List of political parties in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Since the last three decades the two dominant national parties (INC and BJP) represent left of center and right of center beliefs. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

This listing is based on the notification by Election Commission of India for the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections.[2][3]

Total number[edit]

As on 16 September 2014, 1759 was the total number of political parties in India which are registered with the Election Commission of India, in addition to this on 26 September 2014 the Election Commission of India has issued a notice to the Chief Electoral Officers of all States and Union Territories to bring 7(Seven) more political parties to be taken into the list,[4] which makes the total count of registered political parties to become 1766.

The Election Commission of India allots a unique register number to all the registered political parties in India, the register number of Indian political parties look like this (56/62/2013/PPS-I).

Total Registered Parties 1766 [2][3][4]
National Parties 3
State Parties 51
Unrecognized Parties 1709

Criteria for recognition[edit]

The criteria for being recognised as a state party or as a national party has been laid down by the Election Commission of India. Any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfil these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1]

State party[edit]

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.[5]

If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state.[citation needed] A party recognised in four states gets the status of a National Party.[citation needed]

National party[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[6]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of now, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

National parties[edit]

National parties [2][7]
S.No. Name Symbol Symbol (Image) Year of
Foundation
Current leader(s) Current
Lok Sabha Seats
1 Bharatiya Janata Party Lotus BJP election symbol.svg 1980 Amit Shah 282 / 543
2 Indian National Congress Hand Indian National Congress.svg 1885 Sonia Gandhi 44 / 543
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer, Sickle and Star Hammer and sickle election symbol of CPI(M).jpg 1964 Prakash Karat 9 / 543
4 Communist Party of India Ears of Corn and Sickle Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy 1 / 543
5 Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant (In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission) Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg 1984 Mayawati 0 / 543
6 Nationalist Congress Party Clock NationalistCongressParty.PNG 1999 Sharad Pawar 6 / 543

State parties[edit]

The following are a list of recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014:[2][3]

State parties [2][3]
States/UT Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Year
Current leader(s)
Andhra Pradesh Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Ceiling Fan
2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Arunachal Pradesh All India Trinamool Congress AITC All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Flowers & Grass
1998 Mamata Banerjee
People's Party of Arunachal PPA Indian Election Symbol Maize.svg
Maize
1987 Tomo Riba
Assam All India United Democratic Front AIUDF Indian Election Symbol Lock And Key.svg
Lock & Key
2004 Badruddin Ajmal
Asom Gana Parishad AGP Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg
Elephant
1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
Bodoland People's Front BPF Indian Election Symbol Nangol.svg
Nangol
1985 Hagrama Mohilary
Bihar Janata Dal (United) JD(U) Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png
Arrow
1999 Sharad Yadav
Lok Janshakti Party LJP Lok Janshakti party.png
Bungalow
2000 Ram Vilas Paswan
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
Hurricane Lamp
1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Ceiling Fan
2013 Upendra Kushwaha
Goa Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
Lion
1963 Shashikala Kakodkar
Haryana Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) HJC flag.jpg
Tractor
2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi
Indian National Lok Dal INLD Indian Election Symbol Spectacles.png
Spectacles
1999 Om Prakash Chautala
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC Indian Election Symbol Plough.png
Plough
1932 Omar Abdullah
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 Bhim Singh
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP Indian Election Symbol Ink Pot and Pen.png
Ink Pot & Pen
1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
Jharkhand All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU Indian Election Symbol Banana.svg
Banana
1986 Sudesh Mahto
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Bow & Arrow
1972 Shibu Soren
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) Indian Election Symbol Comb.png
Comb
2006 Babu Lal Marandi
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
Hurricane Lamp
1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav
Karnataka Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) Indian Election Symbol Lady Farmer.png
Lady Farmer
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Communist Party of India CPI Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg
Ears of corn and sickle
1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Indian Union Muslim League IUML Indian Election Symbol Lader.png
Ladder
1948 E. Ahamed
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) Indian Election Symbol Lady Farmer.png
Lady Farmer
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) Indian Election Symbol Two Leaves.png
Two Leaves
1979 C.F. Thomas
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
Spade & Stoker
1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan
Maharashtra Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS Indian Election Symbol Railway Engine.png
Railway Engine
2006 Raj Thackeray
Nationalist Congress Party NCP NationalistCongressParty.PNG
Clock
1999 Sharad Pawar
Shiv Sena SS Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Bow and Arrow
1966 Uddhav Thackeray
Manipur All India Trinamool Congress AITC All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Flowers & Grass
1998 Mamata Banerjee
Manipur State Congress Party MSCP Indian Election Symbol Cultivator Cutting Crop.png
Cultivator Cut Crop
1997 Wahengbam Nipamacha
Naga People's Front NPF Indian Election Symbol Cock.png
Cock
2002 Neiphiu Rio
People's Democratic Alliance PDA РДС.jpg
Crown
2009 Dheeraj Singh
Meghalaya Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
Lion
1968 H.S. Lyngdoh
National People's Party NPP Indian Election Symbol Book.svg
Book
2013 P.A. Sangma
United Democratic Party UDP Indian Election Symbol Drums.png
Drum
1972 Donkupar Roy
Mizoram Mizo National Front MNF Indian Election Symbol Star.png
Star
1959 Pu Zoramthanga
Mizoram People's Conference MPC Indian Election Symbol Bulb.png
Electric Bulb
1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP Indian Election Symbol Sun without Rays.png
Sun (without rays)
1997 Lalduhoma
Nagaland Naga People's Front NPF Indian Election Symbol Cock.png
Cock
2002 Neiphiu Rio
N.C.T. of Delhi Aam Aadmi Party AAP Aam aadmi party symbol.png
Broom
2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Odisha Biju Janata Dal BJD Indian Election Symbol Conch.png
Conch
1997 Naveen Patnaik
Puducherry All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK AIADMK Two Leaves.png
Two Leaves
1972 Jayalalithaa
All India N.R. Congress AINRC Indian Election Symbol Jug.svg
Jug
2011 N. Rangasamy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Indian Election Symbol Rising Sun.png
Rising Sun
1949 M. Karunanidhi
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK PMK Mango.png
Mango
1989 G. K. Mani
Punjab Aam Aadmi Party AAP Aam aadmi party symbol.png
Broom
2012 Arvind Kejriwal
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD Indian Election Symbol Scale.png
Scales
1920 Parkash Singh Badal
Sikkim Sikkim Democratic Front SDF Indian Election Symbol Umberlla.png
Umbrella
1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM Table lamp SKM 2014-05-12 01-11.jpg
Table Lamp
2013 Bharati Sharma
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK AIADMK Two Leaves.png
Two Leaves
1972 J. Jayalalithaa
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg
Ears of Corn and Sickle
1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Indian Election Symbol Rising Sun.png
Rising Sun
1949 M. Karunanidhi
Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK Indian Election Symbol Nagara.svg
Nagara
2005 Vijayakanth
Telangana All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM Indian Election Symbol Kite.png
Kite
1927 Asaduddin Owaisi
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Saab95deliveryvan.jpg
Car
2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Fan
2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Tripura All India Trinamool Congress AITC All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Flowers & Grass
1998 Mamata Banerjee
Uttar Pradesh Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD Indian Election Symbol Hand Pump.png
Hand Pump
1996 Ajit Singh
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg
Elephant
1984 Mayawati
Samajwadi Party SP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav
West Bengal All India Forward Bloc AIFB Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
Lion
1939 Debabrata Biswas
All India Trinamool Congress AITC All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Flowers & Grass
1998 Mamata Banerjee
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of corn and sickle election symbol of CPI.jpg
Ears of Corn and Sickle
1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
Spade & Stoker
1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan

Source: Election Commission of India [2]

Registered Unrecognized[edit]

State Party Name Election symbol Abbr.
Uttar Pradesh Param Digvijay Dal
Andhra Pradesh Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
Jai Samaikyandhra Party Footwear JSP
Jana Sena Party JSP
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi Tree RPS
Maharashtra Swarajya Nirman Sena[4] apply SNS
National Black Panther Party[4] apply NBPP
Janasurajya Shakti Party Coconut JSP
All India Jan Samasyanivaran Party[4] apply
Bahujan Rayat Party[4]
Lokshasan Andolan Party[4] apply LAP
Manipur Manipur Peoples Party Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Bicycle
MPP
National People's Party Book NPP
N.C.T. of Delhi Indian Democratic Party Hockey & Ball IDP
Bhartiya Janhit Dal[4] apply BJD
Odisha Odisha Janmorcha Kite OJM
Punjab Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Party 3JKP
Puducherry Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Murasu DMDK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Tamil Nadu All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi Two Colors Red and Yellow and one star AISMK
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Top MDMK
Indhiya Jananaayaga Katchi Ring IJK
Naam Tamilar Katchi Leaping Tiger NTK
Pattali Makkal Katchi Mango PMK
The Future India Party [4] apply FIP
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Candles VCK
Telangana Jana Sena Party JSP
Lok Satta Party Whistle LSP
AIMIM Kite AIMIM
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Chair UKD

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]