List of positions filled by presidential appointment with Senate confirmation

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Under the United States Constitution and law of the United States, certain federal positions appointed by the president of the United States require confirmation (advice and consent) of the United States Senate. PAS positions, as well as other types of federal government positions, are published in the United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), which is released after each United States presidential election.[1] A 2012 Congressional Research Service study estimated that approximately 1200-1400 positions require Senate confirmation.[2]

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry[edit]

  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission (political balance required)
    • Commissioner - five positions (five-year term of office; chair, who must first be confirmed as a commissioner, also needs to be confirmed)

Committee on Armed Services[edit]

  • Military Officers (commissions and promotions) - Officers receive a commission assigning them to the officer corps from the President (with the consent of the Senate). Promotions of all commissioned military officers are also commissioned by the President (with the consent of the Senate).

Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs[edit]

  • Export-Import Bank of the United States (political balance required)
    • Member - five positions (four-year terms of office — Chair, who first must be confirmed as a member, also needs to be confirmed.)
    • Inspector General
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (political balance required)
    • Member - three positions (six-year terms of office — Chair and vice chair, who first must be confirmed as members, also need to be confirmed.)
    • Inspector General
  • Federal Reserve System, Board of Governors
    • Governor - seven positions (14-year terms of office — Chair and vice chair, who first must be confirmed as governors, also need to be confirmed for four-year terms in those offices.)

Committee on the Budget[edit]

Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation[edit]

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission (political balance required)
    • Commissioner - five positions (seven-year terms of office - Only three of the positions have been funded and filled since the mid-1980s; chair, who first must be confirmed as a member, also needs to be confirmed.)
  • National Transportation Safety Board (political balance required)
    • Member - five positions (five-year terms of office - Chair, who first must be confirmed as a member, also needs to be confirmed.)
  • Office of the Federal Coordinator for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects
    • Federal Coordinator
  • Reform Board (Amtrak)
    • Member - seven positions (five-year terms of office)

Committee on Energy and Natural Resources[edit]

  • Office of the Federal Coordinator for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects
    • Federal Coordinator

Committee on Environment and Public Works[edit]

  • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Administrator
    • Deputy Administrator
    • Assistant Administrator
    • Assistant Administrator for Administration and Resources Management
    • Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation
    • Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance
    • Assistant Administrator for Environmental Information
    • Assistant Administrator for International Affairs
    • Assistant Administrator for Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances
    • Assistant Administrator for Research and Development
    • Assistant Administrator for Solid Waste and Emergency Response
    • Assistant Administrator for Water
    • Chief Financial Officer
    • General Counsel
    • Inspector General

Committee on Finance[edit]

  • Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - two (of six total) positions (four-year terms of office)
  • Federal Old-Age and Survivors Trust Fund and the Disability Insurance Trust Fund, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - two (of six total) positions (four-year terms of office)
  • Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - two (of six total) positions (four-year terms of office)
  • Internal Revenue Service Oversight Board
    • Member - six (of nine total) positions (five-year terms of office)
  • Social Security Advisory Board (political balance required)
    • Member - three (of seven total) positions (six-year terms of office)

Committee on Foreign Relations[edit]

  • United States Agency for International Development
    • Administrator
    • Assistant Administrator — Asia and Near East
    • Assistant Administrator — Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance
    • Assistant Administrator — Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade
    • Assistant Administrator — Europe and Eurasia
    • Assistant Administrator — Global Health
    • Assistant Administrator — Latin America and Caribbean
    • Assistant Administrator — Legislative and Public Affairs
    • Assistant Administrator — Policy and Program Coordination
    • Assistant Administrator — Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Deputy Administrator
    • Inspector General
  • International Monetary Fund
    • U.S. Executive Director (two-year term of office)
    • U.S. Alternate Executive Director (two-year term of office)
  • African Development Bank
    • U.S. Executive Director (five-year term of office; full-time)
    • Governor and Alternate Governor (five-year terms of office; part-time)

International Development Association

International Finance Corporation

  • Millennium Challenge Corporation
    • Chief Executive Officer (full-time)
    • Member, Board of Directors - four (of nine total) positions (part-time; three-year terms of office)
  • Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    • President/Chief Executive Officer (full-time)
    • Executive Vice President (full-time)
    • Member, Board of Directors - eight (of 15 total) positions (part-time; three-year terms of office)
  • Peace Corps
    • Director (full-time)
    • Deputy Director (full-time)
    • Member, Peace Corps National Advisory Council — 15 positions (part-time; political balance required; two-year terms of office)
  • Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting (political balance required)
    • Member - nine positions (three-year terms of office)
  • Inter-American Foundation, Board of Directors (political balance required)
    • Member — nine positions (six-year terms of office)
  • U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy (political balance required)
    • Commissioner — seven positions (three-year terms of office)

Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions[edit]

  • National Labor Relations Board (Political balance is not required, but, by tradition, no more than three members are from the same party.)
    • Member - five positions (five-year terms of office)
    • General Counsel (four-year term of office)
  • Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
    • Member - three positions (six-year terms of office)
  • Railroad Retirement Board
    • Member - three positions (five-year terms of office; chair, who first must be appointed as a member, also needs to be confirmed.)
    • Inspector General
  • Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - eight (of 13 total) positions (six-year terms of office)
  • Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - eight (of 13 total) positions (six-year terms of office)
  • James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation, Board of Trustees (political balance required)
    • Member - six (of 13 total) positions (six-year terms of office)
  • National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities
    • National Council on the Arts
      • Member - 14 positions (of 21 total) positions (six-year terms of office)
    • National Council on the Humanities
      • Member - 26 positions (of 27 total) positions (six-year terms of office)

Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs[edit]

  • Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency to the District of Columbia
    • Director (six-year term of office)
  • Merit Systems Protection Board (political balance required)
    • Member - three positions (seven-year terms of office). The Chair, who first must be confirmed as a member, also needs to be confirmed.
  • Office of Government Ethics
    • Director (five-year term of office)
  • Most other Inspectors General
  • Special Panel on Appeals
    • Chair (six-year term of office)

Committee on Indian Affairs[edit]

Select Committee on Intelligence[edit]

Committee on the Judiciary[edit]

  • United States district court
    • Judges - 678 positions. Most are life tenure; in total there are 663 permanent judgeships, 11 temporary judgeships, and four territorial court judgeships. In the districts with the 11 temporary judgeships, the seat lapses with the departure of a judge from that district at some particular time specified in statute unless Congress enacts legislation to extend the temporary judgeship or convert it to a permanent judgeship.
  • United States Sentencing Commission
    • Chair - (six-year term of office; nominated from among commission members; see additional listing under part-time positions below.)
    • Vice Chair - three positions (six-year terms of office; designated from among commission members — See additional listing under part-time positions below.)
  • Foreign Claims Settlement Commission
    • Member - three positions (three-year terms of office — One of the three members is also nominated to be the full-time chair of the commission, as shown above)
  • State Justice Institute, Board of Directors
    • Director - 11 positions (three-year terms of office)
  • United States Sentencing Commission (political balance required)
    • Commissioner - seven positions (six-year terms of office; one of the seven members is also nominated to be the full-time chair of the commission, and two others are designated as full-time vice-chairs)

Committee on Rules and Administration[edit]

Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship[edit]

Committee on Veterans' Affairs[edit]

  • Department of Labor
    • Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training Service

Former Senate-confirmed positions[edit]

There are a number of positions that required Senate confirmation of appointees in the past, but do not today. The Presidential Appointment Efficiency and Streamlining Act of 2011 (Pub.L. 112-166), signed into law on August 10, 2012, eliminates the requirement of Senate approval for 163 positions, allowing the president alone to appoint persons to these positions:[4] Parts of the act went into effect immediately, while other parts took effect on October 9, 2012, 60 days after enactment.[4]

  • Department of Commerce:
    • Chief Scientist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • Department of Defense:
    • All members of the National Security Education Board (6)
    • Director of the Selective Service System
  • Department of Education:
    • Assistant Secretary for Management
    • Commissioner for Education Statistics
  • Department of Health and Human Services:
    • Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
  • Department of Homeland Security:
    • Director of the Office for Domestic Preparedness
    • Assistant Administrator for Grant Programs, Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA)
    • Administrator of the U.S. Fire Administration
    • Director of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement
    • Chief Medical Officer
    • Assistant Secretary for Health Affairs
    • Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
    • Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
  • Housing and Urban Development:
    • Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
  • Department of Labor:
    • Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
    • Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
    • Director of the Women's Bureau
  • Department of State
    • Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
    • Assistant Secretary for Administration
  • Department of Veterans Affairs:
    • Assistant Secretary for Management
    • Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration
    • Assistant Secretary for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
    • Assistant Secretary for Operations, Security, and Preparedness

The act also eliminated entirely the positions of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plum Book: About". Government Printing Office. 
  2. ^ Plumer, Brad (16 July 2013). "Does the Senate really need to confirm 1,200 executive branch jobs?". Washington Post. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ a b c Maeve P. Carey, Presidential Appointments, the Senate's Confirmation Process, and Changes Made in the 112th Congress, Congressional Research Service, Oct. 9, 2012.

External links[edit]