List of piano trios by Joseph Haydn

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This is a list of piano trios by Joseph Haydn, including the chronological number assigned by H. C. Robbins Landon and the number they are given in Anthony van Hoboken's catalogue of his works.

Haydn's early trios are considered minor works and are seldom played except in the context of complete editions. In contrast, the later trios, starting in the mid-1780s, reflect the composer's full musical maturity and are greatly admired by critics.

The role of the instruments[edit]

The piano trios of Haydn are dominated by the piano part. The violin only plays the melody a certain amount of the time, and is often doubled by the piano when it does. The cello part is very much subordinated, usually just doubling the bass line in the piano. Charles Rosen discusses and defends this asymmetry, relating it to the sonority of the instruments of Haydn's day: the piano was fairly weak and "tinkling" in tone, and benefited from the tonal strengthening of other instruments.[1]

Assessment[edit]

The dominance of the piano part does not imply that the late trios are not of the highest quality. Rosen devotes an entire chapter of his well-known book The Classical Style to them,[2] noting that Haydn's trios are "along with the Mozart concertos the most brilliant piano works before Beethoven."[3] Gretchen Wheelock refers to the trios as "incredible", adding "the late works especially are brilliantly virtuosic, exploiting the full idiomatic range of the instrument [i.e., the piano]. They are also among the most harmonically adventurous of his works in any genre, often reaching into remote keys via enharmonic modulations. As such they are challenging essays for both players and listeners."[4]

Early trios[edit]

  • No. 1 in F major, Hoboken 15/37 (composed by 1766; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 2 in C major, Hoboken 15/C1 (composed by 1766; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 3 in G major, Hoboken 14/6 (composed by 1767)
  • No. 4 in F major, Hoboken 15/39 (composed by 1767)
  • No. 5 in G minor, Hoboken 15/1 (composed by 1766; possibly dating as far back as ca. 1760-62)
  • No. 6 in F major, Hoboken 15/40 (exists with a different slow movement as the piano concerto Hob. 18/7) (composed by 1766; possibly dating as far back as ca. 1760)
  • No. 7 in G major, Hoboken 15/41 (composed by 1767; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 8 in D major, Hoboken 15/33 (lost) (composed by 1771; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 9 in D major, Hoboken 15/D1 (lost) (composed by 1771)
  • No. 10 in A major, Hoboken 15/35 (composed by 1771; possibly dating as far back as ca. 1764-65)
  • No. 11 in E major, Hoboken 15/34 (composed by 1771; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 12 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/36 (composed by 1774; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 13 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/38 (composed by 1769; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 14 in F minor, Hoboken 15/f1 (composed by 1760)
  • No. 15 in D major, Hoboken 15/deest
  • No. 16 in C major, Hoboken 14/C1 (composed by 1766; possibly dating as far back as 1760)
  • No. 17 in F major, Hoboken 15/2 (possibly composed in ca. 1767-71)

Later trios[edit]

  • No. 18 in G major, Hoboken 15/5 (1784)
  • No. 19 in F major, Hoboken 15/6 (1784)
  • No. 20 in D major, Hoboken 15/7 (1784)
  • No. 21 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/8 (1784)
  • No. 22 in A major, Hoboken 15/9 (1785)
  • No. 23 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/10 (1785)
  • No. 24 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/11 (1788)
  • No. 25 in E minor, Hoboken 15/12 (1788)
  • No. 26 in C minor, Hoboken 15/13 (1789)
  • No. 27 in A flat major, Hoboken 15/14 (1790)
  • No. 28 in D major, Hoboken 15/16 (1790)
  • No. 29 in G major, Hoboken 15/15 (1790)
  • No. 30 in F major, Hoboken 15/17 (1790)
  • No. 31 in G major, Hoboken 15/32 (1792)

Three trios (H. 18–20) dedicated to Princess Maria Anna, wife of Prince Anton Esterházy:

  • No. 32 in A major, Hoboken 15/18 (1793)
  • No. 33 in G minor, Hoboken 15/19 (1793)
  • No. 34 in B flat major, Hoboken 15/20 (1794)

Three trios (H. 21–23) dedicated to Princess Maria Josepha, wife of Prince Nicholas Esterházy:

  • No. 35 in C major, Hoboken 15/21 (1794)
  • No. 36 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/22 (1794)
  • No. 37 in D minor, Hoboken 15/23 (1794)

Three trios (H. 24–26) dedicated to Rebecca Schroeter:

Two stand-alone trios (H. 31,30):

  • No. 41 in E flat minor, Hoboken 15/31 (1797)
  • No. 42 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/30 (1797)

Three trios (H. 27–29) "Bartolozzi Trios" dedicated to Theresa Jansen (Bartolozzi):

  • No. 43 in C major, Hoboken 15/27 (1797)
  • No. 44 in E major, Hoboken 15/28 (1797)
  • No. 45 in E flat major, Hoboken 15/29 (1797)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See Rosen 1997, 353
  2. ^ Rosen 1997, chapter VI.2
  3. ^ Rosen (1997, 352)
  4. ^ Wheelock 1997, 115–116

References[edit]

  • Rosen, Charles (1997) The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven. New York: Norton. Chapter VI.2 covers the trios in detail.
  • Parakilas, James (1999) Piano roles : three hundred years of life with the piano. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. A history of the piano and its role in society. The book is richly illustrated.
  • Wheelock, Gretchen (1999) "The classical repertory revisited: instruments, players, and styles," in Parakilas (1999), pp. 109-131.

External links[edit]