List of political leaders who held active military ranks in office

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This article lists national heads of government and heads of state who held an active military rank while in office.

Note that in many countries, the head of state office has an ex officio military rank; for example, the President of the United States is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. This list omits ex officio ranks.

Africa[edit]

Algeria

Benin

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Central African Republic

Chad

Comoros

Republic of the Congo

Egypt

Equatorial Guinea

Ethiopia

The Gambia

Ghana

Guinea

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Madagascar

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Rwanda

Sierra Leone

Somalia

Sudan

Togo

Uganda

Zaire

Americas[edit]

Central America[edit]

Costa Rica

Cuba

Dominican Republic

El Salvador

Guatemala

Haiti

Honduras

Nicaragua

Panama

South America[edit]

Argentina

Bolivia

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Paraguay

Peru

Suriname

Uruguay

Venezuela

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh

Cambodia

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Japan

Laos

North Yemen

Myanmar

Pakistan

Philippines

Republic of China

South Korea

South Vietnam

Syria

Thailand

Europe[edit]

Bulgaria

England

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Montenegro

Italy

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Spain

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Soviet Union

Oceania[edit]

Fiji