List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area in excess of 200,000 km²

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This is one of a series of comprehensive lists of continents, countries, and first level administrative country subdivisions such as states, provinces, and territories, as well as certain political and geographic features of substantial area.[1] Some divisions are listed twice, with one listing including territory that is excluded in the other for various reasons, including territorial disputes. Names of currently existing countries are bolded, while names of geographic features are italicized. There is intentional overlap between the lists in order to maximize ease of use.

Geographic entity Area (km²) Notes
Earth 510,065,284 Total surface area (70.8% water coverage and 29.2% land coverage).
Ocean 361,126,221 Total water coverage (70.8% of Earth's surface).
Pacific Ocean and adjacent seas 179,700,000 Largest ocean, including adjacent Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Sulu Sea, Tasman Sea, and Yellow Sea.
Pacific Ocean excluding adjacent seas 155,557,000 Largest ocean.
Land 148,939,063 Total land coverage (29.2% of Earth's surface).
Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas 106,400,000 Second largest ocean, including adjacent Denmark Strait, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea, Barents Sea, Strait of Gibraltar and Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, Arctic Ocean, North Sea, Baltic Sea, and Celtic Sea.
Afro-Eurasia 84,211,532 Largest contiguous landmass.
Atlantic Ocean excluding adjacent seas 76,762,000 Second largest ocean.
Indian Ocean and adjacent seas 73,556,000 Third largest ocean, including Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Great Australian Bight, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Laccadive Sea, Mozambique Channel, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, and Strait of Malacca.
Indian Ocean excluding adjacent seas 68,556,000 Third largest ocean.
Eurasia 53,990,000 Largest broadly connected contiguous landmass, comprising the traditional continents of Europe and Asia; sometimes considered a single continent, it covers 10.6% of the Earth's surface (36.2% of the land area).
Asia 44,579,000 Largest continent.
Americas 42,549,000 Large contiguous landmass viewed in some parts of the world as single continent. This view is held in Latin America, Greece, Italy and Spain.
Moon 37,930,000 Satellite in orbit around the Earth, excluded by treaty from national claims of ownership.
 British Empire 34,000,000 Largest multi-country empire, under King George V between 1914 and 1917. There are numerous conflicting sources for the size of the Empire at its maximum extent and when that extent occurred. The empire is known to have been 35,800,000 km² between 1917 and 1920, because of the acquisition of the former German colonial possessions after World War I; it was 36,400,000 km² between 1920 and 1922 as a result of the establishment of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia and the British Mandate for Palestine; the Empire had an area of 35,400,000 km² between 1922 and 1932 as a result of the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence and the Anglo-Irish Treaty recognizing Irish independence. Finally, in 1932, the British Empire is known to have a size of 32,000,000 km², after the granting of independence to numerous colonies.
Mongol Empire 33,200,000 Multi-country empire, under Kublai Khan in 1268.
Commonwealth of Nations 31,462,574 Supranational political entity.
Africa 30,221,532 Second largest continent.
African Union 29,797,500 Supranational political entity.
North America 24,490,000 Continent.
 Russian Empire 22,800,000 Multi-country empire, in 1866.
 Soviet Union 22,402,200 Largest country in the world from 1922 until its dissolution in 1991.
Southern Ocean 20,327,000 Ocean.
South America 17,840,000 Continent.
 UNASUR/UNASUL 17,715,335 Supranational political entity including most nations of South America.
 Russia 17,098,242 Largest country in the world; crosses Europe and Asia.
Spain Spanish Empire 15,850,000 Multi-country empire, under Charles III; size is approximate.
 Qing Empire, China 14,700,000 Multi-country empire in Asia under the Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1723–1735) and his son the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796).
Arctic Ocean 14,056,000 Ocean.
 Antarctica 14,000,000 Continent.
Yuan Khanate China 14,000,000 Multi-country empire in Asia under the Yuan Khanate 1279-1368. Measured at its maximum extant in 1310.
 Arab League 13,953,041 Supranational political entity.
Umayyad (Arab Caliphate). 13,200,000 Under Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik, 723-743.
Siberia 13,138,242 Traditional historic and geographic region of Russia.
France Second French colonial empire 12,898,000 Multi-country empire under President Albert Lebrun, in 1938. Includes France, and all possessions under French sovereignty in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South America.
Mercosur 12,781,179 Supranational political entity consisting of 4 South American countries
Portugal Portuguese Empire 10,400,000 The Portuguese overseas empire at its greatest extent in 1815. Including but not limited to Brazil, Angola and Mozambique.
Europe 10,180,000 Continent.
Abbasid (Arab Caliphate). 10,000,000 Estimate at its apex in 850. Lasting from 750-1258.
 Canada 9,970,610 Second largest country in the world; largest country in North America, and in the Western Hemisphere.
United States Maximum overseas expansion of the United States 9,948,908 This estimate is based on the combined area of the United States, plus the areas of Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa and United States Minor Outlying Islands, over which the U.S. acquired sovereignty in 1898 at the end of the Spanish-American war. Self-government was restored to Cuba in 1906, and to the Philippines in 1934.
 People's Republic of China (PRC, including disputed areas) 9,742,010 Largest country located entirely in Asia. Including PRC-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), South Tibet (controlled by India but claimed by China) and the disputed territories of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu which the Republic of China (Taiwan) has continued to govern after the PRC replaced it on the mainland; total of separate UN figures for mainland China and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong (1,099 km2) and Macau (26 km2).
 People's Republic of China (PRC, non-disputed areas) 9,706,961 Largest country located entirely in Asia. Excluding disputed territories not under PRC administration, i.e. excluding South Tibet and Republic of China (Taiwan); total of separate UN figures for mainland China and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong (1,099 km2) and Macau (26 km2).
 United States of America 9,522,055 Country in North America. Includes the 50 states and District of Columbia, and Indian Reservations. Includes inland water area of 78,797 mi2 (204,083 km2 and Great Lakes water of 60,251 mi2 (156,049 km2); excludes coastal water area of 42,225 mi2 (109,362 km2) and territorial water area of 75,372 mi2 (195,213 km2)[2]
Oceania 9,008,458 Geopolitical area including Australia and other islands and territories in the Pacific Ocean.
 Brazil 8,514,877 Largest country in South America. Includes Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martim Vaz, and Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo. All islands together make 365 km2 (less than 0.003% of all continental territory).
France First French colonial empire 8,232,162 Multi-country empire under King Louis XV, in 1754; size is estimated based upon the Louisiana Purchase, as well as the additional whole U.S. States and Canadian Provinces which now exist where New France used to, and the whole States and territories of India which correspond to the former French East India Company, does not include France.
The Indies 8,063,879 A European Colonial term for South and South East Asia, sometimes also known as the Indosphere.
Australasia 7,955,717 A subdivision of Oceania.
United States Contiguous United States 7,902,634 Includes the 48 contiguous states and District of Columbia, and Indian Reservations, but excludes Alaska and Hawaii.
 Australia 7,686,848 Continent and country in Oceania. Includes Jervis Bay Territory (73km2) , Cocos (Keeling) Islands (14 km2), Christmas Island (135 km2) and Lord Howe Island (56 km2). Also includes the uninhabited Ashmore and Cartier Islands (5 km2), Coral Sea Islands Territory (0,9 km2), Heard and McDonald Islands (372 km2) and Macquarie Island (231 km2). Excludes claims on Antarctica (Australian Antarctic Territory, 6,119,818 km2).
Sassanid Empire 7,400,000 Successor state to the Parthian Empire in the middle east and Iran, lasting from 224-651, size estimated at its apex in 550.
 Empire of Japan 7,400,000 Multi-country empire under Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, in 1943.
 New France 7,191,613 Maximum colonial expansion of France in North America in 1754.
Ming China 6,500,000 Chinese Empire after the overthrow of the Yuan Mongol dynasty 1368-1644. Measured at its maximum extent in 1450.
Achaemenid Empire 6,240,000 An empire in Iran and other countries from Greece and Egypt to Uzbekistan From 550 to 330 B.C.
Europe (excluding European Russia) 6,220,000 Traditional region.
Russia Far Eastern Federal District 6,215,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
Khanate of the Golden Horde 6,000,000 Multi-country empire in Europe and Asia a Khanate remnant of the Mongol Empire, lasting from 1240-1502. Size is approximate at its apex in 1310.
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory 5,896,500 Australian claim to Antarctica.
 Ottoman Empire 5,500,000 Early modern empire centered in Turkey at its greatest extent in 1689 under Suleiman II.
Macedonia (ancient kingdom) 5,200,000 Ancient empire centered in Macedonia at its greatest extent in 323 BC under Alexander the Great.
SAARC 5,130,746 Supranational political entity.
Russia Siberian Federal District 5,114,800 Federal district of Russia created May 2000, distinct from but also included in the historical region of the same name.
Fatimid Caliphate 5,100,000 Western remnant of the Umayyad Caliphate lasting from 909-1171, estimated at its greatest extent in 969.
Maurya Empire 5,000,000 Indian Empire lasted from 321-185 BC, size is calculated to be the greatest extent reached in 265 BC.
Great Seljuq Empire 5,000,000 Turkish Empire in the middle east, was the European antagonist during the Crusades. Lasted from 1037-1194, size is calculated to be the greatest extent reached in 1092.
Mexico First Mexican Empire 5,000,000 Largest extent of Mexican holdings, from 1822-23; included almost all current territory of Mexico, the Southwestern United States, and all of Central America except for Panama.
Tang China 4,900,000 Chinese Empire from 618-907. Measured at its maximum extent in 700.
Roman Empire 4,872,000[3] Multi Country Empire in antiquity, under Trajan in AD 117.
Pala Empire 4,600,000 One of the Indian Middle Kingdoms lasting from 780-1154, size is estimated at the apex in 815.
Timurid dynasty 4,600,000 A Persian Middle Eastern empire, rising after the Mongol Empire lasting from 1355-1740, measured at its apex in 1405.
ASEAN 4,465,501 Supranational political entity.
 European Union 4,325,675 Supranational political entity.
Tibetan Empire 4,000,000 The Tibetan state lasting from 650-842, measured at its apex in 800.
European Russia 3,960,000 Traditional historic and geographic region of Russia.
Rupert's Land 3,900,000 An area of British North America, under the jurisdiction of the Hudson's Bay Company.
Italy Italian Colonial Empire 3,800,000 Overseas empire at its greatest extent in 1940.
Ilkhanate 3,750,000 A Khanate remnant of the Mongol Empire, lasting from 1256-1355, measured at its apex in 1310.
 Argentina (including claims) 3,748,072 Second largest country in South America. Includes claims over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, and Argentine Antarctica, which are not under Argentine de facto control.
Netherlands Dutch Colonial Empire 3,700,000 Overseas empire at its greatest extent in 1940. Includes Indonesia.
Chola Dynasty 3,600,000 A south Asian empire lasting from 330 BC-1279, measured at its apex in 1050.
Zealandia 3,500,000 Largest microcontinent (size is approximate).
South China Sea 3,500,000 Marginal sea occurring in part of the Pacific Ocean south of China, and bordered predominately by Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and the Philippines.
Gupta Empire 3,500,000 One of the Indian Middle Kingdoms lasting from 320-560, size is estimated at the apex in 400.
 Byzantine Empire 3,500,000 Remnant of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in 520 under Justin I.
German Empire German colonial empire 3,500,000 The German colonial empire lasting from 1871-1918.
 India (including disputed areas) 3,287,263 Third largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). Includes all disputed territories.
Parthian Empire 3,200,000 A Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 248 BC-226, was the successor state to the Greek Seleucid Empire and a major antagonist to the Roman Empire. Measured at its apex circa 100 BC.
Arabian Peninsula 3,189,612 A geographic region of the Middle East.
 India (non-disputed areas) 3,166,414 Third largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). Excludes non-Indian-administered disputed territories (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract in China; Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan in Pakistan). Includes all Indian-administered territories, which contains the China-claimed South Tibet, administered by India as part of Arunachal Pradesh.
United States Thirteen Colonies 3,151,827 Found by taking the size of the United States less the size of its acquired territories.[4]
 Sakha Republic 3,103,200 Largest federal subject of Russia.
Seleucid Empire 3,000,000 A Greek/Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 312-63 BC, was the successor state to the Achaemenid Empire. Measured at its apex circa 300 BC.
Grand Duchy of Moscow 3,000,000 A precursor to the Russian Empire, lasting from 1263-1547.
 Mughal Empire 3,000,000 An Islamic Empire in India lasting from 1526-1707.
Medes (Median Empire) 2,800,000 An early Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 625-549 BC.
 Argentina (excluding disputed claims) 2,780,400 Second largest country in South America. Does not include claims over Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, nor Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2).
Caribbean Sea 2,754,000 Body of water between North and South America.
 Kazakhstan 2,724,900 In Asia; largest landlocked country in the world.
Han Dynasty 2,684,886 The Chinese Empire lasting from 206 BC-220.
Song Dynasty 2,684,886 The Chinese Empire lasting from 960-1279.
 Western Australia 2,525,500 Largest state of Australia.
Mediterranean Sea 2,500,000 Body of water separating Europe and Africa.
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom 2,500,000 A successor state to the Seleucid Empire in what is now Afghanistan and Uzbekistan lasting from 256-125 BC.
Norway Queen Maud Land 2,500,000 Norwegian Antarctic claim.
 Algeria 2,381,741 Largest country in Africa.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 Second largest country in Africa.
Russia Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,339,700 Federal subject of Russia.
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark 2,220,093 Including Denmark, Greenland and Faroe Islands.
 Greenland 2,175,600 An autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark Denmark; technically part of North America, and that continent's third-largest country.
 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 Largest country in Middle East.
United States Louisiana Purchase 2,147,000 Area of the United States purchased from France in 1803, which now comprises all or part of fifteen U.S. states.
 Chile (Including Territorial Claims) 2,007,208 Includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua; Rapa Nui), Isla Sala y Gómez and Antarctica (1,250,000 km2).
Inca Empire 2,000,000 The Incan Empire along the Andean coast of South America lasting from 1438-1533.
France First French Empire 2,000,000 Multi-country empire under Emperor Napoleon I of France, from 1804-1814; size is approximate.
 CSA Confederate States of America 1,995,392 Unrecognized country in North America, 1861–1865.
 Mexico 1,958,201 Fourth largest country in North America; also third largest country in Latin America.
 Nunavut 1,936,113 Largest sub-federal jurisdiction of Canada, largest territory of Canada.
 Indonesia 1,904,569 In Southeast Asia; largest and most populous country situated only on islands.
 Sudan 1,886,068 Third largest country in Africa.
Russia Urals Federal District 1,788,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
East Indies 1,784,398 A European Colonial term for Maritime Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, East Timor, the Philippines, Brunei, Singapore and Indonesia (less its territory on New Guinea).
 Libya 1,759,540 Country in northern Africa.
 Queensland 1,727,300 State of Australia.
 British Antarctic Territory 1,709,400 British claim to Antarctica
Russia Northwestern Federal District 1,677,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
China Xinjiang 1,660,000 Largest autonomous region of China.
 Iran 1,648,195 Second largest country in Middle East.
 Amazonas 1,570,746 Largest state of Brazil.
 Mongolia 1,564,116 Country located between China and Russia.
 Alaska 1,518,800 Largest state of the United States.
Gulf of Mexico 1,500,000 Body of water in North America.
Russia Tyumen Oblast 1,435,200 Federal subject of Russia. Includes Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs; without the autonomous okrugs, 161,800 km2.
Neo-Assyrian Empire 1,400,000 An ancient Middle Eastern empire along the Fertile Crescent, lasting from 934-609 BC.
 Quebec 1,365,128 Second largest sub-federal jurisdiction of Canada, largest province of Canada.
Mexican Cession 1,360,000 A large area of the First Mexican Empire, which was lost after the Mexican-American War in 1848 to the US.
 Northern Territory 1,346,200 Territory of Australia.
 Kalmar Union 1,322,358 A medieval and early modern Kingdom in Scandinavia consisting of Denmark, Iceland, Norway and most of modern Sweden and Finland, lasting from 1397-1523. Size does not include the colonial territories in Greenland.
 Peru 1,285,216 Country in South America.
 Chad 1,284,000 Country in Africa.
 Niger 1,267,000 Country in Africa.
Chile Antártica 1,250,258 Chilean claim to Antarctica
East China Sea 1,249,000 Marginal sea east of China, also bordered by South Korea and Japan.
 Pará 1,247,690 Second largest state of Brazil.
 Angola 1,246,700 Country in Africa.
 Mali 1,240,192 Country in Africa.
Hudson Bay 1,230,000 Body of water in northeastern Canada.
China Tibet Autonomous Region 1,228,400 Autonomous region of China.
 Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) 1,221,900 An African Empire lasting from 980 BC-1974.
 South Africa 1,221,148 Country in Africa. Area of mainland South Africa is 1,220,813 km2,[5] added to which are the Prince Edward Islands – Marion Island, 290 km2, and Prince Edward Island, 45 km2.[6]
Carolingian Empire 1,200,000 The maximum extent of Frankish Kingdom under Charlemagne in 814. An immediate precursor to the Holy Roman Empire.
 Northwest Territories 1,183,085 Territory of Canada.
China Inner Mongolia 1,183,000 Autonomous region of China.
 Colombia 1,138,914 Country in South America. Colombian census figure is 1,141,748 which includes three special districts and San Andrés and Providencia islands (52 km2).
 Ethiopia 1,104,300 Country in Africa.
 Bolivia 1,098,581 Country in South America.
 Ontario (including maritime territory) 1,076,395 Fourth largest sub-federal jurisdiction of Canada, second largest province of Canada.
Melanesia 1,040,672 One of the Island subdivisions of Oceania.
French East India Company 1,040,549 The maximum extent of French Colonial rule in India in 1754. Estimated by adding together the areas of the States and territories of India which correspond approximately to the French East India Company.
Russia Volga Federal District 1,038,000 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
 Mauritania 1,025,520 Country in Africa.
 Republic of Texas 1,007,935 Briefly independent breakaway state from the First Mexican Empire in 1835, later annexed in 1846 by the United States.
 Tierra del Fuego 1,002,445 If taken to include claims to the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, and Argentine Antarctica (none of which are controlled by Argentina). Argentina's largest province, if these claims are included.
New Kingdom 1,000,000 The final imperial phase of dynastic Egypt, lasting from 1570-1070 BC.
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 990,000 Cosmopolitan Central European country with a complex political system being a combination of noble's democracy, elective monarchy and federation, under Sigismund III in 1619; 17th century superpower.
South Australia South Australia 983,482 State of Australia.
 Egypt 980,869 Country in Africa; excluding the Hala'ib Triangle.
Sea of Japan 978,000 Body of water between the Korean Peninsula to the west, Russia to the north, and Japan to the east. Also known as the East Sea.
Greenland Northeast Greenland National Park 972,000 Largest administrative division of Greenland; largest National Park in the world.
Alaska Unorganized Borough, Alaska 970,500 Subdivision of Alaska; largest sub-state entity in the United States.
Bandera de la Provincia de Tierra del Fuego.svg Argentine Antarctica 965,597 Argentine claim over Antarctica
 Tanzania 945,087 Country in Africa. Includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.
Argentine Sea 940,000 Body of water within the continental shelf off the Argentine mainland. It extends from Buenos Aires Province coast on the North to the Falkland Islands on the South.
 British Columbia 925,186 Province of Canada. Land area only.
 Nigeria 923,768 Country in Africa.
Merovengian Kingdom of Francia 918,881 The Frankish Kingdom after the conquest of Burgundy, lasting from 536-768.
 Ontario 917,741 Province of Canada. Land area only. With water, it exceeds 1,000,000.
 Venezuela 912,050 Country in South America; does not include claims on Guayana Esequiba. If included, the area would be 1,075,945 km2.
 Mato Grosso 903,358 State of Brazil.
 Pakistan (including disputed areas) 880,254 Country in Central Asia. Includes Pakistani-administered disputed territories (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas).
Grand Duchy of Lithuania 876,600 A large medieval pagan empire in Europe lasting from 1253-1569 as an independent state, prior to its union with Poland. Measured at its greatest extent in the 15th century.
 Namibia 824,292 Country in Africa.
 Holy Roman Empire 814,415 Central European Confederacy from 962-1806. Measured at its largest extent under Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
 Mozambique 801,590 Country in Africa.
New South Wales New South Wales 800,642 State of Australia.
Akkadian Empire 800,000 An ancient middle eastern empire centered on the Fertile Crescent, lasting from 2400-2200 BC.
 Pakistan (non-disputed areas) 796,095 Country in Central Asia. Excludes all disputed territories.
Russia Khabarovsk Krai 788,600 Federal subject of Russia.
New Guinea 786,000 Island divided between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
 Turkey 783,562 Country partly in Europe and partly in Asia.
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg Union between Sweden and Norway (United Kingdom of Sweden and Norway) 774,184 A Kingdom in Scandinavia between 1814-1905.
Russia Irkutsk Oblast 767,900 Federal subject of Russia.
 Chile 756,096 Includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua; Rapa Nui) and Isla Sala y Gómez, excludes claims on Antarctica (1,250,000 km2).
 Zambia 752,618 Country in Africa.
Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 750,300 Federal subject of Russia. Also included in Tyumen Oblast total.
Borneo 748,168 Island divided between Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia.
Russia Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 737,700 Federal subject of Russia.
China Qinghai 721,200 Largest province of China.
Seal of the Oregon Territory.png Oregon Territory 720,011 Territory acquired from Britain by the US in 1848.
Saudi Arabia Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia (Ash Sharqiyah) 710,000 Largest province of Saudi Arabia.
 Texas 696,200 State of the United States.
Visigothic Kingdom 684,738 A Germanic Kingdom on the Iberian peninsula, lasting from 474-723. Measured at its apex in 500.
 Austria-Hungary 676,615 Central European empire from 1867 to 1918.
 Myanmar 676,578 Country in Southeast Asia.
Greenland Qaasuitsup 660,000 Largest municipality of Greenland.
Russia Central Federal District 652,800 Federal district of Russia, created May 2000.
 Afghanistan 652,090 Country in Central Asia.
 Alberta 642,317 Province of Canada.
 Somalia 637,657 Country in Africa.
Greenland Sermersooq 635,600 Second largest municipality of Greenland.
Niger Agadez Department 634,209 Largest department of Niger.
 Nazi Germany 633,786 Nazi Germany encompasses present day Germany, and a few other territories.
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Austrian Empire 625,418 A central European empire lasting from 1804-1867
 Central African Republic 622,984 Country in Africa.
 South Sudan 619,745 Country in Africa.
Merovengian Kingdom of Francia 611,759 The Frankish Kingdom at its founding under Clovis I in 481.
 Ukraine 603,700 Second largest European country.
Chad Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region 600,350 Largest region of Chad.
 Saskatchewan 591,670 Province of Canada.
Russia Southern Federal District 589,200 Federal district of Russia, created May 2000.
Russia Arkhangelsk Oblast 587,400 Federal subject of Russia. Includes Nenets Autonomous Okrug; without the autonomous okrug, 410,700 km2.
 Madagascar 587,041 Island country in Africa. Second largest country composed of a single island (after Australia).
 Minas Gerais 586,528 State of Brazil.
Ostrogothic Kingdom 586,046 A Germanic Kingdom in Italy and Illyria after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, lasting from 476-553. Measurement is approximate.
 Botswana 581,730 Country in Africa.
 Kenya 580,367 Country in Africa.
Caliphate of Córdoba 570,000 A Moorish Caliphate in Iberia after the local withdrawal of the Fatimid Caliphate, lasting from 756-1031.
Bahia Bahia 564,693 State of Brazil.
Algeria Tamanrasset Province 557,906 Largest province of Algeria.
Manitoba Manitoba 553,556 Province of Canada.
 France 551,500 Third largest European country (Metropolitan France only). The French Republic includes French overseas territories and covers 674,843 km2, excluding claims on Antarctica (432,000 km2). With its overseas territories France proceeds Ukraine as the second largest European country.
Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire 540,000 The unified German state from 1871-1918.
 Yemen 527,968 Country in Middle East. Includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen).
Russia Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug 523,100 Federal subject of Russia. Also included in Tyumen Oblast total.
Central America 521,499 Region between North America and South America.
 Thailand 513,115 Country in Southeast Asia.
 Spain 505,992 Country in Europe. Includes mainland Spain, the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, as well as the Spanish possessions (Plazas de Soberanía) off the coast of Morocco (Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera), and Isla de Alborán almost midway between Morocco and Spain, all the latter being claimed by Morocco.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Orientale 503,239 Largest province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Middle Kingdom of Egypt 500,000 The second Egyptian dynastic empire lasting from 2080-1640 BC.
Neo-Babylonian Empire 500,000 An ancient Middle Eastern empire centered on the Fertile Crescent, lasting from 626 to 539 BC.
Aztec Empire 500,000 A Meso-American Empire in Mexico lasting from 1325-1521.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Katanga 496,877 Second largest province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mali Tombouctou Region 496,611 Largest region of Mali.
 Turkmenistan 488,100 Country in Central Asia.
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark-Norway 487,476 A Scandinavian kingdom lasting from 1536 to 1814.
China Sichuan 485,000 Province of China.
Libya Kufra District 483,510 Largest district of Libya. The 32 districts were reorganized into 22 Sha'biyah in 2007, but Kufra appears to have retained its borders.
 Cameroon 475,442 Country in Africa.
 Yukon 474,391 Territory of Canada.
Russia Kamchatka Krai 472,300 Federal subject of Russia.
 Papua New Guinea 462,840 Country in Oceania.
Russia Magadan Oblast 461,400 Federal subject of Russia.
China Gansu 454,300 Province of China.
New Zealand Ross Dependency 450,000 New Zealand claim to Antarctica.
 Sweden 449,964 Country in Europe. Includes Gotland and Öland.
 Uzbekistan 447,400 Country in Central Asia; largest doubly landlocked country of the world.
 Morocco 446,550 Country in Africa; excluding Western Sahara.
 Iraq 438,317 Country in Middle East.
France Adélie Land 432,000 French claim to Antarctica.
Russia Chita Oblast 431,500 Federal subject of Russia. Includes Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug; without the autonomous okrug, 412,500km2.
Kazakhstan Karagandy Province 428,000 Largest province of Kazakhstan.
Algeria Adrar Province 427,368 Second largest province of Algeria.
 California 423,970 State of the United States.
Indonesia Papua 421,981 Province of Indonesia, status uncertain following Indonesian declaration of intent to subdivide into smaller provinces.
Komi Republic Komi Republic 415,900 Federal subject of Russia.
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Province 412,000 Second largest province of Saudi Arabia.
 Paraguay 406,752 Country in South America.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Équateur 403,292 Third largest province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Old Kingdom 400,000 The first unified Egyptian empire lasting from 2686–2134 BC.
Middle Assyrian period 400,000 An ancient Middle Eastern kingdom in the Fertile Crescent, lasting from 1365–1000 BC.
China Yunnan 394,000 Province of China.
 Zimbabwe 390,757 Country in Africa.
Flag of Kurdistan.svg Kurdistan 390,000(Est.) Region in the Middle East; homeland of the Kurds
 Norway (total) 385,155 Country in Europe. Includes mainland Norway (324,220 km2) and the integral overseas areas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (60,980 km2); excludes the dependency of Bouvet Island (49 km2) and the Antarctic dependency claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (~2,500,000 km2).
Alaska Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska 382,910 Subdivision of Alaska; largest county-equivalent in the United States.
 Montana 380,838 State of the United States.
 Japan 377,873 Country in Asia. Includes Ryukyu Islands (including Daitō Islands), Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Islands), Minami-Torishima (Marcus Island), Okino-Torishima and Volcano Islands (Kazan Islands); excludes the southern Kuril Islands.
Baltic Sea 377,000 Sea in Europe, bordered to the north by Sweden and Finland, to the east by Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, on the south by Poland and Germany, and on the West by Denmark.
Egypt New Valley Governorate 376,505 Largest governorate of Egypt.
 Newfoundland and Labrador 373,872 Province of Canada.
South Africa Northern Cape 372,889 Largest province of South Africa.
Caspian Sea 371,000 Body of water in Central Asia variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. Between Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Iran.
Bolivia Santa Cruz Department 370,621 Largest department of Bolivia.
Peru Loreto Region 368,852 Largest region of Peru.
Russia Amur Oblast 363,700 Federal subject of Russia.
 Mato Grosso do Sul 357,125 State of Brazil.
 Germany 357,022 Country in Europe; before the German reunification took place on 3 October 1990, Germany consisted of the former Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) with 248,689 km2 and the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) with 108,333 km2.
Ethiopia Oromia Region 353,632 Largest region of Ethiopia.
Buryatia Buryat Republic 351,300 Federal subject of Russia.
Libya Murzuq 349,790 2nd largest district of Libya. The 32 districts were reorganized into 22 Sha'biyah in 2007, but Murzuq appears to have retained its borders.
Sudan Northern 348,765 Largest state of Sudan.
Pakistan Balochistan 347,190 Largest province of Pakistan.
India Rajasthan 342,236 Largest state of India.
 Republic of the Congo 342,000 Country in Africa.
 Goiás 340,087 State of Brazil.
 Finland 338,145 Country in Europe. Includes Åland.
 South Yemen 332,970 Former country in the Middle East from 1967 to 1990; now reunified into Yemen.
 Maranhão 331,983 State of Brazil.
 Vietnam 331,689 Country in Southeast Asia.
 Malaysia 329,847 Country in Southeast Asia.
 Norway (excluding self-governing territories) 323,941 Country in Europe. Includes mainland Norway; excludes the integral overseas areas of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (60,980 km2), the dependency of Bouvet Island (49 km2) and the Antarctic dependency claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (~2,500,000 km2).
 Côte d'Ivoire 322,463 Country in Africa.
Russia Tomsk Oblast 316,900 Federal subject of Russia.
British Isles 315,134 A series of islands in northern Europe.
 New Mexico 314,915 State of the United States.
 Poland 312,685 Country in Central Europe.
 Oman 309,500 Country in Middle East.
India Madhya Pradesh 308,144 State of India.
India Maharashtra 307,713 State of India.
 Buenos Aires Province 307,571 Largest province of Argentina.
 Italy 301,318 Country in Europe.
Kazakhstan Aktobe Province 300,600 Second largest province of Kazakhstan.
 Philippines 300,000 Country in Southeast Asia.
Sudan North Darfur 296,420 Second largest state of Sudan.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Bandundu 295,658 Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
 Arizona 295,254 State of the United States
 Kingdom of Romania 295,049 Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947) at its greater extent in between 1919-1940
 Nevada 286,351 State of the United States.
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia 284,710 A Balkan country lasting from 1918–1992.
Algeria Illizi Province 284,618 Province of Algeria.
 Ecuador 283,561 Country in South America. Includes Galápagos Islands.
Kazakhstan East Kazakhstan Province 283,300 Third largest province of Kazakhstan.
 Rio Grande do Sul 281,749 State of Brazil.
Ethiopia Somali Region 279,252 Second largest region of Ethiopia.
 Tocantins 277,621 State of Brazil.
India Andhra Pradesh 275,068 State of India.
 Burkina Faso 274,000 Country in Africa.
 New Zealand 270,534 Country in Oceania. Includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands. Excludes Niue (260 km2), the Cook Islands (236 km2) and Tokelau (12 km2), as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency (450,000 km2).
 Colorado 269,601 State of the United States.
 Gabon 267,668 Country in Africa.
 Western Sahara 266,000 Country in Africa; largely occupied by Morocco, some territory administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
 Oregon 254,805 State of the United States.
 Wyoming 253,348 State of the United States.
 Michigan 253,266 State of the United States.
Mauritania Tiris Zemmour 252,900 Largest region of Mauritania.
 Piauí 251,529 State of Brazil.
 Serbian Empire 250,000 Serbian medieval empire from 1346-1371.
 West Germany 248,689 Former country in Europe from 1949 to 1990; now reunified into Germany.
 São Paulo 248,209 State of Brazil.
 Guinea 245,857 Country in Africa.
Alaska North Slope Borough, Alaska 245,436 County of Alaska; largest county in the United States.
Indonesia East Kalimantan 245,238 Province of Indonesia.
 Chihuahua 244,938 Largest state of Mexico.
Great Lakes 244,100 Lake system in North America, predominately between Canada and the United States.
 Santa Cruz 243,943 Second largest province of Argentina.
 United Kingdom 242,900 Country in Europe. Excludes the three Crown dependencies (768 km2), the 13 British overseas territories (17,027 km2) and the British Antarctic Territory (1,395,000 km2).
Crown of Castile Crown of Castile 241,782 Royal union of Kingdoms in Spain lasting from 1230–1760, also known as the Kingdom of Castile y Leon.
 Uganda 241,038 Country in Africa.
India Uttar Pradesh 238,566 State of India.
 Ghana 238,533 Country in Africa.
 Romania 238,391 Country in Central Europe.
Bolivar State flag.png Bolívar 238,000 Largest state of Venezuela.
 Rondônia 237,576 State of Brazil.
 Laos 236,800 Country in Southeast Asia.
Caribbean 234,917 Also known as the West Indies, all the islands of the Caribbean Sea including the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
 Victoria 227,146 State of Australia.
Kazakhstan Kyzylorda Province 226,000 Province of Kazakhstan.
 Minnesota 225,365 State of the United States.
 Chubut 224,686 Third largest province of Argentina.
 Roraima 224,299 State of Brazil.
Kazakhstan Almaty Province 224,000 Province of Kazakhstan.
Angola Moxico Province 223,023 Largest province of Angola.
 Jammu and Kashmir 222,236 State of India.
Sudan North Kurdufan 221,900 Third largest state of Sudan.
 Korea 220,186 Country in Asia prior to 1948; now divided into North Korea and South Korea.
 Utah 219,887 State of the United States.
Great Britain 219,000 An island of the British Isles, the largest of that group.
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg Kingdom of Hungary 218,915 A European Kingdom lasting from 1000–1804. Measured at its apex in 1450.
Sudan Red Sea 218,887 State of Sudan.
 Idaho 216,446 State of the United States.
Mauritania Adrar 215,300 Second largest region of Mauritania.
 Guyana 214,969 Country in South America.
Bolivia Beni Department 213,564 Second largest department of Bolivia.
 Kansas 213,096 State of the United States.
Egypt Matruh Governorate 212,112 Second largest governorate of Egypt.
Algeria Ouargla Province 211,980 Province of Algeria.
China Hunan 210,000 Province of China.
 Belarus 207,600 Largest landlocked country in Europe.
Greater Antilles 207,435 An island grouping in the Caribbean.
China Shaanxi 205,600 Province of China.
Pakistan Punjab 205,344 Second largest province of Pakistan.
Egypt Red Sea Governorate 203,685 Third largest governorate of Egypt.
 Río Negro 203,013 Province of Argentina.
 Nebraska 200,345 State of the United States.

See also[edit]

Smaller divisions



  1. ^ References for the information provided in this table may be found in the individual articles on each body listed herein.
    Information about countries by area is generally derived from the CIA World Factbook.
    Information about political subdivisions by area is generally derived from
  2. ^ "The United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  3. ^ Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D". Social Science History (Social Science History, Vol. 3, No. 3/4) 3 (3/4): 115–138. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959. 
  4. ^ Table 1.1 Acquisition of the Public Domain 1781-1867
  5. ^ Stats in Brief, 2010. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2010. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-39563-1. 
  6. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "Antarctica and Islands: Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism". p. 3. Retrieved 14 January 2011.