List of peaks by prominence

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This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.

Terminology[edit]

The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. The lowest point on that route is the col.

For full definitions and explanations of topographic prominence, key col, and parent, see topographic prominence. In particular, the different definitions of the parent of a peak are addressed at length in that article. Height on the other hand simply means elevation of the summit above sea level.

Regarding parents, the prominence parent of peak A can be found by dividing the island or region in question into territories, by tracing the runoff from the key col (mountain pass) of every peak that is more prominent than peak A. The parent is the peak whose territory peak A resides in.

The encirclement parent is found by tracing the contour below peak A's key col and picking the highest mountain in that region. This is easier to determine than the prominence parent; however, it tends to give non-intuitive results for peaks with very low cols such as Jabal Shams which is #110 in the list.

Note that either sort of parent of a typical very high-prominence peak such as Mount McKinley will lie far away from the peak itself, reflecting the independence of the peak.

In the table below, where a single parent is listed, the different definitions agree; where two are given, the prominence parent is marked "1", and the encirclement parent "²".

The 125 most prominent peaks[edit]

Of the 125 peaks listed in this section, China has the most: 16. Close behind it are Indonesia, with 13, and the United States with 12. In the Parent column, HP stands for 'highest point on' (an isolated landmass).

Nr. Peak Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col (m) Parent
1. Mount Everest    Nepal /
 People's Republic of China (Tibet)
8,848 8,848 0 none — HP Afro-Eurasia
2. Aconcagua  Argentina (Mendoza) 6,962 6,962 0 none — HP the Americas
3. Mount McKinley (Denali)*  United States (Alaska) 6,194 6,138 56 Aconcagua
4. Mount Kilimanjaro*  Tanzania 5,895 5,885 10 Everest
5. Pico Cristóbal Colón  Colombia (Magdalena) 5,700 5,509 191 Aconcagua
6. Mount Logan  Canada (Yukon) 5,959 5,250 709 Mount McKinley
7. Pico de Orizaba  Mexico (Veracruz-Puebla) 5,636 4,922 714 Mount Logan
8. Vinson Massif  Antarctica 4,892 4,892 0 none — HP Antarctica
9. Puncak Jaya  Indonesia (New Guinea) 4,884 4,884 0 none — HP New Guinea
10. Mount Elbrus  Russia 5,642 4,741 901 Everest
11. Mont Blanc/Monte Bianco  France /  Italy 4,808 4,695 113 Everest
12. Mount Damavand  Iran 5,610 4,667 943 Elbrus
13. Klyuchevskaya Sopka  Russia (Kamchatka) 4,750 4,649 101 Everest
14. Nanga Parbat  Pakistan 8,125 4,608 3517 Everest
15. Mauna Kea  United States (Hawaii) 4,205 4,205 0 none — HP Hawaii island
16. Jengish Chokusu  Kyrgyzstan /
 People's Republic of China
7,439 4,148 3291 Everest
17. Chimborazo  Ecuador 6,268 4,123 2145 Aconcagua
18. Bogda Peak  People's Republic of China 5,445 4,122 1323 Everest
19. Namjagbarwa  People's Republic of China (Tibet) 7,782 4,106 3676 Everest
20. Mount Kinabalu  Malaysia 4,095 4,095 0 none — HP Borneo
21. Mount Rainier  United States (Washington) 4,393 4,023 370 Orizaba1 / McKinley ²
22. K2  Pakistan /
 People's Republic of China
8,611 4,017 4594 Everest
23. Ras Dashen  Ethiopia 4,550 3,997 553 Kilimanjaro
24. Volcán Tajumulco  Guatemala 4,220 3,980 240 Orizaba1 / McKinley ²
25. Pico Bolívar (La Columna)  Venezuela 4,981 3,957 1024 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
26. Mount Fairweather  United States (Alaska) /
 Canada
4,671 3,955 722 Orizaba
27. Yushan (Jade Mountain)  Republic of China (Taiwan) 3,952 3,952 0 none — HP Taiwan
28. Mount Stanley  Democratic Republic of the Congo /
 Uganda
5,109 3,951 1158 Kilimanjaro
29. Kangchenjunga    Nepal /
 India
8,586 3,922 4664 Everest
30. Tirich Mir  Pakistan 7,708 3,908 3800 K21 / Everest²
31. Mount Cameroon  Cameroon 4,040 3,901 139 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro ²
32. Mount Kenya  Kenya 5,199 3,825 1374 Kilimanjaro
33. Mount Kerinci  Indonesia 3,805 3,805 0 none — HP Sumatra
34. Mount Erebus  Antarctica 3,794 3,794 0 none — HP Ross Island
35. Mount Fuji  Japan 3,776 3,776 0 none — HP Honshū
36. Toubkal  Morocco 4,167 3,757 410 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro ²
37. Cerro Chirripó  Costa Rica 3,820 3,727 93 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
38. Mount Rinjani  Indonesia 3,726 3,726 0 none — HP Lombok
39. Aoraki/Mount Cook  New Zealand 3,724 3,724 0 none — HP South Island
40. Teide  Spain 3,718 3,718 0 none — HP Tenerife
41. Finisterre Range HP  Papua New Guinea 4,150 3,709 441 Puncak Jaya
42. Monte San Valentin  Chile 4,058 3,696 362 Aconcagua
43. Gunnbjørn Fjeld  Greenland 3,694 3,694 0 none — HP Greenland
44. Ojos del Salado  Argentina /
 Chile
6,893 3,688 3205 Aconcagua
45. Semeru  Indonesia 3,676 3,676 0 none — HP Java
46. Ritacuba Blanco  Colombia 5,410 3,645 1765 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
47. Mount Gongga  People's Republic of China 7,556 3,642 3914 K21 / Everest²
48. Mount Ararat  Turkey 5,137 3,611 1526 Damavand
49. Kongur Tagh  People's Republic of China 7,649 3,585 4064 K21 / Everest²
50. Mount Blackburn  United States (Alaska) 4,996 3,535 1461 Mount Logan
51. Mount Hayes  United States (Alaska) 4,216 3,501 715 Mount McKinley
52. Mount Rantemario  Indonesia 3,478 3,478 0 none — HP Sulawesi
53. Mount Saint Elias  United States (Alaska) /
 Canada
5,489 3,448 2041 Mount Logan
54. Ismoil Somoni Peak  Tajikistan 7,495 3,402 4093 K21 / Everest²
55. Dhaulagiri    Nepal 8,167 3,357 4810 K2
56. Mercedario  Argentina 6,720 3,353 3367 Aconcagua
57. Lautaro  Chile 3,623 3,345 278 Aconcagua
58. Belukha Mountain  Kazakhstan /
 Russia
4,506 3,343 1163 K21 / Everest²
59. Mount Etna  Italy 3,323 3,323 0 none — HP Sicily
60. Monte San Lorenzo  Argentina /
 Chile
3,706 3,319 387 Aconcagua
61. Mount Karisimbi  Rwanda /
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
4,507 3,312 1195 Mount Stanley
62. Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb  Yemen 3,666 3,311 355 Mount Ararat1 / Everest²
63. Mount Waddington  Canada 4,019 3,289 730 Mount Fairweather
64. Mulhacén  Spain 3,479 3,285 194 Mont Blanc
65. Mount Slamet  Indonesia 3,428 3,284 144 Semeru
66. Sabalan  Iran 4,811 3,283 1528 Mount Ararat
67. Mount Marcus Baker  United States (Alaska) 4,016 3,269 747 Mount Hayes
68. Sauyr Zhotasy  Kazakhstan /
 People's Republic of China
3,840 3,252 588 Belukha Mountain1 / Everest²
69. Cerro del Bolsón  Argentina 5,552 3,252 2300 Salado1 / Aconcagua²
70. Tomort  People's Republic of China 4,886 3,243 1643 Bogda Feng
71. Jade Dragon Snow Mountain  People's Republic of China 5,596 3,202 2394 K21 / Everest²
72. Mount Meru  Tanzania 4,565 3,170 1395 Mount Kenya
73. Shiveluch  Russia (Kamchatka) 3,307 3,168 139 Klyuchevskaya
74. Nanda Devi  India 7,816 3,139 4677 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²
75. Ichinsky  Russia (Kamchatka) 3,607 3,125 482 Klyuchevskaya
76. Mount Lawu  Indonesia 3,265 3,118 147 Semeru
77. Batura Sar  Pakistan 7,795 3,118 4677 K2
78. Mount Siple  Antarctica 3,110 3,110 0 none — HP Siple Island
79. Pico Duarte  Dominican Republic 3,098 3,098 0 none — HP Hispaniola
80. Manaslu    Nepal 8,163 3,092 5071 Everest
81. Mount Whitney  United States (California) 4,418 3,073 1345 Orizaba
82. Piton des Neiges  France (Réunion) 3,069 3,069 0 none — HP Réunion
83. Raung  Indonesia 3,332 3,069 263 Semeru
84. Xuelian Feng  People's Republic of China 6,627 3,068 3559 Peak Jengish Chokusu
85. Haleakalā  United States (Hawaii) 3,055 3,055 0 none — HP Maui
86. Mount Lucania  Canada 5,226 3,046 2180 Mount Logan
87. Mount Agung  Indonesia 3,031 3,031 0 none — HP Bali
88. Mount Binaiya  Indonesia 3,027 3,027 0 none — HP Ceram
89. Popocatepetl  Mexico 5,400 3,020 2380 Orizaba
90. Pico Basilé  Equatorial Guinea 3,011 3,011 0 none — HP Bioco
91. Koryaksky  Russia (Kamchatka) 3,456 2,999 457 Klyuchevskaya
92. Gangkhar Puensum  Bhutan /
 People's Republic of China
7,570 2,995 4575 Kangchenjunga
93. Mount Stephenson  Antarctica 2,987 2,987 0 none — HP Alexander Island
94. Annapurna    Nepal 8,091 2,984 5107 Everest
95. Pik Talgar  Kazakhstan 4,979 2,982 1997 Peak Jengish Chokusu1 / Everest²
96. Mount Shasta  United States (California) 4,317 2,977 1340 Whitney1 / Orizaba ²
97. Pico do Ramelau or Mount Ramelau  Timor-Leste 2,963 2,963 0 none — HP Timor
98. Mount Apo  Philippines 2,954 2,954 0 none — HP Mindanao
99. Gyala Peri  People's Republic of China (Tibet) 7,294 2,942 4352 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²
100. Mount Leuser  Indonesia 3,466 2,941 525 Mount Kerinci
101. Mount Paget  United Kingdom (South Georgia) 2,934 2,934 0 none — HP South Georgia
102. Chakragil  People's Republic of China 6,760 2,934 3826 Gongga Shan1 / Everest²
103. Emi Koussi  Chad 3,445 2,934 511 Karisimbi1 / Kilimanjaro²
104. Monarch Mountain  Canada 3,555 2,930 625 Waddington1 / McKinley²
105. Mount Suckling  Papua New Guinea 3,676 2,925 751 Puncak Jaya
106. Mount Pulag  Philippines 2,922 2,922 0 none — HP Luzon
107. Mount Wilhelm  Papua New Guinea 4,509 2,922 1587 Puncak Jaya
108. El Mela  Argentina 4,150 2,907 1243 Salado1 / Aconcagua²
109. Kuh-e Taftan  Iran 3,941 2,901 1040 Sabalan
110. Jabal Shams  Oman 3,019 2,899 120 Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb1 / Everest²
111. Shishapangma  People's Republic of China 8,027 2,897 5130 Annapurna I
112. Pico da Neblina  Brazil 2,994 2,886 108 Ritacuba Blanco1 / Aconcagua²
113. Saramati  India /
 Burma
3,826 2,885 941 Dhaulagiri1 / Everest²
114. Maromokotro  Madagascar 2,876 2,876 0 none — HP Madagascar
115. Mount Shishaldin  United States (Alaska) 2,869 2,869 0 none — HP Unimak
116. Moncong Lompotabang  Indonesia 2,874 2,857 17 Mount Rantemario
117. Buni Zom  Pakistan 6,542 2,845 3697 K21 / Everest²
118. Kuh-e Bandaka  Afghanistan 6,812 2,834 3978 Tirich Mir
119. Mount Robson  Canada (British Columbia) 3,959 2,829 1130 Whitney1 /Orizaba²
120. Mount Fogo  Cape Verde 2,829 2,829 0 none — HP Fogo
121. Kamet  India 7,756 2,825 4931 Nanda Devi
122. Rakaposhi  Pakistan 7,788 2,818 4970 K2
123. Aneto  Spain 3,404 2,812 608 Mulhacén
124. Arjuno-Welirang  Indonesia 3,339 2,812 527 Semeru
125. Jiuding Shan  People's Republic of China 4,969 2,808 2161 K21 / Everest²

Additional peaks[edit]

The list of peaks that follow is not complete, but the peaks are all notable. Note that island high points (whose prominence is equal to their elevation) can be found at the List of islands by highest point; hence most are not included below. Some well-known peaks listed here do not score highly by prominence.

All peaks with a prominence of more than 1,500 metres rank as an Ultra. For a complete listing of all 1,524 peaks with prominence greater than this level, see the lists of Ultras.

Peak Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col (m) Parent
Mount Ruapehu  New Zealand (North Island) 2,797 2,797 0 none — HP North Island, New Zealand
Huascarán  Peru 6,746 2,776 3,970 Ojos del Salado
Mount Elbert  United States (Colorado) 4,401 2,772 1,629 Mount Whitney
Pic de la Selle  Haiti 2,680 2,650 30 Pico Duarte
San Jacinto Peak  United States (California) 3,302 2,533 982 Mount Whitney
San Gorgonio Mountain  United States (California) 3,506 2,528 978 Olancha
Qurnat as Sawda'  Lebanon 3,088 2,393 695 Jabal an-Nabi Shu'ayb
Mount Sidley  Antarctica 4,285 2,517 1,768 Mount Vinson
Anamudi  India 2,695 2,479 216 ??
Corno Grande  Italy 2,912 2,476 436 Mont Blanc
Musala  Bulgaria 2,925 2,473 452 Mont Blanc
Vihren  Bulgaria 2,914 2,462 452 Mont Blanc
Mount Bazardüzü  Azerbaijan /
 Russia
4,466 2,454 2012
Illimani  Bolivia 6,438 2,451 3,987 Ojos del Salado
Großglockner  Austria 3,798 2,423 1,375 Mont Blanc
Galdhøpiggen  Norway 2,469 2,372 97 Sauyr Zhotasy¹ / Everest²
Mount Olympos  Greece 2,919 2,355 564 Großglockner¹ / Mont Blanc²
Gerlachovský štít  Slovakia 2,655 2,355 300 Mont Blanc
Mount Hood  United States (Oregon) 3,426 2,349 1,077 Mount Shasta
Finsteraarhorn   Switzerland 4,274 2,280 1,994 Mont Blanc
Mont Orohena  France (Tahiti) 2,241 2,241 0 none — HP Tahiti
Piz Bernina   Switzerland 4,049 2,234 1,815 Finsteraarhorn
Mount Kosciuszko  Australia 2,228 2,228 0 none — HP mainland Australia
Monte Rosa   Switzerland 4,634 2,165 2,469 Mont Blanc
Hvannadalshnúkur  Iceland 2,110 2,110 0 none — HP Iceland
Triglav  Slovenia 2,864 2,052 812 Marmolada¹ / Mont Blanc²
Moldoveanu Peak  Romania 2,544 2,046 498 Gerlachovský štít
Mount Olympus  Cyprus 1,952 1,952 0 none — HP Cyprus
Mount Washington  United States (New Hampshire) 1,917 1,874 43 Gannett Peak¹ / Aconcagua²
Hermon  Lebanon /
 Syria
2,814 1,804 1010 Qurnat as Sawda', HP Lebanon
Zugspitze  Germany /
 Austria
2,962 1,746 1,216 Piz Bernina1 / Mont Blanc²
Dunn Peak  Canada (British Columbia) 2,636 1,531 1,105 ???
Morne Diablotins  Dominica 1,447 1,447 0 none — HP Dominica
Mount Pelée  France (Martinique) 1,397 1,397 0 none — HP Martinique
Ben Nevis  United Kingdom (Scotland) 1,344 1,344 0 none — HP Great Britain
Kailash  China (Tibet) 6,638 1,319 5,319 Lunpo Gangri
Pica d'Estats  Spain  /
 France
3,143 1,277 1,866 Aneto
Machhapuchhare    Nepal 6,993 1,233 5,760 Annapurna I
Carrauntoohil  Ireland 1,038 1,038 0 none — HP Ireland
Matterhorn   Switzerland /
 Italy
4,478 1,031 3,447 Weisshorn (4,507 m)
Kholeno  Iran 4,387 967 3,420 Mount Damavand (5,610 m)
Eiger   Switzerland 3,970 356 3,614 Mönch (4,099 m)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

‡.^ Since Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth, its measure of prominence is ill-defined by any usefully concise definition of prominence, that is without noting its special case. Therefore, by convention and consistent with other landmass high points, Mount Everest's prominence is given as being equal to its elevation above mean sea level.

*.^ By convention, cols created by human activity are not counted. Therefore, the Suez, Panama and other canals are ignored in these calculations. Cuts that lower the natural elevations of mountain passes are also ignored.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]