List of pharmacies

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This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.

Australia[edit]

Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently-owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API), Sigma Pharmaceuticals, and Symbion Health. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.

API brands[edit]

Sigma brands[edit]

  • Amcal – formerly the Allied Master Chemists of Australia Limited
  • Guardian Pharmacies

Symbion brands[edit]

Chains[edit]

Brazil[edit]

These are the biggest drugstore companies in Brazil by revenue:

  • Brasil Pharma
  • Drogarias DPSP
  • Pague Menos
  • Profarma
  • RaiaDrogasil

Canada[edit]

China[edit]

The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:

  • China Nepstar, Shenzhen-based – China's largest
  • Super-Pharm, Israeli company has about 65 stores in China, as of 2007
  • Watsons, owned HK-based Hutchison Whampoa

Denmark[edit]

In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically-trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: 'farmakonomer') and pharmacists (farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.

Germany[edit]

Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self- employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.

Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offer the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care and this has been upheld by the European Court of Justice in its ruling of May 2009. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG[disambiguation needed] allowed free pricing of OTC- products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC- prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an alternative, however it only accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.

Online pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first, licence based chain pharmacy model in Germany in 2007 (as opposed to the current Independent pharmacy model). Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler- based cooperations like LINDA,[disambiguation needed] gesund leben-Apotheken (de), meine apotheke (de) or vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in Marketing.

DocMorris CEO Ralf Däinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in strongly invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmaceuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection.[3]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

India's retail pharmacy sector is beginning to consolidate into a group of large players, many of them owned by larger health groups and/or franchised.[4]

  • Apollo Pharmacy (division of Apollo Hospitals)
  • Dial for Health
  • Fortis Healthworld
  • Guardian Pharmacy
  • LifeKen
  • Life Spring
  • Medplus Health Services
  • Reliance Health and Pharma
  • Thulasi Pharmacies
  • Trust Chemists & Druggists
  • Viva Pharmacy
  • 98.4 Pharmacy

Ireland[edit]

Israel[edit]

Jordan[edit]

Macau[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Republic of Moldova[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Pharmacies in the Netherlands are mostly independently-owned by pharmacists. In 2011, 31% of all pharmacies were part of one of the following chains:[6]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

An Apotek 1 pharmacy in Oslo, Norway

Pakistan[edit]

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

South Africa[edit]

South Africa also has active Pharmaceutical Society of Southern Africa[9] and South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists membership organisations.

Sweden[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Pharmacy-led chains[edit]

  • Alliance Boots – has over 2,500 stores:
    • Alliance Unichem – merged on 31 July 2006 with Boots the Chemists, to form Alliance Boots – had just under 1,000 stores
      • Moss Pharmacy – acquired by Alliance UniChem in 2005 and rebranded to "Alliance Pharmacy"
    • Boots UK
  • Co-op Pharmacy – has more than 800 branches in the UK .
  • Lloyds Pharmacy – owned by Celesio (until 2003 named GEHE), has over 1,600 pharmacies in the UK
  • Numark – buying group of over 2,000 independently owned pharmacies in the UK
  • Rowlands Pharmacy – chain of over 500 branches throughout the UK
  • Superdrug – has over 225 in-store pharmacies in the UK
  • Medicx Pharmacy has over 20 pharmacies across the UK

Supermarket chains[edit]

  • Asda – has more than 101 in-store pharmacies in the UK
  • Morrisons
  • Sainsbury's – Hundreds of stores have in-store pharmacies, including consulting rooms. Sainsbury's is the first supermarket in the UK to start having GP's working in their pharmacies as part of smaller doctor surgeries.[11]
  • Tesco

United States[edit]

Although not a pharmacy chain, many of the fairly ubiquitous Costco stores include a pharmacy and - in California at least - the pharmacy is available to non-members. Their prices are likely to be among the lowest.

Ranking[edit]

The table below shows the Top 25 Pharmacy chains in the United States per state ranked by the number of pharmacists per chain, according to the National Pharmacy Market Summary done by SK&A 2010.[12]

Top 25 Pharmacy chains ranked by the number of Pharmacists
Rank Pharmacy Chains City State Pharmacists Stores
1 Walgreens Corporate Office Deerfield IL 10,578 8,500
2 CVS Corporation Woonsocket RI 10,151 6,288
3 Walmart Stores Inc Bentonville AR 6,358 3,700
4 Rite Aid Corporation Camp Hill PA 5,523 4,608
5 Kroger Company Cincinnati OH 1,866 1,156
6 Target Corp Minneapolis MN 1,436 1,011
7 Kaiser Permanente (HMO) Oakland CA 1,298 290
8 Sears Holdings Corporation Hoffman Estates IL 1,169 1,002
9 Medicine Shoppe International Earth City MO 943 564
10 Supervalu Pharmacies Eden Prairie MN 900 450
11 Dominick's Finer Foods Pleasanton CA 888 719
12 Publix Pharmacies Lakeland FL 835 710
13 Costco Pharmacies Issaquah WA 589 323
14 Hy-Vee Inc Wdm IA 563 202
15 Winn-Dixie Pharmacies Jacksonville FL 461 390
16 Giant Eagle Pharmacy Pittsburgh PA 403 187
17 Meijer Pharmacies Grand Rapids MI 344 167
18 Cardinal Health Inc Houston TX 320 131
19 H E B Drug Stores San Antonio TX 315 191
20 Fred's Inc Memphis TN 315 259
21 Stop & Shop Supermarket Co Quincy MA 303 235
22 Giant Food Stores Llc Carlisle PA 297 204
23 Shopko Stores Inc Green Bay WI 288 131
24 Fred Meyer Pharmacy Division Portland OR 276 127
25 Smith's Food & Drug Centers Inc Salt Lake Cty UT 268 132
26 Shoprite Supermarkets Inc Florida NY 236 153

Pharmacy chains[edit]

Defunct chains[edit]

Vatican City[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Pharmacy chains[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.chemistwarehouse.com.au/
  2. ^ http://www.qualitypharmacy.com.au/
  3. ^ Kaku, Michio (2012-06-10). "German entrepreneur fights regulations to build pharmacy chain". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  4. ^ "FLIGHT OF PHARMA RETAIL FROM UNORGANISED TO ORGANISED". Franchise India. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  5. ^ "HealthWest Community Pharmacy, Ballindine, Co. Mayo". Healthwest.ie. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  6. ^ "Lichte toename aantal apotheken — SFK Website" (in Dutch). Sfk.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  7. ^ generika.com.ph
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa". PSSA. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  10. ^ "Boots Thailand". Allianceboots.com. 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  11. ^ "England | Manchester | Supermarket starts store GP pilot". BBC News. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  12. ^ National Pharmacy Market Summary SK&A (March 2010)[dead link]
  13. ^ "Nha Thuoc Online". Pharmacity.vn. Retrieved 2013-07-04.