List of periodic comets

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Periodic comets are comets having orbital periods of less than 200 years (also known as "short-period comets") or that have been observed during more than a single perihelion passage[1] (e.g. 153P/Ikeya–Zhang). ("Periodic comet" is also sometimes used to mean any comet with a periodic orbit, even if greater than 200 years.)

Periodic comets receive a permanent number prefix usually after the second perihelion passage, which is why there are a number of unnumbered periodic comets, such as P/2005 T5 (Broughton). Comets that are not observed after a number of perihelion passages, or presumed to be destroyed, are given the D designation, and likewise comets given a periodic number and subsequently lost are given [n]D instead of [n]P, such as 3D/Biela or 5D/Brorsen.

In nearly all cases, comets are named after their discoverer(s), but in a few cases such as 2P/Encke and 27P/Crommelin they were named for a person who calculated their orbits (the orbit computers). The long-term orbits of comets are difficult to calculate because of errors in the known trajectory that accumulate with perturbations from the planets, and in the days before electronic computers some people dedicated their entire careers to this. Even so, quite a few comets were lost because their orbits are also affected by non-gravitational effects such as the release of gas and other material that forms the comet's coma and tail. Unlike a long-period comet, the next perihelion passage of a numbered periodic comet can be predicted with a high degree of accuracy.

Periodic comets sometimes bear the same name repeatedly (e.g. the nine Shoemaker–Levy comets or the twenty-four NEAT comets); the IAU system distinguishes between them either through the number prefix or by the full designation (e. g. 181P and 192P are both "Comet Shoemaker–Levy"). In the literature, an informal numbering system is applied to periodic comets (skipping the non-periodic ones), thus 181P and 192P are known as Comet Shoemaker–Levy 6 and Comet Shoemaker–Levy 1, respectively. Non-periodic Shoemaker–Levy comets are interleaved in this sequence: C/1991 B1 between 2 and 3, C/1991 T2 between 5 and 6, C/1993 K1 and C/1994 E2 after Shoemaker–Levy 9.

In comet nomenclature, the letter before the "/" is either "C" (a non-periodic comet), "P" (a periodic comet), "D" (a comet that has been lost or has disintegrated), "X" (a comet for which no reliable orbit could be calculated —usually historical comets), or "A" for an object that was mistakenly identified as a comet, but is actually a minor planet.[1]

Some lists retain the "C" prefix for comets of periods larger than about 30 years until their return is confirmed.[2]

For a list of numbered periodic comets, see List of numbered comets.

List of Halley-type comets[edit]

Comets with a period between 20 and 200 years, named after the first identified member, Halley's Comet. These comets orbit between the orbit of Jupiter and Pluto, and are thought to be long-period comets that slowly migrated inwards, or Jupiter family comets that had been slingshotted outwards by Jupiter's gravity

Comet signation Comet name eccentricity semimajor axis period (years) Inclination (°) perihelion distance (AU) Absolute magnitude last perihelion next perihelion
C/1906 V1 Thiele 0.949 24 110 56.03 1.2086 1906/11/21 ~2016
C/1917 F1 Mellish 0.993121 27.6473325 145 32.6828 0.190186 1917/04/11 2062
C/1921 H1 Dubiago 0.86 8 22 22.11 1.1008 1921/05/04 1943/1965/1987/2009/2031
C/1937 D1 Wilk 0.981098 32.7445244 187 26.0205 0.618937 1937/02/21 2124
C/1942 EA Väisälä 0.933639 19.3951116 85.4 37.9961 1.287079 1942/02/15 2027/07/10
C/1984 A1 Bradfield 1 0.9524 28.5 152.3 51.8005 1.35751 9.6 1983/12/27 2136/04/01
C/1989 A3 Bradfield 0.977708 18.853 81.9 83.0672 0.420271 1988/12/05 2070/11/01
C/1991 L3 Levy 0.928811 13.8018 51.28 19.19031 0.982545 8.8 1991/07/08 2042/10/19
P/1994 N2 McNaught-Hartley 0.67128 7.5585 20.78 17.6483 2.4846 5.8 1994/12/08 2015/09/19
P/1997 B1 Kobayashi 0.76076 8.588 25.17 12.3495 2.05455 12.3 1997/03/02 2022/06/06
C/1998 G1 LINEAR 0.8237 12.099 42.08 109.714 2.1333 10.8 1998/11/16 2040/12/15
C/1998 Y1 LINEAR 0.9239 22.956 110 28.1082 1.74699 14 1998/11/21 2108/11/15
C/1999 E1 Li 0.76011 16.341 66.06 46.88108 3.92002 8.3 1998/01/31 2065/02/21
C/1999 G1 LINEAR 0.856 28.1 149 76.55 4.048 8 1998/08/01 2150
C/1999 K4 LINEAR 0.92 20 70 120.8 1.442 18.5 1999/05/16 too uncertain to determine
C/1999 S3 LINEAR 0.89995 18.94 82.43 70.5607 1.894939 4.9 1999/11/09 2081/04/04
C/1999 XS87 LINEAR 0.84057 17.386 72.5 14.8464 2.7718 10.9 1999/08/06 2072/02/04
C/2000 D2 LINEAR 0.867 17.2 72 156.992 2.2975 13.7 2000/03/08 2072
C/2000 G2 LINEAR 0.805 14 52 170.4785 2.716 12.8 2000/02/05 2052
C/2000 S3 LONEOS 0.7723 11.69 39.97 25.164 2.6622 6.4 2000/07/16 2040/07/10
C/2001 M10 NEAT 0.80107 26.657 137.63 28.08349 5.30275 9.4 2001/06/21 2139/02/01
C/2001 OG108 LONEOS 0.9252595 13.3 48.5 80.24505 0.9940479 13.2 2002/03/15 2050/09/13
P/2001 Q6 NEAT 0.82386 7.9946 22.61 56.8553 1.408179 13.3 2001/11/09 2024/06/20
C/2001 W2 BATTeRS 0.94136 17.925 75.89 115.9131 1.051065 12.1 2001/12/23 2077/11/15
C/2002 A1 LINEAR 0.72281 16.992 70.04 14.03393 4.70996 8.6 2001/11/26 2071/12/11
C/2002 A2 LINEAR 0.72482 17.103 70.74 14.0386 4.70659 7.5 2001/12/05 2072/09/01
C/2002 B1 LINEAR 0.77102 9.9183 31.24 51.0214 2.27113 6.3 2002/04/20 2032/06/17
C/2002 CE10 LINEAR 0.791486 9.81595 30.75 145.4587 2.0467593 10.8 2003/06/22 2034/03/23
C/2002 K4 NEAT 0.84232 17.532 73.41 94.0632 2.76453 11.4 2002/07/12 2075/12/01
P/2002 T6 NEAT-LINEAR 0.557348 7.6519 21.17 11.00927 3.387103 5.9 2003/06/27 2024/08/28
C/2003 E1 NEAT 0.76359 13.7263 50.86 33.53785 3.245004 10.6 2004/02/13 2054/12/24
C/2003 F1 LINEAR 0.80605 20.664 93.93 70.2216 4.007806 8.3 2003/06/28 2097/06/02
P/2003 QX29 NEAT 0.47179 4.2391 22.74 11.3965 4.2391 6.1 2002/10/26 2025/07/23
C/2003 R1 LINEAR 0.89331 19.7 87.44 149.19563 2.10188 12.7 2003/06/29 2090/12/15
C/2003 U1 LINEAR 0.9216 22.9 109.6 164.4745 1.79572 15.2 2003/11/03 2113
C/2003 W1 LINEAR 0.93429 25.15 126.1 78.0756 1.65241 13.5 2003/11/09 2130
P/2004 V5-A LINEAR-Hill 0.445217 7.95059 22.42 19.358136 4.410853 8.8 2005/02/28 2027/07/31
P/2004 A1 LONEOS 0.30841 7.89853 22.2 10.57568 5.462544 10 2004/08/26 2026/11/07
C/2004 C1 Larsen 0.6231 11.566 39.33 28.918 4.3594 10 2003/03/19 2042/09/01
P/2004 DO29 Spacewatch-LINEAR 0.45151 7.4655 20.4 14.5358 4.09475 10.3 2004/10/11 2025/03/06
P/2004 V5-B LINEAR-Hill 0.445233 7.95092 22.42 19.35822 4.41091 9.2 2005/03/01 2027/08/02
C/2005 N5 Catalina (CSS) 0.94327 28.687 153.65 21.37879 1.6274 12.9 2005/08/22 2159/01/01
C/2005 O2 Christensen 0.85939 23.707 115.43 148.89204 3.33358 5.2 2005/09/08 2121/02/15
P/2005 S2 Skiff 0.1967 7.965 22.48 3.141 6.398 7.9 2006/06/30 2028/12/22
P/2005 T3 Read 0.174 7.509 20.58 6.26 6.202 9.2 2006/01/13 2026/08/15
P/2005 T4 SWAN 0.93 9.3 28.4 160.0362 0.649399 15.4 2005/10/10 2034
C/2005 W2 Christensen 0.82446 18.979 82.68 11.26403 3.33162 10.8 2006/03/27 2096/12/01
C/2006 F2 Christensen 0.65138 12.324 43.27 20.511 4.2965 10.6 2006/05/30 2049/09/06
P/2006 HR30 Siding Spring 0.8431184 7.81754 21.86 31.884499 1.2264277 11.7 2007/01/02 2028/11/12
C/2006 U7 Gibbs 0.6309 11.99 41.51 57.762 4.425 11.6 2007/03/28 2048/10/01
C/2007 S2 Lemmon 0.557056 12.5477 44.45 16.86305 5.557931 9 2008/09/14 2053/02/25
C/2008 E1 Catalina (CSS) 0.54815 10.687 34.94 35.03769 4.82891 9.1 2008/08/11 2043/07/31
P/2008 O3 Boattini 0.6949 8.186 23.42 32.2699 2.4973 5.1 2008/06/03 2031/11/03
C/2008 R3 LINEAR 0.89641 18.428 79.11 43.23793 1.909035 13.5 2008/11/22 2088/01/01
P/2008 Y3 McNaught 0.44766 8.0281 22.75 38.81318 4.434241 8.7 2009/01/11 2031/10/12
P/2009 O3 Hill 0.68688 7.8244 21.89 16.2176 2.44999 12 2009/05/18 2031/04/08
P/2009 Q5 McNaught 0.609061 7.4654 20.4 40.9048 2.91851 10.5 2009/09/08 2030/02/02
P/2009 T2 La Sagra 0.768991 7.596 20.94 28.10639 1.75475 14.2 2010/01/12 2030/12/21
P/2010 E2 Jarnac 0.72237 8.6402 25.4 15.437 2.39874 14.4 2010/04/07 2035/08/31
C/2010 E5 Scotti 0.84274 24.73 122.96 18.9102 3.8884 6.1 2009/11/21 2132/11/01
P/2010 J3 McMillan 0.72682 8.9871 26.94 13.25507 2.45511 11.6 2010/08/23 2037/08/01
P/2010 JC81 WISE 0.77735 8.13307 23.19 38.69025 1.8108311 10.3 2011/04/26 2034/07/04
C/2010 L5 WISE 0.904 8.2 23.6 147.052 0.7909 17.4 2010/04/23 2033
C/2011 J3 LINEAR 0.9258 19.56 86.5 114.7124 1.451 13.1 2011/01/24 2097
P/2011 JB15 Spacewatch-Boattini 0.31874 7.3668 20 19.14127 5.01871 5.5 2012/01/21 2032/01/21
C/2011 L1 McNaught 0.79678 11.034 36.66 65.512 2.24237 10.6 2010/12/18 2047/08/15
P/2011 P1 McNaught 0.3598 7.741 21.54 6.1741 4.9556 8.2 2010/07/22 2032/02/04
C/2011 P2 PANSTARRS 0.36982 9.7562 30.47 8.98964 6.1481 6.7 2010/09/13 2041/03/04
P/2011 S1 Gibbs 0.20305 8.6545 25.46 2.6792 6.8972 5.5 2014/08/20 2040/02/04
C/2011 S2 Kowalski 0.9316 16.304 65.83 17.57253 1.115118 14.8 2011/10/26 2077/08/25
C/2011 Y3 Boattini 0.705 11.85 40.82 26.517 3.4978 11.7 2011/08/22 2052/06/17
C/2012 BJ98 Lemmon[3] 0.87365 17.068 70.52 2.6369 2.156577 8.1 2012/09/20 2083/03/29
C/2012 H2 McNaught 0.8936 16.14 64.9 92.8355 1.71678 15.7 2012/05/03 2077
C/2012 Q1 Kowalski 0.63722 26.138 133.63 45.181 9.48222 4.7 2012/02/09 2145/10/01
C/2012 T6 Kowalski 0.87634 14.354 54.38 33.2755 1.77509 15.7 2012/08/26 2067/01/15
C/2012 X2 PANSTARRS 0.77052 20.69 94.12 34.12389 4.74816 9.6 2013/03/31 2107/05/14
P/2012 C3 PANSTARRS 0.6264 9.7 30.2 9.19 3.625 13.5 2011/10/05 2042
P/2012 NJ La Sagra 0.848062 8.5027 24.79 84.37546 1.2918901 13.1 2012/06/13 2037/03/28
C/2012 Y3 McNaught 0.93993 29.38 159.3 73.2318 1.76482 10.4 2012/08/25 2172
C/2013 C2 Tenagra 0.4293 16.001 64.01 21.34426 9.1321 4.4 2015/08/28 2080/09/01
C/2013 D1 Holvorcem 0.78088 11.227 37.62 10.09356 2.46013 13.5 2013/04/13 2050/11/25
P/2013 N3 PANSTARRS 0.5924 7.431 20.26 2.17041 3.0289 6.6 2014/02/11 2034/05/17
P/2013 P1 PANSTARRS 0.6053 8.588 25.17 18.702 3.3902 11.6 2013/02/26 2038/04/29
C/2013 P4 PANSTARRS 0.59636 14.783 56.84 4.26425 5.96703 5.1 2014/08/12 2071/06/15
C/2013 U1 Catalina (CSS) 0.7971 11.92 41.17 23.9415 2.4188 13.9 2013/11/18 2055/01/01
C/2013 V3 Nevsky 0.89097 12.718 45.36 32.1345 1.386693 15.2 2013/10/29 2059/03/09
C/2013 W2 PANSTARRS 0.561 10.13 32.23 4.5436 4.448 5.8 2015/01/08 2047/03/15
C/2014 F3 Sheppard-Trujillo 0.65 16.3 66 6.48 5.7 6.1 2021/04/17 2087
C/2014 J1 Catalina (CSS) 0.802 8.64 25.4 159.696 1.7085 16.8 2014/06/20 2039
P/2014 L3 Hill 0.77309 8.1706 23.36 6.264 1.85396 13.7 2014/06/28 2037/11/06
P/2014 O3 PANSTARRS 0.3847 7.544 20.72 7.81 4.642 10.4 2014/04/16 2035/01/04

List of unnumbered Jupiter-Family comets[edit]

While Jupiter-family comets are officially defined by (2< TJupiter <3), they can also be loosely defined by any comet with a period of less than 20 years, a relatively low inclination, and an orbit coinciding loosely with that of Jupiter's. These comets are often patchily observed, as orbital interactions with the planet often cause comets' orbits to become perturbed, causing them to not be found at the expected position in the sky and subsequently lost. Additionally, their low cometary albedos and frequent proximity to the Sun compared to Oort Cloud comets cause them to much more quickly become depleted of volatiles, making them comparatively dimmer than comets with longer orbital periods.

Comet designation Comet name eccentricity semimajor axis period (years) Inclination (°) perihelion distance (AU) Absolute magnitude last perihelion next perihelion
P/1996 R2 Lagerkvist 0.30998 3.782 7.36 2.6054 2.60964 6.3 1997/01/19 2004/05/30
P/1998 QP54 LONEOS-Tucker 0.551898 4.19961 8.61 17.7433 1.881853 4.8 1998/10/06 2007/05/16
P/1998 VS24 LINEAR 0.24393 4.5041 9.56 5.031 3.4054 11.3 1998/11/03 2008/05/26
P/1999 J6 SOHO 0.98418 3.1005 5.46 24.61 0.04906 2004/11/08 2010/04/24
P/1999 R1 SOHO 0.97741 2.523702 4.01 13.68 0.05701 2003/09/08 2007/09/11
P/1999 RO28 LONEOS 0.65079 3.5272 6.62 8.191 1.23176 19.4 1999/10/02 2006/05/17
P/1999 V1 Catalina (CSS) 0.55057 6.5511 16.77 15.5866 2.9443 10.9 1999/10/25 2016/08/02
P/1999 XN20 Catalina (CSS) 0.21391 4.1806 8.55 5.0283 3.2863 9.9 2000/05/01 2008/11/17
C/1999 X3 SOHO 0.9816 2.61159 4.22 6.3 0.048 2004/03/12 2008/05/30
P/2000 R2 LINEAR 0.5837 3.338 6.1 3.2163 1.38997 2000/09/12 2006/10/18
P/2000 S1 Skiff 0.61844 6.5884 16.91 21.0071 2.51387 2000/07/14 2017/06/11
P/2000 S4 LINEAR-Spacewatch 0.68177 7.119 18.99 28.3253 2.26536 2000/10/19 2019/10/15
P/2001 F1 NEAT 0.35618 6.451 16.39 19.08762 4.15332 2000/11/22 2017/04/13
P/2001 H5 NEAT 0.6002 5.995 14.68 8.3993 2.3966 2001/01/28 2015/10/03
P/2001 R6 LINEAR-Skiff 0.48596 4.1146 8.35 17.345 2.11508 2001/10/27 2010/03/04
P/2001 T3 NEAT 0.61481 6.5052 16.59 19.1982 2.50573 2002/02/01 2018/09/04
P/2002 EJ57 LINEAR 0.59391 6.49 16.53 4.9697 2.6355 2001/12/19 2018/06/30
P/2002 Q1 Van Ness 0.5697 3.536 6.65 36.369 1.52139 2002/07/15 2009/03/09
C/2002 R5 SOHO 0.98526 3.21612 5.77 14.12 0.0474 2002/09/05 2008/02/02
P/2002 S7 SOHO 0.98496 3.22344 5.79 13.6 0.04849 2002/09/21 2008/07/06
P/2002 T5 LINEAR 0.437146 6.98979 18.48 30.90295 3.934176 2003/06/28 2021/12/20
P/2003 F2 NEAT 0.54219 6.503 16.58 11.605 2.9772 2003/04/14 2019/11/12
P/2003 L1 Scotti 0.2518 6.6964 17.33 9.02459 5.01 2003/03/06 2020/07/04
P/2003 SQ215 NEAT-LONEOS 0.5815 5.506 12.92 5.54583 2.30422 2004/03/24 2017/02/22
P/2003 T12 SOHO 0.776225 2.568601 4.12 11.4746 0.57479 2012/01/26 2016/03/11
P/2003 WC7 LINEAR-Catalina (CSS) 0.68089 5.1859 11.81 21.2198 1.65488 2004/02/05 2015/11/28
P/2004 FY140 LINEAR 0.1709 4.9523 11.02 2.1279 4.1061 2004/08/06 2015/08/13
P/2004 R1 McNaught 0.6822 3.11 5.49 4.8904 0.98847 2004/08/30 2010/02/25
P/2004 R3 LINEAR-NEAT 0.44184 3.8367 7.52 7.9723 2.14148 2004/05/24 2011/11/30
P/2004 T1 LINEAR-NEAT 0.50764 3.4722 6.47 11.03795 1.709573 2004/11/07 2011/04/28
P/2004 V3 Siding Spring 0.4467 7.117 18.99 50.4529 3.93839 2004/11/11 2023/11/07
P/2004 VR8 LONEOS 0.509878 4.847175 10.67 20.11721 2.3757064 2005/09/02 2016/05/05
P/2004 WR9 LINEAR 0.68372 6.0617 14.92 5.04837 1.9172 2005/01/11 2019/12/12
P/2005 E1 Tubbiolo 0.3847 7.225 19.42 5.154 4.4456 2005/03/18 2024/08/15
P/2005 GF8 LONEOS 0.5173 5.8619 14.19 1.18938 2.82951 2005/08/17 2019/11/01
P/2005 JN Spacewatch 0.34937 3.4978 6.54 8.8559 2.2758 2005/06/20 2012/01/25
P/2005 J1 McNaught 0.57096 3.5664 6.74 31.7659 1.53015 2005/04/17 2012/01/12
P/2005 JD108 Catalina (CSS)-NEAT 0.374727 6.44339 16.36 3.27533 4.028879 2005/08/10 2021/12/19
P/2005 L1 McNaught 0.20924 3.9745 7.92 7.7369 3.1428 2005/12/13 2013/11/14
P/2005 R1 NEAT 0.628059 5.5038 12.91 15.39578 2.047077 2005/10/08 2018/09/05
P/2005 RV25 LONEOS-Christensen 0.16645 4.3281 9 9.882 3.6077 2006/11/07 2015/11/07
P/2005 S3 Read 0.42025 4.9027 10.86 3.47889 2.84234 2006/01/08 2016/11/17
P/2005 SB216 LONEOS 0.463208 7.11312 18.97 24.09843 3.818266 2007/02/11 2018/01/31
P/2005 T2 Christensen 0.4219 3.825 7.48 8.3378 2.2112 2005/04/11 2012/10/03
P/2005 T5 Broughton 0.55245 3.2468 19.54 21.3724 3.2468 2005/11/03 2025/05/19
P/2005 W3 Kowalski 0.53052 6.4078 16.22 16.7781 3.0081 2005/08/23 2021/11/11
P/2005 W4 SOHO 0.98227 3.04416 5.31 14.6 0.05398 2005/11/23 2011/03/16
P/2005 XA54 LONEOS-Hill 0.71015 6.133 15.19 16.89592 1.777668 2006/03/07 2021/05/15
P/2005 Y2 McNaught 0.467142 6.29744 15.8 19.17831 3.355643 2004/12/28 2020/10/16
P/2006 D1 Hill 0.65946 5.5565 13.1 17.459 1.89222 2005/10/26 2018/12/02
P/2006 F1 Kowalski 0.124384 4.70889 10.22 21.19123 4.12318 2008/02/10 2018/05/01
P/2006 F4 Spacewatch 0.33708 3.5297 6.63 12.387 2.3399 2006/05/03 2012/12/19
P/2006 G1 McNaught 0.45384 4.8193 10.58 18.555 2.63207 2006/08/18 2017/03/18
P/2006 H1 McNaught 0.58157 5.6843 13.55 12.87015 2.37848 2006/05/07 2019/11/24
P/2006 R1 Siding Spring 0.702 5.61 13.3 160.011 1.671 2006/09/03 2019/12/15
P/2006 S1 Christensen 0.6112 3.4962 6.54 11.8681 1.3593 2006/08/30 2013/03/15
P/2006 S4 Christensen 0.50808 6.2367 15.58 39.6258 3.06798 2006/06/01 2021/12/30
P/2006 W1 Gibbs 0.7069 5.799 13.97 19.005 1.69975 2006/03/29 2020/03/18
P/2006 WY182 Christensen 0.55856 6.3347 15.94 26.4916 2.79639 2007/01/17 2012/12/26
P/2007 B1 Christensen 0.58097 5.8295 14.08 12.3748 2.44272 2007/01/19 2021/02/17
P/2007 C2 Catalina (CSS) 0.462251 7.0283 18.63 8.6747 3.779481 2007/09/04 2026/04/22
P/2007 K2 Gibbs 0.684 7.18 19.23 7.6197 2.2686 2007/06/08 2026/09/01
P/2007 Q2 Gilmore 0.67123 5.594 13.23 10.2384 1.83902 2007/08/23 2020/11/15
P/2007 R1 Larson 0.27761 6.0243 14.79 7.87707 4.35193 2007/08/23 2022/06/07
P/2007 R2 Gibbs 0.57371 3.4385 6.38 1.43387 1.4658 2007/08/26 2014/01/12
P/2007 R3 Gibbs 0.416 4.2804 8.86 3.801 2.4999 2007/07/06 2016/05/16
P/2007 R4 Garradd 0.67143 5.8476 14.14 20.2257 1.92137 2007/09/27 2021/11/17
P/2007 S1 Zhao 0.34339 3.7989 7.4 5.973 2.4944 2007/12/06 2015/05/01
P/2007 T2 Kowalski 0.77483 3.0904 5.43 9.89528 0.695863 2007/09/19 2013/02/23
P/2007 T4 Gibbs 0.61742 5.2507 12.03 23.87146 2.00883 2007/07/20 2019/07/31
P/2007 T6 Catalina (CSS) 0.50286 4.49009 9.51 22.15092 2.2322 2007/08/19 2017/02/18
P/2007 V1 Larson 0.46117 4.9675 11.07 10.7894 2.67667 2007/12/08 2019/01/03
P/2007 V2 Hill 0.3179 4.0681 8.21 2.4709 2.7749 2007/07/30 2015/10/15
P/2007 VQ11 Catalina (CSS) 0.50227 5.4113 12.59 12.32465 2.69336 2008/02/13 2020/09/16
P/2008 CL94 Lemmon 0.11941 6.1706 15.33 8.34819 5.4337 2006/06/30 2021/10/28
P/2008 J3 McNaught 0.412548 3.8933 7.68 25.39755 2.2871249 2009/03/10 2016/11/13
P/2008 L2 Hill 0.613815 6.00069 14.7 25.86062 2.317378 2008/08/18 2022/05/01
P/2008 O2 McNaught 0.154383 4.49842 9.54 9.51679 3.80394 2009/04/20 2018/11/03
P/2008 QP20 LINEAR-Hill 0.506314 3.49034 6.52 7.74972 1.723133 2008/11/02 2015/05/11
P/2008 S1 McNaught 0.66643 3.5682 6.74 15.10169 1.190239 2008/10/01 2015/06/28
P/2008 T1 Boattini 0.27933 4.2419 8.74 2.07915 3.05697 2016/11/19 2025/08/16
P/2008 T4 Hill 0.43517 4.4469 9.38 6.32652 2.511739 2008/12/23 2018/05/11
P/2008 WZ96 LINEAR 0.5096 3.3567 6.15 6.95786 1.64624 2009/01/23 2015/03/19
P/2008 Y1 Boattini 0.73488 4.798 10.51 8.80515 1.27198 2009/02/25 2019/08/30
P/2008 Y2 Gibbs 0.543662 3.59047 6.8 7.27532 1.63847 2009/01/22 2015/11/10
P/2008 Y12 SOHO 0.9787 3.07822 5.4 23.35 0.0654 2008/12/22 2014/05/17
P/2009 B1 Boattini 0.63719 6.688 17.3 22.2285 2.42659 2009/02/06 2026/05/27
P/2009 K1 Gibbs 0.63971 3.6719 7.04 5.74653 1.322949 2009/06/25 2016/07/10
P/2009 L2 Yang-Gao 0.62093 3.41922 6.32 16.15851 1.296126 2009/05/21 2015/09/15
P/2009 Q1 Hill 0.49651 5.5411 13.04 14.443 2.78989 2009/07/04 2012/07/19
P/2009 Q4 Boattini 0.579197 3.13894 5.56 10.96932 3.13894 2009/11/19 2015/06/11
P/2009 S2 McNaught 0.47034 4.1605 8.49 28.44886 2.203641 2009/06/23 2017/12/19
P/2009 SK280 Spacewatch-Hill 0.120579 4.77514 10.43 16.80615 4.19936 2009/05/25 2019/10/29
P/2009 U4 McNaught 0.6762 5.093 11.49 10.0939 1.64936 2009/09/09 2021/03/07
P/2009 WX51 Catalina (CSS) 0.740297 3.0803 5.41 9.5926 0.799956 2010/01/31 2015/06/30
P/2009 Y2 Kowalski 0.64052 6.507 16.6 29.9296 2.33919 2010/03/30 2026/11/04
P/2010 A1 Hill 0.55437 4.3757 9.15 10.3344 1.94995 2009/08/06 2018/10/02
P/2010 A2 LINEAR 0.124568 2.290442 3.47 5.25425 2.00512 2009/12/04 2013/05/25
P/2010 A3 Hill 0.73223 6.0568 14.91 15.02825 1.621828 2010/04/03 2025/03/01
P/2010 A5 LINEAR 0.664312 5.1001 11.52 5.78438 1.712045 2010/04/19 2021/10/26
P/2010 B2 WISE 0.4803 3.1104 5.49 8.9316 1.61646 2009/12/21 2015/06/18
P/2010 C1 Scotti 0.25911 7.0657 18.78 9.14247 5.2349 2009/12/01 2028/09/12
P/2010 D1 WISE 0.3566 4.1483 8.45 9.6471 2.6691 2009/06/25 2017/12/06
P/2010 D2 WISE 0.45301 6.6894 17.3 57.17704 3.65902 2010/03/05 2027/06/23
P/2010 H2 Vales 0.192894 3.85038 7.56 14.2529 3.10767 2010/03/09 2017/09/29
P/2010 H4 Scotti 0.272 6.624 17.05 2.314 4.821 2010/07/03 2027/07/21
P/2010 H5 Scotti 0.15646 7.1436 19.09 14.0871 6.0259 2010/04/17 2029/05/20
P/2010 J5 McNaught 0.087731 4.109229 8.33 7.35424 3.748721 2009/11/06 2018/03/06
P/2010 K2 WISE 0.5894 2.918 4.98 10.641 1.1981 2010/07/07 2015/06/31
P/2010 N1 WISE 0.5338 3.2057 5.74 12.8762 1.49453 2010/08/16 2016/05/05
P/2010 P4 WISE 0.49864 3.7028 7.13 24.1018 1.85645 2010/07/06 2017/08/22
P/2010 R2 La Sagra 0.1537389 3.09884 5.46 21.39502 2.62243 2010/06/25 2015/12/11
P/2010 T2 PANSTARRS 0.3231 5.546 13.06 8.0109 3.754 2011/07/09 2024/07/31
P/2010 TO20 LINEAR 0.087825 5.6043 13.27 2.6355 5.1121 2008/09/13 2021/12/21
P/2010 U1 Boattini 0.26112 6.636 17.09 8.24623 4.90317 2010/03/28 2027/04/30
P/2010 U2 Hill 0.402881 4.27511 8.84 16.86095 2.55275 2010/11/09 2019/09/12
P/2010 UH55 Spacewatch 0.57514 6.515 16.63 8.66257 2.767969 2011/05/10 2027/12/26
P/2010 V1 Ikeya-Murakami 0.4881 3.084 5.42 9.3782 1.5786 2010/10/13 2016/03/15
P/2010 WK LINEAR 0.691987 5.7309 13.72 11.47913 1.765178 2010/10/19 2024/07/09
P/2011 A2 Scotti 0.49861 3.1089 5.48 4.47394 1.558782 2010/12/22 2016/06/15
P/2011 C2 Gibbs 0.26846 7.366 19.99 10.91098 5.38854 2012/01/07 2022/01/03
P/2011 CR42 Catalina (CSS) 0.28004 3.51174 6.58 8.45946 2.52832 2011/11/29 2018/06/29
P/2011 FR143 Lemmon 0.45305 6.8296 17.85 16.01358 3.73541 2011/03/10 2029/01/14
P/2011 N1 ASH 0.545926 6.2935 15.79 35.66877 2.857712 2012/05/31 2028/03/15
P/2011 NO1 Elenin 0.777 5.56 13.1 15.27 1.243 2011/01/20 2024
P/2011 Q3 McNaught 0.53153 5.0543 11.36 6.052 2.36778 2011/08/14 2022/12/23
P/2011 R3 Novichonok 0.267569 4.85703 10.7 19.26164 3.557436 2012/04/03 2022/12/15
P/2011 U1 PANSTARRS 0.41874 4.05631 8.17 15.2419 2.35778 2012/06/19 2020/08/20
P/2011 U2 Bressi 0.11137 5.4436 12.7 9.62363 4.83734 2012/05/07 2025/01/18
P/2011 UA134 Spacewatch-PANSTARRS 0.6327 5.5854 13.2 10.5395 2.05151 2011/12/07 2025/02/18
P/2011 V1 Boattini 0.555 3.843 7.53 7.397 1.7094 2011/05/11 2018/11/15
P/2011 VJ5 Lemmon 0.55727 3.4025 6.28 3.97276 1.50639 2011/12/08 2018/03/20
P/2011 W1 PANSTARRS 0.28866 4.65606 10.05 3.71861 3.31206 2012/01/22 2022/02/09
P/2011 W2 Rinner 0.39373 3.79873 7.4 13.77394 2.30306 2011/11/06 2019/04/01
P/2011 Y2 Boattini 0.71291 6.2251 15.53 6.35139 1.787145 2012/03/21 2027/09/03
P/2012 B1 PANSTARRS 0.4104966 6.4887702 16.53 7.62779 3.8251522 5.6 2013/07/23 2030/02/01
P/2012 F2 PANSTARRS 0.54224 6.3287 15.92 14.72465 2.89707 12 2013/04/10 2029/03/12
P/2012 F5 Gibbs 0.0414202 3.004734 5.21 9.7378 2.880278 12.2 2015/06/15 2015/08/31
P/2012 G1 PANSTARRS 0.39 4.2 8.6 11.7 2.6 15.2 2012/06/01 2020
P/2012 K3 Gibbs 0.42596 3.618 6.88 13.2012 2.07686 6.9 2012/09/30 2019/08/17
P/2012 O1 McNaught 0.57925 3.563 6.73 11.4286 1.499145 16.6 2012/07/23 2019/04/15
P/2012 O2 McNaught 0.53827 3.597 6.82 24.5274 1.660834 17.3 2012/06/25 2019/04/20
P/2012 O3 McNaught 0.648808 4.5544 9.72 16.49674 1.599449 15.8 2012/08/16 2022/05/06
P/2012 S2 La Sagra 0.69059 4.4316 9.33 8.58181 1.371192 15.3 2012/08/18 2021/12/16
P/2012 SB6 Lemmon 0.38462 3.91053 7.73 10.9897 2.4065 14.1 2012/10/31 2020/07/24
P/2012 T1 PANSTARRS 0.23563 3.15396 5.6 11.0591 2.4108 15 2012/09/10 2018/04/17
P/2012 T2 PANSTARRS 0.159 5.735 13.73 12.562 4.823 10.2 2013/04/10 2026/12/31
P/2012 T3 PANSTARRS 0.66 6.7 17.2 9.65 2.29 14.8 2012/04/15 2029
P/2012 TK8 Tenagra 0.26137 4.1847 8.56 6.29457 3.09093 6.9 2013/05/10 2021/11/30
P/2012 U2 PANSTARRS 0.50657 7.3522 19.94 10.5345 3.6278 12.1 2012/12/04 2032/11/12
P/2012 US27 Siding Spring 0.64858 5.1814 11.79 39.29295 1.820844 6.8 2013/02/08 2024/11/23
P/2012 WA34 Lemmon-PANSTARRS 0.34025 4.8097 10.55 6.1167 3.1732 12.7 2013/01/25 2023/08/14
P/2013 A2 Scotti 0.45584 4.0014 8 3.3661 2.17739 16 2013/02/07 2021/02/07
P/2013 AL76 Catalina (CSS) 0.685 6.51 16.6 144.861 2.0476 16 2012/12/13 2029
P/2013 CU129 PANSTARRS 0.722105 2.87932 4.89 12.14763 0.8001477 16.3 2013/08/06 2018/06/27
P/2013 EW90 Tenagra 0.19621 4.10605 8.32 31.8102 3.3004 12.2 2012/10/11 2021/02/05
P/2013 G1 Kowalski 0.51237 6.8765 18.03 5.46867 3.353099 10.3 2013/12/10 2031/12/21
P/2013 G4 PANSTARRS 0.4104 4.432 9.33 5.926 2.6132 15.1 2013/02/09 2022/06/09
P/2013 J2 McNaught 0.656146 6.24634 15.61 15.49553 2.147828 10.8 2013/08/22 2029/04/02
P/2013 J4 PANSTARRS 0.6 6 20 4.8 2.3 14.5 2013/08/01 too uncertain to determine
P/2013 N5 PANSTARRS 0.7319 6.801 17.74 23.2425 1.82305 14.7 2013/07/02 2031/03/29
P/2013 O2 PANSTARRS 0.43894 3.82491 7.48 13.30706 2.1401 13.1 2013/12/16 2021/06/09
P/2013 R3 Catalina (CSS)-PANSTARRS 0.27345 3.03293 5.28 0.89893 2.20358 6.4 2013/08/05 2018/11/15
P/2013 R3-A Catalina (CSS)-PANSTARRS 0.2733 3.0327 5.28 0.898 2.2038 2013/08/05 2008/11/15
P/2013 R3-B Catalina (CSS)-PANSTARRS 0.2733 3.0327 5.28 0.8996 2.2038 2013/08/05 2008/11/15
P/2013 T1 PANSTARRS 0.6233 5.867 14.21 24.21 2.2105 16.6 2013/07/31 2037/10/16
P/2013 T2 Schwartz 0.52849 3.3926 6.25 9.3521 1.59962 14.4 2013/06/20 2020/09/19
P/2013 TL117 Lemmon 0.689914 3.60439 6.84 9.36564 1.1176721 16.9 2014/02/18 2020/12/22
P/2013 W1 PANSTARRS 0.59388 3.4857 6.51 4.69951 1.415614 16.5 2014/03/08 2020/09/11
P/2013 YG46 Spacewatch 0.4516 3.3103 6.02 8.217 1.815 10.6 2017/01/19 2023/01/26
P/2014 A2 Hill 0.64983 5.9248 14.42 24.5135 2.07468 2013/10/28 2027/03/30
P/2014 A3 PANSTARRS 0.242 4.6796 10.12 13.6706 3.547 2013/04/18 2023/06/01
P/2014 C1 TOTAS 0.446 3.043 5.31 2.6796 1.6857 2013/12/18 2019/04/10
P/2014 E1 Larson 0.423184 3.71198 7.15 15.97916 2.141133 12.2 2014/05/22 2021/07/16
P/2014 L2 NEOWISE 0.64676 6.3258 15.91 5.18437 2.234542 4.6 2014/07/15 2030/06/15
P/2014 M4 PANSTARRS 0.59556 5.8142 14.02 3.345172 2.3515 13.2 2014/12/27 2029/01/02
P/2014 MG4 Spacewatch-PANSTARRS 0.2589 5.0118 11.22 9.3683 3.7143 10.5 2013/06/13 2024/09/01
P/2014 R5 Lemmon-PANSTARRS 0.4128 4.0635 8.19 1.0882 2.3861 12.8 2014/06/17 2022/08/25
P/2014 U2 Kowalski 0.6034 2.936 5.03 7.498 1.16439 19.4 2014/10/07 2019/10/17
P/2014 U4 PANSTARRS 0.47101 3.4848 6.51 6.457 1.84340 15.4 2014/08/03 2020/02/05
P/2014 V1 PANSTARRS 0.44 4.5 10 22.44 2.52 13.5 2015/01/28 2025
P/2014 W1 PANSTARRS 0.42 4.5 9.5 8.5 2.59 14.6 2014/07/25 2024
P/2014 W4 PANSTARRS 0.36 6.65 17.1 15.1 4.24 10.8 2015/12/20 2033
P/2014 W12 Gibba 0.6 4 7 8.5 1.69 14.5 2014/11/12 2021
P/2014 X1 Elenin 0.70996 6.257 15.65 25.9726 1.81489 12.3 2015/01/07 2030/09/01

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cometary Designation System". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  2. ^ Comet names and designations
  3. ^ Yoshia, Seiichi. "C/2012 BJ98 (Lemmon)". aerith.net. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 

External links[edit]