List of people who died climbing Mount Everest

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North face of Mount Everest

Mount Everest at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) is the world's highest mountain and a particularly desirable peak for mountaineers. However, over 200 people have died trying to climb it.[1]

Most deaths have been attributed to avalanche, injury from fall or ice collapse, exposure or health problems related to conditions on the mountain. Not all bodies have been located, so details on those fatalities are not available. Most bodies still remain on the mountain even in cases of easy recovery.

The upper reaches of the mountain are in the death zone. The death zone is a mountaineering term for altitudes above a certain point – around 8,000 m (26,000 ft), or less than 356 millibars (5.16 psi) of atmospheric pressure – where the oxygen level is not sufficient to sustain human life.[2] Many deaths in high-altitude mountaineering have been caused by the effects of the death zone, either directly (loss of vital functions) or indirectly (unwise decisions made under stress or physical weakening leading to accidents). In the death zone, the human body can not acclimatize, as it uses oxygen faster than it can be replenished. An extended stay in the zone without supplementary oxygen will result in deterioration of bodily functions, loss of consciousness and, ultimately, death.[3][4][5]

Background[edit]

Routes to Mount Everest's summit from the north (yellow) and south (orange) – Note that North is not oriented up (top of page) in this photo as it should be for maps, and aerial photos used for location

The most popular routes are the South Col route from the Nepalese side and the North Col route from the Tibetan side.

The first recorded deaths on the mountain were the seven porters who perished in an avalanche in the 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition. George Mallory, who was present, blamed himself for the deaths.[6] During the initial 1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition there were two deaths en route to the mountain – an unidentified porter as well as heart attack victim Dr. A. M. Kellas.[6][7]

While dangerous for the novice climber, the mountain has also claimed the lives of some of the most experienced climbers. Babu Chiri Sherpa had climbed the mountain several times, and in 1999 spent 20 hours on the summit of Everest, then a new record.[8] He also climbed to the summit twice in two weeks and held the record climbing time from Base Camp to summit of 16 hours and 56 minutes.[8] He died in 2001 from a fall near Camp II. Experienced guide Rob Hall died on Everest shortly after becoming the first non-Sherpa to have summitted five times (1996).

The most infamous tragedy on the mountain was the 1996 Mount Everest disaster on May 11, 1996, during which eight people died while making summit attempts. In that entire season, fifteen people died trying to reach the summit, making it the deadliest single year in the mountain's history to that point. The disaster gained wide publicity and has been written about many times; both Into Thin Air by Jon Krakauer and The Climb by Anatoli Boukreev were written by mountaineers who were on Mount Everest at the time, and they give conflicting accounts about the events. Curiously, 1996 was statistically a safe year for Everest climbers. Before 1996, one in four climbers had died making the ascent; 1996 saw huge numbers of people attempting the climb and the statistics for 1996 reveal that only one in seven died.[9]

Another notable incident occurred in 1998 when Francys Arsentiev and her husband, Sergei Arsentiev, became separated and then died while looking for each other.[10] Francys's frozen body lay next to the main route to the summit for nine years before climber Ian Woodall led an expedition to push her over an edge and out of view.[10][11]

Another note is unconfirmed Russian deaths on the north side of Everest. After the Battle of Chamdo the Chinese took control of the region and enacted strict travel restrictions against westerners. The Chinese government, however, did allow some Russian Soviet climbers near the mountain and reports leaked out of a Russian expedition in 1952. The alleged expedition, apparently led by Pavel Datschnolian, was said to have been a disaster, resulting in the deaths of Datschnolian and five other men. However, Russian and Chinese authorities have consistently denied that such an attempt took place, no physical evidence has ever been found to confirm its existence, nor is there any record of a person named Pavel Datschnolian.[12]

Due to the difficulties and dangers in bringing bodies down, most of those who perish on the mountain remain where they fall, although some are moved by winds and ice. Two Nepalese climbers died on October 24, 1984, while trying to recover the body of Hannelore Schmatz.[13] While searching for George Mallory's body in a "catchment basin" near the peak in 1999, searchers came across multiple bodies in the snow, including Mallory's.[14]

On April 18, 2014, sixteen Sherpas were killed in an avalanche that struck Base Camp. In addition, a number of climbers were caught in the avalanche; some were recovered but others remain unaccounted for.[15][16][17]

Fatalities[edit]

Name Date Age Expedition Nationality Cause of Death Location Refs
Dorje June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Tupac June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Norbu June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Pasang June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Pema June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Sange June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Temba June 7, 1922 1922 British Mount Everest Expedition  India Avalanche Below North Col [6]
Bahadur, ManMan Bahadur May 13, 1924 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition    Nepal Pneumonia Above Rongbuk B.C. [6][18]
Shamsherpun, Lance-NaikLance-Naik Shamsherpun May 17, 1924 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition    Nepal Brain hemorrhage Above Rongbuk B.C. [6][18]
Irvine, AndrewAndrew Irvine June 9, 1924 22 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Disappeared; body never found; cause of death unknown N.E. Ridge [6]
Mallory, GeorgeGeorge Mallory June 9, 1924 37 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Disappeared; body found in 1999; evidence suggests Mallory died from being accidentally struck by his ice axe following a fall. N.E. Ridge [6]
Wilson, MauriceMaurice Wilson May 31, 1934 [A 1] 36 Solo Expedition  United Kingdom Body found 1935; cause of death possibly exhaustion, exposure or starvation. East Rongbuk glacier [19]
Mingma, DorjeDorje Mingma October 31, 1952 Swiss Expedition    Nepal Falling ice Lhotse Face [20]
Ji, WangWang Ji April 11, 1960 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope  China Mountain sickness [21][22]
Shi-Ching, ShaoShao Shi-Ching [A 2] April 29, 1960 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope  China N.E. Ridge [21][22]
Tshering, NawangNawang Tshering April 28, 1962 Chinese Expedition Northern Slope    Nepal Lhotse face [23]
Breitenbach, JakeJake Breitenbach March 23, 1963 27 Norman Dyhrenfurth's American Mount Everest Expedition  United States Crushed under serac Icefall [24][25][26]
Gao-shu , MaMa Gao-shu May 1, 1966 Chinese Everest Expedition  China Fall Icefall [22][1]
Dorje, PhuPhu Dorje October 18, 1969 Japanese Everest Expedition    Nepal Fall into a crevice Icefall [27]
Dorje, NimaNima Dorje April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [28]
Norbu, KungaKunga Norbu April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche [28]
Norbu, MimaMima Norbu April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [28]
Pasang, Pasang April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [28]
Tshering, KamiKami Tshering April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [28]
Tshering, KyakKyak Tshering April 5, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [28]
Tshering, KyakKyak Tshering April 9, 1970 36 Japanese Skiing Expedition    Nepal Avalanche 5525 m [29]
Narita, KiyoshiKiyoshi Narita April 21, 1970 Japanese Skiing Expedition  Japan Heart attack 6150m [30]
Vestergaard, SørenSøren Vestergaard April 18, 1971 International Expedition of 1971  Denmark Suspended above a crevice during a blizzard 6900m [31]
Tighe, TonyTony Tighe November 16, 1972 Mt. Qomolangma expedition  Australia Crushed under serac Icefall [32][33]
, JangbuJangbu October 12, 1973    Nepal Avalanche S.W. Face [34]
Devouassoux, GérardGérard Devouassoux September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition  France Avalanche 6400m [35]
Dorje, PembaPemba Dorje September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [35]
, LhakpaLhakpa September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [35]
Lutuk, NawangNawang Lutuk September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [35]
Wangchu, NimaNima Wangchu September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [35]
Wongal, SanuSanu Wongal September 9, 1974 French West Ridge Direct expedition    Nepal Avalanche 6400m [35]
Zhuong Yue, WuWu Zhuong Yue [A 3] May 4, 1975  China Exhaustion, fall 8500m [36]
Burke, MickMick Burke September 26, 1975 34 Bonington's 1975 Everest expedition  United Kingdom Near Summit [37]
Thompson, TerryTerry Thompson April 10, 1976 British-Nepal Army Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Fall into a crevasse Camp II [31]
Nuru, DawaDawa Nuru April 18, 1978    Nepal Fall into a crevasse Icefall [31]
Ming-ji, ShiShi Ming-ji April 18, 1978 Chinese Iranian Expedition  China Fall into a crevasse Icefall [1]
Phu, AngAng Phu May 16, 1979 Yugoslavian Expedition    Nepal Fall Icefall [31]
Genet, RayRay Genet October 2, 1979 48 Gerhard Schmatz German Expedition  United States Cold, exhaustion 8400m S.E. Ridge [38]
Schmatz, HanneloreHannelore Schmatz October 2, 1979 39 Gerhard Schmatz German Expedition  Germany Cold, exhaustion 8400m S.E. Ridge [38]
Hong-bao, WangWang Hong-bao October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [39]
Lan , LouLou Lan [A 4] October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [39]
Thaxi , NimaNima Thaxi [A 5] October 12, 1979 Japanese Alpine Club reconnaissance expedition  China Avalanche Below North Col [39]
Ube, AkiraAkira Ube May 2, 1980 31 Japanese Alpine Society Expedition  Japan Avalanche 7900m North Face (Hornbein Couloir) [40]
Kersang, NawangNawang Kersang September 6, 1980 Italian Expedition    Nepal Fall Icefall [41]
Piana, MarioMario Piana September 22, 1980 Italian Expedition  Italy Crushed under serac Lhotse Face [42]
Takenaka, NoboruNoboru Takenaka January 12, 1981 28 Japanese Winter Expedition  Japan Fall 6900m W. Cwm [43]
Hoey, MartyMarty Hoey May 15, 1982 30 Whittaker American Expedition  United States Fall 8000m [44]
Boardman, PeterPeter Boardman May 17, 1982 31 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Unknown North-East Ridge (approx. 8200m) [27][45]
Tasker, JoeJoe Tasker May 17, 1982 33 British Mount Everest Expedition  United Kingdom Disappeared North-East Ridge (approx. 8200m) [45][46]
Chuldim, AngAng Chuldim August 31, 1982 20 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [47]
Dorje, DawaDawa Dorje August 31, 1982 42 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [47]
Sona, PasangPasang Sona August 31, 1982 38 Bill March Canadian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [47]
Griffiths, BlairBlair Griffiths September 2, 1982 33 Bill March Canadian Expedition  Canada Crushed under serac Icefall [48]
Tshering, LhakpaLhakpa Tshering September 27, 1982 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Internal hemorrhage 6770m [36]
Dorje, NimaNima Dorje October 14, 1982 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Fall 8300m W ridge [49]
Kato, YasuoYasuo Kato December 28, 1982 33 Japanese Expedition  Japan Disappeared Near Summit [27][46]
Kobayashi, ToshiakiToshiaki Kobayashi December 28, 1982 Japanese Expedition  Japan Disappeared Near Summit [46]
Kamuro, HironobuHironobu Kamuro October 8, 1983 Japanese Expedition  Japan Fall Near Summit [27]
Temba, PasangPasang Temba October 8, 1983 Japanese Expedition    Nepal Fall 8600m SE Ridge [27][36]
Yoshino, HiroshiHiroshi Yoshino October 9, 1983 Japanese Expedition  Japan Fall Near Summit [27]
Rinji, AngAng Rinji March 26, 1984 Indian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [36]
Swierzy, TonyTony Swierzy April 3, 1984 27 Micheal Lane British North Face Expedition  United Kingdom Avalanche 6238m [50]
Prodanov, Hristo IvanovHristo Ivanov Prodanov April 21, 1984 40 Bulgarian West Face Expedition  Bulgaria Disappeared 8500m West Ridge [27]
From, FredFred From October 9, 1984 28 Australian New Zealand Expedition  Australia Fall 8000m [51]
Nottle, CraigCraig Nottle October 9, 1984 23 Australian New Zealand Expedition  Australia Fall 8000m [51]
Psotka, JozefJozef Psotka October 16, 1984 50 Australian New Zealand Expedition  Czechoslovakia Fall Near Summit [27]
Dorje, AngAng Dorje October 24, 1984 35 Mission to recover body of Hannelore Schmatz    Nepal Fall 8400m S.E. Ridge [13]
Thapa, Yogendra BahadurYogendra Bahadur Thapa October 24, 1984 36 Mission to recover body of Hannelore Schmatz    Nepal Fall 8400m S.E. Ridge [13]
Navarro, JuanjoJuanjo Navarro May 12, 1985 Basque Expedition  Spain Fall 7300m [52]
Ishii, ShinichiShinichi Ishii September 19, 1985 Japanese Expedition  Japan Avalanche [52]
Kumar, Kiran InderKiran Inder Kumar October 7, 1985 40 Indian Expedition  India Fall 7986m [53]
Bahugana, JaiJai Bahugana October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [54]
Bakshi, Ranjeet SinghRanjeet Singh Bakshi October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [54]
Negi, Vijay Pal SinghVijay Pal Singh Negi October 11, 1985 28 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [53][54]
Rao, M.U. Bhaskar RaoM.U. Bhaskar Rao Rao October 11, 1985 Indian Expedition  India Exposure South Col [54]
Trujillo, Víctor HugoVíctor Hugo Trujillo August 16, 1986 22  Chile Avalanche Below North Col [55]
Burkhardt, SimonSimon Burkhardt September 28, 1986 52 Eiselin Sports Expedition  Switzerland Avalanche 7315m [56]
Gyalu, Gyalu October 4, 1986 Eiselin Sports Expedition    Nepal Crushed under serac Icefall [56]
Norbu, DawaDawa Norbu October 17, 1986 Eiselin Sports Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Below North Col [27]
Dorje, TsuttinTsuttin Dorje January 30, 1987    Nepal Fall 7700m [57]
Marshall, RogerRoger Marshall May 21, 1987 45  Canada Hornbein Couloir, Near Summit [58]
Yokoyama, MasaoMasao Yokoyama September 2, 1987 44 Japanese Expedition  Japan Drowned E Rongbuk Glacier [59][60][61]
Singh, MangalMangal Singh October 20, 1987 British Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Base camp [36]
Mizukoshi, HidetakaHidetaka Mizukoshi April 21, 1988 35th Anniversary climb with Chinese, Japanese and Nepalese nationals  Japan Heart attack Base camp [62]
Parmentier, MichelMichel Parmentier September 20, 1988 International  France Exposure 7700m [52]
Shrestha, NarayanNarayan Shrestha September 21, 1988    Nepal Avalanche 7200m [63]
Sonam, LhakpaLhakpa Sonam October 13, 1988    Nepal Fall 8200m [27]
Temba, PasangPasang Temba October 13, 1988    Nepal Fall 8200m [27]
Becík, DušanDušan Becík October 17, 1988 34 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Disappeared 8000m S.E. Ridge [64]
Božík, PeterPeter Božík October 17, 1988 34 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Disappeared 8000m S.E. Ridge [64]
Jaško, JaroslavJaroslav Jaško October 17, 1988 26 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Disappeared 8000m S.E. Ridge [64]
Just, JozefJozef Just October 17, 1988 33 IAMES Bratislava Expedition  Czechoslovakia Disappeared 8000m S.E. Ridge [27]
Lhakpa, AngAng Lhakpa December 23, 1988    Nepal Cerebral thrombosis South Col [27]
Ilievski-Murato, DimitarDimitar Ilievski-Murato May 10, 1989  Yugoslavia Fall Descending South Col Route [27]
Dorje, PhuPhu Dorje May 16, 1989    Nepal Fall Descending South Col Route [27]
Dąsal, MirosławMirosław Dąsal May 27, 1989 26 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [65]
Gardzielewski, MirosławMirosław Gardzielewski May 27, 1989 35 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [65]
Heinrich, AndrzejAndrzej Heinrich May 27, 1989 51 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [65]
Otręba, WacławWacław Otręba May 27, 1989 50 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche 7200m W ridge [65]
Chrobak, EugeniuszEugeniusz Chrobak May 28, 1989 30 Polish-led expedition that included four U.S. mountaineers  Poland Avalanche injuries Lhola camp [27][65]
Pinjo, AngAng Pinjo December 12, 1989 South Korean expedition    Nepal Altitude sickness [1]
Gómez-Menor, RafaelRafael Gómez-Menor September 14, 1990  Spain Avalanche [66]
Sona, AngAng Sona September 14, 1990    Nepal Avalanche [66]
Nath, BadriBadri Nath September 14, 1990    Nepal Avalanche [66]
Sang-Hun, HamHam Sang-Hun October 7, 1990 Japanese Korean expedition  South Korea Disappeared [67]
Lang, RüdigerRüdiger Lang May 3, 1991 Austrian solo expedition  Germany Exposure 7850m N.E. Ridge [36][68]
Futagami, JunichiJunichi Futagami May 27, 1991 Japanese solo expedition  Japan Fall 8700m NE [1]
Kulkarni, DeepakDeepak Kulkarni May 2, 1992 Indian expedition  India Exposure [1]
Jacob, RaymondRaymond Jacob May 2, 1992 Indian expedition  India Exposure [1]
Singh, SubbaSubba Singh May 11, 1992 43    Nepal Heart attack [69]
Singh, SherSher Singh May 23, 1992 Indian Expedition  India Fall Icefall [1]
Hoshi, ManabuManabu Hoshi May 23, 1992 Japanese Expedition  Japan Disappeared 8350m NE [70]
Tshering, AngAng Tshering January 15, 1993 Spanish Expedition    Nepal Fall [1]
Sherpa, Pasang LhamuPasang Lhamu Sherpa April 23, 1993 32 Nepalese Expedition    Nepal Disappeared 8750m S.E. Ridge [71]
Tshering, SonamSonam Tshering April 23, 1993 Nepalese Expedition    Nepal Disappeared 8750m S.E. Ridge [71]
Tshering Bhutia, LobsangLobsang Tshering Bhutia May 10, 1993 41 40th anniversary of Tenzing Norgay's climb    Nepal Fall 8750m S.E. Ridge [72]
Won-Woo, NamNam Won-Woo May 16, 1993 South Korean expedition  South Korea Fall 8450m S.E. Ridge [1][73]
Jin-Seob, AnAn Jin-Seob May 17, 1993 South Korean expedition  South Korea Fall 8450m S.E. Ridge [1][73]
Henize, KarlKarl Henize October 5, 1993 66 American expedition  United States HAPE 6400m [74]
Miranda, AntonioAntonio Miranda October 7, 1993  Spain Fall [75]
Thapa, PremPrem Thapa April 6, 1994 German Expedition    Nepal Cerebral oedema [1]
Fang-Fang, ShihShih Fang-Fang 'Norman' May 9, 1994 27 Taiwanese  Taiwan Exhaustion and/or Exposure. [1]
Vigani-Fang, GiuseppeGiuseppe Vigani-Fang May 18, 1994 Italian Expedition  Italy Fall [1]
Rheinberger, MikeMike Rheinberger May 27, 1994 53 Australian Expedition  Australia 500ft fall. He showed signs of Exhaustion, Dehydration , Cerebral Oedema, Retinal Hemorrages and possible blood clots in his upper legs. 8500m NE [1]
Norbu, MingmaMingma Norbu September 12, 1994 Norwegian Expedition    Nepal Avalanche [1]
Rita, KamiKami Rita May 6, 1995 American Expedition    Nepal Fall [1]
Nuru, LhakpaLhakpa Nuru September 10, 1995 South Korean Expedition    Nepal 6900m [1]
, ZangbuZangbu October 14, 1995 South Korean Expedition    Nepal Fall Near Summit [1]
Yu-Nan, ChenChen Yu-Nan May 9, 1996 36 "Makalu" Gau Ming-Ho Taiwanese expedition  Taiwan Injuries from a fall [76]
Fischer, ScottScott Fischer May 11, 1996 40 Mountain Madness  United States Suspected HACE (High-altitude Cerebral Odema), exhaustion, frostbite and exposure. 8300m S.E. Ridge [52][77]
Hall, RobRob Hall May 11, 1996 35 Adventure Consultants  New Zealand Exposure South Summit [52][77]
Hansen, DougDoug Hansen May 11, 1996 46 Adventure Consultants  United States Exposure South Summit [52][77]
Harris, AndrewAndrew Harris May 11, 1996 31 Adventure Consultants  New Zealand Disappeared 8700m S.E. Ridge [52][77]
Morup, DorjeDorje Morup May 11, 1996 47 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [52][77]
Namba, YasukoYasuko Namba May 11, 1996 47 Adventure Consultants  Japan Exposure South Col [52][77]
Paljor, TsewangTsewang Paljor May 11, 1996 28 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [52][77]
Samanla, TsewangTsewang Samanla May 11, 1996 38 Indo-Tibetan Border Police  India Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [52][77]
Wlasich, ReinhardReinhard Wlasich May 19, 1996 Austrian  Austria Altitude sickness 8300m North Face, Great Couloir [78]
Herrod, BruceBruce Herrod May 25, 1996 37 South African/British  United Kingdom Rope accident S.E. Ridge, Hillary Step [79]
Topche, NgawangNgawang Topche June 6, 1996 American    Nepal Comatose on 23 Apr 1996, died in hospital Camp II [80]
Bouchon, YvesYves Bouchon September 25, 1996 French/Belgian/Swiss  France Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [52][81]
Jangbu, LobsangLobsang Jangbu September 25, 1996 23–25 Japanese    Nepal Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [52][81]
, DawaDawa September 25, 1996 South Korea    Nepal Avalanche 7400m Lhotse Face [52][81]
Duff, MalcolmMalcolm Duff April 23, 1997 British  United Kingdom Heart attack Base Camp [1]
Rinzi, NimaNima Rinzi May 6, 1997 Malaysian  United Kingdom Fall Lhotse Face [1]
Torochin, AleksandrAleksandr Torochin May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Fall N.E. Ridge [1][82][83][84]
Plotnikov, IvanIvan Plotnikov May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Disappeared N.E. Ridge [1][82][83][84]
Shevtchenko, NikolaiNikolai Shevtchenko May 7, 1997 Russian  Russia Disappeared N.E. Ridge [1][82][83][84]
, MingmaMingma May 7, 1997 Russian    Nepal Fall N.E. Ridge [82]
Kowalzik, PeterPeter Kowalzik May 8, 1997 Polish  Germany Disappeared N.E. Ridge [85]
Nuru, TenzingTenzing Nuru September 8, 1997 American    Nepal Disappeared S.E. Ridge [86]
Byong-Soo, ChoiChoi Byong-Soo September 8, 1997 South Korean  South Korea Avalanche North Col Flank [1]
Arsentiev, SergeiSergei Arsentiev May 23, 1998 Russian/French  United States 320ft Fall. N.E. Ridge [10][83]
Arsentiev, FrancysFrancys Arsentiev May 24, 1998 40 Russian/French  United States Exposure or Cerebral Oedema. N.E. Ridge [10][11][83]
Jennings, MarkMark Jennings May 25, 1998 British  United Kingdom Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [1]
Buick, RogerRoger Buick May 26, 1998 New Zealand  New Zealand Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [1]
Kopytko, VasiliVasili Kopytko May 8, 1999 Ukrainian  Ukraine N.E. Ridge [1][87]
Matthews, MichaelMichael Matthews May 13, 1999 23 International  United Kingdom S.E. Ridge [88]
Kudelski, TadeuszTadeusz Kudelski May 18, 1999 44 Polish International  Poland Fall N.E. Ridge [89]
Debrouwer, PascalPascal Debrouwer May 18, 1999 Belgian International  Belgium Exposure N.E. Ridge [89]
Stoltz, JeppeJeppe Stoltz May 20, 2000 27  Denmark Fall N.E. Ridge [1]
Gen-hua, YanYan Gen-hua May 21, 2000 Chinese  China Fall N.E. Ridge [1]
Chiri Sherpa, BabuBabu Chiri Sherpa April 29, 2001 35 Nepalese    Nepal Fall N.E. Ridge [8]
Ganner, PeterPeter Ganner May 23, 2001 Austrian  Austria Fall 8500m S.E. Ridge [90]
Auricht, MarkMark Auricht May 24, 2001 Australian  Australia Cerebral oedema N.E. Ridge [91]
Nikiforov, AlekseiAleksei Nikiforov May 24, 2001 Russian  Russia Illness N.E. Ridge [92]
Gárdos, SándorSándor Gárdos October 17, 2001 Hungarian  Hungary Fall 7800m N.E. Ridge [1]
Legate, PeterPeter Legate April 30, 2002 38 British International  United Kingdom Fall into a crevasse Below Camp III [93]
Miletic, ZoranZoran Miletic ?May 19, 2002 Russian International  Yugoslavia Exact cause and date unknown 7800m N.E. Ridge [1]
Siffredi, MarcoMarco Siffredi September 8, 2002 23 International  France Snowboarding Accident Hornbein Couloir [94]
Bahadur Gurung, BhimBhim Bahadur Gurung May 27, 2003 Indo-Nepal    Nepal Fall into a crevasse 5900m Icefall [1]
Liszewski, Jan KrzysztofJan Krzysztof Liszewski May 25, 2003 55 Independent  Poland Fall 7900m N.E. Ridge [1]
Saulnier, ArnaudArnaud Saulnier May 8, 2003 French  France Sickness in tent 5500m S.E. Ridge [1]
Gyalzen Sherpa, KarmaKarma Gyalzen Sherpa May 24, 2003 International    Nepal Altitude Sickness 6000m S.E. Ridge [1]
Baek, Joon-HoJoon-Ho Baek May 18, 2004 38 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [1][95]
Jang, MinMin Jang May 18, 2004 28 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [1][95]
Park, Mu-TaekMu-Taek Park May 18, 2004 36 South Korean  South Korea Exposure 8500m N.E. Ridge [1][95]
Antezana, NilsNils Antezana May 18, 2004 69 International  United States Exposure 8600m S.E. Ridge [96]
Hristov, Hristo GanchevHristo Ganchev Hristov May 20, 2004 27 Bulgarian  Bulgaria Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [1]
Ota, ShokoShoko Ota May 20, 2004 63 Japanese  Japan Exposure 8600m N.E. Ridge [97]
Maslarova, Mariana ProdanovaMariana Prodanova Maslarova May 23, 2004 43 Bulgarian  Bulgaria Exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [1]
Egan, SeanSean Egan April 28, 2005 63 Tim Redpath Expedition  Canada Heart attack 4600m S.E. Ridge [98]
O'Brien, Michael CoreyMichael Corey O'Brien May 2, 2005 39 Charity run with brother  United States Fall into a crevasse 5800m Icefall South [99]
Lihteneker, MarkoMarko Lihteneker May 21, 2005 45  Slovenia 8600m N.E. Ridge [1]
Shankarappa Chaitanya, SirigereshivaSirigereshiva Shankarappa Chaitanya May 30, 2005 India  India Exposure 8700m N.E. Ridge [1]
Kramer, DieterDieter Kramer June 4, 2005 German  Germany Ridge Exposure 8000m N.E. [1]
Milne, Robert WilliamRobert William Milne June 5, 2005 49  United Kingdom Organs Froze 8200m S.E. Ridge [100]
Sherpa, Tuk Bahadur Thapa MagarTuk Bahadur Thapa Magar Sherpa April 7, 2006 American    Nepal Altitude 5500m N.E. Ridge [1]
Sherpa , Ang PhinjoAng Phinjo Sherpa April 21, 2006 50 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [101]
Tseri , LhakpaLhakpa Tseri April 21, 2006 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [101]
Temba , DawaDawa Temba April 21, 2006 American    Nepal Avalanche 5900m Icefall [101]
Letrange , Jacques-HuguesJacques-Hugues Letrange May 6, 2006 American  France Exhaustion N.E. Ridge [1]
Srikrishna, Srikrishna May 14, 2006 Indian  India Fall 8600m N.E. Ridge [1]
Sharp, DavidDavid Sharp May 15, 2006 34 Asian Trekking  United Kingdom Exposure and/or Exhaustion. 8600m N.E. Ridge [102]
Olsson, TomasTomas Olsson May 16, 2006 30 International  Sweden Fall 8700m Norton Couloir [1]
Negrete, VitorVitor Negrete May 19, 2006 38 International  Brazil Exposure and/or Exhaustion. Camp III, 8200m N.E. Ridge [103]
Plyushkin, IgorIgor Plyushkin May 22, 2006 International  Russia Altitude sickness 7800m N.E. Ridge [1]
Weber, ThomasThomas Weber May 25, 2006 International  Germany Altitude sickness 8700m N.E. Ridge [104]
Okura, YoshitomiYoshitomi Okura May 16, 2007 62 Japanese  Japan N.E. Ridge [105]
Pierangelo, MaurizioMaurizio Pierangelo May 17, 2007 Italian  Italy N.E. Ridge [1]
Hee-joon, OhOh Hee-joon May 17, 2007 37 South Korean  South Korea S.W. Face [105]
Hyun-jo, LeeLee Hyun-jo May 17, 2007 34 South Korean  South Korea S.W. Face [105]
Goltz, Uwe GianniUwe Gianni Goltz May 21, 2008 44 Sherpas documentary team  Switzerland Exhaustion 8000m South Col [106]
Nuru, LhakpaLhakpa Nuru May 7, 2009 Eco Everest Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [107]
Chrzaszcz, VeslavVeslav Chrzaszcz May 18, 2009 Eco Everest Expedition  Czech Republic Heart attack [108]
Wu, WenhongWenhong Wu May 19, 2009  China [108]
Ziebarth, FrankFrank Ziebarth May 21, 2009 29  Canada 8700m North Summit [108][109]
Várkonyi, LászlóLászló Várkonyi April 26, 2010 54  Hungary Avalanche crevasse fall North Col [110]
Jørgensen , TomTom Jørgensen May 19, 2010 56  Denmark HACE [108]
Kinloch, PeterPeter Kinloch May 26, 2010 28 International  United Kingdom Exhaustion 8600m [111]
Hitch, RickRick Hitch May 1, 2011 55 International  United States Heart attack 7010m [112]
Upadhyaya, Shailendra KumarShailendra Kumar Upadhyaya May 9, 2011 82 Nepal    Nepal Altitude sickness Base Camp [113]
Ozaki, TakashiTakashi Ozaki May 12, 2011 International  Japan Altitude sickness 8400m The Balcony [114]
Delaney, JohnJohn Delaney May 21, 2011 42 International  Ireland Altitude sickness 8400m The Balcony [115]
Kino, HiroakiHiroaki Kino September 15, 2011 48  Japan cerebral apoplexy Lower Icefall [116][117]
Tenzing, DawaDawa Tenzing April 5, 2012 Himex    Nepal Stroke (CVA) Icefall [118][119]
Namgyal Sherpa, KarsangKarsang Namgyal Sherpa April 19, 2012 Prestige Adventures    Nepal altitude sickness Base Camp [119][120]
Gulve, RameshRamesh Gulve April 20, 2012 33 Pune team  India Stroke Base Camp [119][121]
Tshering Sherpa, NamgyalNamgyal Tshering Sherpa April 21, 2012 28    Nepal Fall into a crevasse Camp 1 [119][122]
Shah–Klorfine, ShriyaShriya Shah–Klorfine May 19, 2012 33 Utmost Adventures  Canada Exhaustion Below Balcony 8300m [119][123]
Schaaf, EberhardEberhard Schaaf May 19, 2012 61 Asian Trekking  Germany Cerebral oedema Hillary Step [119][123]
Won-bin, SongSong Won-bin May 19, 2012 44 Korean Everest & Lhotse Expedition  South Korea Fall Balcony [119][123]
Wenyi, HaHa Wenyi May 20, 2012 55 Mountain Experience  China Suspected altitude sickness Balcony [119][124]
José Polo Carbayo, JuanJuan José Polo Carbayo May 20, 2012 43 Himalayan Guides  Spain Exhaustion 8300m N.E. Ridge [119][125]
Arnold, Ralf D.Ralf D. Arnold May 20, 2012 43 Monterosa  Germany Exhaustion after breaking leg at Second Step 8300m N.E. Ridge [119][125]
Lim, PisethPiseth Lim October 19, 2012 27 International  Cambodia Encountered inclement weather Around 4,000 meter high point
Sherpa, MingmaMingma Sherpa April 7, 2013 45 Destination Himalaya    Nepal Falling into a crevasse Between Camps 1 and 2 in the Western Cwm [126]
Sherpa, DaRitaDaRita Sherpa May 5, 2013 37 International Mountain Guides    Nepal Suspected cardiac arrest Camp 3 on south side [127]
Ponomarev, SergeySergey Ponomarev May 5, 2013 7 Summits Club Everest expedition  Russia Suspected cardiac arrest At 100m above ABC on north side (at about 6500m) [128]
Sherpa, LobsangLobsang Sherpa May 7, 2013 22 Chinese expedition team    Nepal Fall Between Camp 2 and Camp 3 on descent from Camp 4 (on south side) [129]
Bolotov, AlexeyAlexey Bolotov May 15, 2013 50 Russian South-West Face expedition  Russia Fall 5600m Icefall [130][131]
Sherpa, NamgyalNamgyal Sherpa May 17, 2013 35    Nepal 8300m N.E. Ridge [132]
Sung-Ho, SeoSeo Sung-Ho May 21, 2013 33 Zero to 8848 expedition  South Korea Suspected Altitude Sickness On descent (south side) [133]
Khaled (Mohammed Khaled Hossain), SajalSajal Khaled (Mohammed Khaled Hossain) May 21, 2013 35  Bangladesh Suspected Altitude Sickness South Col Camp [133]
Sherpa, Mingma TenzingMingma Tenzing Sherpa April 2, 2014 Peak Freaks Expedition    Nepal HAPE Everest Base Camp [134]
Sherpa, Mingma NuruMingma Nuru Sherpa April 18, 2014 46 NBC Everest Expedition    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, DorjiDorji Sherpa April 18, 2014 NBC Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Ang TshiriAng Tshiri Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, NimaNima Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Phurba OngyalPhurba Ongyal Sherpa April 18, 2014 AC Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Chris DeckerChris Decker Sherpa April 18, 2014 AC Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Chhiring OngchuChhiring Ongchu Sherpa April 18, 2014 AC Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Khatri, DorjeeDorjee Khatri April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Then DorjeeThen Dorjee Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Phur TembaPhur Temba Sherpa April 18, 2014 Adventurist Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Pasang KarmaPasang Karma Sherpa April 18, 2014 Jagged Globe Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Tamang, AsmanAsman Tamang April 18, 2014 Himalayan Ecstasy Khotse Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, Tenzing ChottarTenzing Chottar Sherpa April 18, 2014 AAI Everest Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, AnkajiAnkaji Sherpa April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche Icefall [135][136]
Sherpa, PemTenjiPemTenji Sherpa April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [135][136]
Gurung, Aash BahadurAash Bahadur Gurung April 18, 2014 Everest Chinese Dream Expedition 2014    Nepal Avalanche (missing) Icefall [135][136]

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Date of death not known exactly; this date was his last diary entry.
  2. ^ Also known as Zhao Ziqing
  3. ^ Also known as Wu Tsung-yue
  4. ^ Also known as Luo San
  5. ^ Also known as Nima Tashi

Bibliography[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax adventurestats.com 2011
  2. ^ PBS 1998
  3. ^ Darack 2002, p. 153
  4. ^ Huey 2001, pp. 3115–9
  5. ^ Grocott 2009, pp. 140–9
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ortner 2001, p. 49
  7. ^ Ortner 2001, p. 31
  8. ^ a b c Handwerk 2002
  9. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 274
  10. ^ a b c d Tweedie 2007
  11. ^ a b Wostear 2007
  12. ^ Unsworth 1989, pp. 345–347
  13. ^ a b c Associated Press 1984
  14. ^ Anker & Roberts 2000, pp. 32–38
  15. ^ "Everest avalanche kills at least 12 Sherpa guides". BBC News. April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  16. ^ Ellen Barry; Graham Bowlet (18 April 2014). "Deadliest Day: Sherpas Bear Everest’s Risks". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "Everest avalanche: Search mission called off citing 'too much risk'". Kantipur Publications. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Unsworth 2000, p. 586
  19. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 244
  20. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 293
  21. ^ a b Clyde 2008
  22. ^ a b c everestnews2004 2004
  23. ^ Kohli 2000, p. xvi
  24. ^ Hornbein 1998, p. 12
  25. ^ Fisher 1990, p. 26
  26. ^ Potterfield & Hornbein 2003, p. 149
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Unsworth 2000, p. 701
  28. ^ a b c d e f Unsworth 2000, p. 398
  29. ^ Himalayan Club 1970
  30. ^ Chopra 1988, p. 124
  31. ^ a b c d Unsworth 2000, p. 614
  32. ^ Yang 2009
  33. ^ McDonald 2005, p. 118
  34. ^ Summit 1973
  35. ^ a b c d e f everesthistory.com 2011
  36. ^ a b c d e f Unsworth 1989, pp. 614–615
  37. ^ New York Times 1975, p. 26
  38. ^ a b Wilson 1979, p. 1
  39. ^ a b c Unsworth 1991, p. Snippet
  40. ^ Associated Press 1980, p. 21
  41. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 607
  42. ^ Reuter 1980, p. 3
  43. ^ Wire Service Reports 1981, p. 2
  44. ^ TIME 1982
  45. ^ a b Associated Press 1982 June, p. 2
  46. ^ a b c Associated Press 1982, p. 5
  47. ^ a b c Reuter 1982, p. 3
  48. ^ Patterson 2006, p. 94
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  50. ^ Associated Press 1984, p. 42
  51. ^ a b Sydney Morning Herald 1984, p. 1
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Unsworth 2000, p. 699
  53. ^ a b Thomson Living Media 1985, p. 74
  54. ^ a b c d Unsworth 2000, p. 622
  55. ^ Bell 1986
  56. ^ a b The Spokesman-Review 1986, p. 37
  57. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 627
  58. ^ Davies 1996, p. 264
  59. ^ Gillman 2000, p. 232
  60. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 596
  61. ^ Evening Times 1987, p. 13
  62. ^ Associated Press 1988, p. 3
  63. ^ Reuters 1988
  64. ^ a b c Child 2000, p. 176
  65. ^ a b c d e Times Wire Services 1989
  66. ^ a b c American Alpine Club 1991, p. 287
  67. ^ American Alpine Club 1991, p. 228
  68. ^ American Alpine Club 1991, p. 263
  69. ^ American Alpine Club 1997, p. 215
  70. ^ American Alpine Club 1997, pp. 17–18
  71. ^ a b Adams 1996, pp. 3–4
  72. ^ Higbee 1993
  73. ^ a b American Alpine Club 1994, p. 208
  74. ^ NASA 2007
  75. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 652
  76. ^ Bromet 2011
  77. ^ a b c d e f g h PBS 2012
  78. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 276
  79. ^ Krakauer 1997, p. 278
  80. ^ Krakauer 1997, pp. 108–114
  81. ^ a b c Mountainzone 1996
  82. ^ a b c d Clark 1997
  83. ^ a b c d e "Fatalities – Everest". Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  84. ^ a b c Risk Online: Results of the season 1997. Himalayan expeditions. Plans for 1998 season
  85. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 668
  86. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 667
  87. ^ Unsworth 2000, p. 696
  88. ^ Douglas 2001
  89. ^ a b Associated Press 1999
  90. ^ Alexander 2010, p. 169
  91. ^ Steffen 2010, p. 523
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  93. ^ Starmer-Smith & Payne 2002
  94. ^ Smith 2002
  95. ^ a b c India Blitz 2005
  96. ^ Leahy 2004
  97. ^ Associated Press 2004
  98. ^ CBC News 2005
  99. ^ Olsen 2005
  100. ^ Sky News 2005
  101. ^ a b c Hahn 2006
  102. ^ Breed, Gurubacharya & Associated Press 2006
  103. ^ Staeudtner 2010
  104. ^ Lauer 2008
  105. ^ a b c Philippine Daily Inquirer 2007, p. 15
  106. ^ SRG SSR 2010
  107. ^ Prettyman 2009
  108. ^ a b c d Arnette 2009
  109. ^ The Canadian Press 2009
  110. ^ Klein 2010
  111. ^ Davies 2010
  112. ^ Associated Press 2011
  113. ^ Koirala 2011
  114. ^ Richards 2011
  115. ^ Creswell 2011
  116. ^ "oRƁEIjĊJsJ}́uov". ORICON STYLE. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  117. ^ "カメラマン、エベレストで死亡 登山家・栗城史多さんに同行". MSN産経ニュース. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  118. ^ Bierling 2012
  119. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Arnette 2012
  120. ^ Schaffer 2012
  121. ^ Express news service 2012
  122. ^ Nepal News 2012
  123. ^ a b c Sky News 2012
  124. ^ Gurubacharya 2012
  125. ^ a b EFE 2012
  126. ^ THT ONLINE 2013
  127. ^ Hansman 2013
  128. ^ "Sergey Ponomarev, member of the expedition of 7 Summits Club, died near the camp ABC". Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  129. ^ Young Sherpa plunges to his death on Everest
  130. ^ "Russian climber Alex Bolotov dies on Mount Everest". Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  131. ^ "Alexey Bolotov died in Khumbu Icefall". Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  132. ^ "4th Sherpa Death on Everest in 2013". Retrieved 2013-05-17. 
  133. ^ a b "Situation Critical on Kangchenjunga, Bad News from Everest". Retrieved 2013-05-21. 
  134. ^ "Everest 2014 Coverage Archives - The Blog on alanarnette.com". The Blog on alanarnette.com. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  135. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Payne & Shrestha 2014
  136. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Mount Everest avalanche death toll rises in mountain's worst-ever tragedy - Daily Mail Online". Mail Online. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
References