Societal attitudes towards same-sex relationships have varied over time and place, from expecting all males to engage in same-sex relationships, to casual integration, through acceptance, to seeing the practice as a minor sin, repressing it through law enforcement and judicial mechanisms, and to proscribing it under penalty of death. The following individuals received the death penalty for it.
Executed individuals [ edit ]
John de Wettre (1292), a "maker of small knives", condemned at
Ghent and burned at the pillory next to St. Peter's [1 ]
Giovanni di Giovanni (1350 – 1365), 15 year old Italian boy charged with being "a public and notorious passive sodomite" [2 ] [3 ]
Jacopo Bonfadio (c1508 – 1550), Italian humanist and historian [4 ]
Francesco Calcagno (1528 – 1550), Venician Franciscan friar. [5 ]
Dominique Phinot (c1510 – c1556), French composer of the Renaissance [6 ]
Mervyn Tuchet, 2nd Earl of Castlehaven (1593 – 1631), tried and executed for committing sodomy with male servants and procuring the rape of his wife [7 ]
John Atherton (1598 – 1640), Bishop of Waterford and Lismore [8 ]
Lisbetha Olsdotter (died 1679), Swedish cross-dresser and early female soldier (disguised as a man).
James Pratt and John Smith, two London men who became the last two to be hanged for sodomy in England, in November 1835
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Louis Crompton (1981). Salvatore J. Licata, Robert P. Petersen, ed. . The Haworth Press. p. 17. Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality ISBN 9780917724275.
^ Rocke, Michael (1996). Forbidden Friendships, Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence. Oxford University Press. pp. 24, 227, 356, 360. ISBN 0-19-512292-5.
^ Meyer, Michael J (2000). Literature and Homosexuality. Rodopi. p. 206. ISBN 90-420-0519-X
^ Official website commemorating 500 years since Bonfadio's birth
^ Tucker, Scott (1997). The Queer Question: Essays on Desire and Democracy. Boston: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-577-0. p. 46.
^ Jacob, Roger " Dominique Phinot", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed January 1, 2006), (subscription access)
^ Herrup, Cynthia B. (1999). . Oxford University Press. A House in Gross Disorder: Sex, Law, and the 2nd Earl of Castlehaven
^ Norris, David (2009-05-17). "Changing Attitudes". Public Address at the service to mark international day against homophobia in Christ Church Cathedral. David Norris . Retrieved 2009-11-29.
External links [ edit ]