List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Since the last three decades the two dominant national parties (INC and BJP) represent left of center and right of center beliefs. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations. [1]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

This listing is based on the notification by Election Commission of India for the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections.[2][3]

Total number[edit]

As on 16 September 2014, 1759 was the total number of political parties in India which are registered with the Election Commission of India, in addition to this on 26 September 2014 the Election Commission of India has issued a notice to the Chief Electoral Officers of all States and Union Territories to bring 7 (Seven) more political parties to be taken into the list,[4] which makes the total count of registered political parties to become 1766.

The Election Commission of India allots a unique register number to all the registered political parties in India, the register number of Indian political parties look like this (56/62/2013/PPS-I).

Total Registered Parties 1766 [2][3][4]
National Parties 6
State Parties 51
Unrecognized Parties 1709

Criteria for recognition[edit]

The criteria for being recognised as a state party or as a national party has been laid down by the Election Commission of India. Any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfil these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1]

State party[edit]

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, or two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.[5]

If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state.[citation needed] A party recognised in four states gets the status of a National Party.[citation needed]

National party[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[6]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of now, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

National parties[edit]

National parties [2][7]
S.No. Name Symbol Symbol (Image) Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s) Current
Lok Sabha Seats
1 Bharatiya Janata Party Lotus BJP election symbol.svg 1980 Amit Shah 282 / 543
2 Indian National Congress Hand Indian National Congress.svg 1885 Sonia Gandhi 44 / 543
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer, Sickle and Star Hammer and sickle election symbol of CPI(M).jpg 1964 Prakash Karat 9 / 543
4 Communist Party of India Ears of Corn and Sickle Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy 1 / 543
5 Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant (In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission) Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg 1984 Mayawati 0 / 543
6 Nationalist Congress Party Clock NationalistCongressParty.PNG 1999 Sharad Pawar 6 / 543

State parties[edit]

The following are a list of recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014:[2][3]

State parties [2][3]
States/UT Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Year
Current leader(s)
Andhra Pradesh Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Ceiling Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Arunachal Pradesh All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
People's Party of Arunachal PPA Maize 1987 Tomo Riba
Assam All India United Democratic Front AIUDF Lock & Key 2004 Badruddin Ajmal
Asom Gana Parishad AGP Elephant 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
Bodoland People's Front BPF Nangol Hagrama Mohilary
Bihar Janata Dal (United) JD(U) Arrow 1999 Sharad Yadav
Lok Janshakti Party LJP Bungalow 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP Yet to be allotted 2013 Upendra Kushwaha
Goa Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP Lion 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar
Haryana Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) Tractor 2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi
Indian National Lok Dal INLD Spectacles 1999 Om Prakash Chautala
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC Plough 1932 Omar Abdullah
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 Bhim Singh
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP Ink Pot & Pen 1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
Jharkhand All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU Banana 1986 Sudesh Mahto
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Bow & Arrow 1972 Shibu Soren
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) Comb 2006 Babu Lal Marandi
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Karnataka Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Indian Union Muslim League IUML Ladder 1948 E. Ahamed
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) Two Leaves 1979 C.F. Thomas
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan
Maharashtra Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS Railway Engine 2006 Raj Thackeray
Nationalist Congress Party NCP Clock 1999 Sharad Pawar
Shiv Sena SS Bow and Arrow 1966 Uddhav Thackeray
Manipur All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Manipur State Congress Party MSCP Cultivator Cutting Crop
Naga People's Front NPF Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
People's Democratic Alliance PDA Crown
Meghalaya Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP Lion H.S. Lyngdoh
National People's Party NPP Book
United Democratic Party UDP Drum Donkupar Roy
Mizoram Mizo National Front MNF Star 1959 Pu Zoramthanga
Mizoram People's Conference MPC Electric Bulb 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP Sun (without rays) 1997 Lalduhoma
Nagaland Naga People's Front NPF Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
N.C.T. of Delhi Aam Aadmi Party AAP Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Odisha Biju Janata Dal BJD Conch 1997 Naveen Patnaik
Puducherry All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK Two Leaves 1972 Jayalalithaa
All India N.R. Congress AINRC Jug 2011 N. Rangasamy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Rising Sun 1949 M. Karunanidhi
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK Mango 1989 G. K. Mani
Punjab Aam Aadmi Party AAP Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD Scales 1920 Parkash Singh Badal
Sikkim Sikkim Democratic Front SDF Umbrella 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM Yet to be allotted 2013 Bharati Sharma
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Rising Sun 1949 M. Karunanidhi
Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK Nagara 2005 Vijayakanth
Telangana All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM Kite 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Tripura All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Uttar Pradesh Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD Hand Pump 1996 Ajit Singh
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Elephant 1984 Mayawati
Samajwadi Party SP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav
West Bengal All India Forward Bloc AIFB Lion 1939 Debabrata Biswas
All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan

Source: Election Commission of India [2]

Registered Unrecognized[edit]

State Party Name Election symbol Abbr.
Andhra Pradesh Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
Jai Samaikyandhra Party Footwear JSP
Jana Sena Party JSP
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi Tree RPS
Maharashtra Swarajya Nirman Sena[4] apply SNS
National Black Panther Party[4] apply NBPP
Janasurajya Shakti Party Coconut JSP
All India Jan Samasyanivaran Party[4] apply
Bahujan Rayat Party[4]
Lokshasan Andolan Party[4] apply LAP
Manipur Manipur Peoples Party Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
MPP
National People's Party Book NPP
N.C.T. of Delhi Indian Democratic Party Hockey & Ball IDP
Bhartiya Janhit Dal[4] apply BJD
Odisha Odisha Janmorcha Kite OJM
Puducherry Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Murasu DMDK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Tamil Nadu All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi Two Colors Red and Yellow and one star AISMK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Top MDMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango PMK
The Future India Party[4] apply FIP
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Candles VCK
Telangana Jana Sena Party JSP
Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
AIMIM Kite AIMIM
Jana Sena Party star JSP
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Chair UKD

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]