List of political parties in Slovakia

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This article lists political parties in Slovakia. Slovakia has a democratic multi-party system with numerous political parties, established after the fall of communism in 1989 and shaped into the present form with Slovakia's independence in 1993. Since 1989 there has been altogether 236 registered political parties in the country, 61 are active as of March 2012.[1]

In the Slovak political system usually no one party has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments, an exception being the last parliamentary elections in 2012.

Active political parties[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Name Abb. Est. Ideology Leader MPs MEPs
Direction – Social Democracy
Smer – sociálna demokracia
SMER-SD 1999 Social democracy Robert Fico 83 5
Christian Democratic Movement
Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie
KDH 1990 Christian democracy Ján Figeľ 16 2
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
Obyčajní Ľudia a nezávislé osobnosti
OĽaNO 2011 Conservatism Igor Matovič 16 0
Most–Híd Most 2009 Hungarian minority,
Liberal conservatism
Béla Bugár 13 0
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
Slovenská demokratická a kresťanská únia - Demokratická strana
SDKÚ–DS 2000 Liberal conservatism Pavol Frešo 11 2
Freedom and Solidarity
Sloboda a Solidarita
SaS 2009 Classical liberalism Richard Sulík 11 0
Slovak National Party
Slovenská národná strana
SNS 1989 Nationalism Ján Slota 0 1
Party of the Hungarian Community
Strana maďarskej komunity - Magyar Közösség Pártja
SMK–MKP 1998 Hungarian minority,
Christian democracy
Pál Csáky 0 2
People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
Ľudová strana - Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko
ĽS–HZDS 1991 National conservatism Vladimír Mečiar 0 1

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

  • 99 Percent – Civic Voice (99 % - občiansky hlas) - (99%) - Est. 2011 - Leader: Ivan Weiss - the party is affiliated with the NGO OZ Občan v akcii.
  • Agrarian Countryside Party (AGRÁRNA STRANA VIDIEKA) - (ASV) - Est. 2003 - Leader: Vladimír Gozora
  • Slovak Democratic Alliance (Demokratická aliancia Slovenska) - (DAS) - Est. 2010 - Leader: Miroslav Lupták
  • Democratic Party (Demokratická strana) - (DS) - Est. 2006 - Leader: Peter Hríb
  • European Democratic Party (EURÓPSKA DEMOKRATICKÁ STRANA) - (EDS) - Est. 2006 - Leader: Antonio Parziale
  • Movement for Democracy (Hnutie za demokraciu) - (HZD) - Est. 2002 - Leader: Jozef Grapa - the party split from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS).
  • United Slovakia (JEDNOTNÉ SLOVENSKO) - (JS) - Est. 2000 - Leader: Štefan Gavorník
  • Communist Party of Slovakia (Komunistická strana Slovenska) - (KSS) - Est. 1991 - Jozef Hrdlička - the party is not in the parliament since 2006.
  • Conservative Democrats of Slovakia (Konzervatívni demokrati Slovenska) - (KDS) - Est. 2008 - Leader: Vladimír Palko - the party split from Christian Democratic Movement (KDH).
  • Christian People's Party (Kresťanská ľudová strana) - (KĽS) - Est. 1998 - Leader: Jozef Fibich
  • Liberal Party (Liberálna strana) formerly 'People's Union' (Ľudová únia) - (LS) - Est. 2003 - Leader: Gustáv Krajči - the party split from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS), not in the parliament since 2006.
  • People's Party (Ľudová strana) - (ĽS) - Est. 1995 - Leader: Magdaléna Sulanová
  • People's Party - Our Slovakia (Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko) - (ĽSNS) - formerly Party of Friends of Wine (Strana priateľov vína) until 2009 and People's Party of Social Solidarity (Ľudová strana sociálnej solidarity) until 2011. Est. 2000 - Leader: Marian Kotleba - the party is affiliated with the extremist Slovak Brotherhood.
  • Magnificat Slovakia (Magnificat Slovakia) - (MS) - Est. 2012 - Leader: Anton Selecký - the party is affiliated with the Christian NGO OZ Magnificat Slovakia.
  • Nation and Justice - Our Party (Národ a Spravodlivosť - naša strana) - (NaS-ns) - Est. 2011 - Leader: Anna Belousovová - the party split from Slovak National Party (SNS), until 2011 it was named Nation and Justice (Národ a Spravodlivosť).
  • Our Region (NÁŠ KRAJ) - (NÁŠ KRAJ) - Est. 2010 - Leader: Ľuba Kráľová
  • Independent Forum (Nezávislé fórum) - (NF) - Est. 1998 - Leader: Tomáš Černý
  • New Slovak Alternative, Civic-Liberal Party (Nová alternatíva Slovenska, občiansko-liberálna strana) - (NASK) - Est. 2008 - Leader: Pavol Krišpinský
  • New Democracy (NOVÁ DEMOKRACIA) - (ND) - Est. 2009 - Leader: Tibor Mikuš - the party split from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS).
  • New Parliament (NOVÝ PARLAMENT) - (NP) - Est. 2005 - Leader: Jozef Behýl
  • Civic Conservative Party (Občianska konzervatívna strana) - (OKS) - Est. 2001 - Leader: Peter Zajac
  • Civic Party TODAY (Občianska strana DNES) - (OS DNES) - Est. 2011 - Leader: Branislav Král
  • Civic Liberals (Občianski liberáli) - (OL) - Est. 2004 - Leader: Rastislav Guľaša
  • Ordinary People (Obyčajní ľudia) - (N/A) - Est. 2005 - Leader: Víťazoslav Moric
  • Paliho Kapurková, Cheerful Political Party (Paliho Kapurková, veselá politická strana) - (Paliho Kapurkov) - Est. 2010 - Leader: Pavel Vass
  • Law and Justice (PRÁVO A SPRAVODLIVOSŤ) - (N/A) - Est. 2011 - Leader: Peter Puškár
  • Prosperity of Slovakia (Prosperita Slovenska) - (PS) - Est. 2005 - Leader: František Alexander Zvrškovec
  • We are Doing It for the Children - Free Forum (Robíme to pre deti - SF), formerly until 2011 Free Forum (Slobodné fórum) - (N/A) - Est. 2004 - Leader: Zuzana Martináková - the party split from the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ-DS), not in the parliament since 2006.
  • Roma initiative of Slovakia (Rómska iniciatíva Slovenska) - (RIS) - Est. 1996 - Leader: Alexander Patkoló - until 2000 the party was named Roma Intelligence for Co-Habitation in the Slovak Republic (Rómska inteligencia za spolunažívanie v Slovenskej republike)
  • Freedom (SLOBODA) - (N/A) - Est. 1998 - Leader: Tomáš Pekný
  • Slovak People's Party (Slovenská ľudová strana) - (SĽS) - Est. 1990 - Leader: Jozef Sásik - from 1994 to 1995 the party was named SĽS - Slovak People's Bloc (SĽS - Slovensky ľudový blok).
  • Modern Slovak Society (Slovenská moderná spoločnosť) - (SMS) - Est. 2001 - Leader: Ján Garai - until 2002 the party was named Independent People's Party of the Unemployed (Nezávislá občianska strana nezamestnaných), in 2002 the words "and the Damaged" were added to the title and in 2009 it became SMS.
  • Slovak National Unity (SLOVENSKÁ NÁRODNÁ JEDNOTA) - (SNJ) - Est. 1991 - Leader: Stanislav Pánis
  • Party +1 Vote (STRANA +1 HLAS) - (+1 HLAS) - Est. 2009 - Leader: Martin Kuruc - until 2010 the party was named Civic Candidates (OBČIANSKI KANDIDÁTI), in 2010 it renamed itself Union - Party for Slovakia (Únia - Strana pre Slovensko) and in the same year it reverted to its previous name before finally changing it to Party +1 Vote in 2011.
  • Party of the Democratic Left (Strana demokratickej ľavice) - (SDĽ) - Est. 2005 - Leader: Marek Blaha - the party is the 2005 reformation of another party by the same name.
  • Party of Modern Slovakia (Strana moderného Slovenska) - (N/A) - Est. 2008 - Leader: Milan Urbáni - - the party split from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS).
  • Party of Slovak Citizens (Strana občanov Slovenska) - (SOSKA) - Est. 2011 - Leader: Peter Marček - Marčcek is the former head of slovak Greco-Roman Wrestlers and the party is endorsed by numerous known Slovak sportsmen.
  • Party of Patriots (Strana patriotov) - (PATRIOTI) - Est. 2010 - Leader: František Jašík
  • Labor Party (Strana práce) - (SP) - Est. 1991 - Leader: Anton Čapkovič - the party is active only in Košice and surrounding areas.
  • Party of the Roma Coalition - SRK (Strana rómskej koalície - SRK) - (SRK) - Est. 2009 - Leader: Gejza Adam
  • Party of the Roma Union in Slovakia (Strana Rómskej únie na Slovensku) - (SRÚS) - Est. 2010 - Leader: František Tanko
  • Free Word Party (STRANA SLOBODNÉ SLOVO- NORY MOJSEJOVEJ) - (SSS-NM) - Est. 2001 - Leader: Eleonóra Mojsejová - the party was named 'Alliance of the New Citizen' (Aliancia Nového Občana, ANO) until 2011 - left the government in late 2005, not in the parliament since 2006.
  • Green Party (Strana zelených) - (SZ) - Est. 1991 - Leader: Peter Pilinský - until 2006 the party was named Slovak Green Party (Strana zelených na Slovensku).
  • Slovak Green Party (Strana zelených Slovenska) - (SZS) - Est. 2006 - Leader: Martin Čulen
  • Union of the Slovak Self-Employed (Strana živnostníkov Slovenska) - (SŽS) - Est. 2004 - Leader: Vladimír Krivjaník
  • Dawn (ÚSVIT) - (ÚSVIT) - Est. 2005 - Leader: Ivan Hopta - the party split from the Communist Party of Slovakia.
  • Union of the Workers of Slovakia (Združenie robotníkov Slovenska) - (ZRS) - Est. 1994 - Leader: Ján Ľupták - in the government between 1994 and 1998, split from the Party of the Democratic Left.
  • Green Wave (Zelená vlna) - (ZV) - Est. 2009 - Leader: Mário Mikloši
  • Greens (Zelení) - (N/A) - Est. 2009 - Leader: Pavel Hraško - the party was founded as AZEN - Alliance for the Europe of Nations (AZEN - Aliancia za Európu národov) and it renamed itself in 2011.
  • Greens - Party of National Prosperity (Zelení-Strana národnej prosperity) - (Z-SNP) - Est. 1990 - Leader: Rudolf Pardubský - until 2006 the party was named Party of National Prosperity (Strana národnej prosperity).
  • United Slovak National Party (Zjednotená Slovenská národná strana) - (ZSNS) - Est. 2003 - Leader: Peter Lisý - until 2004 the party was named Unitary Slovak National Party (Jednotná Slovenská národná strana).
  • Change from the Bottom, Democratic Union of Slovakia (Zmena zdola, Demokratická únia Slovenska) - (Zmena zdola, DÚ) - Est. 2000 - Leader: Ján Budaj - until 2002 the party was named Liberal Democratic Union (Liberálnodemokratická únia), until 2010 Democratic Union of Slovakia (Demokratická únia Slovenska) and took its current name in 2010.
  • Strana Ochrany Prav Romov, defends the rights of the Romani people

Inactive and cancelled political parties[edit]

Parties in liquidation[edit]

There are dozens of political parties currently in the process of being liquidated.

Defunct parties (1989 - present)[edit]

Political parties in Slovakia (1948 - 1989)[edit]

Political parties in Slovakia (1945 - 1948)[edit]

Political parties in Slovakia (1939 - 1945)[edit]

  • Slovak National Party (Slovenská národná strana) - in existence between 1871 and 1938, this is also a current party
  • Slovak People's Party (Slovenská ľudová strana) - between 1913/1918 and 1945, after 1925 Hlinka's Slovak People's Party. The party was led by Slovak far-right priest Andrej Hlinka (1913–1938) and then hanged clero-fascist leader of Slovakia Jozef Tiso (1938–1945).
  • Labour Party (Strana práce) - formed by Social Democrats who opposed cooperation with the Communist Party.

See also[edit]

References[edit]