List of people who have served in both Houses of the Australian Parliament

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This is a list of Members of the Australian Parliament who have served in both the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Section 43 of the Constitution of Australia says: "A member of either House of the Parliament shall be incapable of being chosen or of sitting as a member of the other House".

Consequently, a member of one house who wishes to transfer to the other house must resign from the first house before the election or appointment to the other house. A person may simultaneously stand for election to both houses, and if successful in both bids, must choose which house he or she will be a member of. No person has ever successfully stood for election to both houses at the same time.

The following list comprises 49 people (44 men and 5 women). Of these:

  • 28 people were members of the House of Representatives before joining the Senate
  • 21 people were members of the Senate before joining the House of Representatives.

The first person to have been a member of both Houses was James McColl (Victoria), on 1 January 1907. All the other states and territories are represented in the list, the first person from each being:

The first woman to have been a member of both Houses was Kathy Sullivan (Qld), on 1 December 1984.

Only 2 people have gone from one House to another and later returned to the first House:

  • Jack Duncan-Hughes, House of Representatives 1922–28, Senate 1931–38, House of Representatives 1940–43
  • Sir Philip McBride, House of Representatives 1931–37, Senate 1937–44, House of Representatives 1946–58.

No member of this list has yet served the Parliament for an aggregate period of 30 years or more. The longest-serving person who has been a member of both Houses was Grant Chapman, who was in the Senate for 20 years 356 days, and in the House of Representatives for 7 years 83 days, a total of 28 years 74 days. The shortest-serving person no longer in the parliament was Thomas Marwick (1 year 65 days in the Senate; 2 years 244 days in the House of Representatives; a total of 3 years 309 days). Matt Thistlethwaite has not yet reached this point, but he is currently serving.

In the present Parliament, three senators (David Fawcett, Deborah O'Neill and Michael Ronaldson) were previously members of the House of Representatives, and four members of the House of Representatives (Bronwyn Bishop, David Feeney, Barnaby Joyce and Matt Thistlethwaite) were previously senators.

There are a number of members who represented different states or territories in the House of Representatives during their career. No person has ever represented more than one state or territory in the Senate. The only person who has ever represented one state or territory in one House and a different state or territory in the other House is Barnaby Joyce (Senate, Queensland, 2005–13; House of Representatives, Division of New England, New South Wales, from 2013).[1]

List of people who have served in both houses[edit]

Name Senate House of Representatives Total parliamentary
service
State/
Territory
From To Service Electorate From To Service
Percy Abbott NSW 14 November 1925 30 June 1929[2] 3 years, 229 days New England, NSW 31 May 1913 3 November 1919[3] 6 years, 157 days 10 years, 21 days
Oliver Badman SA 1 July 1932 30 September 1937[4] 5 years, 92 days Grey, SA 23 October 1937 21 August 1943[2] 5 years, 303 days 11 years, 30 days
Michael Baume NSW 1 July 1985 9 September 1996[4] 11 years, 71 days Macarthur, NSW 13 December 1975 5 March 1983[2] 7 years, 83 days 18 years, 154 days
Sir Robert Best VIC 29 March 1901[2] 30 June 1910 9 years, 94 days Kooyong, Vic 24 August 1910[5] 16 December 1922[2] 12 years, 115 days 21 years, 209 days
Bronwyn Bishop NSW 11 July 1987 24 February 1994[4] 6 years, 229 days Mackellar, NSW 26 March 1994[5] currently serving 20 years, 242 days 26 years, 106 days
Fred Chaney WA 18 May 1974 27 February 1990[4] 15 years, 286 days Pearce, WA 24 March 1990 8 February 1993[3] 2 years, 322 days 18 years, 243 days
Grant Chapman SA 11 July 1987 30 June 2008[2] 20 years, 356 days Kingston, SA 13 December 1975 5 March 1983[2] 7 years, 83 days 28 years, 74 days
Don Chipp VIC 1 July 1978 18 August 1986[4] 8 years, 49 days Higinbotham, Vic 10 December 1960[5] 25 October 1969[6] 16 years, 336 days 25 years, 20 days
Hotham, Vic 25 October 1969 10 November 1977[3]
John Coates TAS 1 July 1981 20 August 1996[4] 15 years, 51 days Denison, Tas 2 December 1972 13 December 1975[2] 3 years, 12 days 18 years, 63 days
Dick Dein NSW 1 July 1935 30 June 1941[2] 6 years, 0 days Lang, NSW 19 December 1931 7 August 1934[3] 2 years, 232 days 8 years, 232 days
Jack
Duncan-Hughes
SA 19 December 1931 30 June 1938[3] 6 years, 194 days Boothby, SA 16 December 1922 17 November 1928[2] 5 years, 338 days 15 years, 137 days
Wakefield, SA 21 September 1940 21 August 1943[2] 2 years, 335 days
Gareth Evans VIC 1 July 1978 6 February 1996[4] 17 years, 221 days Holt, Vic 2 March 1996 30 September 1999[4] 3 years, 213 days 21 years, 69 days
George Fairbairn VIC 1 July 1917 30 June 1923[3] 6 years, 0 days Fawkner, Vic 12 December 1906 31 May 1913[2] 6 years, 157 days 12 years, 157 days
David Fawcett SA 1 July 2011 currently serving 3 years, 145 days Wakefield, SA 9 October 2004 24 November 2007[2] 3 years, 47 days 6 years, 192 days
David Feeney VIC 1 July 2008 12 August 2013[4] 5 years, 43 days Batman, VIC 7 September 2013 currently serving 1 year, 77 days 6 years, 120 days
Joe Fitzgerald NSW 1 July 1962 11 April 1974[3][7] 11 years, 285 days Phillip, NSW 10 December 1949 10 December 1955[2] 6 years, 1 day 17 years, 286 days
William Gibson VIC 1 July 1935 30 June 1947[3] 12 years, 0 days Corangamite, Vic 14 December 1918[5] 12 October 1929[2] 10 years, 303 days 25 years, 170 days
19 December 1931 7 August 1934[3] 2 years, 232 days
John Gorton VIC 22 February 1950 1 February 1968[4] 17 years, 345 days Higgins, Vic 24 February 1968[5] 11 November 1975[3] 7 years, 261 days 25 years, 241 days
Allan Guy TAS 22 February 1950 30 June 1956[2] 6 years, 130 days Bass, Tas 12 October 1929 15 September 1934[2] 4 years, 339 days 17 years, 112 days
Wilmot, Tas 21 September 1940 28 September 1946[2] 6 years, 8 days
Steele Hall SA 18 May 1974 16 November 1977[4] 3 years, 183 days Boothby, SA 21 February 1981[5] 29 January 1996[3] 14 years, 343 days 18 years, 161 days
David Hamer VIC 1 July 1978 30 June 1990[3] 12 years, 0 days Isaacs, Vic 25 October 1969 18 May 1974[2] 4 years, 206 days 18 years, 174 days
13 December 1975 10 November 1977[3] 1 year, 333 days
Joseph Hannan VIC 22 July 1924[8] 13 November 1925[2] 1 year, 115 days Fawkner, Vic 31 May 1913 5 May 1917[2] 3 years, 340 days 5 years, 90 days
William Higgs QLD 30 March 1901 31 December 1906[2] 5 years, 277 days Capricornia, Qld 13 April 1910 16 December 1922[2] 12 years, 248 days 18 years, 160 days
Don Jessop SA 1 July 1971 5 June 1987[2] 15 years, 340 days Grey, SA 26 November 1966 25 October 1969[2] 2 years, 334 days 18 years, 309 days
Barnaby Joyce QLD 1 July 2005 8 August 2013[4] 8 years, 39 days New England, NSW 7 September 2013 currently serving 1 year, 77 days 9 years, 116 days
Richard Keane VIC 1 July 1938 26 April 1946[9] 7 years, 300 days Bendigo, Vic 12 October 1929 19 December 1931[2] 2 years, 69 days 10 years, 4 days
Cheryl Kernot QLD 1 July 1990 15 October 1997[4] 7 years, 107 days Dickson, Qld 3 October 1998 10 November 2001[2] 3 years, 39 days 10 years, 146 days
John Leckie VIC 1 July 1935 30 June 1947[2] 12 years, 0 days Indi, Vic 5 May 1917 13 December 1919[2] 2 years, 241 days 14 years, 241 days
John Martyr WA 11 March 1981[8] 4 February 1983[2] 1 year, 331 days Swan, WA 13 December 1975 18 October 1980[2] 4 years, 311 days 6 years, 277 days
Thomas Marwick WA 19 August 1936[8] 22 October 1937[2] 1 year, 65 days Swan, WA 21 December 1940[5] 21 August 1943[2] 2 years, 244 days 3 years, 309 days
Sir Walter
Massy-Greene
NSW 17 October 1923[8] 13 November 1925[10] 2 years, 28 days Richmond, NSW 13 April 1910 16 December 1922[2] 12 years, 248 days 26 years, 276 days
1 July 1926 30 June 1938[3] 12 years, 0 days
Sir Philip McBride SA 21 October 1937[8] 30 June 1944[2] 6 years, 254 days Grey, SA 19 December 1931 21 September 1937[3] 5 years, 277 days 24 years, 183 days
Wakefield, SA 28 September 1946 14 October 1958[3] 12 years, 17 days
James McColl VIC 1 January 1907 5 September 1914[2][7] 7 years, 248 days Echuca, Vic 29 March 1901 5 November 1906[3] 5 years, 222 days 13 years, 105 days
Bob McMullan ACT 16 February 1988[8] 6 February 1996[4] 7 years, 311 days Canberra, ACT 2 March 1996 3 October 1998[6] 14 years, 140 days 22 years, 86 days
Fraser, ACT 3 October 1998 19 July 2010[3]
Belinda Neal NSW 8 March 1994[8] 3 September 1998[4] 4 years, 180 days Robertson, NSW 24 November 2007 19 July 2010[3] 2 years, 238 days 7 years, 53 days
David O'Keefe TAS 29 March 1901 31 December 1906[2] 5 years, 278 days Denison, Tas 16 December 1922 14 November 1925[2] 2 years, 334 days 18 years, 247 days
1 July 1910 30 June 1920[2] 10 years, 0 days
Deborah O'Neill NSW 13 November 2013 currently serving 1 year, 10 days Robertson, NSW 25 August 2010 7 September 2013[2] 3 years, 13 days 4 years, 23 days
Herbert Pratten NSW 1 July 1917 23 November 1921[4] 4 years, 146 days Martin, NSW 10 December 1921[5] 16 December 1922[6] 6 years, 150 days 10 years, 296 days
Parramatta, NSW 16 December 1922 7 May 1928[9]
George Rankin VIC 22 February 1950 30 June 1956[3] 6 years, 130 days Bendigo, Vic 23 October 1937 31 October 1949[3] 12 years, 9 days 18 years, 139 days
Allan Rocher WA 1 July 1978 10 February 1981[4] 2 years, 225 days Curtin, WA 21 February 1981[5] 3 October 1998[2] 17 years, 225 days 20 years, 85 days
Michael Ronaldson VIC 1 July 2005 currently serving 9 years, 145 days Ballarat, Vic 24 March 1990 8 October 2001[3] 11 years, 199 days 20 years, 344 days
Jim Short VIC 1 December 1984 12 May 1997[4] 12 years, 163 days Ballarat, Vic 13 December 1975 18 October 1980[2] 4 years, 311 days 17 years, 109 days
William Story SA 1 January 1904 3 April 1917[4] 13 years, 93 days Boothby, SA 5 May 1917 16 December 1922[2] 5 years, 226 days 18 years, 319 days
Kathy Sullivan[11] QLD 18 May 1974 5 November 1984[4] 10 years, 172 days Moncrieff, Qld 1 December 1984 8 October 2001[3] 16 years, 312 days 27 years, 119 days
Grant Tambling NT 11 July 1987 9 November 2001[3] 14 years, 122 days Northern Territory, NT 18 October 1980 5 March 1983[2] 2 years, 139 days 16 years, 261 days
Matt Thistlethwaite NSW 1 July 2011 9 August 2013[4] 2 years, 40 days Kingsford Smith, NSW 7 September 2013 currently serving 1 year, 77 days 3 years, 117 days
Josiah Thomas NSW 1 July 1917 30 June 1923[2] 6 years, 0 days Barrier, NSW 29 March 1901 26 March 1917[3] 15 years, 363 days 25 years, 227 days
14 November 1925 30 June 1929[2] 3 years, 229 days
Sir Keith Wilson SA 1 July 1938 30 June 1944[2] 6 years, 0 days Sturt, SA 10 December 1949 29 May 1954[2] 4 years, 171 days 21 years, 132 days
10 December 1955 31 October 1966[3] 10 years, 326 days
Bob Woods NSW 8 March 1994[8] 7 March 1997[4] 3 years, 0 days Lowe, NSW 11 July 1987 13 March 1993[2] 5 years, 246 days 8 years, 246 days

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Defeated
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Retired
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Resigned
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i By-election
  6. ^ a b c Changed seats
  7. ^ a b Double dissolution
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Appointed to fill a casual vacancy
  9. ^ a b Died
  10. ^ Term expired
  11. ^ Initially known as Kathy Martin, then as Kathy Martin Sullivan, later as Kathy Sullivan.

Sources[edit]