List of politically motivated renamings

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An early political cartoon lampooning the name change of hamburger meat during World War I.



  • New Zealand: In 1998, while the French government was testing nuclear weapons in the Pacific, French loaves were renamed Kiwi loaves in a number of supermarkets and bakeries. This, however, does not appear to have been as extensively reported or publicized as anti-French sentiment in the United States. However, French Fries at a few family restaurants were renamed Kiwi fries, or just "Fries", which was already an established term. New Zealanders, however, generally use the British English word "chips".[citation needed]


  • France:
    • French Revolution: the Committee of Public Safety went so far as to banish all words associated with royalty. A major example of their work was taking Kings and Queens out of playing cards and replacing them with Committee members. It lasted less than a year. It is commonly believed that this was also the time when Aces earnt their status as being both the highest card and the lowest card.[4]
    • World War I: coffee with whipped cream, previously known as Café Viennois (Vienna coffee), was renamed Café Liégeois (Coffee from Liège) due to the state of war with Austria-Hungary. This appellation is still in use today, mainly for ice-creams (chocolat liégeois and café liegeois).[citation needed]
  • Russia: During World War I, Saint Petersburg was renamed 'Petrograd', amounting effectively to a translation of the name from German to Russian.

North America[edit]


  1. ^ "Iranians rename Danish pastries". BBC. 2006-02-17. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  2. ^ "Iran targets Danish pastries". Associated Press. Al Jazeera. 2006-03-02. Archived from the original on 2006-12-08. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  3. ^ "Cyprus villagers make giant sweet". BBC News. 2004-10-18. 
  4. ^ Hérault, Irish (2010-01-31). "French playing cards and card stuff". Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  5. ^ Turkish coffee#Greece
  6. ^ Robert Browning, Medieval and Modern Greek, 1983. ISBN 0-521-29978-0. p. 16
  7. ^ "Name - If some things never change, when did they begin?". Library and Archives Canada. 2004-02-04. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  8. ^ "Over Here: World War I on the Home Front". Digital History. Retrieved 2006-07-12.