List of populated places affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake

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This is a list of populated places and structures affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake, a magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake which occurred on 12 January 2010, with an epicentre approximately 25 km (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti,[1] and affected an estimated three million people.[2] The Haitian government estimated that 230,000 people died,[3] 300,000 were injured and 1,000,000 made homeless by the quake.[4]

The earthquake caused extensive damage to infrastructure in southwestern Haiti—in February, Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.[5] The deputy mayor of Léogâne, at the epicentre of the earthquake,[6] reported that 90 percent of buildings in the city were destroyed and Léogâne had "to be totally rebuilt."[7] As much as 90 percent of Grand-Goâve was devastated, including all public buildings.[8][9] In Gressier, 40–50 percent of buildings were destroyed; the same percentage of structures were destroyed in the worst-affected areas of Carrefour.[10] Jacmel, the capital of Sud-Est Department, also was heavily affected; 70 percent of homes in the city were damaged according to the mayor of Jacmel,[11] as well as the airport, hospital and city hall building.[12][13]

Many landmark buildings were damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace,[14] the National Assembly building (Palais Législatif), the Supreme Court building (Palais de Justice)[15] and the Holy Trinity and Port-au-Prince Cathedrals.[15] Port-au-Prince's main port and airport, the Port international de Port-au-Prince and Toussaint Louverture International Airport also suffered severe damage,[16][17] as did Killick, the Haitian Coast Guard's base in the capital city.[18] The Ciné Institute, Haiti's only film school, "lost two buildings".[19]

Populated places[edit]

Ouest Department[edit]

Populated place Haitian Creole Arrondissement Notes
Bel Air Bèlè Port-au-Prince [20]
Carrefour Kafou Port-au-Prince 40–50% of buildings destroyed in the worst-affected areas of the town[10]
Grand-Goâve Grangwav Léogâne 90% destroyed,[8] including all public buildings[9]
Gressier Gresye Port-au-Prince 40–50% of buildings destroyed, including the police station[10]
Léogâne Leyogàn Léogâne epicentre;[6] 80–90% of buildings damaged[10] or destroyed[7]
Pétionville Port-au-Prince [21]
Petit-Goâve Tigwav Léogâne [22]
Port-au-Prince Pòtoprens Port-au-Prince
Titanyen Arcahaie burial site of tens of thousands of earthquake victims in multiple mass graves[23]

Sud-Est Department[edit]

Populated place Haitian Creole Arrondissement Notes
Jacmel Jakmèl Jacmel 70% of homes damaged;[11] airport and city hall damaged;[12][13] hospital "half-destroyed"[12]
Les Palmes
Morne a Chandelle

Structures[edit]

Structure City/town Type Notes
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption Port-au-Prince cathedral [15]
Christopher Hotel Port-au-Prince hotel
Ciné Institute Jacmel school Haiti's only film school, "lost two buildings"[19]
Holy Trinity Cathedral Port-au-Prince cathedral "devastated"[15]
Hôtel Montana Port-au-Prince hotel
Jacmel Airport Jacmel airport damaged[12]
Killick (Coast Guard base) Port-au-Prince government "several key buildings" destroyed and "mess hall, depot and main administrative buildings" damaged[18]
National Palace Port-au-Prince government destroyed[14]
Palais de Justice Port-au-Prince government [15]
Palais Législatif Port-au-Prince government
Port international de Port-au-Prince Port-au-Prince port north (main) pier destroyed, south pier damaged[16]
Toussaint Louverture International Airport Port-au-Prince airport air traffic control tower "knocked out"[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Magnitude 7.0 - HAITI REGION". United States Geological Survey. 25 April 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "Red Cross: 3M Haitians Affected by Quake". CBS News. 13 January 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  3. ^ "Haiti raises earthquake toll to 230,000". The Washington Post. AP. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Haiti will not die, President Rene Preval insists". BBC News. 12 February 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Renois, Clarens (5 February 2010). "Haitians angry over slow aid". The Age. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Millar, Lisa (18 January 2010). "Tens of thousands isolated at quake epicentre". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Allen, Karen (28 January 2010). "Rebuilding Haiti from rubble and dust". BBC News. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Ainsley, Dave (21 January 2010). "Grand-Goâve dévastée: le cri du coeur de Rita Vallée". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Côté, Émilie (18 January 2010). "Deux Québécoises sont mortes à Grand-Goâve". La Presse (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c d Millar, Lisa (17 January 2010). "Haiti disaster 'like no other'". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Guillon, Jacques (20 January 2010). "In Haiti, the Jacmel cathedral clock stopped at 5:37 pm". Sin Chew Jit Poh. AFP. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d O'Neill, Juliet (17 January 2010). "Canadians focus Haitian relief on town with ties to GG". National Post. Canwest News Service. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Leeder, Jessica (9 February 2010). "Welcome to Jacmel". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  14. ^ a b Lacey, Marc (22 January 2010). "Haiti’s Icon of Power, Now Palace for Ghosts". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Lacey, Marc (23 January 2010). "Cultural Riches Turn to Rubble in Haiti Quake". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Slevin, Peter (28 January 2010). "Quake-damaged main port in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, worse off than realized". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  17. ^ a b Lipton, Eric (13 January 2010). "Devastation, Seen From a Ship". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  18. ^ a b Hodge, Nathan (10 February 2010). "Rebooting Haiti’s Quake-Ravaged Coast Guard". Wired News. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  19. ^ a b O'Brien, Soledad; Arce, Rose (20 January 2010). "O'Brien: Haiti's cultural core suffers, too". CNN. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  20. ^ "Fome e sede fazem violência aumentar em Porto Príncipe no Haiti". Correio (in Portuguese). 16 January 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  21. ^ Leonard, Tom (13 January 2010). "Haiti earthquake: bodies piled in the streets". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  22. ^ Rentas, Khadijah (15 January 2010). "Outside Port-au-Prince, 'towns are absolutely destroyed'". CNN. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  23. ^ Waterfield, Bruno (21 January 2010). "Haiti earthquake: 10,000 buried each day in mass graves". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2010.