List of percussion instruments
This is a wide-ranging, inclusive list of percussion instruments.
- Instruments classified by Hornbostel–Sachs as struck or friction idiophones, struck or friction membranophones or struck chordophones. Where an instrument meets this definition but is often or traditionally excluded from the term percussion this is noted.
- Instruments commonly used as unpitched and/or untuned percussion.
- Instruments commonly part of the percussion section of a band or orchestra.
These three groups overlap heavily, but inclusion in any one is sufficient for an instrument to be included in this list. However when only a specific subtype of the instrument qualifies as a percussion instrument, only that subtype is listed here. For example, a samba whistle (or apito) is an unpitched percussion instrument, but a whistle in general is not.
For brevity, synonyms represented in Wikipedia by redirects to a main article are not listed, but may be mentioned as a note. Only the main article names are listed in these cases. For example apito is listed but samba whistle is merely noted as an alternate name. A distinct instrument or type represented only by a redirect to an article section should however be shown. Instruments represented only by redlinks have no Wikipedia articles as yet but are shown.
See list of percussion instruments by type for some shorter, more focused lists. Use the sorting arrows on the Common usage column to group instruments as pitched, unpitched or both. Use the sorting arrows on the Classification column to group instruments according to their highest level Hornbostel–Sachs classification.
|Instrument name||Common usage||Classification||References and notes|
|Apito||Unpitched||Aerophone||Also known as samba whistle. Some apitos produce up to three different tones, but none of these is normally used as a pitched note.|
|Cajón||Unpitched||Cuban box drum|
|Caxixi||Unpitched||African basket rattle|
|Celesta||Pitched||Idiophone||As a keyboard instrument, not part of the percussion section of the orchestra|
|Cowbell||Both||Idiophone||Tuned cowbells are known as almglocken or alpine bells|
|Cup chime||Pitched||Idiophone||The only pitched cymbal, it is identical to a bell cymbal in all but usage|
|Daf||Unpitched||Membranophone||Also known as Dafli, Dap, Def, Tef, Defi, Gaval, Duf, and larger ones defi or daire|
|Dayereh||Unpitched||Also known as doyra, dojra, dajre, doira, dajreja|
|Dholak||Both||Membranophone||Also known as dholki, similar to dohl|
|Dohl||Both||Membranophone||The bass head is pitched, the treble often unpitched, see pitched percussion instruments easily mistaken for unpitched|
|Dunun||Both||Membranophone||In ballet style playing, a repeating melody is played on three pitched drums|
|Goblet drum||Unpitched||Membranophone||Generic type by construction, see also individual instrument names|
|Güiro||Unpitched||Idiophone||Also known as scraper|
|Hammered dulcimer||Pitched||Chordophone||Listed as a stringed instrument in some classifications|
|Janggu / Janggo / Changgo||Pitched|
|Kalimba||Pitched||Idiophone||African musical instrument, a type of plucked idiophone (lamellophone)|
|Keyboard glockenspiel||Pitched||Idiophone||A keyboard instrument, not normally part of a percussion section|
|Kundu||Unpitched||Membranophone||Papuan musical instrument|
|Mark tree||Unpitched||Idiophone||Also known as a chime tree or bar chimes|
|Monkey stick||Unpitched||Idiophone||Also known as mendoza or lagerphone|
|Piano||Pitched||Chordophone||A keyboard instrument, not normally part of a percussion section but listed as percussion in some older classifications, and stringed in others|
|Sleigh bells||Unpitched||Idiophone||Jingle bells|
|Steel pan||Pitched||Idiophone||Also known as steel drum|
|Tabla||Pitched||Membranophone||See pitched percussion instruments easily mistaken for unpitched|
|Tambourine||Unpitched||Membranophone||But the headless tambourine is an idiophone|
|Tonbak||Unpitched||Persian, also known as tombak, donbak and dombak, and as Tombakh Naar in Kashmir|
|Whip||Unpitched||Idiophone||Also known as slapstick|
|Wind chime||Unpitched||Idiophone||Borderline as pitched or unpitched, as a melody can sometimes be perceived|
|Zill||Unpitched||Idiophone||Also known as finger cymbal|
Top level articles
- Percussion instrument
- List of percussion instruments by type
- Classification of percussion instruments
Subgroups of percussion instruments
Only the more significant subcategories are shown.
- Category:Percussion instruments
- http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/596/saung-angklung-udjo-village-nature-and-culture-in-perfect-harmony/article/89/angklung-harmony-in-a-bamboo-orchestra retrieved March 13, 2012: The tubes are carefully whittled and cut by a master craftsperson to produce certain notes when the bamboo frame is shaken or tapped.
- http://usa.yamaha.com/products/musical-instruments/percussions/celesta/an_overview_of_yamaha_celestas/?mode=model retrieved March 13, 2012: Although treated as a member of the percussion section in orchestral terms, the celesta is played by a pianist, the part being normally written on two bracketed staves.
- http://www.soundjunction.org/profiletunedpercussion.aspa?NodeID=2 retrieved 13 March 2012 There are lots of tuned percussion instruments. Among the most common are the xylophone, marimba, the glockenspiel, the cowbells and the temple blocks. Other suthorities cited here however say that temple blocks are not considered pitched nstruments.
- http://www.music.vt.edu/musicdictionary/textm/Marchingmachine.html retrieved 16 March 2012
- http://www.music.vt.edu/musicdictionary/textt/Templeblocks.html retrieved 13 March 2012: Although temple blocks are not considered pitched nstruments, they can produce discernable pitches, and some temple blocks are actually tuned to the pentatonic scale. Other authorities cited here however say that temple blocks are tuned percussion.