List of pipeline accidents

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The following is a list of pipeline accidents:

Offthepipe.JPG

Belgium[edit]

Canada[edit]

  • 1962: An explosion on a gas pipeline occurred on a lateral line on January 17, about 50 kilometers northwest of Edson, Alberta. 8 people were killed.[2][3]
  • 1965: An explosion from a gas line destroyed several apartments in the LaSalle Heights Disaster in LaSalle, Quebec killing 28 people, the worst pipeline disaster in Canadian history
  • 1965 on October 12, an explosion & fire involved the Albert Gas Trunk Line LTD. near Sundre, Alberta, killing 2 pipeline workers.[4]
  • 1996: A gas pipeline, owned and operated by TransCanada Corporation ruptured at a crossing of the La Salle River in St. Norbert, Winnipeg resulting in an explosion, fire and loss of one home. There were no injuries or deaths reported.[5]
  • 2002: A refined product pipeline rupture near Saint-Clet, Quebec, on 2002 Dec 07, from Trans Northern Pipelines Inc. 273.1 mm diameter mainline kilometer post 63.57, estimated 32 cubic meters of low sulphur diesel released to area and drainage systems. Transportation Safety Board Investigation Report Number P02H0052. http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/pipeline/2002/p02h0052/p02h0052.asp
  • 2003: A backhoe punctured a pipeline in Etobicoke, Ontario the resulting explosion killed 7 people
  • 2007: A crude oil pipeline owned and operated by Kinder Morgan Energy Partners was ruptured by an excavator digging a storm sewer trench in Burnaby, British Columbia [6]
  • 2009: A National Energy Board Report on a July 20 Alberta explosion & fire involving a TransCanada Corporation natural gas pipeline. The explosion, which sent 50 meter flames into the air, destroyed a two-hectare wooded area. The NEB said the delay in releasing the report was caused by an “administrative error”, when an employee left without transferring the file over. The Peace River Mainline pipeline, built in 1968, had ruptured six times and leaked on 17 occasions until 2014. The line ruptured in 2009 due to corrosion.[7]
  • 2009: A refined product pipeline rupture near Farran's Point, Ontario on Ottawa Lateral, on 2009 Oct 05, from Trans Northern Pipelines Inc. system, unknown petroleum product, unknown quantity. Transportation Safety Board Report Number P09H0086. http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/pipeline/2009/p09h0086/p09h0086.asp
  • 2010: A refined product pipeline rupture at Bronte Creek in Oakville, Ontario, detected on 2010 Mar 11, from Trans Northern Pipeline Inc. system, estimated 23,770 gallons of gasoline released to creek, soil and ground water. Transportation Safety Board Report Number P10H0021. http://www.tsp.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/pipeline/2010/p10h0021/p10h0021.asp
  • 2014: On January 25, a TransCanada Corporation gas transmission pipeline exploded and burned, causing a natural gas shortage in Manitoba and parts of the United States.[8]

China[edit]

  • 2010: Dalian Pipeline disaster - The explosion of two petroleum pipelines and subsequent fire in the port of Dalian, in northern China's Liaoning province on Saturday, on July 17, 2010, caused fatalities, damages and an ecological disaster, releasing 11,000 barrels of oil into the Yellow Sea, and covering up, according to different sources, from 50 to 430 km2 of sea and coast lines.
  • 2013: a Sinopec Corp oil pipeline exploded in Huangdao, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China, on November 22, 2013. 55 people were killed. [9]

Kenya[edit]

Mexico[edit]

  • 1959 On July 1, a petroleum pipeline exploded, and burned for 7 hours in Coatzacoalcos. 12 people were killed, and 100 more injured.[10][11]
  • 1978 On November 1, a gas pipeline exploded and burned, killing 52 people in Colonia Benito Juarez, Miexico, and injuring 11 in a town of only 100 people. The failure created a crater 300 feet wide and 20 feet deep.[12]
  • 2010 The explosion on December 19, 2010 of an oil pipeline at a Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) pumping station in San Martín Texmelucan de Labastida in central Mexico, killed at least 27 people and injured more than 50. The explosion is believed to have been caused by attempts to puncture the pipe to steal oil.[13]

Nigeria[edit]

  • 1998: At Jesse in the Niger Delta in Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline exploded killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom were scavenging gasoline. The worst of several similar incidents in this country.[14] (October 17, 1998)
  • 2000: Another pipeline explosion near the town of Jesse killed about 250 villagers.[14] (July 10, 2000)
  • 2000: At least 100 villagers died when a ruptured pipeline exploded in Warri.[14] (July 16, 2000)
  • 2000: A leaking pipeline caught fire near the fishing village of Ebute near Lagos, killing at least 60 people.[14] (November 30, 2000)
  • 2003: A pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed 125 villagers near Umuahia, Abia State.[14] (June 19, 2003)
  • 2004: A pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed dozens of people in Lagos State.[14] (September 17, 2004)
  • 2006: An oil pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed 150 people at the Atlas Creek Island in Lagos State.[15] (May 12, 2006)
  • 2006: A vandalised oil pipeline exploded in Lagos. Up to 500 people may have been killed.[16] (December 26, 2006)
  • 2008: The 2008 Ijegun pipeline explosion (May 16)

Russia[edit]

  • 1989 The Ufa train disaster: Sparks from two passing trains caused gas leaking from an LPG pipeline near Ufa, Russia to explode. Workers with the pipeline noticed pressure dropping in the line, but they increased pressure instead of searching for a leak. Trees up to 4 kilometers away were felled by the blast, and 2 locomotives and 38 passenger cars on the trains were derailed. Up to 645 people were reported killed on June 4, 1989.[17]

United States[edit]

  • 1999 June 19, 1999 a gasoline pipeline ruptured, resulting in 3 deaths, a fly fisherman and two 10 year old boys. The cause was a series of errors and malfunctions in relief systems and process control computer systems in the Olympic Pipeline system, resulting in 277,000 gallons of gasoline spilled to Whatcom Creek. Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympic_Pipeline_explosion
  • 2010 September 9 6:11 PM,San Bruno, California. 30-inch Natural Gas line exploded, killing 8.
  • 2010 (July 25) Crude oil pipeline ruptures near Marshall, Michigan, spilling over 840,000 gallons of oil into the Kalamazoo River [18] [19]
  • 2013 (20 August) Explosion of a natural gas pipeline near Kiowa southwest of Oklahoma City [20]
  • 2013 (8 October) Explosion of a natural gas pipeline near Rosston, Oklahoma.[21]

See also[edit]

Natural gas pipeline system in United States

Hydrostatic test

Varanus Island Western Australia

Palaceknowe Gas Pipline Failure, Moffat, Beattock

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iab-atex.nl/publicaties/database/Ghislenghien%20Dossier.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.edmontonjournal.com/1962+Eight+dead+four+injured+explosion/7823967/story.html
  3. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1946&dat=19620117&id=3o4jAAAAIBAJ&sjid=z50FAAAAIBAJ&pg=6178,2472719
  4. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2194&dat=19651013&id=lTk0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=bfUIAAAAIBAJ&pg=3622,452027
  5. ^ http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/pipeline/1996/p96h0012/p96h0012.asp
  6. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/story/2007/07/24/bc-oilspill.html |url= missing title (help). 
  7. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/pipeline-rupture-alberta-resident-unaware-of-2009-blast-1.2525030 |url= missing title (help). 
  8. ^ http://www.newsreview.com/chico/transcanada-pipeline-explosion/content?oid=12685546.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Huangdao, Qingdao, Shandong Province disaster accessdate=2013-11-22
  10. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=4SBUAAAAIBAJ&sjid=MzoNAAAAIBAJ&pg=2424,272599&dq=pipeline+explosion&hl=en
  11. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9PhjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=AuUDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5618,7145313&dq=pipeline+explosion&hl=en
  12. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2209&dat=19781103&id=uhxSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=JjUNAAAAIBAJ&pg=4978,558758
  13. ^ Ellingwood, Ken (December 20, 2010). "27 die in oil pipeline explosion in Mexico". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 22, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f "A chronology of pipeline fires in Nigeria". www.thenationonlineng.com. The Nation (Lagos), Friday, May 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. [dead link]
  15. ^ Probe ordered after Nigeria blast, May 13, 2006, BBC News
  16. ^ Up to 500 killed in Lagos fuel blast, December 26, 2006, Yahoo News[dead link]
  17. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9M5dAAAAIBAJ&sjid=UV0NAAAAIBAJ&pg=1104,1780217&dq=propane+pipeline+leak&hl=en
  18. ^ Emmanuel, Adeshina. "Preventable Errors Led to Pipeline Spill, Inquiry Finds." The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 10 July 2012. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. <http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/10/preventable-errors-led-to-pipeline-spill-inquiry-finds/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0>.
  19. ^ Cooper, Aaron. "Feds: Operator knew of pipeline problems years before Michigan oil spill." CNN. Cable News Network, 1 Jan. 1970. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. <http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/10/us/michigan-oil-spill-ntsb-findings/index.html?iref=allsearch>.
  20. ^ http://www.valuewalk.com/2013/08/nat-gas-pipeline-explosion-reported-in-oklahoma/
  21. ^ Walker, Jade (October 9, 2013). "Pipeline Explodes In Oklahoma". Huffington Post. 

External links[edit]