List of political parties in Greece

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greece

Prior to the 2012 elections the characteristic Greek political system was a two-party system. The historically dominant parties have been New Democracy and the Panhellenic Socialist Movement. Under the electoral system a party needs to surpass a 3% threshold in the popular vote in order to enter parliament. The largest party gets a 50-seat bonus (out of 300 seats) ostensibly to ensure elections return viable governing majorities.

In the Parliamentary elections held in 2009, five parties entered parliament: New Democracy (ND), the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) and the Popular Orthodox Rally (LA.O.S.). In the 2012 elections, seven parties entered the parliament: ND, SYRIZA, PASOK, Independent Greeks (ANEL), KKE, Golden Dawn, and Democratic Left (DIMAR).

Parties represented in the current Parliament and European Parliament[edit]

Name Acronym Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Remarks Ideology Political Position National Affiliation International affiliation European Affiliation European Parliament Group
Coalition of the Radical Left - Unitary Social Front (Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς - Ενωτικό Κοινωνικό Μέτωπο) SYRIZA Alexis Tsipras, leader Left-wing government ministers:
29 / 39
MEP:
7 / 22
national deputies:
149 / 300
Regions:
144 / 701
Democratic socialism,
Eco-socialism,
Alter-globalization,
Soft Euroscepticism,
Left-wing populism,
Libertarian socialism
Left wing None None Party of the European Left European United Left - Nordic Green Left MEP:
52 / 751
New Democracy (Νέα Δημοκρατία) ND Antonis Samaras, leader Centre-right opposition MEP:
5 / 22
national deputies:
76 / 300
Regions:
260 / 701
Conservatism,
Liberal conservatism,
Christian democracy,
Pro-Europeanism,
Economic liberalism,
Conservative Liberalism
Centre-right None International Democratic Union
Centrist Democrat International
European People's Party EPP Group MEP:
221 / 751
Golden Dawn (Λαϊκός Σύνδεσμος – Χρυσή Αυγή) XA Nikolaos Michaloliakos, secretary-general Far-right opposition MEP:
3 / 22
national deputies:
17 / 300
Regions:
26 / 701
Ultranationalism,
Neo-Nazism (disputed by party)
Far-right None None European National Front Non-Inscrits
The River (Το Ποτάμι) POTAMI Stavros Theodorakis, leader Centrist opposition MEP:
2 / 22
national deputies:
17 / 300
Regions:
0 / 701
Social Liberalism,
Pro-Europeanism,
Social Democracy
Centrism
Anti-corruption
Centre to Centre-left None None None S&D MEP:
191 / 751
Communist Party of Greece (Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας) KKE Dimitris Koutsoumpas, general secretary Far-left opposition MEP:
2 / 22
national deputies:
15 / 300
Regions:
29 / 701
Communism,
Marxism-Leninism,
Proletarian internationalism
Far-left None IMCWP Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties Non-Inscrits
Independent Greeks (Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες) ANEL Panos Kammenos, leader Right-wing government ministers:
5 / 39
MEP:
1 / 22
national deputies:
13 / 300
Regions:
51 / 701
Greek nationalism,[1]
Conservatism,
National conservatism,
Right wing populism
Euroscepticism
Right wing to radical right None None None None (formerly ECR)
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα) PASOK Evangelos Venizelos, leader Centre-left opposition MEP:
2 / 22
national deputies:
13 / 300
Regions:
105 / 701
Social democracy,
Social liberalism,
Third way
Centre-left Olive Tree (2014)
Democratic Alignment (2015)
Socialist International
Progressive Alliance
Party of European Socialists S&D MEP:
191 / 751

Minor parties[edit]

Name Acronym Position Ideology Leader National Affiliation European Affiliation MPs MEPs
Ecologist Greens
Οικολόγοι Πράσινοι
OP
ΟΠ
Centre-left
Left wing
Green politics
Environmentalism
Six-member committee Ecologist Greens - Pirate Party of Greece (2014)
SYRIZA (2015)
EGP, G-EFA 1 0
Christian Democratic Party of the Overthrow
Χριστιανοδημοκρατικό Κόμμα Ανατροπής
XPIKA
ΧΡΙΚΑ
Centre-right
Right wing
Christian Democracy
Conservatism
Nikos Nikolopoulos (fr) Union for the Homeland and the People (2014)
Independent Greeks (2015)
none 1 0
Reformers for Democracy and Development
Μεταρρυθμιστές για τη Δημοκρατία και την Ανάπτυξη
Reformers
Μεταρρυθμιστές
Centre-left Social Democracy Spyros Lykoudis (el) The River none 1 0
Society First
Η Κοινωνία Πρώτα
H.K.P
Η.Κ.Π
Left wing Democratic Socialism
Socialism
Stefanos Katsaras SYRIZA none 0 0
Popular Unions of Bipartisan Social Groups
Λαϊκές Ενώσεις Υπερκομματικών Κοινωνικών Ομάδων
LEFKO
ΛΕΥΚΟ
Centre-left Social Democracy
Populism
Konstantinos Dalios Independent Greeks None 0 0
Drassi
Δράση
Drassi
Δράση
Centre Liberalism
Classical Liberalism
Theodoros Skylakakis Bridges (el) (2014)
The River (2015)
ALDE 0 0
Popular Orthodox Rally
Λαικός Ορθόδοξος Συναγερμός
LAOS
Λα.Ο.Σ
Right wing
Far-right
Greek nationalism
Conservatism
Georgios Karatzaferis None MELD 0 0
Movement of Democratic Socialists
Κίνημα Δημοκρατών Σοσιαλιστών
KIDISO
ΚI.ΔH.ΣO.
Center-left Social democracy George Papandreou None None 0 0
Democractic Left
Δημοκρατική Αριστερά
DIMAR
ΔΗΜΑΡ
Centre-left Social Democracy
Democratic Socialism
Fotis Kouvelis Greens-Democratic Left S&D 0 0
Greens
Πράσινοι
Greens
Πράσινοι
Centre-left Green politics
Environmentalism
Nikos Hrysogelos (el) Greens-Democratic Left None 0 0
Union for the Homeland and the People
Ένωση για την Πατρίδα και τον Λαό
EPEL
ΕΠΕΛ
Centre-right
Right wing
National Conservatism
Christian Democracy
Vyron Polydoras none none 0 0
Recreate Greece
Δημιουργία Ξανά
DX
Δ.Ξ.
Centre Liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Thanos Tzimeros (el) Bridges (el) ALDE 0 0
Liberal Alliance
Φιλελεύθερη Συμμαχία
FS
Φ.Σ.
Centre Classical Liberalism
Progressivism
Grigorios Vallianatos none none 0 0
Democrats
Δημοκρατικοί
Dem
Δημ
Centre Social Liberalism
Economic Liberalism
Theodoros Polyzoidis (el) None None 0 0
Anticapitalist Left Cooperation for the Overthrow
Αντικαπιταλιστική Αριστερή Συνεργασία για την Ανατροπή
ANTARSYA
ΑΝΤΑΡΣΥΑ
Far-left Revolutionary socialism
Anti-capitalism
21 member committee None None 0 0
Social Agreement
Κοινωνική Συμφωνία
KOISY
ΚΟΙ.ΣΥ.
Centre-left
Left wing
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Louka Katseli SYRIZA None 0 0
Union of Centrists
Ένωση Κεντρώων
EK
Ε.Κ.
Centre Venizelism
Centrism
Vassilis Leventis None None 0 0
National Unity Association
Σύνδεσμος Εθνικής Ενότητας
SEE
Σ.Ε.Ε.
Right wing
Radical right
Patriotism
National Conservatism
Nikos Alikakos None None 0 0
Pirate Party of Greece
Κόμμα Πειρατών Ελλάδας
KPP
Κ.Π.Π.
Left wing Freedom of information
Direct democracy
Has no leader, but a management board. Ecologist Greens - Pirate Party of Greece (2014) PPEU,
supported G-EFA
0 0
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (Μαρξιστικό - Λενινιστικό)
KKE(m-l)
Κ.Κ.Ε.(μ-λ)
Far-left Marxism–Leninism
Anti-Revisionism
Grigoris Konstantopoulos Marxist–Leninist Communist Parties of Greece None 0 0
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Greece
Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
M-L KKE
Μ-Λ Κ.Κ.Ε.
Far-left Marxism–Leninism
Anti-Revisionism
Antonis Papadopoulos Marxist–Leninist Communist Parties of Greece None 0 0
Workers Revolutionary Party
Εργατικό Επαναστατικό Κόμμα
EEK
ΕΕΚ
Far-left Communism
Trotskyism
Savvas Mihail (el) None None 0 0
Democratic Revival
Δημοκρατική Αναγέννηση
Diman
Δημαν
Centre-right
Right wing
National Conservatism
Christian Socialism
Stelios Papathemelis None None 0 0
Drachmi Greek Democratic Movement Five Stars
Δραχμή, Δημοκρατική Κίνηση Πέντε Αστέρων
Drachma Five Stars
Δραχμή Πέντε Αστέρων
Centre
Centre-right
Liberal Conservatism
Patriotic Socialism
Theodore Katsanevas None None 0 0
Fighting Socialist Party of Greece
Αγωνιστικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
ASKE
Α.Σ.Κ.Ε.
Left wing
Centre-Left
Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Nikos Kargopoulos None None 0 0
National Front
Eθνικό Mέτωπο
EM
Ε.Μ.
Far-right Ultranationalism
Greek nationalism
Emmanouil Konstas None None 0 0
National Hope
Εθνική Ελπίδα
EE
E.E.
Right wing
Far-right
National conservatism
Monarchism
Yiorgos Papadopoulos None None 0 0
Greek Ecologists
Έλληνες Οικολόγοι
EO
E.O.
Centre-left Ecologism
Social progressivism
Dimosthenis Vergis None None 0 0
Liberal Party
Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων
KF
Κ.Φ.
Centre Liberalism
Venizelism
Manolis Kalligiannis None None 0 0
Organization for the Reconstruction of the Communist Party of Greece
Οργάνωση για την Ανασυγκρότηση του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος Ελλάδας
OAKKE
Ο.Α.Κ.Κ.Ε.
Far-left Communism
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Elias Zafiropoulos None None 0 0
Organisation of Internationalist Communists of Greece
Οργάνωση Κομμουνιστών Διεθνιστών Ελλάδας
OKDE
Ο.Κ.Δ.Ε.
Far-left Communism
Trotskyism
None None 0 0
Panhellenic Citizen Chariot
Πανελλήνιο Άρμα Πολιτών
PAP
ΠΑΠ
Centre
Centre-left
Social democracy
Democratic Socialism
Giannis Dimaras (el) Independent Greeks (2014)
none (2015)
none 0 0

Defunct parties[edit]

Parties during the reign of King Otto (1833-1862)[edit]

Parties during the reign of King George I (1863-1913)[edit]

  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal) (1910–1961)
  • Nationalist Party (Greek: Κόμμα Εθνικόφρονων, K.E.) - Komma Ethnikofronon, KE (conservative, nationalist) (1865–1909)
  • Modernist Party (Greek: Νεωτεριστικόν Κομμα, Ν.Κ.) - Neoteristikon Komma, ΝΚ (Liberal, Liberal Nationalist) (1875–1910)

Parties during the reign of King Constantine I - George II (1913-1924)[edit]

  • Freethinkers' Party (Greek: Κόμμα των Ελευθερόφρονων K.E.) - Komma Eleftherofronon (Nationalist, Royalist) (1922–1936)
  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal,Liberal Nationalist) (1910–1961)
  • People's Party (Greek: Λαϊκόν Κόμμα Λ.Κ.) LK - Laiko Komma (Conservative, Royalist) (1920–1958)

Parties during the Second Hellenic Republic (1924-1935)[edit]

  • Agrarian Party (Greek: Άγροτικό Κόμμα A.K.) - Agrotikon Komma AK (1926–1956)
  • Conservative Democratic Party (Greek: Συντιριτικό Δημοκρατικόν Κόμμα Σ.Δ.Κ.) - Syntiritiko Demokratikon Komma SDK (1932–1936)
  • Democratic Union (Greek: Δημοκρατική Ένωσις Δ.E.) - Demokratiki Enosis (Liberal) (1926-?)
  • Democratic Socialist Party of Greece (Greek: Δημοκρατικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδος, ΔΣΚ) - DSK (Democratic Socialist) (1935–1950)
  • Farmers’ and Workers’ Party (Greek: Άγροτικόν και Έργατικόν Κόμμα Α.Ε.Κ.) - Agrotikon kai Ergatikon Komma/Agrotergatiko Komma AEK (Rural radical) (1932–1936)
  • General People's Radical Union (Greek: Γενική Λαïκή Ριζοσπαστική Ένωση Γ.Λ.Ρ.Ε) - Geniki Laiki Rizospastiki Enosis GLRE (??) (1932–1936)
  • Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων) (Liberal, Liberal Nationalist) (1910–1961)
  • Greek National Socialist Party (Greek: Ελληνικό Εθνικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα) - Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma (National Socialist) (1932)
  • Jewish Political Union (Greek: Εβραϊκή Πολιτική Ένωση) - Evraiki Politiki Enosi (1926-1932)
  • Macedonian Union (Greek: Μακεδονική Ένωση) – Makedoniki Enosi (Conservative) (1935)
  • National Radical Party (Greek: Εθνική Ριζοσπαστική Κόμμα E.Ρ.K.) - Ethnikon Rizospastikon Komma ERK (Conservative) (1932–1936)
  • National Unionist Party (el) (Greek: Εθνικόν Ενωτικόν Κόμμα Ε.Ε.Κ.)– Ethnikon Enotikon Komma EEK (1935–1950)
  • People's Party (Greek: Λαϊκόν Κόμμα Λ.Κ.) LK - Laiko Komma (Conservative, Royalist) (1920–1958)
  • Progressive Party (Greek: Προοδευτικόν Κόμμα Π.Κ.) - Proodeftikon Komma PK (1928–1964, 1981)
  • Refugees' Liberal Party (Greek: Φιλελευθέρων Προσφιγικόν Κόμμα Φ.Π.Κ.) - Fileleftheron Prosfijikon Komma FPK (1926-?)
  • Socialist Party of Greece (Greek: Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας ΣΚΕ)- Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, ΣΚΕ (Socialist, Svolist) (1920-1953)
  • Union of Royalists (Greek: Ένωσις Βασιλικών EB) – Enosis Vasilikon (Monarchist-Conservative) (1935)

Parties during the restoration of King George II (1936-1946)[edit]

Parties during the reigns of Kings Paul and Constantine II (1946-1973)[edit]

Parties during the Third Hellenic Republic (1974-present)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacroix, Justine; Nicolaīdis, Kalypso (2011). European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Contexts. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 188. ISBN 9780199594627.