List of pen names

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This is a list of pen names used by notable authors of written work.

A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. A pen name may be used to make the author's name more distinctive, to disguise his or her gender, to distance an author from some or all of his or her other works, to protect the author from retribution for his or her writings, to combine more than one author into a single author, or for any of a number of reasons related to the marketing or aesthetic presentation of the work. The author's name may be known only to the publisher, or may come to be common knowledge.

Pen name Real name Details
A.A. Fair Erle Stanley Gardner One of several that he used
Aapeli Simo Puupponen 20th-century Finnish writer and chatty articler
Aaron Wolfe Dean Koontz
Abigail Van Buren Pauline Phillips and
Jeanne Phillips
Mother and daughter advice columnists for Dear Abby
Abram Tertz Andrei Sinyavsky
Abu Nuwas Hasin ibn Hani al Hakami 8th-century Arabic language poet (Persia)
Acton Bell Anne Brontë
Æ George William Russell Irish poet and theosophist (1867 - 1935)
Alan Gould Victor Canning
Alan Smithee various Pen name used by American film directors under certain circumstances
Alberto Moravia Alberto Pincherle
Alcofribas Nasier François Rabelais
Alex Kava Sharon M. Kava American author of psychological suspense novels.
Alexander Kent Douglas Reeman
Algoth Tietäväinen Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
Alice Addertongue Benjamin Franklin
Amanda Cross Carolyn Gold Heilbrun 20th-century American mystery writer
Amanda Quick Jayne Ann Krentz
Anatole France Jacques Anatole François Thibault 20th-century French author
Andrej Zivor Andrej Tisma
Andrew MacDonald William Luther Pierce
Ann Landers Eppie Lederer Advice columnist for Ask Ann Landers
Anne Chaplet Cora Stephan 20th-century German crime novelist and journalist
Anne Knish Arthur Davison Ficke Co-author of Spectra: A Book of Poetic Experiments
Anne Perry Juliet Marion Hulme
Anne Rice Howard Allen Frances O'Brien Other aliases: Anne Rampling and A.N. Roquelaure
Anonymous Joe Klein Used while writing the novel Primary Colors
Anthony Afterwit Benjamin Franklin
Anthony Boucher William Anthony Parker White American science fiction editor and writer of mystery novels and short stories
Anthony Burgess John Anthony Burgess Wilson 20th-century British writer
Anthony Gilbert Lucy Beatrice Malleson British author of the Arthur Crook crime fiction novels
Anthony North Dean Koontz
Antosha Chekhonte Anton Chekhov 19th-century Russian physician and author, who also used the pseudonyms "Man Without a Spleen" and "My Brother's Brother"[1]
Arkon Daraul Idries Shah
Artemus Ward Charles Farrar Browne 19th-century American humor writer
Ayn Rand Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum 20th-century fiction writer and creator of the philosophy Objectivism
Azorín José Martínez Ruiz
B. Traven unknown 20th-century novelist, aka Bruno Traven
Ba Jin Li Yaotang 20th-century Chinese writer
Banaphul Balāi Chānd Mukhopādhyāy Bengali author, playwright and poet
Barbara Michaels Barbara Mertz
Barbara Vine Ruth Rendell 21st-century British author who writes a subset of her work under this pseudonym
Bartholomew Gill Mark C. McGarrity American crime fiction novelist and newspaper feature writer, wrote 22 novels under pseudonym (Peter McGarr series), wrote under real name for six books (5 novels, 1 non-fiction) and for feature writing on nature and outdoor recreation topics for The Star-Ledger
BB Denys Watkins-Pitchford 20th-century illustrator and children's book author
Beachcomber J. B. Morton and D. B. Wyndham Lewis Used for the surrealist humorous column By the Way in the Daily Express
Benevolus Benjamin Franklin
Berrintho Robert Roberthin 17th-century German poet
Blaise Cendrars Frédéric Louis Sauser
Bob Hart Al Trace
Boris Akunin Grigory Shalvovich Chkhartishvili
Boz Charles Dickens 19th-century British novelist
Boz Raymond "Boz" Burrell
Branislav Nušić Alkibijad Nuša
Brian Coffey Dean Koontz
Brynjolf Bjarme Henrik Ibsen
Busy Body Benjamin Franklin
C. S. Forester Cecil Smith 20th-century writer of the Captain Horatio Hornblower novels, The African Queen, and other novels
Caelia Shortface Benjamin Franklin
Cantinflas Fortino Mario Alfonso Moreno Reyes
Carr Dickson John Dickson Carr 20th-century author of detective stories
Carter Dickson John Dickson Carr 20th-century author of detective stories
Cassandra William Connor 20th-century left-wing journalist for The Daily Mirror
Cassandra Clare Judith Rumelt
Catherine Shaw Leila Schneps Author of mathematically themed classic murder mysteries
Chanakya Jawaharlal Nehru First Indian Prime Minister
Charles Moulton William Moulton Marston Creator of Wonder Woman comic book character
Charlotte Jay Geraldine Halls
Cherry Wilder Cherry Barbara Grimm
Cherubina de Gabriak Elisaveta Ivanovna Dmitrieva
Christopher Pike Kevin Christopher McFadden Prolific author of young-adult horror and sci-fi novels
Clem Watts Al Trace
Clive Hamilton C. S. Lewis Used when publishing Spirits in Bondage and Dymer
Cordwainer Smith Paul M. A. Linebarger 20th-century science fiction author
Currer Bell Charlotte Brontë
Curzio Malaparte Kurt Erich Suckert
Dan Crow Ernest Aris
Daniel Defoe Daniel Foe
Daniil Kharms Daniil Ivanovich Yuvachev
Danuta de Rhodes Dan Rhodes
David Agnew various Pen name used by BBC television drama screenwriters under certain circumstances
David Axton Dean Koontz
David Michaels Raymond Benson
Dazai Osamu Shuji Tsushima
Deanna Dwyer Dean Koontz
Diablo Cody Brook Busey Screenwriter
Diedrich Knickerbocker Washington Irving Early 19th-century U.S. writer
Dominique Aury Anne Desclos 20th-century French author and critic who wrote under this name for her early works
Douglas Spaulding Ray Bradbury
Dr. Seuss Theodor Seuss Geisel 20th-century American writer and cartoonist, best known for his children's books, aka Theo. LeSieg
E. L. James Erika Leonard, born Erika Mitchell Author of Fifty Shades of Grey
Eckhart Tolle Ulrich Leonard Tolle Author of The Power of Now
Ed McBain Evan Hunter, born as Salvatore A. Lombino
Edgar Box Gore Vidal
Edith Van Dyne L. Frank Baum
Edmond Dantès John Hughes 20th-century American screenwriter and director; used this name on later works
Edogawa Ranpo Tarō Hirai
Edward Charles Edward Charles Edmond Hemsted 20th-century British educator and author.
Edward Pygge Ian Hamilton, John Fuller, Clive James, Russell Davies
Edwin Caskoden Charles Major
Elia Charles Lamb The pen name Lamb used as a contributor to The London Magazine.
Elizabeth Peters Barbara Mertz
Ellery Queen Frederic Dannay and Manfred B. Lee 20th-century detective fiction
Ellis Bell Emily Brontë
Ellis Peters Edith Pargeter
Elsa Triolet Elsa Kagan
Elsie J. Oxenham Elsie Jeanette Dunkerley
Emanuel Morgan Witter Bynner Co-author of Spectra: A Book of Poetic Experiments
Émile Ajar Romain Gary French author; only author to win the Prix Goncourt twice, once under his real name, and once under his pen name
Emma Lathen Mary Jane Latsis and Martha Henissart An economist/lawyer team write humorous banking mysteries with global scope
Enna Duval Anne Hampton Brewster
Eric Iverson Harry Turtledove
Erich Maria Remarque Erich Paul Remark
Erin Hunter Kate Cary, Cherith Baldry, and Victoria Holmes Authors of the fantasy novel series Warriors
Euphrosyne Julia Nyberg
Fergie Stacy Ann Ferguson
Flann O'Brien Brian O'Nolan
Ford Madox Ford Ford Hermann Hueffer Early 20th-century English novelist and poet
Francis Bennett Edwin Keppel Bennett
Franklin W. Dixon Leslie McFarlane 20th-century Canadian writer was the first of a variety of different authors to use this pen name for The Hardy Boys novels
Françoise Sagan Françoise Quoirez
Gabriela Mistral Lucila Godoy Alcayaga Chilean poet, educator, diplomat, and feminist who was the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1945
Geoffrey Crayon Washington Irving Used when publishing The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.
George Eliot Mary Ann Evans 19th-century English novelist
George Groth Martin Gardner Criticized Gardner's The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener
George Orwell Eric Arthur Blair 20th-century British author and essayist
George Sand Amandine Lucie Aurore Dupin 19th-century French novelist and early feminist
Georges Courteline Georges Victor Marcel Moinaux
Gérard de Nerval Gérard Labrunie 19th-century French poet, essayist and translator
Gerald Wiley Ronnie Barker
Grace Greenwood Sara Jane Lippincott
Grant Naylor Rob Grant and Doug Naylor Late 20th-century creators of the science fiction-sitcom, Red Dwarf
Guillaume Apollinaire Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki 20th-century French poet, writer, and art critic
Gulzar Sampooran Singh Kalra Noted Indian poet, lyricist, director, and playwright, who works primarily in Hindi and Urdu languages
H.D. Hilda Doolittle 20th-century American imagist poet, novelist and memoirist
H.E. Sayeh Hushang Ebtehaj 20th-century Iranian poet (هوشنگ ابتهاج)
H.N. Turtletaub Harry Turtledove
Hajime Yatate various Pen name of Sunrise animation staff members
Hard Pan Geraldine Bonner
Harold Robbins Harold Rubin
Havank Hans van der Kallen
Henriett Seth F. Fajcsák Henrietta
Henry Handel Richardson Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson Early 20th-century Australian author
Henry Wade Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher, 6th Baronet British mystery writer (1887-1969)
Herblock Herbert Lawrence Block 20th-century political cartoonist
Hergé Georges Remi 20th-century Belgian cartoonist and creator of The Adventures of Tintin
Hugh Conway Frederick John Fargus
Ibn Warraq various Pen name has traditionally been adopted by dissident authors throughout the history of Islam, including a current writer from India
Iceberg Slim Robert Beck African American writer
Ilkka Remes Petri Pykälä 20th- and 21st-century Finnish writer
Ilya Ilf Ilya Arnoldovich Faynzilberg
Ion Barbu Dan Barbilian 20th-century Romanian poet and mathematician
Irmari Rantamala Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
Irwin Shaw Irwin Shamforoff
Isak Dinesen Karen Blixen 20th-century Danish author of Out of Africa and Babette's Feast
Italo Svevo Aron Ettore Schmitz
J. D. Robb Nora Roberts
J. I. Vatanen Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
J. K. Rowling Joanne Kathleen Rowling British author of the Harry Potter books.
Jack Kirby Jacob Kurtzberg Comic book pioneer
James Dillinger James Robert Baker
James Herriot James Alfred Wight 20th-century British writer
James Tiptree, Jr. Alice Bradley Sheldon 20th-century science fiction author
Jay Livingston Jacob Harold Levison
Jean Paul Johann Paul Friedrich Richter
Jean Plaidy Eleanor Hibbert
Jean Ray Raymundus Joannes de Kremer
Jeremy Bishop Jeremy Robinson
Jin Yong Louis Cha Leung-yung 20th-century Chinese-language novelist
Johann Joachim Sautscheck Roman Turovsky-Savchuk
John Beynon John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris
John Christopher Samuel Youd
John Hill Dean Koontz
John Lange Michael Crichton 20th-century science fiction author
John le Carré David John Moore Cornwell 20th-century British writer
John Sedges Pearl S. Buck Author of "The Townsman"
John Wyndham John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris Post-apocalyptic British science fiction writer
Jonathan Oldstyle Washington Irving Author of Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.
Joseph Conrad Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski 20th-century British author
Joseph Howard Paul Rudnick Screenwriting credit for Sister Act; he refused to have his real name associated with it
Josephine Tey Elizabeth Mackintosh 20th-century British writer, who also used the pseudonym "Gordon Daviot"
Juhani Tervapää Hella Wuolijoki 20th-century Estonian-born Finnish writer
Julia Quinn Julia Pottinger
K. Hardesh Clement Greenberg 20th-century American art critic
K. R. Dwyer Dean Koontz
Ka-Tsetnik 135633 Yehiel De-Nur
Kennilworthy Whisp J. K. Rowling Used for the publication of Quidditch Through the Ages, from the Harry Potter universe
Kir Bulychov Igor Vsevolodovich Mozheiko (Игорь Всеволодович Можейко) 20th-century Russian science fiction writer and historian
Korney Chukovsky Nikolay Vasilyevich Korneychukov
Kurban Said disputed Author of Ali and Nino, a novel originally published in 1937
Lazlo Toth Don Novello Author of the satiric The Lazlo Letters and other books; the name was taken from that of a deranged Hungarian-born Australian man named Laszlo Toth who vandalized Michelangelo's statue Pieta in Rome
Leigh Nichols Dean Koontz
Lemony Snicket Daniel Handler Author of A Series of Unfortunate Events
Leslie Charteris Leslie Charles Bowyer-Yin Half-Chinese, half-English author of primarily mystery fiction such as the Simon Templar series
Lester del Rey Leonard Knapp American science fiction author and editor
Lewis Allan Abel Meeropol
Lewis Carroll Charles Lutwidge Dodgson 19th-century British author, mathematician, Anglican clergyman, logician, and amateur photographer, author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Lewis Padgett Henry Kuttner and C. L. Moore American husband and wife science fiction authors
Liisan-Antti ja Jussi Porilainen Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
Lobsang Rampa Cyril Henry Hoskin The author of The Third Eye, a supposedly authentic autobiography of a monk born in Tibet, was unmasked as a British plumber who had decided in 1958 to write the bestseller.
Lorenzo Da Ponte Emmanuele Conegliano
Louis-Ferdinand Céline Louis-Ferdinand Destouches
Lu Xun Zhou Shuren 20th-century Chinese writer and cultural critic
Lydia Koidula Lydia Emilie Florentine Jannsen
M. Barnard Eldershaw Marjorie Barnard and Flora Eldershaw
Maarten Maartens Jozua Marius Willem van der Poorten Schwartz
Maddox George Ouzounian American author famous for his website The Best Page in the Universe
Madeleine Brent Peter O'Donnell
Maiju Lassila Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
Maironis Jonas Mačiulis
Mao Dun Shen Dehong 20th-century Chinese novelist, cultural critic, and journalist
Mark Brandis Nikolai von Michalewsky
Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens 19th-century American humorist, author, and lecturer
Martha Careful Benjamin Franklin
Marton Taiga Martti Löfberg 20th-century Finnish pulp writer, who also used several other pseudonyms
Mary Westmacott Agatha Christie 20th-century British writer
Max Stirner Johann Kaspar Schmidt 19th-century German philosopher
Maxwell Grant Primarily Walter B. Gibson, shared with Theodore Tinsley, Bruce Elliott and Lester Dent Author of The Shadow pulp novellas
Megan Lindholm Margaret Astrid Lindholm Ogden 20th-century fantasy author
Michael Arlen Dikran Kuyumjian
Michael Innes J. I. M. Stewart
Michael Serafian Malachi Martin
Migjeni Millosh Gjergj Nikolla 20th-century Albanian poet
Miss Manners Judith Martin Author, columnist, and etiquette authority
Molière Jean Baptiste Poquelin 17th-century French theatre writer, director and actor, and writer of comic satire
Mr. Blackwell Richard Sylvan Selzer Fashion critic, journalist, creator of annual "Ten Worst Dressed Women List". Also used the alias "Richard Blackwell".
Multatuli Eduard Douwes Dekker Dutch writer famous for his satirical novel, Max Havelaar (1860)
Murray Leinster William Fitzgerald Jenkins 20th-century science fiction author
N. W. Clerk C. S. Lewis Used when publishing A Grief Observed
Nancy Boyd Edna St. Vincent Millay
Natsume Sōseki Natsume Kinnosuke Early 20th-century Japanese novelist
Newt Scamander J. K. Rowling Used for the publication of Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, from the Harry Potter universe
Nicci French Nicci Gerard and Sean French British crime fiction team
Nicolas Blake Cecil Day-Lewis Poet Laureate of the U.K., 20 mysteries written as Nicolas Blake
Nicolas Bourbaki various A group of mainly French 20th-century mathematicians
Nino Culotta John O'Grady Australian writer
Nisa Nicola Salerno Italian lyricist
Novalis Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg
O. Henry William Sydney Porter American author of short stories and novels
Ogdred Weary Edward Gorey
Onoto Watanna Winnifred Eaton Canadian author
Ouida Marie Louise de la Ramée 19th-century English novelist
Owen West Dean Koontz
P. L. Travers Helen Goff Writer of the Mary Poppins series.
P. Mustapää Martti Haavio 20th-century Finnish poet
Pablo Neruda Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto 20th-century Chilean poet, Nobel laureate
Pat Frank Harry Hart Frank 20th-century author of the apocalyptic novel Alas, Babylon
Patience Strong Winifred Emma May 20th-century English poet
Paul Annixter Howard Allison Sturtzel
Paul Celan Paul Antschel
Paul Éluard Eugène Grindel 20th-century French Dada and Surrealist poet
Paul French Isaac Asimov U.S. science fiction author, when publishing the Lucky Starr series of novels
Pauline Réage Anne Desclos 20th-century French author and critic who wrote Story of O
Perez Hilton Mario Armando Lavandeira, Jr. Celebrity blogger and gossip columnist
Peter Gast Heinrich Köselitz
Peter MacAlan Peter Berresford Ellis 20th-century British novelist
Peter Tremayne Peter Berresford Ellis 20th-century British novelist
Peyo Pierre Culliford 20th-century creator of The Smurfs comics
Philip Guston Phillip Goldstein
Pierre Loti Louis Marie Julien Viaud
Piers Anthony Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob
Pisanus Fraxi Henry Spencer Ashbee 19th-century book collector, writer, bibliographer, and author of a three-volume bibliography of erotic literature
Polly Baker Benjamin Franklin
Professor X unknown 21st-century author of In the Basement of the Ivory Tower
Q Arthur Quiller-Couch Late 19th- and early 20th-century British author, poet, and literary critic
Quinn Fawcett Chelsea Quinn Yarbro and
Bill Fawcett
American mystery authors
Raccoona Sheldon Alice Bradley Sheldon 20th-century science fiction author
Rehmat Farrukhabadi Muhammad Rehmatullah Qureshi Author and Muslim scholar
Rhys Bowen Janet Quin-Harkin British mystery writer
Richard Bachman Stephen King Contemporary American horror author
Richard Leander Richard von Volkmann
Richard Paige Dean Koontz
Richard Saunders Benjamin Franklin The "Poor Richard" of Poor Richard's Almanac
Richard Stark Donald E. Westlake Westlake used many other pen names as well.
Robert Galbraith J. K. Rowling Used for the publication of The Cuckoo's Calling
Robert Jordan James Oliver Rigney, Jr. Author of the bestselling The Wheel of Time fantasy series
Robert Markham Kingsley Amis
Robert O. Saber Milton K. Ozaki Mid-20th-century journalist, author and detective novelist (Dressed to Kill (1954) and many others)
Robin A Hood Ernest Aris
Robin Hobb Margaret Astrid Lindholm Ogden 20th-century fantasy author
Roger Fairbairn John Dickson Carr
Romain Gary Romain Kacew
Rosemary Edghill eluki bes shahar American writer and editor of science fiction and fantasy
S. S. Van Dine Willard Huntington Wright Art critic and author of Philo Vance mysteries
Saint-John Perse Alexis Saint-Léger Léger
Saki Hector Hugh Munro Early 20th-century British satirist
Salomėja Nėris Salomėja Bučinskaitė-Bučienė
Sannois Camille Saint-Saëns
Sapper H. C. McNeile
Sapphire Ramona Lofton 21st-century African-American poet and author
Shahriar Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar Iranian poet, writing in Persian and Azerbaijani
Shawn Haigins Ashwin Sanghi Indian writer of historical fiction thrillers including The Rozabal Line and Chanakya's Chant (Shawn Haigins is an anagram of Ashwin Sanghi)
Sidney Sheldon Sidney Schechtel Novelist and television producer. Created I Dream of Jeannie television series
Silence Dogood Benjamin Franklin Used to get his work published
Sister Nivedita Margaret Elizabeth Noble
Sjón Sigurjón Birgir Sigurðsson Icelandic novelist, poet, lyricist
Stan Lee Stanley Martin Lieber Comic book pioneer
Steele Rudd Arthur Hoey Davis
Stefan Brockhoff Dieter Cunz, Richard Plant, Oskar Seidlin
Stein Riverton Sven Elvestad Born as Kristoffer Elvestad Svendsen
Stendhal Marie-Henri Beyle 19th-century French writer
Student William Sealy Gosset Discoverer of Student's t-distribution in statistics
Sue Denim Dav Pilkey Writer and illustrator of the Captain Underpants children's book series, when author of the Dumb Bunnies books (Sue Denim is a parody of the word pseudonym)
Sui Sin Far Edith Maude Eaton
T. H. Lain Philip Athans and Bruce Cordell A collective pseudonym used by nine separate authors writing Wizards of the Coast's Dungeons & Dragons novels
T. M. Maple Jim Burke
Ted L. Nancy Barry Marder and Bruce Baum Authors of the Letters from a Nut series
Theo LeSieg Dr. Seuss
Thoinot Arbeau Jehan Tabourot
Timothy Shy D. B. Wyndham Lewis 20th-century British poet and author, collaborated with Ronald Searle on The Terror of St Trinian's
Tite Kubo Noriaki Kubo Manga artist of Bleach
Toegye Yi Hwang 16th-century Korean Confucian scholar
Tom Tomorrow Dan Perkins 20th-century editorial cartoonist
Toni Morrison Chloe Anthony Wofford
Tori Carrington Tony Karayianni and Lori Schlachter Karayianni American husband and wife romance novelists
Trevanian Rodney William Whitaker 20th-century American spy novelist
Tristan Tzara Sami Rosenstock
Tudor Arghezi Ion N. Theodorescu 20th-century Romanian poet and children's author
Uanhenga Xitu Agostinho André Mendes de Carvalho
Ubaid Azam Azmi Obaidur Rahman Indian poet, Lyricist and Prosody Scholar, who works primarily in Hindi and Urdu languages
Umberto Saba Umberto Poli
Uriah Fuller Martin Gardner Wrote Confessions of a Psychic
Väinö Stenberg Algot Untola 20th-century Finnish author
Vazha Luka Razikashvili
Vera Haij Tove Jansson Author of the picture book Sara och Pelle och näckens bläckfiskar
Vercors Jean Bruller
Vernon Sullivan Boris Vian
Victoria Lucas Sylvia Plath Poet and author of The Bell Jar
Vladimir Sirin Vladimir Nabokov 20th-century novelist; used this name on early works
Voltaire François-Marie Arouet 18th-century French Enlightenment writer, deist and philosopher
W. N. P. Barbellion Bruce Frederick Cummings 20th-century diarist
Walter Henry Spencer Ashbee 19th-century book collector, writer, bibliographer, and suspected author of My Secret Life, the sexual memoirs of a Victorian era gentleman
Wang Shiwei (王實味) Wang Sidao (王思禱) 20th-century Chinese journalist and literary writer
William Lee William S. Burroughs American novelist, short story writer, essayist and spoken word performer.
William Penn Jeremiah Evarts 19th-century activist against Indian removal
Willibald Alexis Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Haring
Woody Allen Allen Stewart Konigsberg
Yevgeny Petrov Yevgeniy Petrovich Kataev
Yukio Mishima Hiraoka Kimitake 20th-century Japanese novelist, essayist, and playwright
Yulgok Yi I 16th-century Korean Confucian scholar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Guardian (London) http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2002/dec/01/features.review77 |url= missing title (help).