List of people with autism spectrum disorders

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This is a list of notable individuals who have been diagnosed with autism, Asperger syndrome (AS), or another condition on the autism spectrum. Due to the fluctuating and imprecise criteria for the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome and autism, even a formal diagnosis cannot be taken as certain proof that person has a condition on the autism spectrum. Many public figures have been retrospectively diagnosed as autistic by clinicians, academics, and biographers. The reliability of such diagnoses, and their acceptance among the general medical, scholarly, and historical communities vary wildly.

Asperger syndrome[edit]

Further information: Asperger syndrome

High-functioning autism[edit]

Further information: High-functioning autism

High-functioning autism is an informal term, not an official diagnostic category. Compared to diagnostic criteria for the official ASDs, descriptions of HFA tend to align most closely with Asperger syndrome.

Autism spectrum[edit]

Further information: Autism, autistic savant and autism spectrum

Not on the autism spectrum[edit]

  • The late Kim Peek, one of the people used as the basis for the movie Rain Man,[64][79] was once thought to be autistic, but his diagnosis has now changed.[80] A 2008 study concluded that Peek probably had FG syndrome, a rare genetic syndrome linked to the X chromosome which causes physical anomalies such as hypotonia (low muscle tone) and macrocephaly (abnormally large head).[81]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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