List of police dog breeds
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The following is a list of dog breeds that are or have been used as aids in police forces. There are a number of different jobs that a police dog can do, including public-order enforcement, illicit-substance detection, tracking, and cadaver or survivor searching. Some police forces use only one breed of dog for every one of these tasks rather than using, for example, one breed for tracking and another for illegal-substance detection. In some cases, a single dog may be trained and utilised in a number of these tasks.
Public-order enforcement dogs
These dogs have the job of chasing a fleeing suspect and detaining the suspect until officers arrive; or restraining suspects from some action by threat of the dog being released and causing harm. This is the traditional image of a police dog.
Illicit-substance detection dogs
These dogs sit with their handlers in airports and other transport hubs, sniffing the passengers from afar to detect any illegal substances a person may be carrying on their person or in luggage or carry-on items. The substances are most commonly drugs and explosives, although many nations also interdict foreign food items.
- Australian Shepherd
- Belgian Malinois
- Basset Hound
- English Cocker Spaniel
- English Springer Spaniel
- German Shepherd Dog
- Golden Retriever
- Labrador Retriever
- Pit Bull
- Sulimov Dog
- Schnauzer (all sizes)
These dogs are used for sniffing the trails of lost or missing persons or objects.
These dogs are trained to detect the odor of decomposing bodies in order to find corpses and human remains. Their noses are so sensitive they have been known to smell a dead body under running water.
- Police dog
- List of fictional dogs
- List of dog breeds
- List of dog types
- Dogs in warfare
- List of dog fighting breeds
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