63 (1): 57–80.
- Armstrong, Patrick (2000). The English Parson-naturalist: A Companionship Between Science and Religion. Gracewing Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85244-516-7.