List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with a mix of few dominant national parties (mainly BJP and INC) and several small regional parties. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registration with ECI does not ensure recognition as a party. A recognized party has more privileges than a registered unrecognized party.[1]

All parties contesting the elections have to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have an elected government unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

This listing is based on the notification by Election Commission of India for the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections.[2]

Number of political parties[edit]

As on 12 March 2014, following is the count of political parties in India which are registered with the Election Commission of India:[2]

Total Registered Parties 1687
National Parties 6
State Parties 47
Unrecognized Parties 1563

National Parties[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfills any of the following three conditions:[3]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

Both national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections. Else, they lose their status.[1]

National parties [2][4]
S.No. Name Symbol Symbol (Image) Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s) Current
Lok Sabha Seats
1 Bharatiya Janata Party Lotus BJP election symbol.svg 1980 Amit Shah 282 / 543
2 Indian National Congress Hand 1885 Sonia Gandhi 44 / 543
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer, Sickle and Star Hammer and sickle election symbol of CPI(M).jpg 1964 Prakash Karat 9 / 543
4 Communist Party of India Ears of Corn and Sickle Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy 1 / 543
5 Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant (In all States/U.T.s except in

the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission)

Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg 1984 Mayawati 0 / 543
6 Nationalist Congress Party Clock NationalistCongressParty.PNG 1999 Sharad Pawar 6 / 543

List of state parties[edit]

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

(i) A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least two seats in that Assembly, or the party should win at least three percent of the total number of seats or three seats in the Legislative Assembly, whichever is more;

(ii) Alternatively, a political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled in a State during a general election to Lok Sabha and win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha from that State, or the party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.

(iii) Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State. [5]

A party recognised in four states gets the status of a National Party. If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state. The following are a list of recognised state parties as of 12 January 2014:[2]

State parties [2]
S.No. States/UT Name Symbol Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s)
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu Desam Party Bicycle 1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
2 YSR Congress Party Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
3 Arunachal Pradesh People's Party of Arunachal Maize 1987 Tomo Riba
4 Assam All India United Democratic Front Lock & Key 2004 Badruddin Ajmal
5 Bodoland People's Front Nangol Hagrama Mohilary
6 Asom Gana Parishad Elephant 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
7 Bihar Janata Dal (United) Arrow 1999 Sharad Yadav
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bungalow 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan
9 Rashtriya Janata Dal Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
10 Goa Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Lion 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar
11 Haryana Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Tractor 2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi
12 Indian National Lok Dal Spectacles 1999 Om Prakash Chautala
13 Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Plough 1932 Omar Abdullah
14 Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party Bicycle 1982 Bhim Singh
15 Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party Ink Pot & Pen 1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
16 Jharkhand All Jharkhand Students Union Banana 1986 Sudesh Mahto
17 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Bow & Arrow 1972 Shibu Soren
18 Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Comb 2006 Babu Lal Marandi
19 Rashtriya Janata Dal Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
20 Karnataka Janata Dal (Secular) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
21 Kerala Indian Union Muslim League Ladder 1948 E. Ahamed
22 Janata Dal (Secular) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
23 Kerala Congress Two Leaves 1979 C.F. Thomas
24 Maharashtra Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Railway Engine 2006 Raj Thackeray
25 Shiv Sena Bow and Arrow 1966 Uddhav Thackeray
26 Manipur All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
27 Manipur State Congress Party Cultivator Cutting Crop
28 Naga People's Front Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
29 People's Democratic Alliance Crown
30 Meghalaya United Democratic Party Drum Donkupar Roy
31 Hill State People's Democratic Party Lion H.S. Lyngdoh
32 National People's Party Book
33 Mizoram Mizo National Front Star 1959 Pu Zoramthanga
34 Mizoram People's Conference Electric Bulb 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga
35 Zoram Nationalist Party Sun (without rays) 1997 Lalduhoma
36 Nagaland Naga People's Front Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
37 N.C.T. of Delhi Aam Aadmi Party Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
38 Odisha Biju Janata Dal Conch 1997 Naveen Patnaik
39 Puducherry All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
40 All India N.R. Congress Jug 2011 N. Rangasamy
41 Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango 1989 G. K. Mani
42 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rising Sun 1949 M Karunanidhi
43 Punjab Aam Aadmi Party Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
44 Shiromani Akali Dal Scales 1920 Parkash Singh Badal
45 Sikkim Sikkim Democratic Front Umbrella 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling
46 Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
47 Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam Nagara 2005 Vijayakanth
48 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rising Sun 1949 M Karunanidhi
49 Telangana Telangana Rashtra Samithi Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
50 Telugu Desam Party Bicycle 1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
51 YSR Congress Party Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
52 Uttar Pradesh Rashtriya Lok Dal Hand Pump 1996 Ajit Singh
53 Samajwadi Party Bicycle 1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav
54 West Bengal All India Forward Bloc Lion 1939 Debabrata Biswas
55 All India Trinamool Congress Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
56 Revolutionary Socialist Party Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan

Source: Election Commission of India [2]

Unrecognized Political Parties by Election Commission of India(State wise list)[edit]

State Party Name Election symbol Abbr. Political Alliance
Andhra Pradesh Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
Jai Samaikyandhra Party Footwear JSP
Jana Sena Party Shatchakra BJP, TDP
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi Tree RPS
Karnataka Badavara Shramikara Raitara Congress Ceiling fan BSRC
Kerala Indian Union Muslim League Ladder IUML UDF, UPA
Manipur Manipur Peoples Party Bicycle MPP
National People's Party Book NPP
N.C.T. of Delhi Indian Democratic Party Hockey & Ball IDP
Odisha Odisha Janmorcha Kite OJM
Puducherry Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Murasu DMDK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Tamil Nadu All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi Two Colors Red and Yellow and one star AISMK
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Drum DMDK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Top MDMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango PMK
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Candles VCK
Telangana Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Kite AIMIM
Jana Sena Party Shatchakra BJP, TDP

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]