List of political parties in the Philippines

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Not to be confused with Party-list representatives.
Evolution of political parties.

There many and diverse political parties in the Philippines. Most party memberships consists primarily of political figures and leaders, with little or no grassroots membership.[citation needed]

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments for political expediency and convenience. Since no political parties have sustaining membership to which party leaders are developed, most of the political parties have the rise-and-fall-and-rise character.

There are three types of parties in the Philippines and these are: major parties, who correspond typically to traditional political parties, minor parties or party-list organizations, who rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats and regional or provincial parties, who corresponds to a region-wide or province-wide organization, respectively.

National parties in office[edit]

Major parties[edit]

The Commission on Elections identified three types of national parties for the 2013 general election:

  1. Dominant majority party (Liberal Party)
  2. Dominant minority party (United Nationalist Alliance)
  3. Four major parties

The six parties are listed below:[1][2]

Philippine name English name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes
Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 2008 Christian democracy Centrist Democrat International
14 / 292
2 / 24
Formerly known as Lakas Kampi CMD; merged from original Lakas–CMD and KAMPI
Liberal Party LP Benigno Aquino III and Mar Roxas 1946 Liberalism Liberal International, Alliance of Democrats, Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
110 / 292
4 / 24
Originally the Nacionalista Party; member of the Aquino-Laurel UNIDO (1986)
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party NP Manny Villar 1903 Filipino nationalism none
17 / 292
5 / 24
Oldest political party in the Philippines
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. 1991 Traditionalism none
43 / 292
2 / 24
Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party; formerly known as Partido Pilipino
National Unity Party NUP Pablo P. Garcia 2011 Conservatism none
24 / 292
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Lakas Kampi CMD
United Nationalist Alliance UNA Jejomar Binay, Joseph Estrada and Juan Ponce Enrile 2012 Conservatism none
8 / 292
5 / 24
Electoral alliance of the PMP and the PDP-Laban

Parties represented in Congress[edit]

Philippine name English name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes
Bagong Alyansang Makabayan New Patriotic Alliance Bayan Satur Ocampo 1985 Filipino communism International Newsletter
7 / 292
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Communist Party of the Philippines
Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez 2012 Centrism none
1 / 292
0 / 24
Offshoot of Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL Imelda Marcos 1978 National conservatism none
1 / 292
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino Struggle of Democratic Filipinos LDP Edgardo Angara 1998 Liberal conservatism Centrist Democrat International
2 / 292
1 / 24
Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power PDP Laban Aquilino Pimentel III 1982 Social justice none
0 / 292
1 / 24
Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
People's Reform Party PRP Miriam Defensor Santiago 1991 Feminism none
0 / 292
1 / 24
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Force of the Filipino Masses PMP Joseph Estrada 1991 Conservatism | none See UNA

Party-lists represented in Congress[edit]

These parties won more than 2% of the vote. For the complete list, see Philippine House of Representatives party-list election, 2013.

Philippine name English translation Abbr. #1 nominee Seats in the lower house (PL only) Notes
1st Consumers Alliance for Rural Energy 1-CARE Edgardo Masongsong
2 / 58
Abono Fertilizer Abono Conrado Estrella III
2 / 58
Advocacy for Teacher Empowerment Through Action, Cooperation and Harmony Towards Educational Reforms A TEACHER Mariano Piamonte, Jr.
2 / 58
Agricultural Sector Alliance of the Philippines AGAP Nicanor Miral Briones
2 / 58
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Walden Bello
2 / 58
Member of the Progressive Alliance;
Consultative member of the Socialist International;
Allied with Team PNoy
Ako Bicol Political Party I am Bicol Political Party AKB Christopher Co or Emilio Ubaldo, Jr.
2 / 58
An Waray The Waray [people] An Waray Neil Benedict Montejo
2 / 58
Bayan Muna Nation First Bayan Muna Neri Colmenares
2 / 58
Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Buhay Hayaan Yumabong Life be Allowed to Prosper Buhay Michael Velarde, Jr.
3 / 58
Citizens' Battle Against Corruption CIBAC Sherwin Tugna or Luis Lokin, Jr.
2 / 58
Cooperative NATCCO Network Party Coop-NATCCO Cresente Paez
2 / 58
GABRIELA Women's Party GABRIELA Luzviminda Ilagan
2 / 58
Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Magdalo para sa Pilipino Cheer for Filipinos Magdalo Gary Alejano
2 / 58
OFW Family Club OFW Family Roy Señeres, Sr.
2 / 58

Other national parties[edit]

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These are the other national parties that contested the 2013 elections. COMELEC classifies "national" parties as parties that are not restricted to one locality (province/district/city/municipality).

Contested the Senate election[edit]

These are the national parties that contested the Philippine Senate election, 2013:

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) KPTRAN Reynaldo Pacheco
Democratic Party of the Philippines DPP Baldomero Falcone
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) Bagumbayan Richard Gordon Party with members that ran under the UNA banner
Bangon Pilipinas Party (Rise Up Philippines Party) BP Perfecto Yasay
Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan (Patriotic Alliance of the People) Makabayan or MKB Rafael V. Mariano Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara

Contested the House of Representatives elections[edit]

These are the national parties that contested the Philippine House of Representatives elections, 2013 in the legislative districts:

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action) Akyson Sonia Roco
Partido Lakas ng Masa (Party of the Laboring Masses) PLM Sonny Melencio
Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka (Workers' and Farmers' Party) PMM Hermogenes Ebdane

Other parties[edit]

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Abag PROMDI Archilles Canete
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Asenso Pilipino Party APP Manny Villar
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Society of Democratic Filipinos) Antonio A.S. Valdez
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago (Movement for National Renewal) Bago Eduardo Bondoc
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
National Alliance for Democracy NAD Joel Pontillas
Organized Support for the Movement to Enhance the National Agenda OSMEÑA John Henry Osmeña
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas PDSP Norberto Gonzales Member of the Socialist International
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas (Nationalist Party of the Philippines) PNP Susan Ople
Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma (Party for Democratic Reform) PDR Renato de Villa
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal
Rizalist Party Rizalist Gregorio Maunahan
Sanlakas party-list Sanlakas Fr. Max Abalos, SVD
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara

Local parties[edit]

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles Estelito Mendoza
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Christian Muslim Independent Party Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Partido Magdalo Cavite Victor Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Malay Democrats of the Philippines MDP Quezon City Bayan Dela Cruz
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Carlito Guang supports Lito Atienza
Panaghuisa Cebu and Cebu City John Osmeña
Paglaum Sang Banwa Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr.
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party Quezon City Andres Genito
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Islamic Party of the Philippines Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR Cavite Franco Loyola
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Bileg Ti Agkaykaysa nga Ilokano Party BIAG Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley, Cordillera Administrative Region Joey Alangwawi
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabako PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and SOCCSKSARGEN Fernando Toquillo
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Barog Alang sa Kausawagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas John Osmeňa
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Compostela Valley Rogelio Sarmiento
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kusi Uswag Sugbu KUSUG Cebu City Alvin Garcia
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaide Ducut
Partido Navoteño NAVOTENO Navotas Toby Tiangco Affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and United Nationalist Alliance
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Billy Bibit/Clodualdo Dedicatoria
Siap Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Aleem Abdul Matabalo Amerol
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pagbabago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with National Unity Party
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM SOCCSKSARGEN Ali Sangki
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Asenso Manileño Movement AMM Manila Danilo Lacuna affiliated with Nacionalista Party and Liberal Party, coalition partner with Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Alfredo Lim affiliated with Liberal Party, coalition partner with Asenso Manileño Movement
Bando Osmeña - Pundok Kauswagan BOPK Cebu Tomas Osmeña affiliated with Liberal Party
Padayon Pilipino PDP Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Partido ABE Kapampangan PAK, ABE Angeles City, Pampanga Edgardo Pamintuan (chairman)
Alex Cauguiran (president)
Founded March 28, 2012. Affiliated with Kambilan of former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and jueteng lord Bong Pineda.

[3]

Not registered with the government[edit]

These are the national parties are not registered at the Commission on Elections:

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology Position Notes
Communist Party of the Philippines CPP Jose Maria Sison Maoism Far-left Offshoot of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Lakas Partido Komunista LPK Ban James Lumacad/John Wendell Lagazo/Jefferson Magbutay Socialist Far-left Separate Youth Entity
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 Philippine Communist Party) PKP-1930 Antonio Paris Communism Far-left Established as Comintern Philippine branch
Marxist-Leninist Party of the Philippines (Marxista-Leninistang Partido ng Pilipinas) MLPP Caridad Magpantay Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1997
Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino - Pinagsanib (Filipino Workers Party) PMP-Pinagsanib Patricio Ramirez Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 2001
Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagagawa - Pilipinas (Revolutionary Workers Party - Philippines) RPM-P Arturo Tabara/Nilo dela Cruz Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1998

Historical parties/coalitions[edit]

Parties[edit]

Major coalitions[edit]

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters was forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)-led coalition
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP, Struggle of Patriotic Filipino Masses)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters was forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM, Force of the Masses)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP, Coalition of United Filipinos)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.
In 2013, the main opposition party Lakas-CMD (formerly as Lakas-Kampi CMD), has been weaken due to the arrest of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo,
thus the Estrada-Binay group established the United Nationalist Alliance as the main opposition party.
2013 Team PNoy (Liberal Coalition) United Nationalist Alliance

See also[edit]

References[edit]