List of police firearms in the United Kingdom
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Within the British Police, officers are not routinely armed. Instead, they rely on specially trained Authorised Firearms Officers (AFO), crewing Armed Response Vehicles to attend emergency calls where firearms might be needed. Specialist Firearms Officers are usually trained to a higher standard than an AFO, because they are likely to be the officers required to enter besieged premises. The vast majority of firearms used by the British Police are semi-automatic. Police use of force regarding firearms is dictated by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO).
Firearms in service vary between police forces in the UK, due to individual Chief Constables and Police Authorities dictating the number of firearms officers and police firearms available to each force.
Firearms issued to Authorised Firearms Officers include:
- Glock 17 pistol (used by various forces, including London's Metropolitan Police)
- Glock 26 pistol (issued to plain clothes officers of London's Metropolitan Police)
- Walther P99 pistol (used by Nottinghamshire Police)
- SIG Sauer P226 pistol (Used by Northamptonshire police)
- Heckler & Koch USP pistol (Used by North Wales Police)
- Heckler & Koch MP5SF (used by various forces, including London's Metropolitan Police)
- Heckler & Koch G36 variants
- LMT Defender AR-15 variant (used By Cheshire Police and British Transport Police)
- Heckler & Koch G3 variant (used for sniping roles)
- Remington 870 shotgun (used by Greater Manchester Police)
Unlike territorial police forces in Great Britain, the Police Service of Northern Ireland routinely arms all of its officers. Officers are issued the Glock 17 pistol, phasing out the now considered obsolete Ruger Speed Six revolvers previously issued. Previously long arms were routinely issued: either the Sterling submachine gun and later Heckler & Koch MP5, or rifles such as Heckler & Koch G3s, G36 K and C variants, or HK33s which replaced Ruger AC-556 select fire rifles. Long arms are still routinely carried in areas of higher threat such as North and West Belfast or various border areas.
Non-Home office police firearms
Ministry of Defence
Ministry of Defence Police
Northern Ireland Security Guard Service
British Transport Police
Civil Nuclear Constabulary
Unlike the majority of the British police territorial forces, Civil Nuclear Constabulary officers are routinely armed while carrying out duties. Civil Nuclear Constabulary officers also operate the armament on board the ships of the company Pacific Nuclear Transport Limited, which specialise in transporting spent nuclear fuel and reprocessed uranium on behalf of the British Nuclear Fuels organisation. Such ships have an on-board escort of armed police. The Civil Nuclear Constabulary use a range of heavier weapons up to automatic cannon of 30mm calibre deployed on the ships.
In the past police have been issued:
- Webley Revolver
- Lee-Enfield rifles
- Sten Gun
- Sterling Mark 6 "Police"—semi-automatic-only version of the sub-machine gun
- Ruger Mini-14 rifle Used in the past by Surrey Police.
- Smith & Wesson Model 10 revolver—used in the past by Surrey police.
- Smith & Wesson Model 36 revolver—used in the past by Surrey police detectives.
- Parker Hale Safari sniper rifle—used in the past by Surrey police.
- Browning Hi-Power handgun—used in the past by Surrey police.
- Guardian newspaper: "The Met points out that the weapon in question is the single-shot variation of the Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun (the MP5SF)", 28 October 2009
- Wrenn, Eddie; Blake, Matt. "Topless Tottenham Court Road siege suspect 'demanded a refund from the licence office after he FAILED his HGV driving test'". Daily Mail (London).
- "Northern Ireland". Encarta. msn. Retrieved 5 June 2007. "Unlike police forces in the rest of the United Kingdom, the PSNI is an armed force."
- "Northern Ireland Security Guard Service - PoliceSpecials.com Forum". Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "The state of the Union - Brendan O’Neill". Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Statewatch News Online: UK: Armed officers from the British Transport Police to be deployed in early 2012". Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- "PNTL Fleet". Pacific Nuclear Transport Limited. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- "Nuclear fuel ship docks in Japan". BBC News. 27 September 1999. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
- Brown, Paul (20 January 1999). "Nuclear fuel ships to be armed with heavy guns". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
- "UK British nuclear fuel ships armed". BBC News. 8 July 1999. Retrieved 27 August 2008.