List of political parties in Tanzania

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Foreign relations

This article lists political parties in Tanzania.[1][2] The country operates under a dominant multi-party system with the ruling party being in power since the nation attained its independence in 1961. It first governed as the Tanganyika African National Union, before merging with the Afro-Shirazi Party to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi.

Brief history and overview[edit]

Tanzania attained its independence as Tanganyika Territory from the United Kingdom in 1961 with the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) forming its first government. Following the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964, it merged with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (present day Tanzania). It thereafter became a single-party state with TANU and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) being the only parties operating on the mainland and the Zanzibar Archipelago respectively.

On 5 February 1977, TANU merged with its Zanzibari counterpart, the ASP to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi which served as the sole legal party until 1992 when multi-party system was re-introduced. The country also adopted the Structural Adjustment Program upon recommendation of the Bretton Woods Institutions.

Since the re-introduction of the multi-party system, the CCM has continued to retain its popularity and the voter's confidence, having won all the past four general elections in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. Jakaya Kikwete, the party's presidential candidate in 2005 won the election by a landslide victory receiving more than 80% of the popular vote.[3] Next election will be held in October 2015.

List[edit]

# Party Acronym Founded Bunge ZHoR EALA SADC-PF PAP
1 Revolutionary Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi) CCM 1977
263
48
7
4
4
2 Civic United Front (Chama cha Wananchi) CUF 1992
35
33
1
1
3 Party for Democracy and Progress (Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo) CHADEMA 1992
49
0 0 0 0
4 Union for Multiparty Democracy UMD 1993 0 0 0 0 0
5 NCCR-Mageuzi (Chama cha Mageuzi na Ujenzi wa Taifa) NCCR-M 1992
5
0
1
0 0
6 National League for Democracy NLD 1993 0 0 0 0 0
7 Attentive Democracy Party (Demokrasia Makini) MAKINI 2001 0 0 0 0 0
8 United People's Democratic Party UPDP 1993 0 0 0 0 0
9 National Reconstruction Alliance NRA 1993 0 0 0 0 0
10 Democratic Party (Chama Cha Kidemokrasia) DP 2002 0 0 0 0 0
11 Tanzania Democratic Alliance TADEA 1990 0 0 0 0 0
12 Tanzania Labour Party TLP 1993
1
0 0 0 0
13 United Democratic Party UDP 1994
1
0 0 0 0
14 Justice and Development Party (Chama cha Haki na Ustawi) CHAUSTA 1998 0 0 0 0 0
15 Progressive Party of Tanzania – Maendeleo PPT-MAENDELEO 2003 0 0 0 0 0
16 People's Voice (Sauti ya Umma) SAU 2005 0 0 0 0 0
17 Traditional Dhow (Jahazi Asilia) 2004 0 0 0 0 0
18 Alliance for Tanzanian Farmers Party (Chama Cha Wakulima) AFP 2009 0 0 0 0 0
19 Social Party (Chama Cha Kijamii) CCK 2012 0 0 0 0 0
20 Alliance for Democratic Change (Umoja wa Mabadiliko ya Demokrasia) ADC 2012 0 0 0 0 0
21 Party for People's Redemption (Chama cha Ukombozi wa Umma) CHAUMMA 2013 0 0 0 0 0
22 Alliance for Change and Transparency (Umoja wa Mabadiliko na Uwazi) ACT 2014 0 0 0 0 0

Defunct parties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]