List of Major League Baseball players from Puerto Rico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Location of Puerto Rico's main island (green)

Puerto Rico currently has the second-most active players in Major League Baseball (MLB) among Latin-American jurisdictions, behind only the Dominican Republic. More than two-hundred players from the archipelago have played in the major leagues since 1942. This includes players who were born in either one of the archipelago's islands and those of Puerto Rican heritage who have represented Puerto Rico in international competition. Only those players who have worked in the league are listed, not those active in the minor leagues.

The first player from Puerto Rico to play in MLB was Hiram Bithorn.[1] After the baseball color line was abandoned following Jackie Robinson's debut in the league, more players from the island signed contracts. This led to an improvement in their performance, and some of them were selected to participate in the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. Including their names in the Major League Baseball Draft is a requisite for first-year players born in Puerto Rico, because the league recognizes the island as a jurisdiction within the United States.[2] Following the implementation of this measure, Puerto Rico's government requested exclusion from the draft and help to develop players, in order to reduce the impact of the change in the format of talent development.[2]

Historical performance and regulations[edit]

Baseball was introduced to Puerto Rico by immigrants during the nineteenth century. The first sanctioned baseball game in the island was played on January 9, 1898 in Santurce, Puerto Rico, where two teams composed of Puerto Rican, American and Cuban players participated.[3] After this game, baseball became a widespread sport and professional and amateur leagues were organized. During this time period, the Puerto Rico national teams experienced success on international competition and Afro-Puerto Rican players began to participate in the Negro Leagues.[4]

Map listing the countries that participated in the first edition of the World Baseball Classic

The first player born in Puerto Rico who played in MLB was Hiram Bithorn, who debuted as a pitcher with the Chicago Cubs on April 15, 1942.[1] This was followed by the introduction of African American players in Major League Baseball, which allowed more chances to players born in the island. Subsequently Afro-Puerto Rican players such as Orlando Cepeda and Victor Pellot began having solid performances in the league, and were selected to participate in the Major League Baseball All-Star Game.[5] In 1973, Roberto Clemente became the first player from Puerto Rico and first Latin American to be elected as a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.[6] Since then Puerto Rico has kept a stable amount of players in the league. During this timeframe, several players have been selected to participate in the All-Star Game or won awards for their performance, while others imposed records within the league. These include Javy López, who holds the record for most home runs hit by a catcher in a single season.[7] Both Iván Rodríguez and Roberto Alomar hold the record for most Gold Glove Awards in their positions.[8][9] Recipients of the Most Valuable Player Award include Orlando Cepeda, Juan González and Iván Rodríguez. Roberto Clemente and Mike Lowell also won the World Series MVP Award in their respective divisions.[10] Carlos Delgado is the only Latin to hit 4 homers in a game.

Originally, players who were either born or naturalized in Puerto Rico were able to sign with MLB teams as free agents, usually receiving minor-league contracts prior to their debut in the league. In 1989, Major League Baseball decided to include the island in the list of jurisdictions within the United States, which made mandatory that first-year players include their name in the Major League Baseball Draft in order to receive a contract.[2] This was based on an initiative that was supposed to create a national and international drafting system. The change reduced the amount of players that were able to participate in the league, by limiting the number of them selected by the teams;[2] this led to the island's Secretary of Recreation and Sports, to formally ask to Major League's involvement in developing specialized schools to produce more players and other measures to reduce the impact of the draft's implementation.[2] The original proposal included Puerto Rico's exclusion of the draft for a period of ten years, but this was not approved by the league.

Puerto Rico was one of sixteen teams to participate in the inaugural edition of the World Baseball Classic.[11] The tournament was created by Major League Baseball, the Major League Baseball Players Association, and other professional baseball leagues and their players associations around the world, including the Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League. The first event was organized in 2006, and was sanctioned by the International Baseball Federation. The Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico served as one of the venues for the first and second rounds.[12] The stadium also hosted 22 Montreal Expos home games in 2003, after the league decided to relocate the team to San Juan as part of an experiment to "globalize" baseball.[13] During the series there was an average attendance of 14,222.[14]

List of players[edit]

This includes a total of 234 baseball players from Puerto Rico that have played in MLB from 1942 to the present day.

A–E[edit]

Carlos Beltrán
Ramón Castro
Name Debut team Years active Reference
Juan Agosto Chicago White Sox
1981–1993
[15]
Luis Aguayo Philadelphia Phillies
1980–1989
[16]
Jonathan Albaladejo Washington Nationals
2007–present
[17]
Jose Alberro Texas Rangers
1995–1997
[18]
Luis Alcaraz Los Angeles Dodgers
1967–1970
[19]
Luis Alicea St. Louis Cardinals
1988–2002
[20]
Sandy Alomar, Jr. San Diego Padres
1988–2007
[21]
Sandy Alomar, Sr. Milwaukee Braves
1964–1978
[22]
Roberto Alomar San Diego Padres
1988–2004
[23]
Luis Alvarado Boston Red Sox
1968–1977
[24]
Orlando Alvarez Los Angeles Dodgers
1973–1976
[25]
Luis Aquino Toronto Blue Jays
1986–1995
[26]
Luis Arroyo St. Louis Cardinals
1955–1963
[27]
Luis Atilano Washington Nationals
2010–present
[28]
Ramón Avilés Boston Red Sox
1977–1981
[29]
Benny Ayala New York Mets
1974–1985
[30]
Carlos Baerga Cleveland Indians
1990–2005
[31]
Carlos Beltrán Kansas City Royals
1998–present
[32]
Juan Beníquez Boston Red Sox
1971–1987
[33]
Yamil Benitez Montreal Expos
1995–1998
[34]
Tony Bernazard Montreal Expos
1979–1991
[35]
Carlos Bernier Pittsburgh Pirates
1953
[36]
Hiram Bithorn Chicago Cubs
1942–1947
[1]
Hiram Bocachica Los Angeles Dodgers
2000–2007
[37]
Ricky Bones San Diego Padres
1991–2001
[38]
Juan Bonilla San Diego Padres
1981–1987
[39]
Fernando Cabrera Cleveland Indians
2004–present
[40]
Ivan Calderón Seattle Mariners
1984–1993
[41]
Kiko Calero St. Louis Cardinals
2003–present
[42]
Robinson Cancel Milwaukee Brewers
1999–present
[43]
Javier Cardona Detroit Tigers
2000–2002
[44]
Rafael Carmona Seattle Mariners
1995–1999
[45]
Raúl Casanova Detroit Tigers
1996–present
[46]
Ramón Castro Florida Marlins
1999–present
[47]
Orlando Cepeda San Francisco Giants
1958–1974
[48]
Alex Cintrón Arizona Diamondbacks
2001–present
[49]
Edgard Clemente Colorado Rockies
1998–2005
[50]
Roberto Clemente Pittsburgh Pirates
1955–1972
[51]
Jaime Cocanower Milwaukee Brewers
1983–1986
[52]
Willie Collazo New York Mets
2007–present
[53]
Onix Concepción Kansas City Royals
1980–1987
[54]
Ramón Conde Chicago White Sox
1962
[55]
Alex Cora Los Angeles Dodgers
1998–present
[56]
Joey Cora San Diego Padres
1987–1998
[57]
Wil Cordero Montreal Expos
1992–2007
[58]
Edwin Correa Chicago White Sox
1985–1987
[59]
César Crespo San Diego Padres
2001–present
[60]
Felipe Crespo Toronto Blue Jays
1996–2001
[61]
Héctor Cruz St. Louis Cardinals
1973–1982
[62]
Iván Cruz New York Yankees
1997–2002
[63]
José Cruz St. Louis Cardinals
1970–1988
[64]
José Cruz, Jr. Seattle Mariners
1997–present
[65]
Cirilo "Tommy" Cruz St. Louis Cardinals
1973–1977
[66]
Iván DeJesús Los Angeles Dodgers
1974–1988
[67]
Luis De León St. Louis Cardinals
1981–1989
[68]
Carlos Delgado Toronto Blue Jays
1993–2009
[69]
Puchy Delgado Seattle Mariners
1977
[70]
Alex Diaz Milwaukee Brewers
1992–1999
[71]
Edgar Díaz Milwaukee Brewers
1986–1990
[72]
Edwin Díaz Arizona Diamondbacks
1998–1999
[73]
Mario Díaz Seattle Mariners
1987–1995
[74]
Nino Escalera Cincinnati Redlegs
1954
[75]

F–L[edit]

Rubén Gotay
Javier López
Mike Lowell
Name Debut team Years active Reference
Irving Falu Kansas City Royals
2012–present
Jesús Feliciano New York Mets
2010–present
[76]
Pedro Feliciano New York Mets
2002–present
[77]
Sergio Ferrer Minnesota Twins
1974–1979
[78]
Ed Figueroa California Angels
1974–1981
[79]
Luis Figueroa Pittsburgh Pirates
2001–present
[80]
Gil Flores California Angels
1977–1979
[81]
Miguel Fuentes Seattle Pilots
1969
[82]
Pedro García Milwaukee Brewers
1973–1977
[83]
Leo Gómez Baltimore Orioles
1990–1996
[84]
Rubén Gómez New York Giants
1953–1962
[85]
Andy González Chicago White Sox
2007–present
[86]
Dicky González New York Mets
2001–2004
[87]
Fernando González Pittsburgh Pirates
1972–1979
[88]
Juan González Texas Rangers
1989–2005
[89]
Julio González Houston Astros
1977–1983
[90]
Raúl González Chicago Cubs
2000–2004
[91]
Julio Gotay St. Luis Cardinals
1960–1969
[92]
Rubén Gotay Kansas City Royals
2004–present
[93]
Edwards Guzmán San Francisco Giants
1999–2003
[94]
José Guzmán Texas Rangers
1985–1994
[95]
Jesús Hernaiz Philadelphia Phillies
1974
[96]
Alex Hernández Pittsburgh Pirates
2000–2001
[97]
José Hernández Texas Rangers
1991–2006
[98]
Ramón Hernández Atlanta Braves
1967–1977
[99]
Roberto Hernández Chicago White Sox
1991–2007
[100]
Willie Hernández Chicago Cubs
1977–1989
[101]
Orlando Isales Philadelphia Phillies
1980
[102]
Coco Laboy Montreal Expos
1969–1973
[103]
Ricky Ledée New York Yankees
1998–2007
[104]
José León Baltimore Orioles
2002–2004
[105]
Carlos Lezcano Chicago Cubs
1980–1981
[106]
Sixto Lezcano Milwaukee Brewers
1974–1985
[107]
Frankie Libran San Diego Padres
1969
[108]
José Lind Pittsburgh Pirates
1987–1995
[109]
Art López New York Yankees
1965
[110]
Felipe López Toronto Blue Jays
2001–present
[111]
Javier López Colorado Rockies
2003–present
[112]
Javy López Atlanta Braves
1992–2006
[113]
Luis López San Diego Padres
1993–2005
[114]
Mike Lowell Boston Redsox
1998–present
[115]

M–Q[edit]

Bengie and Yadier Molina
Joel Piñeiro
Jorge Posada
Name Debut team Years active Reference
Candy Maldonado Los Angeles Dodgers
1981–1991
[116]
Angel Mangual Pittsburgh Pirates
1969–1976
[117]
Pepe Mangual Montreal Expos
1972–1977
[118]
Félix Mantilla Lamela Milwaukee Braves
1956–1966
[119]
Luis Márquez Boston Braves
1951–1954
[120]
Oreste Marrero Montreal Expos
1993–1996
[121]
Carmelo Martínez Chicago Cubs
1983–1991
[122]
Edgar Martínez Seattle Mariners
1987–2004
[123]
Javier Martínez Pittsburgh Pirates
1998
[124]
Damon Mashore Oakland Athletics
1996–1998
[125]
Luis Matos Baltimore Orioles
2000–2007
[126]
Edwin Maysonet Houston Astros
2008–present
[127]
Francisco Meléndez Philadelphia Phillies
1984–1989
[128]
José Meléndez Seattle Mariners
1990–1994
[129]
Luis Meléndez St. Louis Cardinals
1970–1976
[130]
Héctor Mercado Cincinnati Reds
2000–2003
[131]
Orlando Mercado Seattle Mariners
1982–1990
[132]
Orlando Merced Pittsburgh Pirates
1990–2003
[133]
Félix Millán Atlanta Braves
1966–1977
[134]
Angel Miranda Milwaukee Brewers
1993–1997
[135]
Bengie Molina Anaheim Angels
1998–present
[136]
José Molina Chicago Cubs
1999–present
[137]
Yadier Molina St. Louis Cardinals
2004–present
[138]
Rafael Montalvo Houston Astros
1986
[139]
Lou Montañez Baltimore Orioles
2008–present
[140]
Willie Montañez California Angels
1966–1982
[141]
Charlie Montoyo Montreal Expos
1993
[142]
Jerry Morales San Diego Padres
1969–1983
[143]
José Morales Minnesota Twins
2007–present
[144]
Roger Moret Boston Red Sox
1970–1978
[145]
Manny Muñiz Philadelphia Phillies
1971
[146]
Bobby Muñoz New York Yankees
1993–2001
[147]
Pedro Muñoz Minnesota Twins
1990–1996
[148]
Jaime Navarro Milwaukee Brewers
1989–2000
[149]
Julio Navarro Los Angeles Angels
1962–1970
[150]
Tito Navarro New York Mets
1993
[151]
Juan Nieves Milwaukee Brewers
1986–1988
[152]
Melvin Nieves Atlanta Braves
1992–1998
[153]
Wil Nieves San Diego Padres
2002–present
[154]
Edwin Núñez Seattle Mariners
1982–1994
[155]
Ed Olivares St. Louis Cardinals
1960–1961
[156]
Omar Olivares St. Louis Cardinals
1990–2001
[157]
Francisco Oliveras Minnesota Twins
1989–1992
[158]
Luis Rodríguez Olmo Brooklyn Dodgers
1943–1951
[159]
José Oquendo New York Mets
1983–1995
[160]
Héctor Ortiz Kansas City Royals
1998–2002
[161]
José Ortiz Chicago White Sox
1969–1971
[162]
Junior Ortíz Pittsburgh Pirates
1982–1994
[163]
Willis Otañez Baltimore Orioles
1998–1999
[164]
Ricky Otero New York Mets
1995–1997
[165]
Jorge Padilla Washington Nationals
2009–present
Juan Padilla New York Yankees
2004–2005
[166]
Ángel Pagán Chicago Cubs
2006–present
[167]
José Pagán San Francisco Giants
1959–1973
[168]
Sam Parrilla Philadelphia Phillies
1970
[169]
Victor Pellot Philadelphia Athletics
1954–1965
[170]
Bert Peña Houston Astros
1981–1987
[171]
Luis Peraza Philadelphia Phillies
1969
[172]
Mike Pérez St. Louis Cardinals
1990–1997
[173]
Joel Piñeiro Seattle Mariners
2000–present
[174]
Juan Pizarro Milwaukee Braves
1957–1974
[175]
Carlos Ponce Milwaukee Brewers
1985
[176]
Jorge Posada New York Yankees
1995–2011
[177]
Luis Quiñones Oakland Athletics
1983–1992
[178]
Rey Quiñones Boston Red Sox
1986–1989
[179]
Luis Quintana California Angels
1974–1975
[180]

R–W[edit]

Iván Rodríguez
Rubén Sierra
Bernie Williams
Name Debut team Years active Reference
Mario Ramírez New York Mets
1980–1985
[181]
Milt Ramírez St. Louis Cardinals
1970–1979
[182]
Alex Ríos Toronto Blue Jays
2004–present
[183]
Armando Ríos San Francisco Giants
1998–2003
[184]
Juan Ríos Kansas City Royals
1969
[185]
Bombo Rivera Montreal Expos
1975–1982
[186]
Carlos Rivera Pittsburgh Pirates
2003–2004
[187]
Germán Rivera Los Angeles Dodgers
1983–1985
[188]
Luis Rivera Montreal Expos
1986–1998
[189]
Mike Rivera Detroit Tigers
2001–present
[190]
René Rivera Seattle Mariners
2002–present
[191]
Roberto Rivera Chicago Cubs
1995–1999
[192]
Saúl Rivera Washington Nationals
2006–present
[193]
Eduardo Rodríguez Milwaukee Brewers
1973–1979
[194]
Edwin Rodríguez New York Yankees
1982–1985
[195]
Ellie Rodríguez New York Yankees
1968–1976
[196]
Iván Rodríguez Texas Rangers
1991–2010
[197]
José Rodríguez St. Louis Cardinals
2000–2002
[198]
Tony Rodríguez Boston Red Sox
1996
[199]
Ed Romero Milwaukee Brewers
1977–1989
[200]
J. C. Romero Minnesota Twins
1999–present
[201]
Jorge Roque St. Louis Cardinals
1970–1973
[202]
Luis Rosado New York Mets
1977–1980
[203]
Jimmy Rosario San Francisco Giants
1971–1976
[204]
Santiago Rosario Kansas City Athletics
1965
[205]
Dave Rosello Chicago Cubs
1972–1981
[206]
Rico Rossy Atlanta Braves
1991–1998
[207]
Chico Ruiz Atlanta Braves
1978–1980
[208]
Ángel Sánchez Kansas City Royals
2006–present
[209]
Jonathan Sánchez San Francisco Giants
2006–present
[210]
Orlando Sánchez St. Louis Cardenals
1981–1984
[211]
Rey Sánchez Chicago Cubs
1991–2005
[212]
Benito Santiago San Diego Padres
1986–2005
[213]
José Santiago Cleveland Indians
1954–1956
[214]
José "Palillo" Santiago Kansas City Athletics
1963–1970
[215]
José Santiago Kansas City Royals
1997–present
[216]
Rafael Santo Domingo Cincinnati Reds
1979
[217]
Angel Santos Boston Red Sox
2001–2003
[218]
Omir Santos Baltimore Orioles
2008–present
[219]
Candy Sierra San Diego Padres
1988
[220]
Rubén Sierra Texas Rangers
1986–2006
[221]
Geovany Soto Chicago Cubs
2005–present
[222]
Danny Tartabull Seattle Mariners
1984–1997
[223]
Valmy Thomas New York Giants
1957–1961
[224]
Dickie Thon California Angels
1979–1993
[225]
Andrés Torres Detroit Tigers
2002–present
[226]
Félix Torres Los Angeles Angels
1962–1964
[227]
Rusty Torres New York Yankees
1971–1981
[228]
Pedro Valdés Chicago Cubs
1996–2000
[229]
Javier Valentín Minnesota Twins
1997–present
[230]
José Valentín Milwaukee Brewers
1992–2007
[231]
Julio Valera New York Mets
1990–1996
[232]
Héctor Valle Los Angeles Dodgers
1965
[233]
Eddie Vargas Pittsburgh Pirates
1982–1984
[234]
Roberto Vargas Milwaukee Braves
1955
[235]
Javier Vázquez Montreal Expos
1998–present
[236]
Ramón Vázquez Seattle Mariners
2001–present
[237]
Jesús Vega Minnesota Twins
1979–1982
[238]
Carlos Velázquez Milwaukee Brewers
1973
[239]
Otto Vélez New York Yankees
1973–1983
[240]
José Vidro Montreal Expos
1997–present
[241]
Héctor Villanueva Chicago Cubs
1990–1993
[242]
Ismael Villegas Atlanta Braves
2000
[243]
Ozzie Virgil, Jr. Philadelphia Phillies
1980–1990
[244]
Bernie Williams New York Yankees
1991–2006
[245]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The pride of San Juan". Sports Illustrated. 2003-04-19. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Petición formal de salida" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  3. ^ Associated Press (2008-01-08). "Se cumplen 110 años del primer juego de béisbol en Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Primera Hora. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Dick Kaegel (2003-03-30). "Baseball has become Americas' game". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Orlando Manuel Cepeda". Latino Legends in Sports. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "The Hall of Famers: Roberto Clemente". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Lopez's 42nd surpasses Hundley". ESPN. 2003-09-27. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  8. ^ "Nuevo récord" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. 2004-11-02. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  9. ^ "White Sox acquire second baseman Roberto Alomar in exchange for cash and a player to be named later". Major League Baseball. 2004-05-08. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  10. ^ "Mérito incalculable" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  11. ^ "World Baseball Classic Teams: Puerto Rico". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  12. ^ "Dominicana sin derrotas a Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Major League Baseball. 2006-03-10. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  13. ^ Bob Klapisch (2003-04-13). "Puerto Rico welcoming baseball with open arms". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  14. ^ Montreal Expos (2004). Expos Media Guide 2004. 
  15. ^ "Juan Agosto". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  16. ^ "Luis Aguayo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  17. ^ "Jonathan Albaladejo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  18. ^ "Jose Alberro". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  19. ^ "Luis Alcaraz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  20. ^ "Luis Alicea". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  21. ^ "#28 Sandy Alomar Jr.". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  22. ^ "Sandy Alomar". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  23. ^ Associated Press (2005-03-19). "12-time All-Star retires; has back, vision problems". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  24. ^ "Luis Alvarado". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  25. ^ "Orlando Alvarez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  26. ^ "Luis Aquino". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  27. ^ Edwin Kako Vazquez. "Luis Tite Arroyo de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 1-800-Beisbol. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  28. ^ "Luis Atilano". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  29. ^ "Ramon Aviles". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  30. ^ "Benny Ayala". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  31. ^ "Carlos Baerga". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  32. ^ "#15 Carlos Beltran". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  33. ^ "Juan Beniquez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  34. ^ "Yamil Benitez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  35. ^ "Tony Bernazard". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  36. ^ "Carlos Bernier". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  37. ^ "Hiram Bocachica". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  38. ^ "#29 Ricky Bones". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  39. ^ "Juan Bonilla". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  40. ^ "Player File: Fernando Cabreara". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  41. ^ "Ivan Calderon". baseballlibrary.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  42. ^ "#50 Kiko Calero". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  43. ^ "80 Robinson Cancel". CBS Sports. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  44. ^ "#29 Javier Cardona". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  45. ^ "Rafael Carmona". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  46. ^ "Player File: Raul Casanova". Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  47. ^ "Ramon Castro". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  48. ^ "The Hall of Famers: Orlando Cepeda". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  49. ^ "Alex Cintron". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  50. ^ "Edgard Clemente". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  51. ^ "The Hall of Famers: Roberto Clemente". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  52. ^ "Jaime Cocanower". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  53. ^ "Willie Collazo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  54. ^ "Onix Concepcion". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  55. ^ "Ramon Conde". baseba-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  56. ^ "Alex Cora". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  57. ^ "Joey Cora". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  58. ^ "Wil Cordero". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  59. ^ "Ed Correa". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  60. ^ "Cesar Crespo". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  61. ^ "Felipe Crespo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  62. ^ "Hector Cruz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  63. ^ "Ivan Cruz". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  64. ^ "Jose Cruz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  65. ^ "Jose Cruz Jr.". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  66. ^ "Tommy Cruz". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  67. ^ "Ivan DeJesus". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  68. ^ "Lanzador Luis Mambo de Leon de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 1-800-Beisbol. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  69. ^ "Carlos Delgado". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  70. ^ "Puchy Delgado". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  71. ^ "Alex Diaz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  72. ^ "Edgar Diaz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  73. ^ "Edwin Diaz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  74. ^ "Mario Diaz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  75. ^ "Nino Escalera". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  76. ^ Enrique Rojas (2010-06-29). "Ambientazo en San Juan" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  77. ^ "Pedro Feliciano". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  78. ^ "Sergio Ferrer". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  79. ^ "Ed Figueroa". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  80. ^ "Luis Figueroa". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  81. ^ "Gil Flores". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  82. ^ "Miguel Fuentes". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  83. ^ "Pedro Garcia". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  84. ^ "Leo Gomez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  85. ^ Max Silberman. "Ruben Gomez dead at 77". Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  86. ^ "Andy Gonzalez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  87. ^ "Dicky Gonzalez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  88. ^ "Fernando Gonzalez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  89. ^ "Juan Gonzalez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  90. ^ "Julio Gonzalez". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  91. ^ "Raul Gonzalez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  92. ^ "Julio Gotay". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  93. ^ "Rubén Gotay". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  94. ^ "Edwards Guzman". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  95. ^ "Jose Guzman". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  96. ^ "Jesus Hernaiz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  97. ^ "Alex Hernandez". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  98. ^ "Jose Hernandez". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  99. ^ "Ramon Hernandez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  100. ^ "Roberto Hernandez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  101. ^ "Willie Hernandez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  102. ^ "Orlando Isales". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  103. ^ "Coco Laboy". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  104. ^ "Ricky Ledee". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  105. ^ "Jose Leon". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  106. ^ "Carlos Lezcano". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  107. ^ "Sixto Lezcano". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  108. ^ "Frankie Libran". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  109. ^ "Jose Lind". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  110. ^ "Art Lopez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  111. ^ "Player File: Felipe Lopez". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  112. ^ "Player File: Javier Lopez". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  113. ^ "Javy López". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  114. ^ "Luis Lopez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  115. ^ "Player File: Mike Lowell". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  116. ^ "Candy Maldonado". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  117. ^ "Angel Mangual". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  118. ^ "Pepe Mangual". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  119. ^ "Felix Mantilla". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  120. ^ "Luis Marquez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  121. ^ "Oreste Marrero". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  122. ^ "Carmelo Martínez". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  123. ^ "Edgar Martínez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  124. ^ "Javier Martinez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  125. ^ "Damon Mashore". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  126. ^ "Luis Matos". CBS Sports. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  127. ^ "Edwin Maysonet". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  128. ^ "Francisco Melendez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  129. ^ "Jose Melendez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  130. ^ "Luis Melendez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  131. ^ "Hector Mercado". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  132. ^ "Orlando Mercado Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  133. ^ "Orlando Merced". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  134. ^ "Felix Millan". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  135. ^ "AngelMiranda". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  136. ^ "Bengie Molina". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  137. ^ "Jose Molina". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  138. ^ "Yadier Molina". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  139. ^ "Rafael Montalvo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  140. ^ "Player File: Luis Montanez". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  141. ^ "Willie Montanez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  142. ^ "Charlie Montoyo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  143. ^ "Jerry Morales". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  144. ^ "Jose Morales". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  145. ^ "Roger Moret". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  146. ^ "Manny Muniz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  147. ^ "Bobby Munoz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  148. ^ "Pedro Munoz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  149. ^ "Jaime Navarro". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  150. ^ "Julio Navarro". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  151. ^ "Tito Navarro". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  152. ^ "Juan Nieves". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  153. ^ "Melvin Nieves". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  154. ^ "Wil Nieves". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  155. ^ "Edwin Nunez". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  156. ^ "Ed Olivares". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  157. ^ "Omar Olivares". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  158. ^ "Francisco Oliveras". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  159. ^ "Luis Olmo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  160. ^ "Jose Oquendo". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  161. ^ "Hector Ortiz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  162. ^ "Jose Ortiz". baseball-references.com. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  163. ^ "Junior Ortiz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  164. ^ "Willis Otanez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  165. ^ "Ricky Otero". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  166. ^ "Juan Padilla". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  167. ^ "Angel Pagan". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  168. ^ "Jose Pagan". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  169. ^ "Sam Parrilla". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  170. ^ "Vic Power". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  171. ^ "Bert Pena". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  172. ^ "Luis Peraza". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  173. ^ "Mike Perez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  174. ^ "Joel Pinero". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  175. ^ "Juan Pizarro". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  176. ^ "Carlos Ponce". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  177. ^ "Jorge Posada". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  178. ^ "Luis Quinones". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  179. ^ "Rey Quinones". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  180. ^ "Luis Quintana". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  181. ^ "Mario Ramirez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  182. ^ "Milt Ramirez". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  183. ^ "Alex Rios". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  184. ^ "Armando Rios". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  185. ^ "Juan Rios". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  186. ^ "Bombo Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  187. ^ "Carlos Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  188. ^ "German Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  189. ^ "Luis Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  190. ^ "Mike Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  191. ^ "Rene Rivera". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  192. ^ "baseball-reference.com". Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  193. ^ "Saul Rivera". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  194. ^ "Eduardo Rodriguez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  195. ^ "Edwin Rodriguez". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  196. ^ "Ellie Rodriguez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  197. ^ "Ivan Rodriguez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  198. ^ "Jose Rodriguez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  199. ^ "Tony Rodriguez". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  200. ^ "baseball-reference.com". Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  201. ^ "J.C. Romero". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  202. ^ "Jorge Roque". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  203. ^ "Luis Rosado". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  204. ^ "Jimmy Rosario". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  205. ^ "Santiago Rosario". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  206. ^ "Dave Rosello". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  207. ^ "Rico Rossy". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  208. ^ "Chico Ruiz". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  209. ^ "Angel Sanchez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  210. ^ "Jonathan Sanchez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  211. ^ "Orlando Sanchez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  212. ^ "Rey Sanchez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  213. ^ "Benito Santiago". Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  214. ^ "Jose Santiago (Pantalones)". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  215. ^ "Jose Santiago (Palillo)". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  216. ^ "Jose Santiago". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  217. ^ "Rafael Santo Domingo". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  218. ^ "Angel Santos". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  219. ^ "Omir Santos". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  220. ^ "Candy Sierra". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  221. ^ "Rubén Sierra". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  222. ^ "Player File: Geovany Soto". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  223. ^ "#47 Danny Tartabull". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  224. ^ "Valmy Thomas". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  225. ^ "Dickie Thon". Baseballlibrary.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  226. ^ "#56 Andres Torres". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  227. ^ "Felix Torres". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  228. ^ "Rusty Torres". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  229. ^ "Pedro Valdes". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  230. ^ "Javier Valentin". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  231. ^ "Jose Valentin". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  232. ^ "Julio Valera". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  233. ^ "Hector Valle". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  234. ^ "Hediberto Vargas". The Baseball Cube. Archived from the original on 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  235. ^ "Roberto Vargas". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  236. ^ "Javier Vazquez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  237. ^ "Ramon Vazquez". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  238. ^ "Jesus Vega". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  239. ^ "Carlos Velazquez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  240. ^ "Otto Velez". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  241. ^ "Jose Vidro". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  242. ^ "Hector Villanueva". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  243. ^ "Ismael Villegas". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  244. ^ "Ozzie Virgil". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  245. ^ "#51 Bernie Williams". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 

External links[edit]