List of political parties in Denmark
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Denmark has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties, and four or five other significant parties. The government typically consists of several parties and a small number of supporting parties. No party has won an outright majority since 1901. All governments since then have either been one-party minority governments or coalitions between two or more parties. No single party has formed a government alone since 1982.
The Ministry of Social Welfare registers and validates party names and the official party letters for all parties that participate in national elections. On ballots, the parties are sorted alphabetically by party letter.
Parties represented in the Folketing or the European Parliament
|Party letter||Party name||Representation after the 2011 parliamentary election||Comments|
|Folketing (parliament)||European Parliament|
|V||Venstre Venstre, Danmarks liberale parti (Left, Denmark's Liberal Party)||47||3||Centre-right, conservative-liberal party. Leader: Lars Løkke Rasmussen|
|A||Social Democrats Socialdemokraterne ||44||5||Centre-left, social-democratic party. Leader: Helle Thorning-Schmidt|
|O||Danish People's Party Dansk Folkeparti||22||1||Right-wing, populist, national-conservative. Leader: Kristian Thulesen Dahl|
|F||Socialist People's Party Socialistisk Folkeparti||16||2||Left-wing, democratic socialist and green. Leader: Annette Vilhelmsen|
|C||Conservative People's Party Det Konservative Folkeparti||8||1||Conservative party. Leader: Lars Barfoed|
|B||Danish Social Liberal Party Det Radikale Venstre (Radical Left)||17||0||Centrist, social-liberal party. Parliamentary group leader: Margrethe Vestager|
|Ø||Red-Green Alliance Enhedslisten||12||0||Originally an alliance of Communist Party of Denmark Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti, Socialist Workers' Party Socialistisk Arbejderparti and the Left Socialists Venstresocialisterne. Has collective leadership.|
|I||Liberal Alliance Liberal Alliance||9||0||Centre-right, classical liberal party. Leader: Anders Samuelsen|
|N||People's Movement against the EU Folkebevægelsen mod EU||0||1||Euroscepticism, Sovereignty, Nonpartisan. Has collective leadership|
Parties without parliamentary representation (in the Folketing or European Parliament)
- K Christian Democrats (Kristendemokraterne). Last represented in the Folketing 2010-2011 by Per Ørum Jørgensen (formerly Conservative).
- Z Progress Party (Fremskridtspartiet). Last represented in the 1998-2001 Folketing.
- Fokus. Created 2010.
- D Democratic Party (Det Demokratiske Parti). Created 2012.
- S Schleswig Party (Slesvigsk Parti). Represents the German minority in South Jutland. Last represented in the Folketing in the 1950s. Represented in the municipal councils of Aabenraa, Tønder and Sønderborg municipalities. Holds an observer's seat in Haderslev municipal council.
- H Bornholm's Self-Government Party (Bornholms Selvstyre parti). Advocates autonomy for the island of Bornholm.
The following parties still exist but have remained without representation in either Folketing or the European Parliament for at least 20 years.
- E Justice Party of Denmark (Retsforbundet). Last represented in the 1979-1981 Folketing.
- K Communist Party of Denmark (Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti). Last represented in the 1977-1979 Folketing.
- U Independent Party (De Uafhængige). Last represented in the Folketing 1973-1974.
- Å National Socialist Movement of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Bevægelse). Never represented in either Folketing or European Parliament. Considers itself the heir of the DNSAP which was last represented in the 1943 Folketing.
- Y Left Socialists (Venstresocialisterne) Last represented in the 1984-1987 Folketing. Disbanded 2013.
- Bjørnbakkernes Venstre
- F Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)
- D Centre Democrats (Centrum-Demokraterne).
- P Common Course (Fælles Kurs)
- Communist League (Kommunistisk Forbund)
- R Danish Unity (Dansk Samling)
- G Danish People's Party, First (Dansk Folkeparti)
- Danmarks Venstresocialistiske Parti
- Det Forenede Venstre
- Free Conservatives (Frikonservative)
- Free People's Party (Det Frie Folkeparti)
- Free Social Democrats (Frie Socialdemokrater)
- Frihed 2000 (not registered as a party but represented in parliament as a parliamentary group)
- V Hovedstadens Venstre (split of Venstre that only existed to contest the 1947 Folketing election in order to exploit a peculiarity of the election law)
- Independent Party (De Uafhængige)
- J June Movement (Juni Bevægelsen; represented in the European Parliament)
- L Liberal Centre (Liberalt Centrum)
- M Minority Party (Minoritetspartiet)
- Moderate Venstre
- N National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti)
- National Liberal Party (De Nationalliberale)
- M Peace Politics People's Party (Fredspolitisk Folkeparti)
- Society of the Friends of Peasants (Bondevennernes Selskab)
- D The Free Democrats (De Frie Demokrater)
- Union of Conscientiously Work-Shy Elements (Sammenslutning af Bevidst Arbejdssky Elementer)
- Venstre Reform Party (Venstrereformpartiet)
- List of political parties
- Liberalism and radicalism in Denmark
- Youth wings of political parties in Denmark
- The party's former name, "Socialdemokratiet", is still frequently used.