List of parties to international patent treaties

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This is a list of parties to international patent treaties which are open to all states.

Paris
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, Paris, 1883-03-20, came into force 1884-07-07[1]
PCT
Patent Cooperation Treaty, Washington, 1970-06-19, came into force 1978-01-24[2]
Budapest
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, Budapest, 1977-04-28, came into force 1980-08-19[3]
TRIPS
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Marrakech, 1994-04-15, came into force 1995-01-01[4]
PLT
Patent Law Treaty, Geneva, 2000-06-01, came into force 2005-04-28[5]

The list below was taken from details supplied by WIPO and the WTO. Dates quoted are the date on which the treaty came into effect for a given country.

Country Paris PCT Budapest TRIPS PLT
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Albania Albania 1995-10-04 1995-10-04 2003-09-19 2000-09-08 2010-05-17
Algeria Algeria 1966-03-01 2000-03-08
Andorra Andorra 2004-06-02
Angola Angola 2007-12-27 2007-12-27 1996-11-23
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 2000-03-17 2000-03-17 1995-01-01
Argentina Argentina 1967-02-10 1995-01-01
Armenia Armenia 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2005-03-06 2003-02-05 2013-09-17
Australia Australia 1925-10-10 1980-03-31 1987-07-07 1995-01-01 2009-03-16
Austria Austria 1909-01-01[a] 1979-04-23 1984-04-26 1995-01-01
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 1995-12-25 1995-12-25 2003-10-14
The Bahamas Bahamas 1973-07-10
Bahrain Bahrain 1997-10-29 2007-03-18 2012-11-20 1995-01-01 2005-12-15
Bangladesh Bangladesh 1991-03-03 1995-01-01
Barbados Barbados 1985-03-12 1985-03-12 1995-01-01
Belarus Belarus 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2001-10-19
Belgium Belgium 1884-07-07 1981-12-14 1983-12-15 1995-01-01
Belize Belize 2000-06-17 2000-06-17 1995-01-01
Benin Benin 1967-01-10 1987-02-26 1996-02-22
Bhutan Bhutan 2000-08-04
Bolivia Bolivia 1993-11-04 1995-09-12
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-03-01 1996-09-07 2009-01-27
Botswana Botswana 1998-04-15 2003-10-30 1995-05-31
Brazil Brazil 1884-07-07 1978-04-09 1995-01-01
Brunei Brunei 2012-02-17 2012-07-24 2012-07-24 1995-01-01
Bulgaria Bulgaria 1921-06-13 1984-05-21 1980-08-19 1996-12-01
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 1963-11-19 1989-03-21 1995-06-03
Burundi Burundi 1977-09-03 1995-07-23
Cambodia Cambodia 1998-09-22 2004-10-13
Cameroon Cameroon 1964-05-10 1978-01-24 1995-12-13
Canada Canada 1925-06-12 1990-01-02 1996-09-21 1995-01-01
Cape Verde Cape Verde 2008-07-23
Central African Republic Central African Republic 1963-11-19 1978-91-24 1995-05-31
Chad Chad 1963-11-19 1978-01-24 1996-10-19
Chile Chile 1991-06-14 2009-06-02 2011-08-05 1995-01-01
China China 1985-03-19 1994-01-01 1995-07-01 2001-12-11
Colombia Colombia 1996-09-03 2001-02-28 1995-04-30
Comoros Comoros 2005-04-03 2005-04-03
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic 1975-01-31 1997-01-01
Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic 1963-09-02 1978-01-24 1997-03-27
Costa Rica Costa Rica 1995-10-31 1999-08-03 2008-09-30 1995-01-01
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire 1963-10-23 1991-04-30 1995-01-01
Croatia Croatia 1991-10-08 1998-07-01 2000-02-25 2000-11-30 2005-04-28
Cuba Cuba 1904-11-17 1996-07-16 1994-02-19 1995-04-20
Cyprus Cyprus 1966-01-17 1998-04-01 1995-07-30
Czech Republic Czech Republic 1993-01-01 1993-01-01 1993-01-01 1995-01-01
Denmark Denmark 1894-10-01 1978-12-01 1985-07-01 1995-01-01 2005-04-28
Djibouti Djibouti 2002-05-13 1995-05-31
Dominica Dominica 1999-08-07 1999-08-07 1995-01-01
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 1890-07-11 2007-05-28 2007-07-03 1995-03-09
Ecuador Ecuador 1999-06-22 2001-05-07 1996-01-21
Egypt Egypt 1951-07-01 2003-09-06 1995-06-30
El Salvador El Salvador 1994-02-19 2006-08-17 2006-08-17 1995-05-07
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 1997-06-26 2001-07-17
Eritrea Eritrea
Ethiopia Ethiopia
Estonia Estonia 1994-08-24[b] 1994-08-24 1996-09-14 1999-11-13 2005-04-28
Europe European Union 1995-01-01
Fiji Fiji 1996-01-14
Finland Finland 1921-09-20 1980-10-01 1985-09-01 1995-01-01 2006-03-06
France France 1884-07-07 1978-02-25 1980-08-19 1995-01-01 2010-01-05
Gabon Gabon 1964-02-29 1978-01-24 1995-01-01
The Gambia Gambia 1992-01-21 1997-12-09 1996-10-23
Georgia (country) Georgia 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2005-09-30 2000-06-14
Germany Germany 1903-05-01 1978-01-24 1981-01-20 1995-01-01
Ghana Ghana 1976-09-28 1997-02-26 1995-01-01
Greece Greece 1924-09-28 1990-10-09 1993-10-30 1995-01-01
Grenada Grenada 1998-09-22 1998-09-22 1996-02-22
Guatemala Guatemala 1998-08-18 2006-10-14 2006-10-14 1995-07-21
Guinea Guinea 1982-02-05 1991-05-27 1995-10-25
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 1988-06-28 1997-12-12 1995-05-31
Guyana Guyana 1994-10-25 1995-01-01
Haiti Haiti 1958-07-01 1996-01-30
Honduras Honduras 1994-02-04 2006-06-20 2006-06-20 1995-01-01
Hong Kong Hong Kong, China 1997-07-01[c] 1997-07-01[c] 1995-01-01
Hungary Hungary 1909-01-01[a] 1980-06-27 1980-08-19 1995-01-01 2008-03-12
Iceland Iceland 1962-05-05 1995-03-23 1995-03-23 1995-01-01
India India 1998-12-07 1998-12-07 2001-12-17 1995-01-01
Indonesia Indonesia 1950-12-24 1997-09-05 1995-01-01
Iran Iran 1959-12-16 2013-10-04
Iraq Iraq 1976-12-24
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1925-12-04 1992-08-01 1999-12-15 1995-01-01 2012-05-27
Israel Israel 1950-03-24 1996-06-01 1996-04-26 1995-04-21
Italy Italy 1884-07-07 1985-03-28 1986-03-23 1995-01-01
Jamaica Jamaica 1999-12-24 1995-05-09
Japan Japan 1899-07-15 1978-10-01 1980-08-19 1995-01-01
Jordan Jordan 1972-07-17 2008-11-14 2000-04-11
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2002-04-24 2011-10-19
Kenya Kenya 1965-06-14 1994-06-08 1995-01-01
Kiribati Kiribati
Kuwait Kuwait 1995-01-01
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2003-05-17 1998-12-20 2005-04-28
Laos Laos 1998-10-08 2006-06-14 2013-02-02
Latvia Latvia 1993-09-07[d] 1993-09-07 1994-12-29 1999-02-10 2010-06-12
Lebanon Lebanon 1924-09-01
Lesotho Lesotho 1989-09-28 1995-10-21 1995-05-31
Liberia Liberia 1994-08-27 1994-08-27
Libya Libya 1976-09-28 2005-09-15
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 1933-07-14 1980-03-19 1981-08-19 1995-09-01 2009-12-18
Lithuania Lithuania 1994-05-22 1994-07-05 1998-05-09 2001-05-31 2012-02-03
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1922-06-30 1978-04-30 2010-07-29 1995-01-01
Macau Macau, China 1999-12-20[e] 1995-01-01
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 1991-09-08 1995-08-10 2002-08-30 2003-04-04 2010-04-22
Madagascar Madagascar 1963-12-21 1978-01-24 1995-11-17
Malawi Malawi 1964-07-06 1978-01-24 1995-05-31
Malaysia Malaysia 1989-01-01 2006-08-16 1995-01-01
Maldives Maldives 1995-05-31
Mali Mali 1983-03-01 1984-10-19 1995-05-31
Malta Malta 1967-10-20 2007-03-01 1995-01-01
Mauritania Mauritania 1965-04-11 1983-04-13 1995-05-31
Mauritius Mauritius 1976-09-24 1995-01-01
Mexico Mexico 1903-09-07 1995-01-01 2001-03-21 1995-01-01
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia
Moldova Moldova 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2001-07-26 2005-04-28
Monaco Monaco 1956-04-29 1979-06-22 1999-01-23
Mongolia Mongolia 1985-04-21 1991-05-27 1997-01-29
Montenegro Montenegro 2006-06-03 2006-06-03 2006-06-03 2012-04-29 2012-03-09
Morocco Morocco 1917-07-30 1999-10-08 2011-07-20 1995-01-01
Mozambique Mozambique 1998-07-09 2000-05-18 1995-08-26
Burma Myanmar 1995-01-01
Namibia Namibia 2004-01-01 2004-01-01 1995-01-01
Nauru Nauru
Nepal Nepal 2001-06-22 2004-04-23
Netherlands Netherlands 1884-07-07[f] 1979-07-10[f] 1987-07-02[f] 1995-01-01[f] 2010-10-27[g]
New Zealand New Zealand 1931-07-29[h] 1992-12-01 1995-01-01
Nicaragua Nicaragua 1996-07-03 2003-03-06 2006-08-10 1995-09-03
Niger Niger 1964-07-05 1993-03-21 1996-12-13
Nigeria Nigeria 1963-09-02 2005-05-08 1995-01-01 2005-04-28
North Korea Korea, Democratic People's Republic 1980-06-10 1980-07-08 2002-02-21
Norway Norway 1885-07-01 1980-01-01 1986-01-01 1995-01-01
Oman Oman 1999-07-14 2001-10-26 2007-10-16 2000-11-09 2007-10-16
Pakistan Pakistan 2004-07-22 1995-01-01
Palau Palau
Panama Panama 1996-10-19 2012-09-07 2012-09-07 1997-09-06
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 1999-06-15 2003-06-14 1996-06-09
Paraguay Paraguay 1994-05-28 1995-01-01
Peru Peru 1995-04-11 2009-06-06 2009-01-20 1995-01-01
Philippines Philippines 1965-09-27 2001-08-17 1981-10-21 1995-01-01
Poland Poland 1919-11-10 1990-12-25 1993-09-22 1995-07-01
Portugal Portugal 1884-07-07 1992-11-24 1997-10-16 1995-01-01
Qatar Qatar 2000-07-05 2011-08-03 1996-01-13
Romania Romania 1920-10-06 1979-07-23 1999-09-25 1995-01-01 2005-04-28
Russia Russian Federation 1965-07-01[i] 1978-03-29[i] 1981-04-22[i] 2012-08-22 2009-08-12
Rwanda Rwanda 1984-03-01 2011-08-31 1996-05-22
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis 1995-04-09 2005-10-27 1996-02-21
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 1995-06-09 1996-10-30 1995-01-01
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent & Grenadines 1995-08-29 2002-08-06 1995-01-01
Samoa Samoa 2013-09-21 2012-05-10
San Marino San Marino 1960-03-04 2004-12-14
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 1998-05-12 2008-07-03
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 2004-03-11 2013-08-03 2005-12-11 2013-08-03
Senegal Senegal 1963-12-21 1978-01-24 1995-01-01
Serbia Serbia 1992-04-27[j] 1997-01-02[j] 1994-02-25[j] 2010-10-20
Seychelles Seychelles 2002-11-07 2002-11-07
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 1997-06-17 1997-06-17 1995-07-23
Singapore Singapore 1995-02-23 1995-02-23 1995-02-23 1995-01-01
Slovakia Slovakia 1993-01-01 1993-01-01 1993-01-01 1995-01-01 2005-04-28
Slovenia Slovenia 1991-06-25 1994-03-01 1998-03-12 1995-07-30 2005-04-28
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 1996-07-26
Somalia Somalia
South Africa South Africa 1947-12-01 1999-03-16 1997-07-14 1995-01-01
South Korea Korea, Republic 1980-05-04 1984-08-10 1988-03-28 1995-01-01
South Sudan South Sudan
Spain Spain 1884-07-07 1989-11-16 1981-03-19 1995-01-01
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 1952-12-29 1982-02-26 1995-01-01
Sudan Sudan 1984-04-16 1984-04-16
Suriname Suriname 1975-11-25 1995-01-01
Swaziland Swaziland 1991-05-12 1994-09-20 1995-01-01
Sweden Sweden 1885-07-01 1978-05-17 1983-10-01 1995-01-01 2007-12-27
Switzerland Switzerland 1884-07-07 1978-01-24 1981-08-09 1995-07-01 2008-07-01
Syria Syria 1924-09-01 2003-06-26
Taiwan Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) 2002-01-01
Tajikistan Tajikistan 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2013-03-02
Tanzania Tanzania 1963-06-16 1999-09-14 1995-01-01
Thailand Thailand 2008-05-02 2009-09-24 1995-01-01
East Timor Timor Leste
Togo Togo 1967-09-10 1978-01-24 1995-05-31
Tonga Tonga 2001-06-14 2007-07-27
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1964-08-01 1994-03-10 1994-03-10 1995-03-01
Tunisia Tunisia 1884-07-07 2001-12-10 2004-05-23 1995-03-29
Turkey Turkey 1925-10-10 1996-01-01 1998-11-30 1995-03-26
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 1991-12-25 1991-12-25
Tuvalu Tuvalu
Uganda Uganda 1965-06-14 1995-02-09 1995-01-01
Ukraine Ukraine 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 1997-07-02 2008-05-16 2005-04-28
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1996-09-19 1999-03-10 1996-04-10
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1884-07-07[k] 1978-01-24[k] 1980-12-29 1995-01-01[k] 2006-03-22[k]
United States United States of America 1887-05-30 1978-01-24 1980-08-19 1995-01-01
Uruguay Uruguay 1967-03-18 1995-01-01
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1991-12-25 1991-12-25 2002-01-12 2006-07-19
Vanuatu Vanuatu 2012-08-24
Vatican City Holy See (Vatican City) 1960-09-29
Venezuela Venezuela 1995-09-12 1995-01-01
Vietnam Vietnam 1949-03-08 1993-03-10 2007-01-11
Yemen Yemen 2007-02-15
Zambia Zambia 1965-04-06 2001-11-15 1995-01-01
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1980-04-18 1997-06-11 1995-03-05
Notes
  1. ^ a b Ratification as Austria-Hungary
  2. ^ Estonia was a member of the Paris Convention from 1924-02-12. However, it lost its independence on 1940-08-06.
  3. ^ a b Ratification of China extended to Hong Kong
  4. ^ Latvia was a member of the Paris Convention from 1925-08-20. However, it lost its independence on 1940-07-21.
  5. ^ Ratification of China extended to Macao
  6. ^ a b c d Valid in all countries in the Kingdom: Aruba, Curaçao, Netherlands and Sint Maarten
  7. ^ Valid in all countries in the Kingdom, except Aruba
  8. ^ Extended to the Cook Islands, Niue and Tokelau
  9. ^ a b c Ratification as the Soviet Union
  10. ^ a b c Ratification as Serbia and Montenegro
  11. ^ a b c d Extended to the Isle of Man

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]