List of people reported to have lived beyond 130

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about persons reported to have lived over 130 years. For validated specific supercentenarian claims by modern standards, see List of the verified oldest people. For modern, or complete, invalidated supercentenarian claims, see Longevity claims.

This is a list of people who have been reported to have lived beyond 130 years. The oldest person whose age was verified by modern standards was Jeanne Calment, who lived to 122. The cases in this list include both semi-legendary personages and people whose existence is not doubted.

Argentina[edit]

The London Chronicle reported in September 5, 1785, the history of Louisa Truxo, who supposedly lived until 175 years old (1610?-1785).[1]

British Empire[edit]

Cases of extreme longevity were listed by James Easton in 1799;[2] his list was reprinted by James Cowles Prichard in 1813. Kirby's wonderful and eccentric museum, of 1820, reports many of the same cases, some referenced to the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Charles Hulbert edited a book containing a list of cases in 1825. Sharon Turner in The Sacred History of The World, Vol. III, 1839, included many cases cited to Easton, to Haller, or to a "Mr Whitehurst".

William Thoms, an antiquarian, published a sceptical work on longevity in 1879.

  • A tombstone in Brislington, Bristol, reads, "1542 THOMAS NEWMAN AGED 153 This Stone was new faced in the Year 1771 to Perpetuate the Great Age of the Deceased."[3]
  • Margaret Patten reportedly died in 1739 age 137.[5]
  • Robert Taylor (1764-1898) died shortly after Queen Victoria congratulated him on his 134th birthday, on July 25th 1898. [6][7]
  • Henry Jenkins, Scottish fisherman, (1501-1670) fought, age 12, at the Battle of Flodden helping archers by adding them arrows. In 1665 he was court witness about a deed that happened 140 years before.

Easton cases[edit]

Welsh bard Llywarch Hen (Heroic Elegies) died c. 500 in the parish of Llanvor, traditionally about age 150.[8]

A brief biography of Henry Jenkins, of Ellerton-on-Swale, Yorkshire, was written by Anne Saville in 1663 based on Jenkins's description, stating birth in 1501; he also claimed to recall the 1513 Battle of Flodden Field.[9] However, Jenkins also testified in 1667, in favor of Charles Anthony in a court case against Calvert Smythson, that he was then only 157 or thereabouts.[10] He was born in Bolton-on-Swale,[8] and the date given, 17 May 1500,[11] results in only a 1 year discrepancy with the age of 169 on his monument (he died 8 December 1670).[12]

Thomas Parr is recorded by Easton as having died in 1635 at 152, the case having been recorded in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. William Harvey carried out a postmortem on him, according to Easton.

Hulbert cases[edit]

  • The Shoreditch burial register for 28 January 1588 reads "Aged 207 years. Holywell Street. Thomas Cam"[13] or "Carn", which supplied a traditional birth year of 1381.[8] According to Old and New London, "the 2 should probably be 1".[13]
  • A tombstone in Cachen churchyard near Cardiff, Glamorganshire, read, "Heare lieth the body of WILLIAM EDWARDS, of the Cairey, who departed this life the 24th of February, Anno Domini 1668, anno aetatis suae one hundred and sixty-eight".[8]
  • Joseph Surrington was reported as 160 (1637–1797).[8]
  • The parish registers of Church Minshull, in the county of Chester, state, "1649 Thomas Damme of Leighton. Buried the 20th of February, being of the age of Seven-score and fourteen" (154 years), signed by vicar T. Holford and wardens T. Kennerly and John Warburton.[8]

Hulbert also includes the cases of Lywerch Hen and Thomas Parr.

France[edit]

  • Pierre Defournel fathered three sons, in three different centuries - first son was born in 1699, the second one in 1738, and the third one in 1801.
  • On 31st of July 1564, Cardinal d'Armagnac met an old man, age 80, who was beaten by his father, aged 113, for disrespecting his grandfather, aged 143.

Hungary[edit]

  • Netherlands envoy Hamelbraning reported in 1724 of the death in Rofrosh, Hungary, on January 5 of Peter Czartan, reportedly born 1539 and age 184.[8]
  • Charles Hulbert, who reported Czartan's case in an 1825 collection, added that John (172) and his wife Sara[14] (164) both died in Hungary in 1741 after 148 years of marriage.[8] Their son was 116 years old at the moment of their death. The Book Validation of Exceptional Longevity has the old couples last name as Rowin,[14] while The Virgin Birth And The Incarnation puts John and Sara's married name as Rovin.[8] Easton in 1799 described the case as "Peter Torton, of Temeswar in Hungary, a peasant", with the date of death in 1724.

Nepal[edit]

Bir Narayan Chaudhary (1856-1998) reportedly lived to age 141, though he had no birth certificate to authenticate this because such documents did not exist in rural Nepal at the time of his reported birth.[15] However, in 1998 King Birendra of Nepal recognized and honored the elderly resident of the small Tharu village of Aamjhoki in Nepal's Tarai region as the oldest man in the kingdom.[16] His age of 141 was meticulously verified by Nepal's Ministry of Archaeology based on astrological charts made at the time of his birth.

Pakistan[edit]

The 1973 National Geographic article on longevity also reported, as a very aged people, the Burusho or Hunza people in the Hunza Valley of the mountains of Pakistan.[17]

Feroz-ud-Din Mir (10 March 1872).[18]

Russia (Soviet Union)[edit]

Deaths officially reported in Russia in 1815 listed 1068 centenarians, including 246 supercentenarians (50 at age 120–155 and one even older).[8] Time magazine considered that, by the Soviet Union, longevity had elevated to a state-supported "Methuselah cult".[19] The USSR insisted on its citizens' unrivaled longevity by claiming 592 people (224 male, 368 female) over age 120 in a 15 January 1959 census[20] and 100 citizens of Russia alone ages 120 to 156 in March 1960.[21] Such later claims were fostered by Georgian-born Joseph Stalin's apparent hope that he would live long past 70.[19] Zhores Medvedev, who demonstrated that all 500-plus claims failed birth-record validation and other tests,[19] said Stalin "liked the idea that [other] Georgians lived to be 100".[21] However, longevity claims from Caucasus continued well after Stalin's death, and longevity has been explained by specific lifestyle and health effects of kefir.

  • An early 1812 Russian Petersburgh Gazette reports a man between ages 200 and 225 in the diocese of Ekaterinoslaw.[8]
  • Shirali Muslimov (26 March 1805? – 4 September 1973), of Barzavu, Azerbaijan, in the Caucasus mountains, was allegedly age 168 years, 162 days, based solely on a passport. National Geographic carried the claim.[17]
  • Sarhat Rashidova (1875- 2007) claimed to be 131.
  • Mahmut Eyvazov (1808-1960), worked for 133 years. He rode horse at the age 150, and was awarded by Soviet Union on 27th of March 1956, age 148, with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
  • Ivan Efimovich Chernishev (1808) lived into his 150s and died in 1964.

South Africa[edit]

  • Emily Muntengwa (26 September 1874)- aged 139
  • Moloko Temo claimed to be almost 135 at her death.

Sweden[edit]

Anna Persdotter died in 1689 in Leksand at a reported 1024 years.[22]

Niels Paulsen, from Uppsala, died in 1907 aged 160.

Cuba[edit]

  • Juana Bautista de la Candelaria Rodríguez (2 February 1885).[23][24]

Switzerland[edit]

In the 18th century, Swiss anatomist Albrecht von Haller collected examples of 62 people ages 110–120, 29 ages 120–130, and 15 ages 130–140.[25]

Turkey[edit]

United States of America[edit]

A periodical The Aesculapian Register, written by physicians and published in Philadelphia in 1824, listed a number of cases, including several purported to have lived over 130. The authors said the list was taken from the Dublin Magazine.[28]

Charlie Smith, who died October 5, 1979, claimed to have been born in 1842, which would have made him the oldest person in the United States.[29] Prior to Smith's death, the Guinness Book of World Records had called his claim into question, noting that Smith's marriage certificate from 1910 stated that he was 35 years old at the time.[30]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Tuti Yusupova is alleged to have been born on July 1, 1880 and claims to be the world's oldest living person at the age of 134 years, 30 days.

Yemen[edit]

Abdel Wali Numan is said to have lived 142 years (1865-2007).[31]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Mohammed bin Zarei(b.1858/1859 - d.2013)[32]

Algeria[edit]

Mubarak Rahmani Messe(b.1873 - d.January 2014)[33]

Legendary and religion related people[edit]

These people are often reported to have lived for centuries. Some interpreters of religious texts claim that the years actually refer to months, but there is no consensus about this.

Ancient Sumer[edit]

Age claims for the earliest eight Sumerian kings in the major recension of the Sumerian King List were in units and fractions of shar (3,600 years) and totaled 67 shar or 241,200 years.[34]

In the only ten-king tablet recension of this list two kings (Alalngar, [...]kidunnu, and En-men-dur-ana) are recorded as having reigned 72,000 years in total.[35][36] The major recension assigns 43,200 years to the reign of En-men-lu-ana, and 36,000 years each to those of Alalngar and Dumuzid.[34]

Hebrew Bible[edit]

The Hebrew Bible, the Torah, Joshua, Job, and 2 Chronicles mention individuals with lifespans up to the 969 years of Methuselah.

Some literary critics explain these extreme ages as ancient mistranslations that converted the word "month" to "year", mistaking lunar cycles for solar ones: this would turn an age of 969 "years" into a more reasonable 969 lunar months, or 78½ years of the Metonic cycle.[37] However, the text says that Arpachshad (son of Shem) fathered Shelah at 35 years of age. If that is taken to mean 35 months, then Arpachshad was a father before turning three years of age – which is clearly impossible. In addition, the first chapters of Genesis distinguish solar cycles of years from lunar cycles of months. (Genesis 1:14–16; 7:11)[38]

Donald Etz says that the Genesis 5 numbers were multiplied by ten by a later editor.[39] These interpretations introduce an inconsistency as the ages of the first nine patriarchs at fatherhood, ranging from 62 to 230 years in the manuscripts, would then be transformed into an implausible range such as 5 to 18½ years.[40] Others say that the first list, of only 10 names for 1,656 years, may contain generational gaps, which would have been represented by the lengthy lifetimes attributed to the patriarchs.[36] Nineteenth-century critic Vincent Goehlert suggests the lifetimes "represented epochs merely, to which were given the names of the personages especially prominent in such epochs, who, in consequence of their comparatively long lives, were able to acquire an exalted influence."[41]

Those biblical scholars that teach literal interpretation give explanations for the advanced ages of the early patriarchs. In one view man was originally to have everlasting life, but as sin was introduced into the world by Adam,[42] its influence became greater with each generation and God progressively shortened man's life. The biblical upper limit of longevity was categorized by the Bible scholar Witness Lee as having four successive plateaus of 1,000, 500, 250, and finally 120 years,[43] and "four falls of mankind" correspond to these four plateaus.[44] In a second view, before Noah's flood, a "firmament" over the earth (Genesis 1:6–8) contributed to people's advanced ages.[45]

The Sacrifice of Noah, Jacopo Bassano (c. 1515–1592), Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten, Potsdam-Sanssouci, c. 1574. Noah was traditionally age 601 at the time.
Name Age Age in
Septuagint
Methuselah 969 969
Jared 962 962
Noah 950 950
Adam 930 930
Seth 912 912
Kenan 910 910
Enos 905 905
Mahalalel 895 895
Lamech 777 753
Shem 600 600
Eber 464 404
Arphaxad 438 465
Salah 433 466
Enoch 365 365
Peleg 239 339
Reu 239 339
Serug 230 330
Job 210[46] 170
Terah 205 205
Isaac 180 180
Abraham 175 175
Nahor 148 304
Jacob 147 147
Ishmael 137 137
Levi 137 137
Amram 137 137
Kohath 133 133
Jehoiada[47] 130 130
  1. Jehoiada is the often overlooked exception to the idea that no one after Moses lived past 120 years.
  2. Abraham's wife Sarah is the only woman in the Old Testament whose age is given. She was 127. Genesis 23:1

Persian empire[edit]

The reigns of several shahs in the Shahnameh, an epic poem by Ferdowsi of around 1000 AD, are given as longer than a century:

China[edit]

  • In Chinese legend, Peng Zu was believed to have lived for over 800 years[48] during the Yin Dynasty (殷朝, 19th to 11th centuries BC).
  • Fu Xi (伏羲) was supposed to have lived for 197 years in the mid 29th century BC.
  • A New York Times story announced the death on 5 May 1933 in Kaihsien, Szechwan, of the Republic of China's Li Ching-Yuen (李清雲, Lǐ Qīngyún), who claimed to be born in 1736, age 197.[49] A Time article noted that "respectful Chinese preferred to think" Li was 150 in 1827 (birth 1677), based on a government congratulatory message, and died at age 256.[50]

Japan[edit]

Some early emperors of Japan ruled for more than a century, according to the tradition documented in the Kojiki.

  • Also according to the Kojiki, Emperor Kōan reigned from 392 to 291 BC, although he is regarded as legendary and may have lived in the early 1st century. His posthumous name was not given until centuries later.

Vietnam[edit]

The 18 first Hùng kings of Vietnam were reported to live at least over 200 years each. Their reign lasted from 2879 BC to 258 BC.

  1. Kinh Dương Vương – 260 years old – Reign: 215 years.
  2. Lạc Long Quân (Hùng Hiền Vương) – 506 years old – Reign: 400 years.
  3. Hùng Quốc Vương – 260 years old – Reign: 221 years.
  4. Hùng Diệp Vương  – 646 years old – Reign: 300 years.
  5. Hùng Hy Vương – 599 years old – Reign: 200 years.
  6. Hùng Huy Vương – 500 years old – Reign: 87 years.
  7. Hùng Chiêu Vương – 692 years old -Reign: 200 years.
  8. Hùng Vi Vương – 642 years old – Reign: 100 năm.
  9. Hùng Định Vương – 602 years old – Reign: 80 years.
  10. Hùng Uý Vương – 512 years old – Reign: 90 years.
  11. Hùng Chinh Vương – 514 years old -Reign:107 years.
  12. Hùng Vũ Vương – 456 years old – Reign: 96 years.
  13. Hùng Việt Vương – 502 years old – Reign: 105 years.
  14. Hùng Ánh Vương – 386 years old – Reign: 99 years.
  15. Hùng Triều Vương – 286 years old -Reign: 94 years.
  16. Hùng Tạo Vương – 273 years old – Reign: 92 years.
  17. Hùng Nghị Vương – 217 years old – Reign: 160 years.
  18. Hùng Duệ Vương – 221 years old – Reign: 150 years.

Roman empire[edit]

In Roman times, Pliny wrote about longevity records from the census carried out in 74 AD under Vespasian. In one region of Italy many people allegedly lived past 100; four were said to be 130, others even older.

  • According to one tradition, Epimenides of Crete (7th, 6th centuries BC) lived nearly three hundred years.[51]

Macrobii[edit]

A book Macrobii (Long-livers) is a work devoted to longevity. It was attributed to the ancient Greek author Lucian, although it is now accepted that he could not have written it. Most examples given in it are lifespans of 80 to 100 years, but some are much longer:

  • Tiresias, the blind seer of Thebes, over 600 years.
  • Nestor lived over 300 years.
  • Members of the "Seres" over 300 years.

Christianity[edit]

Saint Servatius, bishop of Tongeren in continental Europe, died 13 May 384 according to consistent tradition.[52] He was consecrated at the alleged age of 297, and is said to have lived for 375 years (birth 8/9 AD).[citation needed]

Islam[edit]

  • Abdul Azziz al-Hafeed al-Habashi (عبد العزيزالحبشي) lived 581–1276 of the Hijra (11 June 1185 – 19 September 1859, 674 years, 100 days[citation needed]), i.e., 673/674 Gregorian years or 694/695 Islamic years, according to 19th-century scholars.[53]

Hinduism[edit]

  • Like Methuselah in Judaism, Bhishma among the Hindus is believed to have lived to a very advanced age and is a metaphor for immortality. His life spans four generations and considering that he fought for his great-nephews in the Mahabharata War who were themselves in 70s and 80s, it is estimated that Bhishma must have been between 130 and 370 years old at the time of his death.
  • Devraha Baba (d. 1990) was rumored to be over 700 or even over 750 years old.[54]
  • Trailanga Swami reportedly lived in Kashi since 1737;[55] the journal Prabuddha Bharata puts his birth around 1607 and his age 279 (almost 280),[56] upon his death in 1887[55] on 26 December.[citation needed] His birth is also given as 1529 (age 357/358).[57][need quotation to verify]
  • The sadhaka Loknath Brahmacari reportedly lived 1730–1890 (age 159/160).[55]
  • Mahashta Murasi (6 January 1835).[58][59]
  • Shivapuri Baba

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European magazine, and London review, Vol. 25, p. 266, Philological Society (Great Britain)
  2. ^ Easton, James, Human longevity: recording the name, age, place of residence, and year of the decease of 1712 persons who attained a century and upwards, from A.D.66 to 1799, comprising a period of 1733 years. With anecdotes of the most remarkable. Salisbury: James Easton, 1799.
  3. ^ Wright, Geoffrey N. (1996). Discovering Epitaphs. Osprey Publishing. pp. 25–6. 
  4. ^ Wiseman, Nicholas Patrick (February–May 1862). "The Old Countess of Desmond". The Dublin Review (London: Thomas Richardson and Son) 51: 78. 
  5. ^ Prichard, James C. (1836). Researches into the Physical History of Mankind 1. London: Houlston and Stoneman. pp. 11–5 ff. 
  6. ^ [1] Marlborough Express, Volume XXXIII, Issue 218, 17 September 1898, Page 4.
  7. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/68178322#pstart6782761
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Hulbert, Charles (1825). "Instances of Human Longevity in Europe". Museum Europæum; or, Select antiquities ... of nature and art, in Europe. pp. 451–7. 
  9. ^ "Age Validation of Centenarians in the Luxdorph Gallery". Validation of Exceptional Longevity. Odense Monographs on Population Aging 6. Jeune, Bernard, and Vaupel, James W., eds., Petersen, L.-L. B., and Jeune, Bernard, contribs. Odense University Press. 1999. 
  10. ^ Thoms, William J. (1979) [1873]. Human Longevity: Its Facts and Its Fictions (reprint ed.). London; New York City: John Murray; Arno Press. p. 287. 
  11. ^ Marden, Orison Swett (2003) [1921]. The Secret of Achievement. Kessinger Publishing. p. 228. 
  12. ^ Krünitz, Johann Georg (1806). Oekonomisch-technologische Encyklopädie oder allgemeines System der Stats-, Stadt-, Haus- und Landwirthschaft und der Kunst-Geschichte 66. Pauli. p. 764. 
  13. ^ a b Thornbury, Walter (1878). "Shoreditch". Old and New London 2. Centre for Metropolitan History. pp. 194–195. 
  14. ^ a b [2]
  15. ^ "A man from another age Being the oldest-ever is a record Bir Narayan Chaudhary neither wants nor understands". indiatoday. 15 October 1996. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Bir Narayan Chaudhuri, 141; Nepal's Oldest Man". The Los Angeles Times. 24 April 1996. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Leaf, Alexander (January 1973). "Search for the Oldest People". National Geographic. pp. 93–118. 
  18. ^ nick owens. "Feroz-ud-Din Mir: Father of 10 claims he's world's oldest person at 141". 
  19. ^ a b c "No Methuselahs". Time Magazine. 1974-08-12. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  20. ^ Vestnik Statistiki. Statistical Herald. April 1961. 
  21. ^ a b Guinness Book of World Records. 1983. pp. 16–19. 
  22. ^ Leksand F:1 1668–1691 p. 77
  23. ^ Fox News Latino. "127-Year-Old Cuban Still Awaiting Recognition as World's Oldest Person". 
  24. ^ Alejandro Ernesto. "Candulia festejó su 127 cumpleaños". 
  25. ^ Dunglison, Robley (1851). Medical Lexicon: A Dictionary of Medical Science. Blanchard & Lea. p. 525. 
  26. ^ http://news.ebru.tv/en/Turkiye/13903
  27. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/turkce/haberler/2009/11/091126_fooc_kulp.shtml
  28. ^ The aesculapian register: 1824. Vol. 1, nos. 1-26, June 17-Dec. 9, 1824. P.155
  29. ^ "Oldest citizen Charlie Smith dies at 137". Beaver County Times (Beaver, Pa.). UPI. 1979-10-07. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "'Oldest' Living American Bounced from Record Book". Schenectady Gazette. AP. 1979-03-21. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  31. ^ (Spanish) "Un anciano yemení muere a los 140 años" [An elderly Yemeni dies at 140 years]. 20 Minutos.es. July 23, 2007. 
  32. ^ "'Oldest man on earth' dies at a ripe 154 years of age". Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  33. ^ "World’s oldest living person dies at the age of 140". Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  34. ^ a b Jacobson, Thorkild (1939). The Sumerian King List. University of Chicago Press. pp. 69–77. 
  35. ^ Hasel, Gerhard F. (1978). "The Genealogies of Gen. 5 and 11 and Their Alleged Babylonian Background". Andrews University Seminary Studies (Andrews University Press) 16: 366–7.  Citing Finkelstein, J. J. (1963). "The Antediluvian Kings: A University of California Tablet". Journal of Cuneiform Studies 17 (2): 39–51. doi:10.2307/1359063. JSTOR 1359063. 
  36. ^ a b "Notes on Genesis 5:5". Zondervan NIV Study Bible. 2002. pp. 12–13. "Three kings in a Sumerian list (which also contains exactly ten names) are said to have reigned 72,000 years each." 
  37. ^ Hill, Carol A. (2003-12-04). "Making Sense of the Numbers of Genesis". Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 55: 239. 
  38. ^ http://watchtower.org/e/200605/article_03.htm#fnt1
  39. ^ Etz, Donald V. (1994). "The Numbers of Genesis V 3–31: A Suggested Conversion and Its Implications". Vetus Testamentum 43 (2): 171–87. doi:10.1163/156853393X00034. 
  40. ^ Morris, Henry M. (1976). The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 159. "Such an interpretation would have made Enoch only five years old when his son was born!" 
  41. ^ Goehlert, Vincent (November 1887). "Statistical Observations upon Biblical Data". The Old Testament Student (in English) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press) 7 (3): 76–83. doi:10.1086/469948. 
  42. ^ Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
  43. ^ Lee, Witness (1987). Life-Study of Genesis II. pp. 227, 287, 361, 481. 
  44. ^ Pilch, John J. (1999). The Cultural Dictionary of the Bible. Liturgical Press. pp. 144–146. 
  45. ^ Vail, Isaac Newton (1902). The Waters Above the Firmament: Or The Earth's Annular System. Ferris and Leach. p. 97. 
  46. ^ 70+140=210 Based on an inference that the 140 years Job lived after his trial was twice as long as before. Job 42:16
  47. ^ 2Chronicles 24:15
  48. ^ Li, Mengyu (2008). "The Unique Values of Chinese Traditional Cultural Time Orientation: In Comparison with Western Cultural Time Orientation". The University of Rhode Island. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  49. ^ "Li Ching-Yun Dead; Gave His Age As 197". The New York Times. 6 May 1933. 
  50. ^ "Tortoise-Pigeon-Dog". Time Magazine. 1933-05-15. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  51. ^ "Epimenides". Encyclopaedia Britannica 8. Henry G. Allen. 1890. p. 482. 
  52. ^ Lichtenberger, Frédéric, ed. (1881). Encyclopédie des sciences religieuses 11. Sandoz et Fischbacher. p. 570. 
  53. ^ al-Kittani, Abdul Hayye (1888–1962). Fahres-ul-Faharis wal Athbat 2. p. 928.  In "Chains of Narration" (PDF). Minhaj-al-Quran International (UK). 2006. 
  54. ^ Daczynski, Vincent J. (2004). "Amazing Longevity: Devraha Baba – 250+ Years Old". Paranormal Phenomenon: Amazing Human Abilities. 
  55. ^ a b c McDermott, Rachel Fell (2001). Mother of My Heart, Daughter of My Dreams. Oxford University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-19-513435-3. 
  56. ^ Varishthananda, Swami (November 2007). "Varanasi: The City of Saints, Sages, and Savants" (PDF). Prabuddha Bharata (Awakened India) 112 (11): 632–3. 
  57. ^ Medhasananda, Swami (2003). Varanasi At the Crossroads. Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture. p. 1042. ISBN 81-87332-18-2. 
  58. ^ "INDIAN MAN CLAIMS HE’S 179 YEARS OLD". 
  59. ^ "Indian man claims to be 179 years old". 

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert D. Young, Bertrand Desjardins, Kirsten McLaughlin, Michel Poulain, and Thomas T. Perls. "Typologies of Extreme Longevity Myths". Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research Volume 2010 (2010).