List of political term limits

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This is a list of term limits for heads of state and other important public officers by country.

Africa[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Algeria President No term limits[1]
 Angola President Two five-year terms
 Benin President Two five-year terms
 Botswana President Two five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Burkina Faso President Two five-year terms
 Burundi President Two five-year terms
 Cape Verde President Three five-year terms, if president runs for a third term within the five years following the end of his second mandate
 Central African Republic President Two five-year terms
 Comoros President Unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms
 Côte d’Ivoire President Two five-year terms
 Democratic Republic of the Congo President Two five-year terms
 Republic of the Congo President Two seven-year terms
 Egypt President Two four-year terms, starting from the 2012 presidential election
 Ethiopia President Two six-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
 Ghana President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Kenya President Two five-year terms
 Liberia President Two six-year terms
 Madagascar President Two five-year terms
 Malawi President Two five-year terms
 Mali President Two five-year terms
 Mauritania President Two five-year terms
 Mauritius President Two five-year terms
 Mozambique President Two five-year terms
 Namibia President Two five-year terms
 Niger President Two five-year terms
 Nigeria President Two four-year terms
 Rwanda President Two seven-year terms
 São Tomé and Príncipe President Two five-year terms
 Senegal President Two seven-year terms
 Seychelles President Three five-year terms
 Sierra Leone President Two five-year terms
 South Africa President Two five-year terms
 Tanzania President Two five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Uganda President No term limits Vice President No term limits
 Zambia President Two five-year terms
 Zimbabwe President Two five-year terms

Asia[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Afghanistan President Two five-year terms
 Bangladesh President Two five-year terms
 Cambodia Prime Minister No term limits
 China President Two five-year terms[2] (Two terms of National People's Congress session) Vice President Two five-year terms[3] (Two terms of National People's Congress session)
 Georgia President Two five-year terms
 Hong Kong Chief Executive Two five-year terms
 India Prime Minister No term limits
 Indonesia President Two five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Iran President Two consecutive and one non-consecutive four-year terms
 Iraq President Two four-year terms
 Israel President One seven-year term
 Japan Prime Minister No term limits
 Kazakhstan President Two consecutive five-year terms (Exception for first President)
 Kyrgyzstan President One six-year term
 Lebanon President Unlimited non-consecutive six-year terms
 Macau Chief Executive Two five-year terms
 Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong Unlimited Five-Year Terms, but because the 9 Sultans of the Malayan provinces rotate each time between themselves, the unlimited Five-Year Terms are de facto unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms. Prime Minister No term limits
 Maldives President Two five-year terms (starting 1998)
 Mongolia President Two five-year terms
 Philippines President One six-year term Vice President Two six-year terms
Senators Two six-year terms
Representatives of the House Three three-year terms
All other local government officials Three three-year terms
 South Korea President One five-year term
 Singapore Prime Minister No term limits
 Sri Lanka President No term limits
 Taiwan President Two consecutive four-year terms since 1994[4][5] Vice President Same as the president
Members of the Legislative Yuan Unlimited four-year terms[6]
County, city and township councilors, and village chiefs Unlimited four-year terms[7]
County magistrates, and city and township mayors Two consecutive four-year terms[8]
 Tajikistan President Three seven-year terms
 Thailand Prime Minister Two four-year terms
 Timor-Leste President Two five-year terms
 Uzbekistan President Two seven-year terms

Europe[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Albania President Two five-year terms
 Armenia President Two five-year terms
 Austria President Two six-year terms. When the current President loses his re-election, he can never again be elected to the Office of Federal President of Austria.
 Azerbaijan President Unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms
 Belarus President No term limits
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency members Two consecutive four-year terms
 Bulgaria President Two consecutive five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Croatia President Two five-year terms
 Cyprus President Two five-year terms
 Czech Republic President Two five-year terms
 Estonia President Two five-year terms
 European Union President of the European Council Two two-and-a-half year terms President of the European Commission Unlimited five-year terms
President of the European Central Bank One eight-year term
 Finland President Two six-year terms
 France President Two consecutive five-year terms[9]
 Germany President Two five-year terms (the effective head of government, the German Chancellor, does not have a term limit)
 Greece President Two five-year terms
 Hungary President Two five-year terms
 Ireland President Two seven-year terms
 Italy President Unlimited seven-year terms
 Latvia President Two four-year terms
 Lithuania President Two five-year terms
 Macedonia President Two five-year terms
 Malta President Two five-year terms
 Moldova President Two four-year terms
 Montenegro President Two five-year terms
 Poland President Two five-year terms
 Portugal President Two consecutive five-year terms. A former President of Portugal, however, if he has already served two consecutive terms, can also be reelected to another unlimited non-consecutive five-year term, after a minimum of five years out of office since the end of his last term in office. Presidents of local authorities (concelho and freguesia) Three consecutive four-year terms
 Romania President Two five-year terms
 Russia President Unlimited Two consecutive six-year terms.
 San Marino Captain-Regent Unlimited non-consecutive six-month terms, but an outgoing Captain Regent of San Marino must wait for a minimum of three years, until he can be elected again into this office.
 Serbia President Unlimited five-year terms
 Slovakia President Two five-year terms
 Slovenia President Two five-year terms
  Switzerland President of the Confederation Unlimited non-consecutive one-year terms Vice President of the Confederation Unlimited non-consecutive one-year terms
 Turkey President Two five-year terms[10]
 United Kingdom Prime Minister No term limits Lord Speaker Two five-year terms.[11]
 Ukraine President Two consecutive five-year terms

Oceania[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Australia Governor-General No term limits, but traditionally serve for one five-year term or at the 'pleasure' of the Queen of Australia (the effective head of government, the Australian Prime Minister, does not have a term limit).
 Federated States of Micronesia President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Fiji President Two five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Kiribati President Three four-year terms Vice President Three four-year terms
 Marshall Islands President Two four-year terms
 Nauru President Two three-year terms
 Palau President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Samoa Chief of State Two five-year terms since 2007. Before 2007, the Chief of State of Samoa was elected for life.
 Solomon Islands Governor-General Two five-year terms
 Vanuatu President One five-year term

The Americas[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Argentina President Two consecutive four-year terms. Every former President, if he has already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete four-year term, until he can be reelected into two consecutive four-year terms as President of Argentina again. Vice President Two consecutive four-year terms. Every former Vice President, if he has already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete four-year term, until he can be reelected into two consecutive four-year terms as Vice President of Argentina again.
 Bolivia President Two five-year terms Vice President Two five-year terms
 Brazil President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Canada Governor-General Unlimited Five-year term
 Chile President Unlimited non-consecutive four-year terms
 Colombia President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Costa Rica President Unlimited non-consecutive four-year terms
 Dominican Republic President Two four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 Ecuador President Three four-year terms Vice President Two four-year terms
 El Salvador President One five-year term Vice President One five-year term
 Guatemala President One four-year term Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive four-year terms
 Guyana President Two five-year terms
 Haiti President Two non-consecutive five-year terms
 Honduras President One four-year term Vice President One four-year term
 Mexico President One six-year term (sexenio)
 Nicaragua President Unlimited five-year terms Vice President Unlimited five-year terms
 Panama President Two non-consecutive five-year terms Vice President Two non-consecutive five-year terms
 Paraguay President One five-year term Vice President One five-year term
 Peru President Unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms
 Trinidad and Tobago President Two five-year terms
 United States President Two four-year terms (except after succeeding to the Presidency and serving for more than two years, in which case only one subsequent four-year term is permitted).
Vice President No term limits. Eligibility of former presidents is unclear (see article on Twenty-Second Amendment).
Senators and Representatives No term limits
 Uruguay President Unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive five-year terms
 Venezuela President Unlimited six-year terms

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]