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Among those who were born in the London Borough of Bromley, or have dwelt within the borders of the modern borough are (alphabetical order):
- David Bowie (1947—), musician moved to Bromley with his family in 1953.
- Malcolm Campbell (1885—1948), Grand Prix racing driver born in Chislehurst.
- Richmal Crompton (1890—1969), author lived at The Glebe in Oakley Road, Bromley Common. Her best-known works are the Just William stories for children.
- Charles Darwin (1809—1882), naturalist most famous for the theory of evolution lived in Downe, Bromley.
- Eugénie de Montijo (1826—1920) the last Empress of France, lived in exile with her husband Napoleon III at Camden Place in Chislehurst from 1870 until 1885.
- Florence Farr (1860—1917), actress and composer born in Bickley.
- Langley Kirkwood (1973–), actor and athlete.
- Hanif Kureishi (1954–), playwright born in Bromley.
- Charles Langbridge Morgan (1894—1958), playwright born at a house in Rodway Road in Bromley.
- Napoleon III (1808—1873), the last Emperor of France, lived and died in exile at Camden Place in Chislehurst.
- William Pitt the Elder, Earl of Chatham (1708—1778), statesman, lived and died at Hayes Place, a former house in Hayes.
- William Pitt the Younger (1759—1806), statesman and Prime Minister, was born in his father's house in Hayes.
- H. G. Wells (1866—1946), author born in Atlas House, 47 High Street, Bromley. One of his more notable novels would be The War of the Worlds.
- William Hyde Wollaston (1766—1828), chemist, lived and died in Chislehurst. He discovered the elements rhodium and palladium.