List of people who have spoken to both Houses of the United Kingdom Parliament

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The Palace of Westminster, meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords
President of the United States Ronald Reagan addressing Parliament, 8 June 1982

This is a list of people who have addressed both Houses of the United Kingdom Parliament at the same time. Although English and later British monarchs have jointly addressed the House of Commons and the House of Lords on several occasions since the 16th century,[1] the first foreign dignitary to do so was French President Albert Lebrun in March 1939. The list excludes the speeches given by (or on behalf of) the Sovereign at the State Opening of Parliament[2] and at the close of each parliamentary session.

Only three people besides the reigning monarch at the time have addressed both Houses together on more than one occasion. Nelson Mandela spoke to Members of the Commons and the Lords in 1993 and in 1996 as President of South Africa. Mikhail Gorbachev addressed the Houses as a foreign delegate of the Soviet Union in 1984 and again, in 1993, on behalf of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Shimon Peres spoke to the Houses as Prime Minister of Israel in 1986 and as President in 2008.

Speakers[edit]

Date Visitor Position Location Ref
23 March 1939 Lebrun, AlbertAlbert Lebrun President of France Westminster Hall [3][4]
21 October 1942 Smuts, Jan ChristiaanJan Christiaan Smuts Prime Minister of South Africa Royal Gallery [3][5]
21 October 1942 King, MackenzieMackenzie King Prime Minister of Canada Royal Gallery [3]
17 May 1945 George VI King of the United Kingdom Royal Gallery [3][6]
21 August 1945 George VI King of the United Kingdom Royal Gallery [3][7]
9 March 1950 Auriol, VincentVincent Auriol President of France Royal Gallery [8]
26 October 1950 George VI King of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [9][10]
22 October 1954 Selassie, HaileHaile Selassie Emperor of Ethiopia Royal Gallery [3]
24 April 1956 Bulganin, NikolaiNikolai Bulganin Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union Royal Gallery [3][5][11]
24 April 1956 Khrushchev, NikitaNikita Khrushchev First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Royal Gallery [3][5]
7 April 1960 de Gaulle, CharlesCharles de Gaulle President of France Westminster Hall [4][12]
22 June 1965 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Royal Gallery [3][13]
28 April 1966 Thant, UU Thant Secretary-General of the United Nations Royal Gallery [3]
9 February 1967 Kosygin, AlexeiAlexei Kosygin Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union Royal Gallery [14]
28 April 1969 Saragat, GiuseppeGiuseppe Saragat President of the Italian Republic Royal Gallery [3]
3 March 1970 Brandt, WillyWilly Brandt Chancellor of West Germany Royal Gallery [3]
23 June 1976 Giscard d'Estaing, ValéryValéry Giscard d'Estaing President of France Royal Gallery [3]
4 May 1977 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [15][16]
8 June 1982 Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan President of the United States Royal Gallery [17]
24 October 1984 Mitterrand, FrançoisFrançois Mitterrand President of France Royal Gallery [3]
24 October 1984 Gorbachev, MikhailMikhail Gorbachev Foreign delegate of the Soviet Union Grand Committee Room [3][5]
23 January 1986 Peres, ShimonShimon Peres Prime Minister of Israel Grand Committee Room [3][5]
28 April 1986 Carlos I, JuanJuan Carlos I King of Spain Royal Gallery [18]
28 April 1986 von Weizsäcker, RichardRichard von Weizsäcker President of West Germany Royal Gallery [3]
2 July 1988 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [3][19]
8 May 1989 Ortega, DanielDaniel Ortega President of Nicaragua Committee Room 14 [3][5]
24 October 1990 Cossiga, FrancescoFrancesco Cossiga President of the Italian Republic Royal Gallery [3]
10 November 1992 Yeltsin, BorisBoris Yeltsin President of the Russian Federation Royal Gallery [3]
22 April 1993 Soares, MárioMário Soares President of Portugal Grand Committee Room [3][5]
22 April 1993 Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela Nobel Peace Prize winner Grand Committee Room [5][20]
7 September 1993 Gorbachev, MikhailMikhail Gorbachev Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Grand Committee Room [3][5]
6 May 1995 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [3][21]
29 November 1995 Clinton, BillBill Clinton President of the United States Royal Gallery [22]
15 May 1996 Chirac, JacquesJacques Chirac President of France Royal Gallery [3]
11 July 1996 Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela President of South Africa Westminster Hall [4][3]
16 July 1996 Gyatso, TenzinTenzin Gyatso Dalai Lama Grand Committee Room [3][5][23]
29 October 1998 Menem, CarlosCarlos Menem President of Argentina Grand Committee Room [3][5]
6 July 2000 Howard, JohnJohn Howard Prime Minister of Australia Royal Gallery [3]
30 April 2002 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [24][25]
8 May 2007 Annan, KofiKofi Annan Former Secretary-General of the United Nations Royal Gallery [26]
15 May 2007 Ahern, BertieBertie Ahern Taoiseach of Ireland Royal Gallery [26]
26 March 2008 Sarkozy, NicolasNicolas Sarkozy President of France Royal Gallery [27]
19 November 2008 Peres, ShimonShimon Peres President of Israel Queen's Robing Room [3]
1 April 2009 Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón President of Mexico Queen's Robing Room [3]
17 September 2010 Benedict XVI Pope (state visit) Westminster Hall [28]
25 May 2011 Barack Obama President of the United States Westminster Hall [29]
20 March 2012 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom Westminster Hall [30][1]
21 June 2012 Aung San Suu Kyi Burmese Opposition Leader Westminster Hall [31]
1 November 2012 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President of Indonesia Queen's Robing Room [32]
29 November 2012 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Emir of Kuwait Queen's Robing Room [33]
13 June 2013 Stephen Harper Prime Minister of Canada Queen's Robing Room [34]
5 November 2013 Park Geun-hye President of the Republic of Korea Queen's Robing Room [3][35]
27 February 2014 Angela Merkel Chancellor of Germany Royal Gallery [3][36]
8 April 2014 Michael D. Higgins President of Ireland Royal Gallery [37]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Diamond Jubilee: Queen rededicates herself to UK". BBC News. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "State Opening of Parliament". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 27 March 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "Speeches to both Houses" (PDF). House of Commons Library. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "House of Lords – Briefing – Westminster Hall". House of Lords. June 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Members of both Houses were present at the meeting but this was not a formal presentation to both Houses.
  6. ^ The speech was to announce the Victory in Europe.
  7. ^ The speech was to announce the victory in the Second World War.
  8. ^ "Cordial Visit". Time. 20 March 1950. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  9. ^ The speech was to announce the opening of the new Chamber of the House of Commons.
  10. ^ John McDonough. "The History of the Maces of the British and Canadian Parliaments". Canadian Parliamentary Review. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "A Quiet Little Dinner with Krushchev". Time. 7 May 1956. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  12. ^ "1960: Action This Day". The Churchill Centre. Retrieved 26 March 2008. [dead link]
  13. ^ The speech was to commemorate the 700th anniversary of the Parliament of Simon de Montford.
  14. ^ "Unsmiling Comrade". Time. 17 February 1967. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  15. ^ The speech was the Queen's Silver Jubilee address to Parliament.
  16. ^ "Silver Jubilee address to Parliament, 4 May 1977". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  17. ^ "Address to Members of the British Parliament". The American Presidency Project. 8 June 1982. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  18. ^ "Spanish King Addresses British Parliament". New York Times. 28 April 1986. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  19. ^ The speech was to commemorate the Tercentenary of the Revolution of 1688–89 and the Bill of Rights.
  20. ^ Cameron Duodo (2007). "Should Mandela statue be in UK's Parliament Square?". New African. Retrieved 27 March 2008. 
  21. ^ The speech was to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Victory in Europe.
  22. ^ "U.S., U.K reaffirm joint commitment to democracy – Pre. Bill Clinton – Transcript". US Department of State Dispatch. 4 December 1995. Retrieved 26 March 2008. [dead link]
  23. ^ Louise Jury (17 July 1996). "Dalai Lama urges UK to help Tibet". The Independent. [dead link]
  24. ^ The speech was the Queen's Golden Jubilee address to Parliament.
  25. ^ "Queen pledges to stay on throne". BBC News. 30 April 2002. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  26. ^ a b "Lord Speaker news: May 2007". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 26 March 2008. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Sarkozy: We are stronger together". BBC News. 26 March 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  28. ^ "Papal address in Westminster Hall". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  29. ^ "President Obama addresses MPs and Members of the Lords". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011. 
  30. ^ The speech was the Queen's Diamond Jubilee address to Parliament.
  31. ^ "San Suu Kyi addresses UK parliament". CNN. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  32. ^ "Indonesian President Yudhoyono addresses MPs and members of the Lords in Queen's Robing Room". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  33. ^ "Amir of the State of Kuwait addresses MPs and peers". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "Canadian PM Stephen Harper visits UK Parliament". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "Lord Speaker addresses President of Republic of Korea". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  36. ^ "Angela Merkel visits UK Parliament". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  37. ^ "Irish President Michael D Higgins hails UK friendship". BBC News. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 

External links[edit]