List of people who were beheaded

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The following is a list of notable people who were beheaded, arranged alphabetically by country or region and with date of decapitation. Special sections on "Religious figures" and "Fictional characters" are also appended.

These individuals may have lost their heads either accidentally or intentionally (as a form of execution or posthumously).

Salome and the Beheading of St. John the Baptist, by Titian
The Beheading of Saint Paul. Painting by Enrique Simonet in 1887

Africa[edit]

  • Peter Revson (1974) - racing driver decapitated in testing crash
  • Tom Pryce (1977) - racing driver partially decapitated by chin strap

Austria[edit]

Brazil[edit]

  • Jordão da Silva Cantanhede (2013) - a Brazilian amateur football referee,[1] was lynched, quartered and beheaded by football spectators after he stabbed a player in a match he officiated on June 30, 2013. Spectators then put his head on a stake in the middle of the pitch. A viral video later surfaced of medical officials reassembling his body.[2][3][4]

Canada[edit]

  • Tim McLean (2008) – murdered and decapitated on Greyhound bus
  • Roberta McIvor (2011) - found decapitated alongside dirt road
  • Fribjon Bjornson (2012) - severed head found on the Nak'azdli reserve near Fort St. James [5]
  • Robert John Roth (2012) - severed head found in Edmonton alley

China[edit]

Chile[edit]

Denmark[edit]

England[edit]

For English beheadings after 1707, see Great Britain section, below.
The heads of famous English traitors were customarily spiked on London Bridge
Piers Gaveston at the feet of the Earl of Warwick, 1312
The execution of Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset at Tewkesbury, 1471
Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
Raleigh just before being beheaded – an illustration from c. 1860
This contemporary German print depicts Charles I's decapitation in 1649.
Execution of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth by Jack Ketch on Tower Hill, 15 July 1685 (O.S), in a popular print.

European New World colonies[edit]

For beheadings after the respective dates of independence, see the respective country headings.
Blackbeard's severed head hanging from Maynard's bowsprit
Execution of Diego de Almagro
Wingina (1586) – Roanoke Indian chief executed by first English settlers in the New World[16]
Metacomet (1676) – New England Indian chief "King Philip" executed for resisting white settlement
Blackbeard (1718) – Famous pirate beheaded after capture at Ocracoke Island
Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1519) – Spanish conquistador who discovered the Pacific Ocean. Executed by rivals Francisco Pizarro and Pedro Arias de Avila
Dutty Boukman (1791) – Executed by the French for promoting a slave rebellion
Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (Tiradentes) (1792) – the body was quartered after his hanging for revolutionary activity
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and Ignacio Allende (1811) – Mexican insurgents were beheaded after their execution by firing squad
Manuel Ascencio Padilla (1816) – Executed for insurrection after the Battle of La Laguna
Diego de Almagro (1538) – Executed in Cuzco by his rival Francisco Pizarro
Gonzalo Pizarro (1548) – Executed in Peru by Pedro de la Gasca for rebellion

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Ancient Regime[edit]

French Revolution[edit]

Note: some estimates place the number of persons executed by the guillotine, particularly during the Reign of Terror, at 40,000.

The execution of Robespierre

Restoration[edit]

French Republic[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Pre-20th century[edit]

Execution of Pirates in Hamburg, 1573

Weimar Republic[edit]

  • Fritz Haarmann (1925) – The Butcher (or Vampire) of Hanover – Guillotined in Hanover for murder
  • Peter Kürten (1931) – The Vampire of Düsseldorf – Guillotined in Cologne for murder

Nazi Germany[edit]

Post-war Germany[edit]

Jeremiah Brandreth's head, 1817

Great Britain[edit]

See also the sections on England, Scotland and Wales for beheadings before the Union of 1707.

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

  • Raja Dahir (712) – executed on command of Muhammad bin Qasim after Dahir's kingdom of Sindh was defeated.
  • 2013 India–Pakistan border skirmishes- Two Indian soldiers, Lance Naik Hemraj and Lance Naik Sudhakar Singh were killed and their bodies were apparently found mutilated, with one decapitated by Pakistan Army.

Iraq[edit]

Caliphate[edit]

Modern[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

The Execution of Marino Faliero, Eugène Delacroix, 1827.

Ancient Rome[edit]

Medieval Italy[edit]

Later Italy[edit]

Giovanni Battista Bugatti, executioner of the Papal States between 1796 and 1865, carried out 516 executions

Japan[edit]

Head of Kim Okgyun, 1894

Home islands[edit]

Sergeant Siffleet's execution at Aitape, 1943

Japanese occupied territories (20th century)[edit]

Korea[edit]

Netherlands/Belgium[edit]

Beheading of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

  • Northwest India before 1947
Raja Dahir (712) – executed on command of Muhammad bin Qasim after Dahir's empire was defeated.
  • Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Daniel Pearl (2002) – American journalist killed by terrorists

Palestine[edit]

Poland[edit]

Romania[edit]

  • Nicolae Labis (1956) - fell off of a tram while going to a friend's house and was decapitated when his head hit the pavement between the two trams

Russia[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Scotland[edit]

For Scottish beheadings after 1707, see the Great Britain section above
The Scottish Maiden on display at the Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Execution of Anna Månsdotter. The executioner Dalman stands to the far left, hiding his axe behind his back.

Syria[edit]

  • James Foley (2014) — American photojournalist. Decapitated by ISIS terrorists in August 2014 in revenge for U.S. actions against them (not the Syrian government).

Switzerland[edit]

Execution of Greifensee garrison

United States[edit]

For beheadings before 1776, see the European New World colonies section above

Vietnam[edit]

Execution of Pierre Dumoulin-Borie

Wales[edit]

For Welsh beheadings after 1707, see the Great Britain section above

Religious figures[edit]

Biblical accounts[edit]

Judith Beheading Holofernes (Caravaggio)

Catholic saints[edit]

The martyrdom of Saints Cosmas and Damian by Fra Angelico (Musée du Louvre, Paris)
The martyrdom of St Nicasius

Sikh[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

Video games[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fans decapitate soccer referee after he stabs, kills player:police". NY Daily News. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Brazil referee decapitated after stabbing player". BBC News. 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Brazilian Referee Beheaded by Fans for Killing Player". International Business Times. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Brazilian Soccer Fans Decapitate Ref After He Stabs, Kills Player". Deadspin. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Northern B.C. homicide witnesses silenced by gang fears". Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp "Confirmed executions at Tower Hill". Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Thomas Mowbray". Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Martyrdom of Archbishop Richard Scrope". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Thomas Pennant Wybunbury to Darlaston Excerpt From Chester to London (1780), at visionofbritain.org.uk
  10. ^ "Richard III (DNB00)". DNB. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hungerford, Walter (1503-1540) (DNB00)". Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "Fane, Ralph (DNB00)". Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "Foxe's Book of Martyrs". Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "Danvers, Sir Charles (c.1568–1601), soldier and conspirator". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "Gregory Clement, Regicide, 1594-1660". Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  16. ^ Oberg, Michael Leroy (2010), The Head in Edward Nugent's Hand: Roanoke's Forgotten Indians (Series: Early American Studies), University of Pennsylvania Press
  17. ^ "Earl of Strafford Killed; Decapitated by an Express Train at a Railroad". New York Times. 17 May 1899. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  18. ^ Life for head-on-beach murderers BBC NEWS, 6 March 2009
  19. ^ Deréktól hiányzik Kádár János - többen őrzik a sírkertet Lánchíd Rádió, cs, 2007-05-03 17:40
  20. ^ The Pacy and the Levant. Google Books. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  21. ^ Acts of the Apostles: Commentary
  22. ^ The Apostle Saul (Paul) at BiblePath.com