List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with a mix of two dominant national parties (INC and BJP) and several small regional parties and national parties. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registration with ECI does not ensure recognition as a party. A recognized party has more privileges than a registered unrecognized party.[1]

All parties contesting the elections have to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have an elected government unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

This listing is based on the notification by Election Commission of India for the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections.[2][3]

Number of Registered Political Parties[edit]

As on 16 September 2014, 1759 was the total number of political parties in India which are registered with the Election Commission of India, in addition to this on 26 September 2014 the Election Commission of India has issued a notice to the Chief Electoral Officers of all States and Union Territories to bring 7 (Seven) more political parties to be taken into the list,[4] which makes the total count of registered political parties to become 1766.

The Election Commission of India allots a unique register number to all the registered political parties in India, the register number of Indian political parties look like this (56/62/2013/PPS-I).

Total Registered Parties 1766 [2][3][4]
National Parties 3
State Parties 57
Unrecognized Parties 1706

National parties[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfills any of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

Both national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections. Else, they lose their status.[1]

National parties [2][6]
S.No. Name Symbol Symbol (Image) Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s) Current
Lok Sabha Seats
1 Bharatiya Janata Party Lotus BJP election symbol.svg 1980 Amit Shah 282 / 543
2 Indian National Congress Hand Indian National Congress.svg 1885 Sonia Gandhi 44 / 543
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer, Sickle Hammer and sickle election symbol of CPI(M).jpg 1964 Prakash Karat 9 / 543

Election Commission issued a notice to Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) asking an explanation, which has been submitted in time on 27 June 2014. They will be given a chance to explain their defeat in the 2014 polls at the hearing, after which the commission will come up with their decision. The three parties lost 2014's polls with extremely less votes, with none or just a few seats in Lok Sabha, failing to meet at least two of the three EC's criteria under symbol order, which is necessary for national party status.[7]

The outcome of Maharashtra and Haryana elections-2014 will reduce the number of national political parties in the country to just three — the lowest since Independence. Only the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Indian National Congress and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) will enjoy the national status. Due to the regular poor performance of Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Communist Party of India (CPI) in Vidhan Sabha elections and Lok Sabha elections, these parties failed to achieve the national party status criteria and thus may lose their national party status.[8]

State parties[edit]

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

(i) A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least two seats in that Assembly, or the party should win at least three percent of the total number of seats or three seats in the Legislative Assembly, whichever is more;

(ii) Alternatively, a political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled in a State during a general election to Lok Sabha and win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha from that State, or the party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.

(iii) Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.[9]

A party recognised in four states gets the status of a National Party. If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state. The following are a list of recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014:[2][3]

State parties [2][3]
States/UT Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Year
Current leader(s)
Andhra Pradesh Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Ceiling Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Arunachal Pradesh All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
People's Party of Arunachal PPA Maize 1987 Tomo Riba
Assam All India United Democratic Front AIUDF Lock & Key 2004 Badruddin Ajmal
Asom Gana Parishad AGP Elephant 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
Bodoland People's Front BPF Nangol Hagrama Mohilary
Bihar Janata Dal (United) JD(U) Arrow 1999 Sharad Yadav
Lok Janshakti Party LJP Bungalow 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP Yet to be allotted 2013 Upendra Kushwaha
Goa Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP Lion 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar
Haryana Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) Tractor 2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi
Indian National Lok Dal INLD Spectacles 1999 Om Prakash Chautala
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC Plough 1932 Omar Abdullah
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 Bhim Singh
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP Ink Pot & Pen 1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
Jharkhand All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU Banana 1986 Sudesh Mahto
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Bow & Arrow 1972 Shibu Soren
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) Comb 2006 Babu Lal Marandi
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Karnataka Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Indian Union Muslim League IUML Ladder 1948 E. Ahamed
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) A Lady Farmer
carrying Paddy on her head
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) Two Leaves 1979 C.F. Thomas
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan
Maharashtra Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS Railway Engine 2006 Raj Thackeray
Nationalist Congress Party NCP Clock 1999 Sharad Pawar
Shiv Sena SS Bow and Arrow 1966 Uddhav Thackeray
Manipur All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Manipur State Congress Party MSCP Cultivator Cutting Crop
Naga People's Front NPF Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
People's Democratic Alliance PDA Crown
Meghalaya Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP Lion H.S. Lyngdoh
National People's Party NPP Book
United Democratic Party UDP Drum Donkupar Roy
Mizoram Mizo National Front MNF Star 1959 Pu Zoramthanga
Mizoram People's Conference MPC Electric Bulb 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP Sun (without rays) 1997 Lalduhoma
Nagaland Naga People's Front NPF Cock 2002 Neiphiu Rio
N.C.T. of Delhi Aam Aadmi Party AAP Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Odisha Biju Janata Dal BJD Conch 1997 Naveen Patnaik
Puducherry All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
All India N.R. Congress AINRC Jug 2011 N. Rangasamy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Rising Sun 1949 M. Karunanidhi
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK Mango 1989 G. K. Mani
Punjab Aam Aadmi Party AAP Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD Scales 1920 Parkash Singh Badal
Sikkim Sikkim Democratic Front SDF Umbrella 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM Yet to be allotted 2013 Bharati Sharma
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK Two Leaves 1972 J. Jayalalithaa
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Rising Sun 1949 M. Karunanidhi
Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK Nagara 2005 Vijayakanth
Telangana All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM Kite 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Fan 2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Tripura All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Uttar Pradesh Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD Hand Pump 1996 Ajit Singh
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Elephant 1984 Mayawati
Samajwadi Party SP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav
West Bengal All India Forward Bloc AIFB Lion 1939 Debabrata Biswas
All India Trinamool Congress AITC Flowers & Grass 1998 Mamata Banerjee
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Spade & Stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan

Source: Election Commission of India [2]

Registered Unrecognized Political Parties[edit]

State Party Name Election symbol Abbr.
Andhra Pradesh Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
Jai Samaikyandhra Party Footwear JSP
Jana Sena Party JSP
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi Tree RPS
Maharashtra Swarajya Nirman Sena[4] apply SNS
National Black Panther Party[4] apply NBPP
All India Jan Samasyanivaran Party[4] apply
Bahujan Rayat Party[4] apply BRP
Lokshasan Andolan Party[4] apply LAP
Manipur Manipur Peoples Party Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
MPP
National People's Party Book NPP
N.C.T. of Delhi Indian Democratic Party Hockey & Ball IDP
Bhartiya Janhit Dal[4] apply BJD
Odisha Odisha Janmorcha Kite OJM
Puducherry Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Murasu DMDK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Tamil Nadu All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi Two Colors Red and Yellow and one star AISMK
Desiya Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam apply DMMK
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Top MDMK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango PMK
The Future India Party[4] apply FIP
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Candles VCK
Telangana Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
AIMIM Kite AIMIM
Jana Sena Party star JSP
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Chair UKD

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]