List of political parties in Greece

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Prior to the 2012 elections the characteristic Greek political system was a two-party system. The historically dominant parties have been New Democracy and the Panhellenic Socialist Movement. Under the current electoral system a party needs to surpass a 3% threshold in the popular vote in order to enter parliament, and the largest party gets a 50-seat bonus (out of 300 seats) ostensibly to ensure elections return viable governing majorities. In the Parliamentary elections held in 2009, five parties entered parliament: New Democracy (ND), the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) and the Popular Orthodox Rally (LA.O.S.). In the 2012 elections, seven parties entered the parliament: ND, SYRIZA, PASOK, ANEl, KKE, Golden Dawn, and DIMAR.

Parties represented in the current Parliament and European Parliament[edit]

Name Acronym Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Remarks Ideology Political Position National Affiliation International affiliation European Affiliation European Parliament Group
New Democracy (Νέα Δημοκρατία) ND Antonis Samaras, leader Centre-right government leaderministers:
15 / 20
MEP:
5 / 22
national deputies:
127 / 300
Regions:
261 / 725
Conservatism,
Liberal conservatism,
Christian democracy,
Pro-Europeanism,
Neoliberalism
Centre-right None International Democratic Union
Centrist Democrat International
European People's Party EPP Group MEP:
221 / 751
Coalition of the Radical Left - Unitary Social Front (Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς - Ενωτικό Κοινωνικό Μέτωπο) SYRIZA Alexis Tsipras, leader Left-wing opposition MEP:
7 / 22
national deputies:
72 / 300
Regions:
144 / 725
Democratic socialism,
Eco-socialism,
Anti-capitalism,
Alter-globalization,
Soft Euroscepticism,
Feminism,
Libertarian Socialism,
Laicism
Left-wing populism
Left-wing None None Party of the European Left European United Left - Nordic Green Left MEP:
52 / 751
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα) PASOK Evangelos Venizelos, leader Centre-left government leaderministers:
4 / 20
MEP:
2 / 22
national deputies:
27 / 300
Regions:
373 / 725
Social democracy,
Social liberalism,
Third way
Centre-left Olive Tree Socialist International
Progressive Alliance
Party of European Socialists S&D MEP:
191 / 751
Golden Dawn (Λαϊκός Σύνδεσμος – Χρυσή Αυγή) XA Nikolaos Michaloliakos, secretary-general Far-right opposition MEP:
3 / 22
national deputies:
18 / 300
Regions:
26 / 725
Ultranationalism,
Neo-Nazism (disputed by party)
Far-right None None European National Front Non-Inscrits
Independent Greeks (Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες) ANEL Panos Kammenos, leader Right-wing opposition MEP:
1 / 22
national deputies:
18 / 300
Regions:
0 / 725
Greek nationalism,[1]
Conservatism,
National conservatism,
Right-wing populism,[2][3]
Euroscepticism
Right-wing to Radical Right None None None European Conservatives and Reformists MEP:
70 / 751
Democratic Left (Δημοκρατική Αριστερά) DIMAR Fotis Kouvelis, leader Centre-Left opposition MEP:
0 / 22
national deputies:
14 / 300
Regions:
7 / 725
Democratic socialism,
Pro-Europeanism,
Social Democracy
Centre-left None None None S&D MEP:
191 / 751
Communist Party of Greece (Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας) KKE Dimitris Koutsoumpas, secreatary-general Far-left opposition MEP:
2 / 22
national deputies:
12 / 300
Regions:
42 / 725
Communism,
Marxism-Leninism,
Proletarian internationalism
Far-left None IMCWP Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties Non-Inscrits

Minor parties[edit]

Name Position Ideology Leader National Affiliation European Affiliation MPs MEPs
The River
Το Ποτάμι
Riv
Ποτ
Centre
Centre-left
Big tent
Pro-Europeanism
Stavros Theodorakis none S&D 0 2
Society first (el)
Η Κοινωνία Πρώτα
H.K.P
Η.Κ.Π
Left wing Democratic Socialism
Socialism
Stefanos Katsaras none none 3 0
Union for the Homeland and the People (el)
Ένωση για την Πατρίδα και τον Λαό
EPEL
ΕΠΕΛ
Centre-right
Right wing
National Conservatism
Liberal Conservatism
Vyron Polydoras none none 2 0
Agreement for the New Greece
Συμφωνία για τη Νέα Ελλάδα'
SNE
ΣΝΕ
Centre
Centre-left
Social Democracy
Social Liberalism
Andreas Loverdos Olive Tree, Panhellenic Socialist Movement supports S&D 2 0
Panhellenic Citizen Chariot
Πανελλήνιο Άρμα Πολιτών
PAP
ΠΑΠ
Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic Socialism
Giannis Dimaras Independent Greeks supports ECR 2 0
Christian Democratic Party of Greece
Χριστιανοδημοκρατικό Κόμμα Ελλάδος
XKE
ΧΚΕ
Centre-right
Right wing
Christian Democracy
Conservatism
Nikos Nikolopoulos Independent Greeks supports ECR 1 0
Popular Orthodox Rally
Λαικός Ορθόδοξος Συνδεσμός
LAOS
Λα.Ο.Σ
Right wing
Far-right
Nationalism
Conservatism
Georgios Karatzaferis None MELD 0 0
Ecologist Greens
Οικολόγοι Πράσινοι
OP
ΟΠ
Centre-left
Left wing
Green politics
Environmentalism
Six-member committee None EGP, G-EFA 0 0
Greens (Greece) (el)
Πράσινοι
Pra
Πρα
Centre-left Green politics
Environmentalism
Nikos Hrysogelos None None 0 0
Recreate Greece
Δημιουργία Ξανά
DX
Δ.Ξ.
Centre Liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Thanos Tzimeros Bridges (el) ALDE 0 0
Drassi
Δράση
drassi
δράση
Centre Liberalism
Classical Liberalism
Theodoros Skylakakis Bridges (el) ALDE 0 0
Liberal Alliance
Φιλελεύθερη Συμμαχία
FS
Φ.Σ.
Centre Social Liberalism
Progressivism
Grigorios Vallianatos none none 0 0
Democrats
Δημοκρατικοί
Dem
Δημ
Centre Social Liberalism
Economic Liberalism
Theodoros Polyzoidis None None 0 0
Anticapitalist Left Cooperation for the Overthrow
Αντικαπιταλιστική Αριστερή Συνεργασία για την Ανατροπή
ANTARSYA
ΑΝΤΑΡΣΥΑ
Far-left Revolutionary socialism
Anti-capitalism
21 member committee None None 0 0
Social Agreement
Κοινωνική Συμφωνία
KOISY
ΚΟΙ.ΣΥ.
Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Louka Katseli None (supported SYRIZA) None 0 0
Union of Centrists
Ένωση Κεντρώων
EK
Ε.Κ.
Centre Venizelism
Centrism
Vassilis Leventis None None 0 0
National Unity Association
Σύνδεσμος Εθνικής Ενότητας
SEE
Σ.Ε.Ε.
Right wing
Radical Right
Patriotism
National Conservatism
Nikos Alikakos None None 0 0
Pirate Party of Greece
Κόμμα Πειρατών Ελλάδας
KPP
Κ.Π.Π.
Left wing Freedom of information
Direct democracy
Has no leader, but a management board. None PPEU, supports G-EFA 0 0
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (Μαρξιστικό - Λενινιστικό)
KKE(m-l)
Κ.Κ.Ε.(μ-λ)
Far-left Marxism–Leninism
Anti-Revisionism
Grigoris Konstantopoulos People's Resistance None 0 0
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Greece
Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
M-L KKE
Μ-Λ Κ.Κ.Ε.
Far-left Marxism–Leninism
Anti-Revisionism
Antonis Papadopoulos People's Resistance None 0 0
Workers Revolutionary Party
Εργατικό Επαναστατικό Κόμμα
EEK
ΕΕΚ
Far-left Communism
Trotskyism
Savvas Mihail None None 0 0
Democratic Revival
Δημοκρατική Αναγέννηση
Diman
Δημαν
Centre-right
Right wing
National Conservatism
Christian Socialism
Stelios Papathemelis None None 0 0
Drachmi Greek Democratic Movement Five Stars
Δραχμή, Δημοκρατική Κίνηση Πέντε Αστέρων
Drachma Five Stars
Δραχμή Πέντε Αστέρων
Centre
Centre-right
Liberal Conservatism
Partiotic Socialism
Theodore Katsanevas None None 0 0
Fighting Socialist Party of Greece
Αγωνιστικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
ASKE
Α.Σ.Κ.Ε.
Left wing Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Nikos Kargopoulos None None 0 0
National Front
Eθνικό Mέτωπο
EM
Ε.Μ.
Far-right Ultranationalism Emmanouil Konstas None None 0 0

Defunct parties[edit]

Parties during the reign of King Otto (1833-1862)[edit]

Parties during the reign of King George I (1863-1913)[edit]

  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal) (1910–1961)
  • Nationalist Party (Greek: Κόμμα Εθνικόφρονων, K.E.) - Komma Ethnikofronon, KE (conservative, nationalist) (1865–1909)
  • Modernist Party (Greek: Νεωτεριστικόν Κομμα, Ν.Κ.) - Neoteristikon Komma, ΝΚ (Liberal, Liberal Nationalist) (1875–1910)

Parties during the reign of King Constantine I - George II (1913-1924)[edit]

  • Freethinkers' Party (Greek: Κόμμα των Ελευθερόφρονων K.E.) - Komma Eleftherofronon (Nationalist, Royalist) (1922–1936)
  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal,Liberal Nationalist) (1910–1961)
  • People's Party (Greek: Λαϊκόν Κόμμα Λ.Κ.) LK - Laiko Komma (Conservative, Royalist) (1920–1958)

Parties during the Second Hellenic Republic (1924-1935)[edit]

  • Agrarian Party (Greek: Άγροτικό Κόμμα A.K.) - Agrotikon Komma AK (1926–1956)
  • Conservative Democratic Party (Greek: Συντιριτικό Δημοκρατικόν Κόμμα Σ.Δ.Κ.) - Syntiritiko Demokratikon Komma SDK (1932–1936)
  • Democratic Union (Greek: Δημοκρατική Ένωσις Δ.E.) - Demokratiki Enosis (Liberal) (1926-?)
  • Democratic Socialist Party of Greece (Greek: Δημοκρατικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδος, ΔΣΚ) - DSK (Democratic Socialist) (1935–1950)
  • Farmers’ and Workers’ Party (Greek: Άγροτικόν και Έργατικόν Κόμμα Α.Ε.Κ.) - Agrotikon kai Ergatikon Komma/Agrotergatiko Komma AEK (Rural radical) (1932–1936)
  • General People's Radical Union (Greek: Γενική Λαïκή Ριζοσπαστική Ένωση Γ.Λ.Ρ.Ε) - Geniki Laiki Rizospastiki Enosis GLRE (??) (1932–1936)
  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal, Liberal Nationalist) (1910–1961)
  • Greek National Socialist Party (Greek: Ελληνικό Εθνικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα) - Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma (National Socialist) (1932)
  • Jewish Political Union (Greek: Εβραϊκή Πολιτική Ένωση) - Evraiki Politiki Enosi (1926-1932)
  • Macedonian Union (Greek: Μακεδονική Ένωση) – Makedoniki Enosi (Conservative) (1935)
  • National Radical Party (Greek: Εθνική Ριζοσπαστική Κόμμα E.Ρ.K.) - Ethnikon Rizospastikon Komma ERK (Conservative) (1932–1936)
  • National Unionist Party (el) (Greek: Εθνικόν Ενωτικόν Κόμμα Ε.Ε.Κ.)– Ethnikon Enotikon Komma EEK (1935–1950)
  • People's Party (Greek: Λαϊκόν Κόμμα Λ.Κ.) LK - Laiko Komma (Conservative, Royalist) (1920–1958)
  • Progressive Party (Greek: Προοδευτικόν Κόμμα Π.Κ.) - Proodeftikon Komma PK (1928–1964, 1981)
  • Refugees' Liberal Party (Greek: Φιλελευθέρων Προσφιγικόν Κόμμα Φ.Π.Κ.) - Fileleftheron Prosfijikon Komma FPK (1926-?)
  • Socialist Party of Greece (Greek: Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας ΣΚΕ)- Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, ΣΚΕ (Socialist, Svolist) (1920-1953)
  • Union of Royalists (Greek: Ένωσις Βασιλικών EB) – Enosis Vasilikon (Monarchist-Conservative) (1935)

Parties during the restoration of King George II (1936-1946)[edit]

Parties during the reigns of Kings Paul and Constantine II (1946-1973)[edit]

Parties during the Third Hellenic Republic (1974-present)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacroix, Justine; Nicolaīdis, Kalypso (2011). European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Contexts. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 188. ISBN 9780199594627. 
  2. ^ Hainsworth, Paul (2008), The Extreme Right in Western Europe, Rotledge, p. 66 
  3. ^ Art, David (2011), Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe, Cambridge University Press, p. 188