List of people who have headed the United States Patent Office

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Following is a list of persons who have headed the United States Patent Office. The title associated with this function has changed over time, from Superintendent of Patents to Commissioner of Patents to Undersecretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property. The duties of the office have also evolved significantly, including coming to encompass the supervision of trademark issuance as well as that of patents.

Patent Office Head Began
service
Ended
service
Thornton, WilliamWilliam Thornton 1 Jun 1802 28 Mar 1828
Jones, Thomas P.Thomas P. Jones 12 Apr 1828 10 Jun 1829
Craig, John D.John D. Craig 11 Jun 1829 1 Feb 1835
Pickett, James ChamberlayneJames Chamberlayne Pickett 1 Feb 1835 May 1835
Ellsworth, Henry L.Henry L. Ellsworth 8 Jul 1835 1 Apr 1845[1]
Burke, EdmundEdmund Burke May 4, 1845 1849
Ewbank, ThomasThomas Ewbank May 9, 1849 1852
Hodges, Silas H.Silas H. Hodges November 8, 1852 1853
Mason, CharlesCharles Mason May 16, 1853 5 Aug 1857
Holt, JosephJoseph Holt September 10, 1857 Mar 1859
Bishop, William DariusWilliam Darius Bishop May 27, 1859 1860
Thomas, Philip F.Philip F. Thomas February 16, 1860 10 Dec 1860
Holloway, David P.David P. Holloway March 28, 1861 1865
Theaker, Thomas ClarkeThomas Clarke Theaker August 17, 1865 20 Jan 1868
Foote, ElishaElisha Foote July 29, 1868 Mar 1869
Fisher, Samuel S.Samuel S. Fisher April 26, 1869 10 Nov 1870
Leggett, Mortimer D.Mortimer D. Leggett January 16, 1871 1874
Thacher, John M.John M. Thacher November 4, 1874 1 Oct 1875
Duell, Robert HollandRobert Holland Duell October 1, 1875 1877
Spear, EllisEllis Spear January 30, 1877 1878
Paine, Halbert EleazerHalbert Eleazer Paine November 1, 1878 1880
Marble, Edgar M.Edgar M. Marble May 7, 1880 1883
Butterworth, BenjaminBenjamin Butterworth November 1, 1883 1885
Montgomery, Martin Van BurenMartin Van Buren Montgomery March 23, 1885 1887
Hall, Benton JayBenton Jay Hall April 12, 1887 1889
Mitchell, Charles ElliottCharles Elliott Mitchell April 1, 1889 1891
Simonds, William E.William E. Simonds August 1, 1891 1892
Seymour, John S.John S. Seymour March 31, 1893 1897
Butterworth, BenjaminBenjamin Butterworth April 7, 1897 1898
Duell, Charles HollandCharles Holland Duell February 3, 1898 1901
Allen, Frederick InnesFrederick Innes Allen April 11, 1901 1907
Moore, Edward BruceEdward Bruce Moore 1907 1913
Ewing, ThomasThomas Ewing 1913 1917
Newton, James T.James T. Newton 1917 1920
Whitehead, Robert FrederickRobert Frederick Whitehead 1920 1921
Coulston, Melvin H.Melvin H. Coulston 1921 1921
Robertson, Thomas E.Thomas E. Robertson 1921 1933
Coe, Conway PeytonConway Peyton Coe 1933 14 Sep 1945
Ooms, Casper W.Casper W. Ooms 15 Sep 1945 1947
Kingsland, Lawrence C.Lawrence C. Kingsland 1947 1949
Marzall, John A.John A. Marzall 1949 1953
Watson, Robert C.Robert C. Watson 1953 1961
Ladd, David LowellDavid Lowell Ladd 1961 1963
Brenner, Edward J.Edward J. Brenner 1964 1969
Schuyler, Jr., William E.William E. Schuyler, Jr. 1969 1971
Gottschalk, RobertRobert Gottschalk 1972 1973
Dann, C. MarshallC. Marshall Dann 1974 1977
Banner, Donald W.Donald W. Banner 1978 1979
Diamond, Sidney A.Sidney A. Diamond 1979 1981
Mossinghoff, Gerald J.Gerald J. Mossinghoff 1981 1985
Quigg, Donald J.Donald J. Quigg 1985 1990
Manbeck, Jr., Harry F.Harry F. Manbeck, Jr. 1990 1992
Lehman, Bruce A.Bruce A. Lehman 5 Aug 1993 1998
Dickinson, Q. ToddQ. Todd Dickinson 1998 19 Jan 2001
Godici, Nicholas P.Nicholas P. Godici Jan 2001 29 Mar 2005
Doll, John J.John J. Doll Apr 2005 Nov 2008
Focarino, Margaret A.Margaret A. Focarino Nov 2008 13 Aug 2009
Doll, John J.John J. Doll 13 Aug 2009 5 Oct 2009
Stoll, Robert L.Robert L. Stoll 5 Oct 2009 Present

Beginning in 2001, the Patent Office has been under an Undersecretary of Commerce. The persons holding this office have been:

Patent Office Head Began
service
Ended
service
Dickinson, Q. ToddQ. Todd Dickinson 17 Jan 2001a 19 Jan 2001
Rogan, James E.James E. Rogan 10 Dec 2001 9 Jan 2004
Dudas, JonJon Dudas 2004 20 Jan 2009
Doll, John J.John J. Doll 20 Jan 2009 13 Aug 2009
Kappos, DavidDavid Kappos 13 Aug 2009 1 Feb 2013
Rea, Teresa StanekTeresa Stanek Rea (acting) 1 Feb 2013 21 Nov 2013
Lee, Michelle K.Michelle K. Lee 13 Jan 2014

Note

a Dickinson served in analogous role as Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks beginning in 1998. That position was transformed into the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office effective January 17, 2001.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Title of office changed from Superintendent to Commissioner on July 4, 1836.